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Card Preferred Name Person Type Description
Sarah Goddard   Accuser

A woman from Salisbury in the county of Wiltshire, who is either Richard Goddard's daughter in law, or his daughter, and step daughter to his wife, Mistress Goddard. Sara allegedly borrowed money from her mother (in law), Mrs. Goddard, which turned stained black in her pocket, a quasi-magical sign of Sara's ill intent. Mrs Goddard began to suspect that Sara, and her sister Anne, had intended to poison her, a suspicion supported by Mistress Roswell who, along with Goddard herself, sent Anne Styles to visit Anne Bodenham numerous times to get details about this supposed crime. The mode of murder was to be poison, which Bodenham said was hidden under Sarah's bed, then moved to "white Pot set upon the Dresser in the Kitchin" and added to Mistress Goodard's Sage Ale. Styles' suggested there was something odd floating in the Ale. Eventually Sarah and her sister Anne discovered that they were accused off plotting to poison their mother, and " being much moved at it, and to vindicate themselves, that no such aspersion might lie on them (in regard it was also reported, that they should buy one Ounce and halfe of poyson that cost 6 d. at an Apothecaries)" traveled around Salisbury, discovering that Styles had bought the poison herself. Styles was fired and they threatened to press charges against her for slander and attempted murder. (3-9)

Appears in:
Bower, Edmond. Doctor Lamb Revived, or, Witchcraft Condemned in Anne Bodenham. London: 1653, 3-9

Dorothy Fairfax   Accuser

Mother of the bewitched Fairfax children and wife of Edward Fairfax (50)

Appears in:
Fairfax, Edward . Daemonologia: a Discourse on Witchcraft as it was Acted in the Family of Mr. Edward Fairfax. Unknown: 1621, 50

Rebecca West   Accuser

Rebecca West, a young woman from Lawford in the county of Essex, and daughter to accused witch Anne West. West confessed to being at a meeting of witches, convened by Mother Benfield and Mother Goodwin, numerous other women, and a number of small familiar kittens and puppies. After agreeing to keep their council, and reciting a malefic compact, "the Divel in the shape of a little blacke dog leaped into her lap, & kissed her three times," kisses she claimed were cold. Later that night, the Devil (later legally treated as a familiar spirit), she claimed, appeared to her again, in "the shape of a hand some young man, saying that he came to marry her." He conducted an impromptu marriage ceremony in her bed chamber, where she promised to be an "obedient wife till death, faithfully to performe and observe all [his] commands, she took him to bed. Although she likewise swore to Mother Miller "shee would confesse nothing, if they pulled her to pieces with pincers," upon imagining herself surrounded by flames, "confessed all shee ever knew." Her big revelation, beyond testifying against numerous other women (including Anne Leech, Elizabeth Gooding, Hellen Clark, Anne West, and Elizabeth Clark), was that the "devel can take any shape, and speake plaine English." West had obviously struck a deal with Hopkins and/ or the state. She testified against her own mother, Anne West, on the charge that Anne had bewitched John Cutler Jr. to death. She testified against Elizabeth Gooding on charges of having bewitched John Edwards to death. Moreover, although indicted as a witch, and accused of entertaining, employing and feeding three evil spirits, one in the likeness 'of a grey catt' called Germany, the second like 'a white katt' called Newes and the third like 'a young man' called 'her husband,' with the intention of getting their help in withcraft and sorcery," she was not prosecuted for witchcraft, nor had she confessed to committing any crimes. (1)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A True Relation of the Arraignment of Thirty Witches at Chensford in Essex. London: 1645, 1

Anne Hook   Accuser

A woman from Wapping in the county of Greater London, known to be an Irish cunningwoman, who was allegedly offered money by the confederates to murder Anne Levingston. Hook was also employed to procure witnesses who would swear to the advantage of the confederates; Hook is alleged to have sworn against Levingston herself. (3-5)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A Declaration in Answer to Several Lying Pamphlets Concerning the Witch of Wapping. London: 1652, 3-5

Anonymous 9   Accuser

A girl from York in the county of Yorkshire. She and Anonymous 10 suffered fits of convulsion in which they would vomit wool, crooked pins and the hafts of knives, one of which was marble. They demonstrated their afflictions before the Judges as evidence that Anonymous 43 and Anonymous 44 had bewitched them. The Jury was satisfied with their evidence, but the Judges "thought it requisite to give some respite of time for a more deliberate determination" to decide whether the girls' affliction was diabolical in origin or a deceit. (3-4)

Appears in:
Heer, Henri de. The Most True and Wonderful Narration of two Women Bewitched in Yorkshire. S.I.: 1658, 3-4

Anonymous 10   Accuser

A girl from York in the county of Yorkshire. She and Anonymous 9 suffered fits of convulsion in which they would vomit wool, crooked pins and the hafts of knives, one of which was marble. They demonstrated their afflictions before the Judges as evidence that Anonymous 43 and Anonymous 44 had bewitched them. The Jury was satisfied with their evidence, but the Judges "thought it requisite to give some respite of time for a more deliberate determination" to decide whether the girls' affliction was diabolical in origin or a deceit. (3-4)

Appears in:
Heer, Henri de. The Most True and Wonderful Narration of two Women Bewitched in Yorkshire. S.I.: 1658, 3-4

Richard Foster   Accuser

A man from Dagenham, in the County of Essex, husband of Alice Foster, and an accuser or amateur witch-finder. Foster, along with John Harrolde, identifies Joan Upney as a witch, forcing her to, or giving her time to flee. Upney does run, but she does not make it far, and she later confesses to sending her familiar to pinch Foster's wife soon after. (Sig. Aiiiv, B)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Apprehension and Confession of Three Notorious Witches. London: 1589, Sig. Aiiiv, B

Anonymous 120   Accuser

A child from Manningtree in the county of Essex who identifies Margaret Landis as a witch and calls her "Pegg the Witch." (3-4)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Full Trials, Examination, and Condemnation of Four Notorious Witches. London: 1690, 3-4

Richard Rosse   Accuser

A man from Little Clacton in the county of Essex. According to Rosse, who serves as one of the chief witness against the Sellis (their sons serve as the others), one day as Henry Sellis is plowing Rosse's his field, having only "gone twise or thrise aboute the lande, two of [Rosses] lykest horses fell downe in moste straunge wise, and dyed." Since these horsed were healthy and died so quickly, Rosse begins to think that Sellis had bewitched them. He has two reasons to think this, both involving Henry's wife Cecily. A negotiation over the price of malt between Rosse and Cecily Sellis had gone bad; Sellis wanted to pay about a third the cost Rosse was willing to part with his malt for. They fell out; and she left without malt and "vsing many harde speaches." The next verbal altercation happened between Rosse's wife and Cecily. Upon discovering Sellis' cows in her pasture, Mrs. Rosse dud "hunt the~ out therof." In a rage and great anger, Cecily gave Mrs. Rosse "lewd speeches." Shortly thereafter, "many of his beaste were in a most straung taking: the which he doth say, to be wrought by some witchcraft, or sorcery by ye said He~ry or Cisly his wife." Finally, and as almost an aside, Rosse mentions that before his barn burned, that John Sellis noted that the "youngest sonne of the saide Henrie and Cisley, should say heere is a goodly deale of corne, and a man vnknowen shoulde answere there was the diuell store." (C8-D)

Appears in:
W., W. . A True and Just Record, of the Information, Examination and Confession of all the Witches, taken at S. Osyth in the county of Essex. London: 1582, C8-D

Thomas Death   Accuser

A man from Great Clacton in the county of Essex and father to John Death and Marie Death and likely a sailor. Death's family begins to suffer from a series of problems following a verbal altercation between his wife and Cecily Sellis. Sellis had been fired as wet nurse to George Battell's child and Mrs. Death was hired, making Sellis "rayl" at Mrs. Death threatening that she would "loose more by the hauing of it, then thou shalt haue for the keeping of it," suggesting that getting this child would cost her one of her own. Their son, who had previously been healthy, "presently fell downe dead, and after by helpe being brought to life, the saide childe was in a pitious case, and so died presently." Right after, "seuerall Swine the which did skippe and leape about the yarde, in a most straunge sorte, and then died," and overnight a calf, which had been "very fatt," was found dead the next morning. Thomas' daughter would be the next to suffer. Death, newly returned from sea, was met by a messenger sent by his wife, with news that his daughter Marie, was ill. The messenger had Marie's urine with him to be studied by a physician in Ipswich, a man name Berte. The doctor would not tell him if "is daughter were not bewitched," so Death following an aquaitence, met up wit a cunningman, who studying the girl's urine suggested that Marie's situation was dire, sent him home with "thinges that were to bee ministred vnto his said daughter," and told him that within "two nyghtes after the parties that had hurte his daughter shoulde appeare vnto her, and remedie her." Within two nights Marie saw a vision of Cecley Sellis and Mary Barker and was indeed cured. (D8v-E2v)

Appears in:
W., W. . A True and Just Record, of the Information, Examination and Confession of all the Witches, taken at S. Osyth in the county of Essex. London: 1582, D8v-E2v

Thomas Cartwright   Accuser

A man from Little Oakly in the county of Essex . Thomas Cartwright testifies at the indictment / examination of Annis Heard about a strange incident which transpired after he annoyed her. Heard had evidently used bough which had fallen off of Cartwright's tree after a heavy storm to make a ramp over a "wet or durtie place to goe ouer." Cartwright picked up the bough, to Heard's great annoyance, and "she said, that the churle (meaning this examinat) to a neighbour of hers had carried away the peece of the bough that she had laied to go ouer, saying, that shee woulde bee euen with him for it." Soon after two of Cartwright's cows wandered off in a snow storm. One fell in a ditch, twisting her neck so badly, she simply was not recovering, and Cartwright brained the animal to death. The other cow "caluing in a most strange sorte died. Cartwright said, without qualification, that "hee verily thinketh to be done by some witchery by the saide Annis Herd." (E6, E7-E7v)

Appears in:
W., W. . A True and Just Record, of the Information, Examination and Confession of all the Witches, taken at S. Osyth in the county of Essex. London: 1582, E6, E7-E7v

Bennet Lane   Accuser

A woman likely from Little Oakly in the county of Essex and wife of William Lanes, and a liberal users of countermgics. Bennet Lane testifies at the Annis Herd's indictement/ examination after a series of strange incidents happen in her home, following uncomfortable encounters with Annis Heard. Two or three weeks after having given Heard a pint of milk, Lane wanted to know from Heard's daughter, Annis Dowsing, when she might get her container back. Although the girl returned with the dish, Lane suspected foul play: "she could no lo~ger spin nor make a thread to hold," despite sharping her needle. She finally used a bit of countermagic, firing her needle and found it cured. This was not the last encounter which called for countermagic, however. Lane, having called in a loan from Heard, found her dairy processing came to a halt, no matter what she did, she could not seperate the milk and cream: "ye next day she would haue fleet hir milk bowle, but it wold not abide ye fleeting but would rop & role as it werethe white of an egge." She tried scoring the bowl with salt; she tried scaling it, but to no avail. The milk would burn and stink. She finally heated up a milk horseshoe, and submerged it in the milk and "shee coulde seath her milke, fleete her creame, and make her butter in good sort as she had before." Lane does not act as an accuser, per say, but as a witness to these events. Moreover, she provides an excellent example of the accessibility of countermagics. the white of an egge, also the milk being on the her it did not so soone seath but it would quaile, burne by and stincke, the which shee saide shee thought might be lo~g of y^ feeding of her beasts, or els that her vessels were not sweete, wherevpon she saith, she scalded her vessels, and scoured them with salt, thinking that might helpe, but it was neuer the better but as before: then she saith, shee was full of care, that shee shoulde loose both milke and creame, then shee saith it came into her minde to approoue another way, which was, shee tooke a horse shue and made it redde hote, and put it into the milke in the vessals, and so into her creame: and then she saith, shee coulde seath her milke, fleete her creame, and make her butter in good sort as she had before. (E7v-E8v)

Appears in:
W., W. . A True and Just Record, of the Information, Examination and Confession of all the Witches, taken at S. Osyth in the county of Essex. London: 1582, E7v-E8v

Cunny (Grandson/Son)   Accuser

A ten or twelve year old boy from Stisted in the county of Essex, grandson to Joan Cunny and the son of either Margaret or Avice Cunny. The person serves as chief witness against his grandmother. He testifies that while on her way to Braintree Market, Cunny stopped by Harry Finches' house, "to demaund some drink, his wife being busie and a brewing, tolde her she had no leysure to giue her any." Cunny allegedly cursed Mrs. Finch for her poor manners; Mrs. Finch stricken by head and side pain, died within a week (Cunny allegedly confessed to sending her familiar Jill to torment her). He also blamed another boy for stealing a bundle of wood, which he was meant to have collected; an act of theft allegedly punished by laming the boy (who testified against her). The boy finally claimed that, on his grandmother's instructions, took her familiar Jack, to Sir Edward Huddlestone's property, where the familiar summoned a wind which blew his oak tree down, on an otherwise calm day. (3-4)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Apprehension and Confession of Three Notorious Witches. London: 1589, 3-4

Walter Fowler   Accuser

A man from somewhere in between the London parishes of Shadwell and Wapping, himself a thief and a murder, who is later transported to the Barbados, and hanged for breaking and entering and killing his wife, who accuses his mother, Alice Flower, of bewitching him and several others for years on end. (2)

Appears in:
Anonymous. Strange News from Shadwell being a True and Just Relation of the Death of Alice Fowler. London: 1684, 2

Anonymous 79   Accuser

A woman who presumably lived somewhere between the London parishes of Wapping and Shadwell who as a girl was nursed by Alice Flower (circa 1664). As the girl grew into a woman, she "was still fearful and apprehensive of her, until the time of her Death." The narrator suggest that Anonymous 79, who had "been affrighted by some of [Alice Fowler's] Tricks when she was Young," had a terrible life thereafter, living always in the "greatest Dread and Terror imaginable." She appears to have died by the time of publication. (2)

Appears in:
Anonymous. Strange News from Shadwell being a True and Just Relation of the Death of Alice Fowler. London: 1684, 2

Mary Darnell   Accuser

A woman from Keyston in the County of Huntingdon, known to be the wife of blacksmith William Darnell and the mother of Katherine Darnell, who alleged that Elizabeth Chandler had bewitched Katherine to death after their children had a falling out. Darnell claims that Katherine told her Chandler had boxed her ear, which troubled her until her death three weeks later. Furthermore, Katherine was said to have shrieked often that Chandler had come to her and would kill her. Darnell also alleged that, a year later, she had pulled a pot of furmity off the fire only to have it continue boiling for an hour and run over the side no matter what she did, and that Lewis Carmell had told her that Chandler confessed to causing her familiar Beelzebub to spoil it. Chandler alleged that she had no part in Katherine's death or the furmity, and that, on the contrary, Darnell had bewitched Chandler by turning her into a duck for a time and causing a roaring spirit to come to her in the night. (8)

Appears in:
Davenport, John. The Witches of Huntingdon. London: 1646, 8

Master Enger   Accuser

A man from Milton in the county of Bedford, known to be a gentleman landowner and the father of a seven year old son. Mother Sutton and Mary Sutton began a vendetta against him and his for some unknown slight, beginning with the destruction of his horses in their stables and of his swine in their pens. After his stricken servant, Anonymous 89, reported that Mary had tried to coerce him into having sex with her in exchange for the return of his health, Master Enger took matters into his own hands and began a campaign of harassment in return. He approached Mary as she was tending hogs. When he could not persuade her to come with him, he snatched her by force and took her to Anonymous 89's bedside, where Anonymous 89 scratched her; the servant improved but became worse than before when she left. Master Enger's son died, for which he blamed Mary and Mother Sutton; he was visited in his grief by a gentleman friend (Anonymous 90), who advised him to swim both women to see if they floated. The next day, Master Enger seized Mary again, beat her senseless, bound her to his horse and dragged her to the water. She was observed to float like a plank, searched for teats, and a confession of her spirits forced out of her son. Master Enger had her swum a second time, this time bound toe to thumb and with a rope around her middle held on either end by servants; she floated again, and spun about as if caught in a whirlpool. He forced a confession out of her and used it to apprehend Mother Sutton as well, ultimately succeeding in having both tried and executed for witchcraft. (A4-A4v)

Appears in:
Anonymous. Witches Apprehended, Examined, and Executed. London : 1613, A4-A4v

Michael Stevens   Accuser

A man from St. Osyth in the county of Essex, the father of Martha Stevens, and described as "Michael, the shoemaker." Stevens claims to have heard from her own roommate that Annis Glascocke was a "naughtie woman, and a dealer in witchcrafte." This may be the reason he came to suspect, according to Ursley Kempe, that Glascocke had bewitched his daughter, Martha (via one of her spirits). Glascock was charged with bewitching Martha Stevens to death, found guilty, but remanded. She is still in prison as of August 2, 1582. (Cv)

Appears in:
W., W. . A True and Just Record, of the Information, Examination and Confession of all the Witches, taken at S. Osyth in the county of Essex. London: 1582, Cv

Samuel Pacy   Accuser

A man from Lowestoft in the county of Suffolk, known to be a merchant, who gave deposition in court accusing Amy Denny and Rose Cullender of bewitching his daughters, Elizabeth and Deborah Pacy. Samuel Pacy alleged that Deborah's fits started when he refused to sell Amy Denny herring; the fits first manifested with lameness, and progressed to extreme pain in her stomach and shrieking when he refused Amy Denny the third and final time. Deborah is said to have cried out that Denny was the cause of her fits, for which Pacy charged Denny with witchcraft in October 1663 and had her thrown in the stocks. Shortly thereafter, Pacy's daughter Elizabeth also became afflicted, and both girls now claimed to see Denny and Cullender's apparitions during their fits. Mary Chandler alleged in her deposition that Pacy had charged both Cullender and Denny with bewitching his daughters in February 1664, resulting in a warrant for their examination. The morning after Denny and Cullender received a guilty verdict, Pacy claimed that his daughters had been restored to health within half an hour of the convictions. (18-20)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A Tryal of Witches. London: 1682, 18-20

Edmund Durent   Accuser

A man from Lowestoft in the county of Suffolk, known to be the father of Ann Durent; he gave deposition alleging that Rose Cullender bewitched Ann when his wife refused to sell Cullender herring. According to Durent's deposition, Ann was afflicted with great pain in her stomach like the pricking of pins, fell into swooning fits, and upon recovery claimed that she had seen an apparition of Cullender which threatening to torment her. He also alleged she had vomited pins, which he produced as evidence in court. (33-34)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A Tryal of Witches. London: 1682, 33-34

Diana Bocking   Accuser

A woman from Lowestoft in the county of Suffolk, known to be the mother of Jane Bocking, who gave deposition in court alleging that her daughter had suffered fits at the hands of Rose Cullender and Amy Denny. According to her deposition, Jane was afflicted with swooning fits and the daily vomiting of crooked pins. During her fits, Jane would be found to hold crooked pins clenched in her hands, or, once, a lath-nail. At other times, Jane would talk as if conversing to someone, but take no notice of anyone in the room with her, or complain that Cullender and Denny were standing at the head or foot of her bed. After had recovered from being struck dumb for several days, Diana asked why she had been unable to speak, to which Jane answered "Amy Duny would not suffer her to speak." Diana produced the lath-nail and pins as evidence in court. (35-38)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A Tryal of Witches. London: 1682, 35-38

Ann Sandeswell   Accuser

A woman from Lowestoft in the county of Suffolk, known to be the wife of Cornelius Sandeswell, who gave deposition against Amy Denny in court. In her deposition, Ann Sandeswell claimed that she had bought geese from Denny, but Denny destroyed them when Sandeswell did not come get them fast enough for Denny's liking. Sandeswell also alleged that Denny was a tenant of her husband Cornelius shortly after the incident with the geese, and during her tenancy caused a new chimney to fall down; furthermore, Denny caused Sandeswell's brother to lose a quarter-barrel of fish she had requested into the sea. (55-57)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A Tryal of Witches. London: 1682, 55-57

Margaret Arnold   Accuser

A woman from Lowestoft in the county of Suffolk, known to be the sister of Samuel Pacy and aunt to Elizabeth and Deborah Pacy, who gave deposition in court against Rose Cullender and Amy Denny. In her deposition, she alleged that she had taken care of her nieces for a time, and that on their arrival had removed all pins from their clothing, thinking their fits were the product of deceit. Despite her precautions, Arnold saw both girls vomit pins several times during violent fits, and that they cried out they had seen Cullender and Duny threaten to torment them ten times more if they complained. Arnold also alleged that the children would see things like mice, catch them in tongs and throw them into the fire; while Arnold could not see what they were catching, she did see one flash like gunpowder when it hit the fire. She reported that the girls claimed that bees and flies brought pins and nails, and forced them into their mouths. Deborah, the younger girl, once said to Arnold that Denny had been with her and tried to tempt her to suicide; another time both girls cried out asking Denny and Cullender why they sent imps to torment them instead of doing it themselves. At the end of her deposition, Arnold stated that she was now convinced that her nieces were truly possessed. (27-33)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A Tryal of Witches. London: 1682, 27-33

Edward Fairfax   Accuser

A country gentleman, renown writer and translator, husband of Dorothy Fairfax and father to several bewitched children (esp Helen and Elizabeth), Fairfax is the author of Daemonologia, a tract he wrote to vindicate the legal prosecution of several witches. (31-33)

Appears in:
Fairfax, Edward . Daemonologia: a Discourse on Witchcraft as it was Acted in the Family of Mr. Edward Fairfax. Unknown: 1621, 31-33

Anne Goddard   Accuser

A woman from Salisbury in the county of Wiltshire, who is either Richard Goddard's daughter in law, or his daughter, and step daughter to his wife, Mistress Goddard. Mrs Goddard began to suspect that Anne and her sister Sarah, had intended to poison her, a suspicion supported by Mistress Roswell who, along with Goddard herself, sent Anne Styles to visit Anne Bodenham numerous times to get details about this supposed crime. The mode of murder was to be poison, which Bodenham said was hidden under Sarah's bed, then moved to "white Pot set upon the Dresser in the Kitchin" and added to Mistress Goodard's Sage Ale. Styles' suggested there was something odd floating in the Ale. Eventually Anne and her sister Sarah discovered that they were accused off plotting to poison their mother, and " being much moved at it, and to vindicate themselves, that no such aspersion might lie on them (in regard it was also reported, that they should buy one Ounce and halfe of poyson that cost 6 d. at an Apothecaries)" traveled around Salisbury, discovering that Styles had bought the poison herself. Styles was fired and they threatened to press charges against her for slander and attempted murder. (3-9)

Appears in:
Bower, Edmond. Doctor Lamb Revived, or, Witchcraft Condemned in Anne Bodenham. London: 1653, 3-9

Anonymous 115   Accuser

The seven year old daughter of Anonymous 113 who is allegedly found in her aunt and uncle's bedroom after she is taken there by her mother on a bed staff. She is the main witness against her mother. (49)

Appears in:
Hale, Matthew. A Collection of Modern Relations of Matter of Fact Concerning Witches & Witchcraft. London: 1693, 49

Margaret Austin   Accuser

A woman from Wapping in the county of Greater London, known to be a "wandering person" whom in charity Joan Peterson had given a home to, who alleges in court that Joan Peterson cured Christopher Wilson of his sickness, and then made ill again when he does not pay her. Austin was ejected from Peterson's home for stealing goods from her house. (7)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A Declaration in Answer to Several Lying Pamphlets Concerning the Witch of Wapping. London: 1652, 7

Thomas Southwick   Accuser

A man from Wapping in the county of Greater London, known to be a servant to Thomas Cromton, who allegedly stood in the session yard declaring Joan Peterson to be a witch, and offering money to strangers in exchange for testifying to the same. Colonel Okey and other Justices on the Bench summoned Southwick into the court when this came to their attention, so that the court's Recorder would take note of it. (8)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A Declaration in Answer to Several Lying Pamphlets Concerning the Witch of Wapping. London: 1652, 8

Thomas Hart   Accuser

A man from Lawford in the county of Essex, husband to Prudence Hart and father to John Hart. Thomas Hart suffers from two tragedies which are blamed on Rebecca West and Anne West. Prudence suffers a sudden miscarriage on a Sunday as she walks home; Prudence later finds herself lamed by a mysterious thing which touches her in bed. Hart's son John is also allegedly killed by Rebecca West as an act of vengeance against Hart himself. It appears that the Hart family saw themselves as bitter enemies of Rebecca West and Anne West. (15, 15-16, 17, 18, 19)

Appears in:
H., F.. A True and Exact Relation of the severall Informations, Examinations, and Confessions of the late Witches, arraigned and executed in the County of Essex. . London: 1645, 15, 15-16, 17, 18, 19

Anonymous 119   Accuser

A physician who determines that John Hart was murdered by witchcraft. (3)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Full Trials, Examination, and Condemnation of Four Notorious Witches. London: 1690, 3

Sir William Saunders   Accuser

A man from Cottesbrook in the county of Northampton, known to be a knight, who allegedly apprehended suspected witches Joan Vaughan and Agnes Brown and delivered them to Northampton Gaole. (B4-B5)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Witches of Northampton-shire. Agnes Browne. Joane Vaughan. Arthur Bill. Hellen Jenkenson. Mary Barber. London: 1612, B4-B5

Sir Thomas Brook   Accuser

A man from Thrapston in the county of Northampton, know to be a knight, who apprehended Hellen Jenkenson on suspicion of bewitching a child to death and delivered her to the gaol at Northampton. (D2)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Witches of Northampton-shire. Agnes Browne. Joane Vaughan. Arthur Bill. Hellen Jenkenson. Mary Barber. London: 1612, D2

Sir Thomas T[...]ham   Accuser

A man from Guilsborough in the county of Northampton, known to be a knight, who apprehended Mary Barber on suspicion of witchcraft and delivered her to gaol at Northampton. (D3)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Witches of Northampton-shire. Agnes Browne. Joane Vaughan. Arthur Bill. Hellen Jenkenson. Mary Barber. London: 1612, D3

Elizabeth Eastchurch   Accuser

A woman from Bideford in the county of Devon, wife of Thomas Eastchurch and sister to Grace Thomas with whom she was staying on July 2nd when she both Grace Thomas complain "of a pricking pains in one of her knees," and saw "nine places on [Thomas'] Knee which had been prickt" as though they had been pricked by a thorn. She took it upon herself to find and examine Temperance Lloyd, asking her directly if she "had any Wax or Clay in the form of a Picture whereby she had pricked and tormented the said Grace Thomas?" It was Eastchurch to whom Lloyd first confessed that "had no Wax nor Clay, but confessed that she had only a piece of Leather which she had pricked nine times." Along with her husband Thomas Eastchurch, Honor Hooper, and Anne Wakely, Elizabeth Eastchurch, acted as part of a citizen's jury, who, "with the leave and approbation of the said Mr. Gist the Mayor," on July 2th, 1682, brought Temperance to the Parish-Church of Bideford for further examination by the local rector Michael Ogilby. (17-20)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A True and Impartial Relation of the Informations Against Three Witches. London: 1682, 17-20

Grace Barns   Accuser

A woman from Bideford in the county of Devon, wife of John Barnes, Yeoman, who as of May 18, 1682 suffered "very great pains of sticking and pricking in her Arms, Stomach, and Breast, as though she had been stabbed with Awls." Her pain was so severe, that her husband John "thought that she would have died immediately," yet she suffered still at the time of the trial. Grace Barns identified Mary Trembles as "one of them that did torment her" and likewise suspected "one Susanna Edwards of Biddiford aforesaid Widow, because that she the said Susanna would oftentimes repair unto this Informants Husband's house upon frivolous or no occasions at all." (26-28)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A True and Impartial Relation of the Informations Against Three Witches. London: 1682, 26-28

Elizabeth Jennings   Accuser

A twelve year old girl who is allegedly bewitched. She accuses four women of bewitching her. ()

Appears in:
Unknown, . The Bewitchment of Elizabeth Jennings. British Library MS Add. 36674, fols. 134-7. Foster, Donald W., ed. "The Bewitchment of Elizabeth Jennings." Normalized text, ed. D. Foster (1999), from British Library MS Add. 36674, fols. 134-7. Poughkeepsie, NY: Vassar College, 1999.: 1622,

Lady Jennings   Accuser

A woman whose daughter is allegedly bewitched. She quarrels with her neighbour and that is thought to have potentially caused her daughter's fits. ()

Appears in:
Unknown, . The Bewitchment of Elizabeth Jennings. British Library MS Add. 36674, fols. 134-7. Foster, Donald W., ed. "The Bewitchment of Elizabeth Jennings." Normalized text, ed. D. Foster (1999), from British Library MS Add. 36674, fols. 134-7. Poughkeepsie, NY: Vassar College, 1999.: 1622,

Mistress Walkden   Accuser

A woman from Clifton in the county of Bristol, described as the grandmother of Thomas Darling who visits her grandson and believes he has been bewitched by Alice Gooderidge. (5)

Appears in:
D., I.. The Most Wonderfull and True Story, of a Certain Witch named Alice Gooderige of Stapen hill. London: 1597, 5

Hugh Moore   Accuser

A man from Pendle in the County of Lancaster, whom Anne Whittle, alias Chattox, allegedly bewitched to death. According to Alison Device, Whittle had a falling-out with Hugh Moore when he accused her of bewitching his cattle, for which she "did curse and worry the said Moore, and said she would be Reuenged." Moore became sick not long after. He languished for half a year before dying. (E4-E4v)

Appears in:
Potts, Thomas. The Wonderfull Discovery of Witches in the County of Lancaster. London: 1613, E4-E4v

Jennet Device   Accuser

A child from the Forest of Pendle in the County of Lancaster, known to be nine years old and the granddaughter of Elizabeth Southerns, daughter of Elizabeth Device and John Device, sister of James Device and Alison Device and niece of Christopher Howgate. Jennet Device was the star witness in the witchcraft trials at Lancaster Assizes, and gave deposition against her entire family and several others, most notably Jennet Preston, whom Device picked out from the crowd at the trial. Her mother, Elizabeth Device, "outragiously cursing, cryed out against the child in such fearefull manner" at the trial for giving witness against her. Device provided a list of names of witches who attended a dinner at Elizabeth's home of Malking Tower, the names and shapes of familiars, and what she had overheard about who had bewitched to death whom. Device also recited two prayers she said Elizabeth had taught her, one to cure the bewitched and one to get drink. Twenty years later, in 1634, Jennet was herself accused of witchcraft. Two witches' marks were allegedly found, and she was convicted of bewitching Isabel Nutter to death; the charges were discredited, but she languished nevertheless in Lancaster Castle until August 1636. (F2-F3)

Appears in:
Potts, Thomas. The Wonderfull Discovery of Witches in the County of Lancaster. London: 1613, F2-F3

Peter Chaddock   Accuser

A man from Windle in the county of Lancashire, known to be the husband of Mrs. Chaddock, who claimed to be bewitched by Isabel Robey. According to Chaddock, he had a falling out with Robey as she "was not pleased that hee should marrie his now wife: whereupon this Examinate called the said Isabel Witch, and said that hee did not care for her." He alleged that two days later, he was afflicted with a pain in his bones, but mended not long after. Four years after that, his wife argued with Isabelle, and he was afflicted with a pain in his neck for five days, was intensely thirsty, and felt hot throughout his body. He claimed that he only mended when James the Glover brought him a drink and prayed for him. The pain in his bones reoccured the year before the trial, and he was convinced Robey was behind it. (T3-T3v)

Appears in:
Potts, Thomas. The Wonderfull Discovery of Witches in the County of Lancaster. London: 1613, T3-T3v

Jane Wilkinson   Accuser

A woman from Windle in the county of Lancashire, known to be the wife of Francis Wilkinson, who accused Isabel Robey of bewitching her. According to Wilkinson, Robey asked her milk and she refused to give any; Wilkinson became afraid of Robey and was sick shortly thereafter, accompanied by such pain that she could not stand. The next day, Wilkinson travelled to Warrington, and on the road felt a sudden pinch on her thigh, after which she was so sick she had to return home on horseback. She soon mended, however. According to Margaret Parre, Robey confessed to her that she had bewitched Wilkinson. (T4)

Appears in:
Potts, Thomas. The Wonderfull Discovery of Witches in the County of Lancaster. London: 1613, T4

Dr. Casaubon   Accuser

A Doctor who, in his book, accuses Dr. Dees of "having familiarity with Devils for many years in his life time." (8)

Appears in:
Webster, John. The Displaying of Supposed Witchcraft. London: 1677, 8

John Webster   Accuser

An author who accuses Dr. Casaubon of being a witchmonger. (8)

Appears in:
Webster, John. The Displaying of Supposed Witchcraft. London: 1677, 8

Edmund Robinson Jr.   Accuser

An eleven year old boy and the son of Edmund Robinson, who witnesses many instances of witchcraft associated with the Pendle Hill witches. (347-348)

Appears in:
Webster, John. The Displaying of Supposed Witchcraft. London: 1677, 347-348

Anonymous 455   Accuser

A man from London, who is allegedly cursed by Elizabeth Jackson, an old woman believed to be responsible for bewitching the young girl, Mary Glover. Anonymous 455 words for Lady Bond, and at one time asked Elizabeth Jackson to wash his clothes. When Elizabeth Jackson came "to his lodging for money," she found that he was out of town, and cried, "Is he gone? I pray god he may breake his necke, or his legge, before he com again." Accordingly, during his journey, Anonymous 455 broke his leg. This account is given at the trial of Elizabeth Jackson, as proof that her cursing "had ben observed to have a mischevous consequent." (Fol. 35r - Fol. 35v)

Appears in:
Bradwell, Stephen. Mary Glover's Late Woeful Case. Unknown: 1603, Fol. 35r - Fol. 35v

Mr. Duxbury   Accuser

A man, working as a jury, who circulates a petition on behalf of Mr. Dickenson for the arrest of Edmund Robinson Jr. (153)

Appears in:
Bruce (Editor), John. Calendar of State Papers Domestic Series: Charles I, 1634-5. Unknown: 1864, 153

John Hutton   Accuser

A man from Sunderland in the County of Northumberland, known to be "one it was suspected that could do more then God allowed of." During one of her fits, Mary Muschamp wrote an abbreviation of his name, and the undeciphered abbreviation of one other person's name. Mary Moore sent to him shortly therafter, demanding that he confess who had afflicted Margaret and threatening to apprehend him if he would not. Moore's servant reported back his answer: "DOROTHY SVVINOVV wife then to Colonell SVVINOVV, was the party that had done all the mischiefe to her child, and was the cause of all her further crosses." John Hutton also blamed Swinow for the death of Margery Hambleton. When Hutton heard that Margaret wanted two drops of his blood to save her life, he tried to do it himself privately; instead "the child nickt him halfe a dozen times in the forehead, but no bloud appeared; then he put forth his right arme and that was not till her mother threatned his heart bloud should goe before she wanted it; then he layd his thumb on his arme, and two drops appeared, which she wip'd off with a paper." Margaret later claimed two more drops would save her brother, George Muschamp Jr.; her mother Mary Moore hunted Hutton down and took more of his blood. Margaret's fits were observed to not trouble her in Hutton's company, and she fell into a terrible one when he left. Moore had Hutton apprehended, and he died in prison. Margaret claimed that he was her greatest tormentor, and had he lived, he would have given them the names of two more witches. He is said to have been able to call up storms, and is credited with nearly blowing a ship off course as it entered Berwick Harbour. (7-11)

Appears in:
Moore, Mary. Wonderfull Newes from the North. London: 1650, 7-11

James Robinson   Accuser

A man from Pendle in the county of Lancashire, known to be the husband of Mrs. Robinson and brother of John Robinson, who accused Anne Whittle and Anne Redferne of witchcraft, and was allegedly bewitched to death by Elizabeth Device. According to Robinson, his wife had hired Whittle to card wool six years before, and that the drink from which Whittle drew during the carding not only spoiled, but that any drink he brought into the house spoiled for eight or nine weeks after. He claimed that "the said Anne Whittle, alias Chattox, and Anne Redferne her said Daughter, are commonly reputed and reported to bee Witches," and that Robert Nutter the younger said that Whittle and Redferne had bewitched him, causing his sickness. Device confessed to bewitching Robinson to death; Jennet Device claimed to have heard her mother Elizabeth Device call for her familiar Ball to kill Robinson. (Ev-E2v)

Appears in:
Potts, Thomas. The Wonderfull Discovery of Witches in the County of Lancaster. London: 1613, Ev-E2v

Mr. Dickenson   Accuser

A man who circulates a petition for the arrest of Edmund Robinson Jr. for having falsely accused his wife (Frances Dickenson) of practicing witchcraft. (153)

Appears in:
Bruce (Editor), John. Calendar of State Papers Domestic Series: Charles I, 1634-5. Unknown: 1864, 153

Joan Booth   Accuser

A woman, the wife of Wm. Booth from Warmfield in Yorkshire who accuses Margaret Morton of bewitching her son. She claims that her son became ill after Margaret Morton bewitched him. Morton offered him a piece of bread which made the child become ill almost immediately. Her son started to heal after Morton asked for forgiveness and she (Joan Booth) drew blood from him. (38)

Appears in:
Raine, James. Depositions from the Castle of York. Unknown: 1861, 38

John Johnson   Accuser

A man from Hosthersfielde in the county of Yorkshire (presumably Huddersfield, Yorkshire) who testifies in the case against Hester France. He claims that Robert Cliff had been sick for about half a year, but was now very sick and weak. Johnson claims that Cliff had him send for Hester France.When France entered the Cliff's chamber, Johnson alleges Cliff scratched her and said " I thinke thou art the woman that hath done me this wrong" to which France replied that she "never did hurt in her life." (52)

Appears in:
Raine, James. Depositions from the Castle of York. Unknown: 1861, 52

Robert Cliff   Accuser

A man who, according to John Johnson, accused Hester France of bewitching him. According to Johnson, Cliff had been sick for about half a year but now (at the time of the trial) had become very weak and ill. One day, Cliff asked Johnson to send for Hester France. When France arrived in Cliff's chamber, he scratched her and accused her of having caused him to become ill to which France replied that she had never hurt. (52)

Appears in:
Raine, James. Depositions from the Castle of York. Unknown: 1861, 52

Thomas Rennerd   Accuser

The constable of Redness in the coutny of Yorkshire who testifies against Elizabeth Lambe. Rennerd explains that his wife suspected Elizabeth Lambe of bewitching his child. Then, one day, Lambe allegedly showed up at the Rennerd's doorstep and when Rennerd's wife opened the door, Lambe fell to her knees and asked for forgiveness. The child got better shortly after. (58)

Appears in:
Raine, James. Depositions from the Castle of York. Unknown: 1861, 58

Rennerd's Wife   Accuser

A woman from Redness in the county of York and the wife of constable Thomas Rennerd who suspects Elizabeth Lambe of bewitching her child. Shortly after telling her husband about her suspicions, she meets Elizabeth Lambe at her doorstep where Lambe falls to her knees and asks forgiveness. The child recovers soon thereafter. (58)

Appears in:
Raine, James. Depositions from the Castle of York. Unknown: 1861, 58

Nicholas Baldwin   Accuser

A man from Redness in the county of Yorkshire who accuses Elizabeth Lambe of having drowned his foals. Baldwin was said to be sick "in bodye" testified that because Elizabeth Lambe had allegedly murdered his foals by witchcraft, he beat her with his cane and that were it not for his wife who got on her knees and begged him for forgiveness, he would have done much worse. (58)

Appears in:
Raine, James. Depositions from the Castle of York. Unknown: 1861, 58

John Wright   Accuser

A man from Redness in the county of Yorkshire who accuses Elizabeth Lambe of having caused Richard Brown of Redness to become ill and die. While sick, Brown told Wreight that he was "cruelly handled at the heart with one Elizabeth Lambe." He added that she drew blood from his heart and wanted him to send for her to come to his house because he wanted to scratch her. He surmised that if he could scratch her and draw blood from her, his condition would improve. So, when Elizabeth Lambe is brought to him, Brown says to Lambe that she has wronged him and asks why he has done so. He concludes by saying that if she would do no more, he would forgive her. Lambe does not respond and so Wreight relates that Browne scratches her until she bled. He died within a week and complained all the while until he died that Elizabeth Lambe had caused his death. (58)

Appears in:
Raine, James. Depositions from the Castle of York. Unknown: 1861, 58

John Tatterson   Accuser

A man from Gargreave in the county of Yorkshire who testifies against Anne Greene before John Ashton and Edgar Coats. He claims that two weeks after Christmas, he became "disabled in body" and that one night he was troubled by spirits who advised him to worship the enemy, all of which were visible except Anne Greene. The spirits appeared to him at least four times (possibly on different dates). As a result, Tatterson approached Anne Greene, telling her that he wanted to sanctify and purify her heart as well as "worketh out the carnal part" thus leading to her salvation. (64)

Appears in:
Raine, James. Depositions from the Castle of York. Unknown: 1861, 64

Margaret Wade   Accuser

A woman, presumably from Gargreave in the county of Yorkshire, who claims that she saw both Mary Nunweeke and Anne Greene appear to her in the shape of dogs. According to Wade, her daughter Elizabeth fell from her bed one night and when she, Wade, came to attend to her daughter, she saw a great bitch sitting at the foot of her daughter's bed. the bitch had two feet and held in its mouth a dish. Afterwards, she said she saw three dogs, one of which was Anne Greene and another which was Mary Nunweeke. (64)

Appears in:
Raine, James. Depositions from the Castle of York. Unknown: 1861, 64

John Hatfield   Accuser

A man from Rhodes in the county of Yorkshire who claims Katherine Earle struck him in the neck as well as his mare. Hatfield testifies that about August last Katherine Earle struck him in the neck and his mare with a "docken stalke." The mare immediately became sick and died and he became troubled by pain in his neck. (69)

Appears in:
Raine, James. Depositions from the Castle of York. Unknown: 1861, 69

Richard Jackson   Accuser

A man who testifies against Jennet and George Benton. He claims that after throwing stones at them for trespassing, he and his wife and child began suffering from a myriad of fits. The Bentons and Jackson had been arguing about the Benton's alleged trespassing. An angry Jackson procured an action against the Bentons, prohibiting them from passing. The Bentons then threaten him and his family. Richard Jackson starts to suffer from pains in the shoulders, heart and back. he also began to hear strange noises like bells ringing accompanied by singing and dancing. (74)

Appears in:
Raine, James. Depositions from the Castle of York. Unknown: 1861, 74

Ann Duffield   Accuser

A woman from Studley Hall, from near Ripon, North Yorkshire, who testifies in the case against Mary and William Wade for bewitching the fourteen year old Elizabeth Mallory, daughter of the Lady Mallory, of Studley Hall. She relates how Elizabeth Mallory suffered from various fits for twelve months and how Mallory repeatedly accused Mary Wade of having bewitched her, also threatening Wade that she (Mallory) would be ill and force Wade to be tried before a justice and punished if she did not confess to wronging her. (75-78)

Appears in:
Raine, James. Depositions from the Castle of York. Unknown: 1861, 75-78

Mary Wilson   Accuser

A woman from the area Studley Hall, from near Ripon, North Yorkshire, who testifies in the case against Mary and William Wade for bewitching the fourteen-year old Elizabeth Mallory, daughter of the Lady Mallory, of Studley Hall. She relates how, at the age of fourteen, Elizabeth Mallory laid languishing for approximately twelve weeks. She lost the use of her limbs and was unable to rise from bed. In that time, she suffered from several fits. Mary Wilson claims that during a fit Mallory yelled out "she comes! she comes!" and when asked to whom she was referring, Mallory replied saying it was Mary and specified that it was Mary Wade when asked. Wilson continues on to explain how Elizabeth Mallory claimed to have no recollection of her fits. (75- 79)

Appears in:
Raine, James. Depositions from the Castle of York. Unknown: 1861, 75- 79

Elizabeth Torwood   Accuser

A woman who testifies against Elizabeth Stile, and who, along with four other women search Elizabeth Stile for witch's marks. When the women find a mark, they prick it with a pin, leaving it in the mark for others to see. (145)

Appears in:
Glanvill, Joseph. Saducismus Triumphatus, or, Full and Plain Evidence Concerning Witches and Apparitions in Two Parts. London: 1681, 145

John RIvet   Accuser

A man and tailor from Manningtree in the county of Essex whose wife (Mrs. Rivet) in late December, 1645, became "sicke, and lame, with such violent fits, that this Informant verily conceived her sicknesse was something more then meerly naturall." He husband sought the counsel of a cunning woman, one the wife of one Hovye at Hadleigh in Suffolke, who told him his wife was bewitched by two neighboring witches. Rivet deduced that Elizabeth Clarke was one the witches, based on the proximity of her home and the common knowledge that "Elizabeths mother and some other of her kinsfolke did suffer death for Witchcraft and murther." (5)

Appears in:
H., F.. A True and Exact Relation of the severall Informations, Examinations, and Confessions of the late Witches, arraigned and executed in the County of Essex. . London: 1645, 5

Anonymous 220   Accuser

A man from Exeter who testifies against Diana Crosse. He claims that after he refused to bring the mayor a petition on her behalf, his wife (Anonymous 221) fell ill, suffering from limb pain; his son (Anonymous 222) fell down and broke his arm; and worst of all, his brew "would not run at the 'penn'." (151)

Appears in:
Woollcombe, William Cotton, Henry . Gleanings from the Municipal and Cathedral Records Relative to the History of the City of Exeter. Unknown: 1877, 151

Robert Walburton   Accuser

A man from London in the county of Greater London, who accuses Mary Poole of having stolen seven pounds and ten shillings from him. He testifies against her in court telling the story of how she had "juggled all his Money away." (1)

Appears in:
Unknown, . The Proceedings of the Old Bailey: Mary Poole, Theft > grand larceny, 13th December 1699. . London: 1699, 1

Anonymous 203   Accuser

A man from Chester in the county of Cheshire, who identifies Mary Poole as a witch and claims the she allegedly bewitched him and his horse when they crossed paths in Sutors-Hill about seven years earlier. (2)

Appears in:
Unknown, . The Proceedings of the Old Bailey: Mary Poole, Theft > grand larceny, 13th December 1699. . London: 1699, 2

Anonymous 204   Accuser

A man from Chester in the county of Cheshire, who claims that Mary Poole Stole from him. Suspecting that she would steal the money on his counter, he took it in his hand. When she saw him do so, she asked him to cross her with a piece of silver. In doing so, the piece disappears, but he had not the power to cry out after her. (2)

Appears in:
Unknown, . The Proceedings of the Old Bailey: Mary Poole, Theft > grand larceny, 13th December 1699. . London: 1699, 2

Anonymous 205   Accuser

A person from Chester in the county of Cheshire, described as one of many people who claimed to have been a victim of Mary Poole's thievery. (2)

Appears in:
Unknown, . The Proceedings of the Old Bailey: Mary Poole, Theft > grand larceny, 13th December 1699. . London: 1699, 2

Anonymous 215   Accuser

A woman from Exeter in the county of Devon, who testifies against Diana Crosse. She claims that her children (Anonymous 216 & 217) fell sick because she refused Diana Crosse some milk. She also claims her husband (Anonymous 218) fell ill about two years previous, an illness for which she consulted Dr. Browne, who could not diagnose nor cure him. (151)

Appears in:
Woollcombe, William Cotton, Henry . Gleanings from the Municipal and Cathedral Records Relative to the History of the City of Exeter. Unknown: 1877, 151

Ezekiel Trible   Accuser

A tobacco pipe maker who accuses Diana Crosse of burning down his home, rendering him unable to smoke his pipe properly, and bewitching one of his employees so that he becomes ill. (150-151)

Appears in:
Woollcombe, William Cotton, Henry . Gleanings from the Municipal and Cathedral Records Relative to the History of the City of Exeter. Unknown: 1877, 150-151

Mrs. Dicker   Accuser

A witness who states that Diana Crosse came to her house begging. She declines to relieve Crosse and calls her an old witch. Shortly after, one of her children falls sick, and in cleaning her house she finds a toad in her chamber and small worms. (151)

Appears in:
Woollcombe, William Cotton, Henry . Gleanings from the Municipal and Cathedral Records Relative to the History of the City of Exeter. Unknown: 1877, 151

William Hooke   Accuser

A man and a painter in St. Osyth in the county of Essex, who testifies against Alice Newman. Hooke suggests that Alice was the cause of husband's "great miserie and wretcher state," and possibly his death. (A6-A6v)

Appears in:
W., W. . A True and Just Record, of the Information, Examination and Confession of all the Witches, taken at S. Osyth in the county of Essex. London: 1582, A6-A6v

Andrew Cansfield   Accuser

A man from London who is paid forty pounds to testify against Margaret Wellam. Wellam is accused upon suspicion "to be a witch and to give sucke or feede evill spirrits." (265)

Appears in:
Le Hardy, William. County of Middlesex. Calendar to the sessions records: new series, volume 3: 1615-16. Middlesex: 1937, 265

Alice Smythe   Accuser

One of three women (including Katherine Barbor and Mary Aldridge) who bring forward charges in the case against Emma Branch. ()

Appears in:
Le Hardy, William. County of Middlesex. Calendar to the sessions records: new series, volume 3: 1615-16. Middlesex: 1937,

Mary Aldridge   Accuser

One of three women (including Katherine Barbor and Alice Smythe) who bring forward charges in the case against Emma Branch. ()

Appears in:
Le Hardy, William. County of Middlesex. Calendar to the sessions records: new series, volume 3: 1615-16. Middlesex: 1937,

Katherine Barbor   Accuser

One of three women (including Mary Aldridge and Alice Smythe) who bring forward charges in the case against Emma Branch. ()

Appears in:
Le Hardy, William. County of Middlesex. Calendar to the sessions records: new series, volume 3: 1615-16. Middlesex: 1937,

Anonymous 231   Accuser

One of a group of messengers who claim to have been cursed by Anonymous 229 as they were passing by her house in a boat. (150)

Appears in:
Great Britain. Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, . Calendar of State Papers, Domestic Series, Reign of Charles 1: 1637. H. M. Stationery Office: 1868, 150

Anonymous 232   Accuser

A waterman who is allegedly "stricken with such a lamentable crick in his back that he was constrained to get help" soon after the group of messengers (Anonymous 231) are allegedly cursed by Anonymous 229. (150)

Appears in:
Great Britain. Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, . Calendar of State Papers, Domestic Series, Reign of Charles 1: 1637. H. M. Stationery Office: 1868, 150

John Stockden   Accuser

A man from Coven-Garden in London and the county of Greater London, described as a plain Country Yeoman that discovers seven witches residing at Queen-Street in Coven-Garden who are falsely giving confession for monetary prices and after swearing confessors under several articles. John Stockden refuses to swear to these articles, although he "was willing to have a wench," and he thus discovers them to be witches. (5)

Appears in:
Unknown, . The Seven Women Confessors or a Discovery of the Seven White Divels which Lived at Queen-Street in Coven-Garden. London: 1641, 5

Richard Burt   Accuser

A man from Pinner in the county of Middlesex, described as the servant of Master Edling who believes he is bewitched by Mother Atkins after running into two of her familiars: the hare and a monstrous black cat. The bewitchment caused him to be carried in the air to unknown location where he is kept imprisoned and burned, as well as rendered mute. Upon release some four days later, he is cured of his lack of speech by the parson of the town, and scratches Mother Atkins, which seems to have remedied him, "for since that he hath mended reasonablie, and nowe goeth to Churche." ()

Appears in:
B., G.. A Most Wicked Worke of a Wretched Witch, (the Like Whereof None Can Record these Manie Yeeres in England) . London: 1592,

Anonymous 253   Accuser

A maid (Anonymous 253) from Bedford in the county of Bedfordshire who, upon refusing to share her pease porridge with Goodwife Rose, found it had gone mealy. This maid turned accuser against Rose and went so far as to offer to be swum next to her, to prove an honest woman would sink while a witch floated. This is indeed what happened, but as much to the Maid's detriment as to Rose's. While Rose floated sinisterly on the water, the Maid almost drowned, and could hardly be recovered. (41)

Appears in:
Fairfax, Edward . Daemonologia: a Discourse on Witchcraft as it was Acted in the Family of Mr. Edward Fairfax. Unknown: 1621, 41

Edward Munt   Accuser

A Bailiff of the hundred of Tendring in the county of Essex who allegedly falls into fits after going to John Harris' house. Upon getting to the house, he allegedly asked Harris' servant (Anonymous 261) to see Harris or his wife, but the servant told Harris was absent while his wife was either out as well or still sleeping. It is at this moment that Munt fell raving, calling the servant a witch and an old whore. Harris' wife then appeared to see what was happening and tried to drive Munt away, but he then threatened Harris' wife with a dagger, swearing he would kill her. (http://seax.essexcc.gov.uk/result_details.asp?intOffSet=0&intThisRecordsOffSet=5)

Appears in:
Essex Record Office, . Calendar of Essex Assize Records. Online. http://seax.essexcc.gov.uk: 2011, http://seax.essexcc.gov.uk/result_details.asp?intOffSet=0&intThisRecordsOffSet=5

Purdence Hart   Accuser

A woman from Lawford in the county of Essex, described as the wife of Thomas Hart and Mother to John Hart. Prudence Hart suffers from two tragedies which are blamed on Rebecca West and Anne West. Prudence suffers a sudden miscarriage on a Sunday as she walks home; Prudence later finds herself lamed by a mysterious thing which touches her in bed. Her son son John is also allegedly killed by Rebecca West as an act of vengeance against her husband Thomas Hart. It appears that the Hart family saw themselves as bitter enemies of Rebecca West and Anne West. (15, 15-16, 17, 18, 19)

Appears in:
H., F.. A True and Exact Relation of the severall Informations, Examinations, and Confessions of the late Witches, arraigned and executed in the County of Essex. . London: 1645, 15, 15-16, 17, 18, 19

Mrs. Bragge   Accuser

A woman from Mistley, Suffolk, who offends Anne Leech by suspecting her to be "a naughty woman." This causes Anne Leech to send her imps to kill Mr. Bragge, her husband's horses. (7-8)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A True Relation of the Araignment of Eighteene Witches. London: 1645, 7-8

Isabel Jordan   Accuser

A woman from Ramsgate in the county of Kent who, along with eight other people, accuses Mary Foster of bewitching Michael Jordan so that his body became "greatly wasted and consumed." (87-91)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 87-91

Parnel Bourn   Accuser

A person from Ramsgate in the county of Kent who, along with eight other people, accuses Mary Foster of bewitching Michael Jordan so that his body became "greatly wasted and consumed." (87-91)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 87-91

Elizabeth Sheerman   Accuser

A woman from Ramsgate in the county of Kent who, along with eight other people, accuses Mary Foster of bewitching Michael Jordan so that his body became "greatly wasted and consumed." (87-91)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 87-91

Jane Moverley   Accuser

A woman from Ramsgate in the county of Kent who, along with eight other people, accuses Mary Foster of bewitching Michael Jordan so that his body became wasted and consumed. (87-91)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 87-91

Anne Joad   Accuser

A woman from Ramsgate in the county of Kent who, along with eight other people, accuses Mary Foster of bewitching Michael Jordan so that his body became "greatly wasted and consumed." (87-91)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 87-91

Elizabeth West   Accuser

A woman from Ramsgate in the county of Kent who, along with eight other people, accuses Mary Foster of bewitching Michael Jordan so that his body became "greatly wasted and consumed." (87-91)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 87-91

Henry Rigden   Accuser

A man from Ramsgate in the county of Kent who, along with eight other people, accuses Mary Foster of bewitching Michael Jordan so that his body became "greatly wasted and consumed." (87-91)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 87-91

Martha Glover   Accuser

A woman from Ramsgate in the county of Kent who, along with eight other people, accuses Mary Foster of bewitching Michael Jordan so that his body became "greatly wasted and consumed." (87-91)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 87-91

Frances Williams   Accuser

A woman from Ramsgate in the county of Kent who, along with eight other people, accuses Mary Foster of bewitching Michael Jordan so that his body became "greatly wasted and consumed." (87-91)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 87-91

Robert Rogers   Accuser

A man from Hoo in the county of Kent who, along with 18 other people, accuses Thomas Whiteing of having bewitched Sarah Curtis so that her body was "greatly wasted, pined, and consumed." (150-157)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 150-157

Joseph Miller   Accuser

A man from Hoo in the county of Kent who, along with 18 other people, accuses Thomas Whiteing of having bewitched Sarah Curtis so that her body was "greatly wasted, pined, and consumed." (150-157)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 150-157

William Burman   Accuser

A man from Hoo in the county of Kent who, along with 18 other people, accuses Thomas Whiteing of having bewitched Sarah Curtis so that her body was "greatly wasted, pined, and consumed." (150-157)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 150-157

John Ellis   Accuser

A man from Hoo in the county of Kent who, along with 18 other people, accuses Thomas Whiteing of having bewitched Sarah Curtis so that her body was "greatly wasted, pined, and consumed." (150-157)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 150-157

Simon Beadell   Accuser

A man from Hoo in the county of Kent who, along with 18 other people, accuses Thomas Whiteing of having bewitched Sarah Curtis so that her body was "greatly wasted, pined, and consumed." (150-157)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 150-157

Bridget Gilbert   Accuser

A woman from Hoo in the county of Kent who, along with 18 other people, accuses Thomas Whiteing of having bewitched Sarah Curtis so that her body was "greatly wasted, pined, and consumed." (150-157)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 150-157

Thomas Haley   Accuser

A man from Hoo in the county of Kent who, along with 18 other people, accuses Thomas Whiteing of having bewitched Sarah Curtis so that her body was "greatly wasted, pined, and consumed." (150-157)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 150-157

Joan Stephens   Accuser

A woman from Hoo in the county of Kent who, along with 18 other people, accuses Thomas Whiteing of having bewitched Sarah Curtis so that her body was "greatly wasted, pined, and consumed." (150-157)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 150-157

Robert Witherley   Accuser

A man from Hoo in the county of Kent who, along with 18 other people, accuses Thomas Whiteing of having bewitched Sarah Curtis so that her body was "greatly wasted, pined, and consumed." (150-157)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 150-157

Robert Beadle   Accuser

A man from Hoo in the county of Kent who, along with 18 other people, accuses Thomas Whiteing of having bewitched Sarah Curtis so that her body was "greatly wasted, pined, and consumed." (150-157)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 150-157

Anne Seares   Accuser

A woman from Hoo in the county of Kent who, along with 18 other people, accuses Thomas Whiteing of having bewitched Sarah Curtis so that her body was "greatly wasted, pined, and consumed." (150-157)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 150-157

Faber Armitage   Accuser

A woman from Hoo in the county of Kent who, along with 18 other people, accuses Thomas Whiteing of having bewitched Sarah Curtis so that her body was "greatly wasted, pined, and consumed." (150-157)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 150-157

William Tucke   Accuser

A man from Hoo in the county of Kent who, along with 18 other people, accuses Thomas Whiteing of having bewitched Sarah Curtis so that her body was "greatly wasted, pined, and consumed." (150-157)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 150-157

Barbara Cena   Accuser

A woman from Hoo in the county of Kent who, along with 18 other people, accuses Thomas Whiteing of having bewitched Sarah Curtis so that her body was "greatly wasted, pined, and consumed." (150-157)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 150-157

William Verron   Accuser

A man from Hoo in the county of Kent who, along with 18 other people, accuses Thomas Whiteing of having bewitched Sarah Curtis so that her body was "greatly wasted, pined, and consumed." (150-157)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 150-157

Mary Colman   Accuser

A woman from Crankbrook in the county of Kent, who along with Samuel Bradshaw and Anne Butler, accuses Elizabeth Scott of murdering John Colman by use of witchcraft. (141-147)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 141-147

Samuel Bradshaw   Accuser

A man from Cranbrook in the county of Kent who, along with Mary Colman and Anne Butler, accuses Elizabeth Scott for murdering John Colman by the use of witchcraft. (141-147)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 141-147

Anne Butler   Accuser

A woman from Cranbrook in the county of Kent who, along with Samuel Bradshaw and Mary Colman, accuses Elizabeth Scott of murdering John Colman by use of witchcraft. (141-147)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 141-147

Eleanor Armstrong   Accuser

A woman from the Borough of Southwark in the county of Greater London, who married Mr. Wessell Goodwin in his youth. A Gentlewoman, she is a woman of "most excellent frame of spirit," and a very religious woman. She has four children with her husband: three sons and one daughter. She falls sick in her husband's old age, "contracted by melancholy, of which in a few moneths she died." Before her death, she begs her husband to give up his music, which he refuses. She also pleads with her children to help Mr. Goodwin avoid Mrs. Jones, "whom shee saw to be a subtil undermining woman." (1-3)

Appears in:
Vernon, Samuel . A Brief Relation of the Strange and Unnatural Practices of Wessel Goodwin. London: 1654, 1-3

Anne Griffin   Accuser

A woman from Strood in the county of Kent and the mother of Mary Griffin (as well as wife of John Griffin). Anne Griffin is one of four people of accuse Anne Blundy of murdering Mary Griffin. (135-137)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 135-137

Judith King   Accuser

A woman from Strood in Kent and one of four people who accuse Anne Blundy of murdering Mary Griffin. (135-137)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 135-137

Mary F--Ham   Accuser

A woman from Strood in Kent and one of four people who accuse Anne Blundy of murdering Mary Griffin. (135-137)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 135-137

Anonymous 313   Accuser

A person from Strood in Kent and one of four people who accuse Anne Blundy of murdering Mary Griffin. (135-137)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 135-137

Mr. Cooper   Accuser

A man from the Borough of Southwark in the county of Greater London, who is the minister of Mr. Goodwin. Mr. Cooper "labours much with him," in an attempt to show him the scandal he has wrecked upon his family through his associations with Mrs. Pigeon and Mrs. Jones. When these attempts fail, Mr. Cooper suspends Mr. Goodwin from the Sacrament, to which Mr. Goodwin shows no desire to be restored. (4, 12)

Appears in:
Vernon, Samuel . A Brief Relation of the Strange and Unnatural Practices of Wessel Goodwin. London: 1654, 4, 12

Lydia Burman   Accuser

A spinster from Bideford in the county of Devon, who is allegedly bewitched to death by Temperance Lloyd after seeing Lloyd appear in the shape of a red pig. Burnman had testified against Lloyd May 15, 1679, on the charge of bewitching Anne Fellows. Lloyd was acquitted of this crime, and evidently decided to seek revenge against Burnman for her role in the trial. (22, 27)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A True and Impartial Relation of the Informations Against Three Witches. London: 1682, 22, 27

Elizabeth Otley   Accuser

A woman from Wivenhoe in the county of Essex whose child is allegedly killed by Mary Johnson and who finds herself "taken with extreme pains in her body." According to Alice Dixon, herself an accused witch, Johnson, allegedly took her familiar (an imp in the shape of a rat with no ears) from out of her pocket, shoved it through a hole in Otley's door, and told it to "go rock the Cradle, and do the businesse she sent it about, and return to her again." Johnson also took a hands on approach to this attack, arriving at Otely's door, presumably unseen by her, and giving this child an apple and a kiss the day after, the "child was taken with very violent fits, and in the fits (although the Child was but two yeers old) yet this Informant could very hardly with all her strength hold it down in the Cradle, and so continued untill it died." Soon after Otley began to experience extreme pain, loss of appetite, and insomnia; Johnson visited her numerous times during this period, pleading her innocence. However, Otley would not rest until she had made Johnson bleed an act of countermagic which seems to have been adminiters by punching Johnson in the mouth Otley's health returned. (21-22)

Appears in:
H., F.. A True and Exact Relation of the severall Informations, Examinations, and Confessions of the late Witches, arraigned and executed in the County of Essex. . London: 1645, 21-22

Annaball Durrant   Accuser

A woman from Wivenhoe in the county of Essex and the wife of George Durrant. Durrant encountered Johnson one day while traveling Wivenhoe to Fingerhoe. Johnson approached Durrant and her daughter, told her it "was a pretty child; and stroaked it upon the face, and gave it a peece of bread and butter." Having eaten the snack, the child strangely "shricked and cried out." Mr. Dawber, a local surgeon, could "find no naturall cause of its lamenesse," and her daughter "continued for the space of eight dayes shricking and tearing it self, and then died." Annaball is herself is "taken with extreme pains in her body," torments which come every day of every few days and last seven or eight months. She describes the pain as "if she had been to be delivered of a child, but was not with child." She is also temporarily, but severely lamed; she recovers just in time to testify against Johnson, an act encouraged by her husband, when her too begins to suffer sweating and paninting "in great extremity," having cried out "It comes, it comes, Now goodwife Johnsons Impe is come, Now she hath my life. Durrant believes that Mary Johnson was the "cause of her childs death: And that she is now the cause of her husbands extremity." (24-25)

Appears in:
H., F.. A True and Exact Relation of the severall Informations, Examinations, and Confessions of the late Witches, arraigned and executed in the County of Essex. . London: 1645, 24-25

George Durrant   Accuser

A man from Wivenhoe in the county of Essex and the husband of Annaball Durrant. Durrant is allegedly bewitched by Mary Johnson, as is his two year old daughter and his wife. Durrant's daughter becomes ill after she accepts a compliment (she was called a "pretty child") and a "peece of bread and butter" from Johnson. The illness is extreme and lasts about eight days before the child dies. Annaball is herself bewitched, suffering from labour-like pains for around eight months, and a strange bout of lameness and stiffness. Durrant's bewitchment begins after she shrieks and cries out that Mary Johnson would be at his death; he claims "It comes, it comes, Now goodwife Johnsons Impe is come, Now she hath my life." He appears in this extremity while his wife testifies against Johnson, an act he encouraged, and an act which allegedly cost him his health. (24-25)

Appears in:
Essex Record Office, . Calendar of Essex Assize Records. Online. http://seax.essexcc.gov.uk: 2011, 24-25

Anonymous 314   Accuser

One of an unknown number of Gentlemen of the county of Suffolk who questioned Aubrey Grinset, an accused witch who allegedly bewitched John Collet of Cokely and Henry Winson of Walpool to death, and caused the fits of Mr. Thomas Spatchet of Dunwich. A group of gentlemen first heard her confess that she had a familiar spirit, had been the death of some, and that she bewitched Thomas Spatchet. She later confessed again to two gentlemen (who may have been in the first group or different gentlemen entirely); this time she admitted to harming Spatchet but denied causing the deaths of Collet and Winson. (19-20)

Appears in:
Petto, Samuel. A Faithful Narrative of the Wonderful and Extraordinary Fits . London: 1693, 19-20

Anonymous 317   Accuser

One of an unknown number of Credible Persons of Dunwich in the county of Suffolk, who offered to give testimony against Aubrey Grinset of Dunwich in the county of Suffolk. She stood accused of bewitching John Collet of Cokely in the county of Suffolk and Henry Winson of Walpool in the county of Suffolk to death, and caused the fits of Mr. Thomas Spatchet of Dunwich in the county of Suffolk. (19)

Appears in:
Petto, Samuel. A Faithful Narrative of the Wonderful and Extraordinary Fits . London: 1693, 19

Henry Cornwall   Accuser

A man from Thorpe-le-Soken in the county of Essex, a husband and the father of Joan Cornwall, Henry Cornwall acts as witness against Margaret Moone and, along with his wife and daughter, was her victim. Corwall had allegedly done some work for Margaret Moone, afterwards, she decided to buy a hook off of him, an item paid for with a half a peck of apples. Cornwall brought the apples home, ate one, and was sick "with an extreme shaking and pain in all parts of his body" for twelve weeks. Although his wife threw the apples away, sensing that they might be a contaminate from a known witch, she too became ill, as does their daughter. Although Henry appears to make a full recovery, his wife, who suffered as he did, only partially recovers, and his daughter, "languishing for a moneth, and died." (26)

Appears in:
H., F.. A True and Exact Relation of the severall Informations, Examinations, and Confessions of the late Witches, arraigned and executed in the County of Essex. . London: 1645, 26

Mrs. Cornwall   Accuser

A woman from Thorpe-le-Soken in the county of Essex, wife of Henry and mother of Joan, Mrs. Cornwall and her family fall victim to a malefic contamination which enters her home and her body by way of a peck of apples her Henry traded Margaret Moone for a hook. Although Mrs. Cornwall recognized Moone as a "woman of a very bad fame and suspected for a Witch, and had formerly been questioned at an Assize for the same," and threw the apples away, she soon fell sick to a mysterious disease which consumed her and her husband for twelve weeks and which kills their daughter. Mrs. Cornwall never fully recovers. Moone is found guilty and executed for the death of her daughter. (26)

Appears in:
H., F.. A True and Exact Relation of the severall Informations, Examinations, and Confessions of the late Witches, arraigned and executed in the County of Essex. . London: 1645, 26

Sara Barton   Accuser

A woman from Harwich in the county of Essex, sister of Marian Hockett, Sarah Barton alledges that her sister gave her three familiars named Little-man, Pretty-man, and Dainty. Barton, herself accused of witchcraft, and held in the Harwich gaol, claims that her sister, Marion, has sliced off her witch's marks and healed herself pilasters, to conceal the open wounds. (32)

Appears in:
H., F.. A True and Exact Relation of the severall Informations, Examinations, and Confessions of the late Witches, arraigned and executed in the County of Essex. . London: 1645, 32

Richard Edwards   Accuser

A father from Manningtree in the county of Essex, described as a beef or dairy farmer who turns state informant against Anne Leech. Edwards accuses Anne Leech of bewitching two of his cattle to death after they die suddenly and no natural cause can be found. One of Edward's children, one who is nursed by Goodwife Wyles, "was taken sick, and had very strange fire, extending the limbs, and rowling the eyes, and within two dayes after dyed. Edward's blames Anne Leech and the Elizabeth Gooding, for this child's death. (11-13)

Appears in:
H., F.. A True and Exact Relation of the severall Informations, Examinations, and Confessions of the late Witches, arraigned and executed in the County of Essex. . London: 1645, 11-13

Francis Milles   Accuser

A woman from Manningtree in the county of Essex, described as a Manningtree rogue, who watches Elizabeth Clarke as a witch, and testifies that Clarke "smacked with her mouth, and beckned with her hand, and instantly there appeared a white thing about the bignesse of a Cat." Milles then confirms that Clarke was implicated in the murder of Robert Okes, a Clothiers child, and William Cole of Manningtree aforesaid in handling, who dyed not long since of a pining and languishing disease. She also searched Margaret Moone as a witch. She finds "three long teats or bigges in her secret parts, which seemed to have been lately sucked." She concludes that "they were not like Pyles, for this Informant knows well what they are, having been troubled with them her self." She likewise searches her daughters and finds like marks on them. She claims to have born witness to Margaret Moone's attempt to conjure her familiars (from out of a hole in the wall) with beer and bread. (8-9, 28, 28-29)

Appears in:
H., F.. A True and Exact Relation of the severall Informations, Examinations, and Confessions of the late Witches, arraigned and executed in the County of Essex. . London: 1645, 8-9, 28, 28-29

Alderman of Nottingham   Accuser

A man from Nottingham in the County of Nottinghamshire, known to be the Alderman of Nottingham, who is offended by William Sommer's accusation that his kinswoman is a witch. The Alderman counter-accuses Sommers, and has him thrown into prison. (Image 6)

Appears in:
Co., G.. A Breife Narration of the Possession, Dispossession, and, Repossession of William Sommers. Amsterdam: 1598, Image 6

John Batty   Accuser

A man from St. Nicholas' in Rochester in the county of Kent who, along with Anne Huggins, Margaret Day, Elizabeth Hartridge, Anne Benson, and Anne Staines, accuses James Watts of bewitching Anne Huggins so that her body became wasted and consumed. (58-65)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 58-65

John Batty   Accuser

A man from St. Nicholas' in Rochester in the county of Kent who, along with Anne Huggins, Margaret Day, Elizabeth Hartridge, Anne Benson, and Anne Staines, accuses James Watts of bewitching Anne Huggins so that her body became wasted and consumed. (58-65)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 58-65

Elizabeth Hartridge   Accuser

A woman from St. Nicholas' in Rochester in the county of Kent who, along with Anne Huggins, John Batty, Margaret Day, Anne Benson, and Anne Staines, accuses James Watts of bewitching Anne Huggins so that her body became wasted and consumed. (58-65)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 58-65

Anne Benson   Accuser

A woman from St. Nicholas' in Rochester in the county of Kent who along with Anne Huggins, John Batty, Margaret Day, Elizabeth Hartridge, and Anne Staines, accuses James Watts of bewitching Anne Huggins so that her body became wasted and consumed. (58-65)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 58-65

Anne Staines   Accuser

A woman from St. Nicholas' in Rochester in the county of Kent who, along with Anne Huggins, John Batty, Margaret Day, Elizabeth Hartridge, and Anne Benson, accuses James Watts of bewitching Anne Huggins so that her body became "wasted and consumed." (58-65)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 58-65

Francis Stock   Accuser

A man from and former Constable of Ramsey in the county of Essex, described as the husband to Mrs. Stock and father to at least two children, and witness for the state in the Essex Assize at Chelsmford, July 1645. Stock would testify three time at the Assize, first testifying that Elizabeth Harvey confessed to them she had been made a witch by Marion Hocket; a transmutation which was painful to her. He also spoke about how his wife and children would allegedly become victims in a vendetta between their family and the Hatting family. He allegedly "impressed William Hating, husband to the aforesaid Sarah Hating for a scolder, whereupon the said William threatened this Informant very much." His wife was soon bothered by a mysterious snake, and then becomes ill "with extraordinary fits, pains and burnings all over her body, and within one week dyed." She blamed Sara Hatting for her death. The condition which took her life would also take the lives of two of his children. Stock finally testified that he had heard from her sister, Sara Barton, that Marion Hocket had cut off her witch's marks to avoid detection. (31)

Appears in:
H., F.. A True and Exact Relation of the severall Informations, Examinations, and Confessions of the late Witches, arraigned and executed in the County of Essex. . London: 1645, 31

Peter Slater   Accuser

A man from Catworth in the County of Huntingdon, who alleged that Francis Moore had killed his wife with a curse 21 years before, in 1625. Slater reported that his wife had a falling out with Moore shortly before giving birth, and that she had died a week after the birth. When Slater heard that Moore was in custody on charges of witchcraft, he went to her and asked her directly if she had caused his wife's death; he claimed that she had admitted to cursing her. (6)

Appears in:
Davenport, John. The Witches of Huntingdon. London: 1646, 6

Anonymous 339   Accuser

An unknown number of persons of Wapping in the county of Greater London, known to be associated with Abraham Vandenbemde and Thomas Cromton, who hired Anne Hook to give affidavits against Anne Levingston and seek out others who would do the same; Levingston's inheritance of Lady Powel's estate had "undone 36 Persons of the said Ladyes Kindred," an inheritance they sought to overturn. (3-4, 5, 6)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A Declaration in Answer to Several Lying Pamphlets Concerning the Witch of Wapping. London: 1652, 3-4, 5, 6

Thomas Cromton   Accuser

A man of of Wapping in the county of Greater London, known to be associated with Abraham Vandenbemde and Anonymous 339 in a confederation, who hired Anne Hook to give affidavits against Anne Levingston and seek out others who would do the same; Levingston's inheritance of Lady Powel's estate had "undone 36 Persons of the said Ladyes Kindred," an inheritance they sought to overturn. Cromton is also known to be the employer of Thomas Southwick. (3-4, 5, 6, 8)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A Declaration in Answer to Several Lying Pamphlets Concerning the Witch of Wapping. London: 1652, 3-4, 5, 6, 8

Abraham Vandenbemde   Accuser

A man of of Wapping in the county of Greater London, known to be associated with Thomas Cromton and Anonymous 339 in a confederation, who hired Anne Hook to give affidavits against Anne Levingston and seek out others who would do the same; Levingston's inheritance of Lady Powel's estate had "undone 36 Persons of the said Ladyes Kindred," an inheritance they sought to overturn. (3-4, 5, 6)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A Declaration in Answer to Several Lying Pamphlets Concerning the Witch of Wapping. London: 1652, 3-4, 5, 6

Joan Simpson   Accuser

A woman of Wapping in the county of Greater London, who was approached by Abraham Vandenbemde and his confederates and offered money to swear that Anne Levingston had used witchcraft to murder Lady Powel; Simpson soon realized that she had been asked in order to strip an innocent gentlewoman of her inherited livelihood and, despising such practices, refused to comply. (3)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A Declaration in Answer to Several Lying Pamphlets Concerning the Witch of Wapping. London: 1652, 3

Margaret Day   Accuser

A woman from St. Nicholas' in Rochester in the county of Kent who, along with Anne Huggins, John Batty, Elizabeth Hartridge, Anne Benson, and Anne Staines, accuses James Watts of bewitching Anne Huggins so that her body became wasted and consumed. (58-65)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 58-65

Anonymous 346   Accuser

A man from Manningtree in the county of Essex, described as "very honest" and unwilling to "speake an untruth," and maybe a glover. This man, whose testimony is presented at court second hand by Sir Thomas Bowes, Knight, claims to have encountered four of Anne West's familiar spirits one morning at four AM, outside her home. He launches off on a prolonged and intensive attempt to kill them; braining one, strangling one, attempting to drown one, only to discover it had disappeared. This man accuses West of sending these spirit to torment him, a crime she denies, by allegedly suggesting that they were scouts, sent out on another mission. This anecdotal evidence is the last narrative in _A True and Exact Relation of the Severall Informations, Examinations, and Confessions of the late Witches, Arraigned and Executed in the County of Essex_, suggesting its importance in the whole narrative. (39-40)

Appears in:
H., F.. A True and Exact Relation of the severall Informations, Examinations, and Confessions of the late Witches, arraigned and executed in the County of Essex. . London: 1645, 39-40

Joan Prentice   Accuser

Joan Prentice is a woman from Hinningham Sibble, in the county of Essex. She claims that she became a witch circa 1583 when the Devil appeared to her in the shape of a ferret with fiery eyes and demanded her soul saying: "Joan if thou will haue me doo any thing for thee, I am and wilbe alwaies ready at thy commaundement." She accepted and named the familiar Bidd. Prentice confessed to allowing Bidd to suck blood from her cheek, and sending him to spoil "William Adams' wife (of Hinningham Sibble) brew. In the course of her examination, Prentice also accused Elizabeth Whale and Elizabeth Mott or being "acquainted" with Bidd, but does not go so far as suggesting they had killed or harmed anyone with him; the women were brought to the Assize on the weight of this claim, but freed on insufficient proof. Prentice also confessed to sending Bidd to Glascock's house to "nippe one of his Children a little, named Sara, but hurt it not," after being refused alms at the Glascock home (disregarding the fact that it was a servant, not a relation which refused her). Bidd allegedly returned, claiming he had followed her, giving the two year old Sara Glascock a nip which would soon kill her. Prentice and Bidd soon fell out; she called him a villain and he disappeared never to return. Prentice was tried for the malefic murder of Sara Glascock. Prentice was hung in Chelmsford in July 5th, 1589. ()

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Apprehension and Confession of Three Notorious Witches. London: 1589,

Cunny (Grandson/Son 2)   Accuser

A young boy from Stisted in the county of Essex, grandson to Joan Cunny and the son of either Margaret or Avice Cunny. The person allegedly serves as one of the chief witness against his grandmother, although his testimony is not recorded. (A4)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Apprehension and Confession of Three Notorious Witches. London: 1589, A4

Roger Day   Accuser

A man from St. Andrew's in Dublin, who is a smith and the master of James Day. James Day tells his master about his alleged encounter with the Devil, and Roger Day advises him that he must meet again with the Devil the following week if he promised. When James Day returns from a visit to his Uncle Patrick Dawson's house, and claims he will no longer serve Roger Day, but rather his uncle, James Tuit, and that he would not trouble himself with the Protestant minister Mr. Travers any longer, Roger Day goes to Mr. Travers, and "prevail'd upon him to discover what had happen'd to him." This leads to James Day revealing that his encounter with the Devil was fabricated, and James Day swears to serve Roger Day faithfully thereafter. (1)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Detection of a Popish Cheat. Dublin: 1696, 1

Dorothy Durent   Accuser

A woman from Lowestoft in the county of Suffolk, known to be the mother of William and Elizabeth Durent, and a neighbor of Amy Denny. Dorothy gave deposition in court that Denny had bewitched both of her children and that Elizabeth had died as a result. She alleged that they had argued when Dorothy asked Denny to watch William and returned to find that Denny had suckled him against her express wishes, and that William had become sick with fits that same evening. William recovered after Dorothy consulted with Dr. Jacob, a known unwitcher, and burned a toad that fell out of William's blanket when Dorothy followed Dr. Jacob's directions. Elizabeth became sick soon after with similar fits, however. Dorothy claimed that she had returned from the apothecary one day to find Denny at her home on the excuse of giving Elizabeth some water and, when Dorothy ejected her from the house, prophesied that Elizabeth would not live long. Two days later, Elizabeth died. Dorothy also claimed that after Elizabeth's death, she suffered a lameness in her legs, and was seen to be on crutches at the trial. After the indictment, Dorothy was allegedly restored the use of her legs. (5-14)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A Tryal of Witches. London: 1682, 5-14

Andrew West   Accuser

A man from Little Oakly in the county of Essex, husband to Anne West, and a farmer or specifically a pig farmer. West and his wife Anne testify about a number of odd occurrences which happen, which point to Annis Heard as the generative element. Andrew West falls afoul with Annis Heard after he appears to rescind a deal his wife made with her. Anne has offered to give Heard a pig at below market value because she could not afford to keep it. In the mean time, Andrew, claiming he suspected that Heard no longer wanted it because she never came to pick it up, sold two of his free pigs to another neighbor. Shortly thereafter, one of his best pigs grew frighteningly ill. It "fel vpon a crying as they stood all together before the dore in the yard, and the rest of the pigs we~t away from yt: at the length the pig that cried folowed stackering as though it were lame in the hinder partes." He called his labours from all around and a number of them gave him suggestions which amounted countermagics; "some of them said, burne it, other said, cut of the eares & burn them, and so they did, & then the pig amended by & by." (E8v-Fv)

Appears in:
W., W. . A True and Just Record, of the Information, Examination and Confession of all the Witches, taken at S. Osyth in the county of Essex. London: 1582, E8v-Fv

Godlife Osborne   Accuser

A woman from Little Oakley in the county of Essex and wife of Edmond Osbones. Around Christmas 1581, Godlife began to brew a batch of beer from malt her husband brought home with him from Manningtree. The first steps went well, however, after she sent her son to call in a loan from Annis Heard (who refused, claiming she would have no money until money from wool came in), her brewing took a turn for the worse. The batch began to bubble up, and regardless of what she did, she could not make it stop frothing. Although a bit of countermagic seemed to do the trick (as it had for Anne West and Bennet Lane, who both put hot iron in misbehaving liquids) "she did heat an yron redde hot, and put ye same into it, & it rose vp no more." However, when she "did seath the wort, and when it was sodden it stancke in suche sorte, as that they were compelled to put ye same in the swill tubbe." This story appears to have been presented at Annis Heard's indictement / examination, by Godlife's husband Edmond. It is not clear that it is presented in her own voice. (Fv-F2)

Appears in:
W., W. . A True and Just Record, of the Information, Examination and Confession of all the Witches, taken at S. Osyth in the county of Essex. London: 1582, Fv-F2

Edmond Osborne   Accuser

A man from Little Oakley in the county of Essex and Husband of Godlife Osborne. Edmond returned home from Manningtree with some good malt, which he wished his wife to brew into a quality beer. She set out to do so the next day, but after attempting to call in a loan from Annis Heard, was foiled. The beer was not salvageable and given to the swine. (Fv-F2)

Appears in:
W., W. . A True and Just Record, of the Information, Examination and Confession of all the Witches, taken at S. Osyth in the county of Essex. London: 1582, Fv-F2

Richard Harrison   Accuser

A man and self-described preacher from Beaumont in the county of Essex, then living in Little Oakley on his wife, Mrs. Harrison's property. Harrison is residing in London when his wife becomes convinced she has been bewitched by Annis Heard. As she grew increasingly frantic, the "said Richard, said to his wife, I pray you be content and thinke not so, but trust in God and put your trust in him onely, and he will defend you from her, and from the Diuell himselfe also: and said moreouer, what will the people say, that I beeing a Preacher shoulde haue my wife so weake in faith." But his wife did not get better. Harrison swore that he would see Heard hanged if she had in fact bewitched his wife. However, the next encounter between Harrison and Heard wad rather one sided, and entirely verbal, despite all this bravado. They saw one another in an orchard, and to Heard's request for some plums, he answered "I am glad you are here you vield strumpet, saying, I do think you haue bewitched my wife, and as truly as God doth liue, if I can perceiue y^ she be troubled any more as she hath been, I will not leaue a whole bone about thee, & besides I will seeke to haue thee hanged." He continues threatening her, claiming his father in law would also see her hang, and rehearsing all the crimes he attributed to her. Despite verbally berating her, he seemed surprised when Annis "did sodenly depart from him without having any plummes," taking her departure as a sign of guilt. Two days before his wife died, and with John Pollin and Bret's wife as witnesses, she claimed "I must depart from you, for now I am utterly consumed with yonder wicked Creature, meaning Annis Herd [...] repeating these wordes. Oh Annis Herd, Annis Herd she hath consumed me." (F2-F3v)

Appears in:
W., W. . A True and Just Record, of the Information, Examination and Confession of all the Witches, taken at S. Osyth in the county of Essex. London: 1582, F2-F3v

William Searle   Accuser

A man from Catworth in the County of Huntingdon, known to be a Yeoman, who alleged that he heard Frances Moore confess to being a witch and causing much harm. Searle claimed that Moore had sent her familiar Pretty to kill his chickens after he refused to give her bread, and that she had killed one of his hogs in revenge after his servants set a dog on one of hers. (7)

Appears in:
Davenport, John. The Witches of Huntingdon. London: 1646, 7

Anonymous 397   Accuser

A woman from Brightling in the county of Sussex, who is the servant of Joseph Cruttenden. The girl is allegedly approached by an old woman (Anonymous 398), who tells her that "sad Calamaties were coming upon her Master and Dame, their House should be Fired, and many other troubles befal them." The girl is further warned that if she tells anyone of this prediction, "the Devil would tear her to pieces." Some time after Anonymous 398's predictions come to pass, the girl "told her Dame the former story of the Womans Discourse," leading to the apprehending, examination and searching of the old woman, although the girl refuses to identify the woman apprehended as the same woman who approached her, saying "she is like the Woman, but I think will not swear it is the same." (54)

Appears in:
Baxter, Richard. The Certainty of the Worlds of Spirits and, Consequently, of the Immortality of Souls. London: 1691, 54

Mr. Radcliffe   Accuser

A man from Edmonton in the county of Middlesex, now part of the London Borough of Enfield, known to be married to Agnes Radcliffe. He accused their neighbor Elizabeth Sawyer of bewitching Agnes to death after Sawyer's sow ate some of Agnes' soap, and Agnes struck the animal. Mr. Radcliffe claims that, on her deathbed, Agnes told him "Elizabeth Sawyer her neighbour, whose Sowe with a washing-Beetle she had stricken, and so for that cause her malice being great, was the occasion of her death." (B2)

Appears in:
Goodcole, Henry. The Wonderful Discovery of Elizabeth Sawyer a Witch Late of Edmonton. London: 1621, B2

Arthur Robinson   Accuser

A man from Totnam in the county of Middlesex, now the London Borough of Haringey, known to be a Justice of the Peace, who is said to have long held the suspicion that Elizabeth Sawyer was a witch. Seeing the sudden inexplicable deaths of nursing infants and cattle, he stole thatching from Sawyer's roof to test whether she was a witch. He alleged that, wherever some of the thatching was burnt, Sawyer would shortly be seen. He also claimed that some of her neighbours had told him Sawyer had witch's marks on her body, and petitioned the Bench to have her searched by a jury of women. (A3-B1)

Appears in:
Goodcole, Henry. The Wonderful Discovery of Elizabeth Sawyer a Witch Late of Edmonton. London: 1621, A3-B1

Anne Stannidge   Accuser

A woman from Bottesford in the county of Leicester, whose young daughter was allegedly bewitched to death by Anne Baker. According to Anne Baker's confession, Stannidge brought her daughter to Baker, and Baker laid her on her skirt, but did the child no harm. Stannidge claimed that in order to get Baker to let her daughter go, she had to burn some hair and nail parings from the child, which made Baker come in and set the child down. Baker said that she remembered coming into Stannidge's house in great pain, but knew nothing of the burnt hair and nails, and was so sick at the time that she doesn't recall why she went in the first place. (D4v-E)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Wonderful Discovery of the Witchcrafts of Margaret and Phillip Flower. London: 1619, D4v-E

Henry Ridgen   Accuser

A man from Kent whose 9 week old daughter is allegedly bewitched and murdered by Mary Foster. Along with eight others, Ridgen endorses Foster's indictment. (87-91)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 87-91

Sara Ridgen   Accuser

A woman from Kent, wife of Henry Ridgen, whose 9 week old daughter daughter is allegedly bewitched and murdered by Mary Foster. Along with eight others, Ridgen endorses Foster's indictment. (87-91)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 87-91

Ellen Greene   Accuser

Ellen Greene is a woman from Stathorne in the county of Leicestershire, who gave witness against Joan Willimott. Ellen Greene claimed that Willimott had persuaded her to forsake God six years before while she still lived in Watham, and had given her two spirits, one in the likeness of a kitlin, or kitten, and one in the likeness of a Moldiwarp, or mole; Willimott named the kitten Pusse, and the mole Hisse Hisse. The would suck from Greene on her neck under her ears, and she gave them her soul in exchange for their service. Greene claimed to have immediately sent Pusse to bewitch a baker to death, and sent Hisse Hisse to bewitch Anne Dawse to death; both died within a fortnight. The baker is said to have called her a witch, and Dawse to have called her a witch, whore and jade. Greene said that later, she sent both spirits to bewitch to death a husbandman named Willison and his son Robert; they died within ten days. Three years later, Greene moved to Stathorne, where she claimed to have bewitched John Patchett's wife and child to death at Willimott's direction; the child died the next day, and Patchett's wife lingered for over a month. Greene added that Willimott had a spirit in the shape of a white dog that would suck under her left flank. (Fv-F2v)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Wonderful Discovery of the Witchcrafts of Margaret and Phillip Flower. London: 1619, Fv-F2v

Jennet Bierley   Accuser

A woman from Salmesbury in the County of Lancaster, known to be the grandmother of Grace Sowerbutts, mother of Henry Bierley, and mother-in-law to Ellen Bierley. She was indicted at the Lancaster Assizes, along with Ellen Bierley and Jane Southworth, for bewitching her granddaughter Grace so that her body wasted and was consumed. Jennet pleaded not guilty, and was eventually acquitted and released. Grace accused Jennet of numerous things. The accusations started with haunting and vexing her, drawing her by her hair, and laying her on top of a hay-mow. Grace also claimed that Jennet had shapeshifted into a black dog in front of her and picked her off a sty. Another time, Jennet came to Grace in dog shape and allegedly tried to persuade her to drown herself, but a spirit in a white sheet carried her away. Jennet-as-dog also buried Grace in hay and lay on top, robbing her of her speech, senses, and an entire day. Grace claimed to be unable to speak in Jennet's presence thereafter. Grace also accused Jennet and Ellen of stealing Thomas Walshman's child, driving a nail through its navel and sucking from the hole through a pen, then returning the child to its bed; the child languished and died thereafter. Once the child died, Jennet and Ellen allegedly took it from the churchyard, boiled it, ate it and rendered the fat from its bones to anoint themselves so they could change shape. Grace also said Jennet had brought her to attend a meeting of witches where four things like men carried them all across the water to eat strange meat, which Grace refused, and dance and "abuse their bodies." Thomas Walshman gave deposition confirming that he had a child who became sick and died, but he did not know the cause. Jennet accused Grace, in turn, of conspiring with the priest Master Thompson, who had been slandering her by calling her witch, and to whom Grace had been brought to by her mother. Grace retracted her accusations. (C4)

Appears in:
Potts, Thomas. The Wonderfull Discovery of Witches in the County of Lancaster. London: 1613, C4

Jane Southworth   Accuser

A woman from Salmesbury in the County of Lancaster, known to be the widow of John Southworth. She was indicted at the Lancaster Assizes, along with Jennet Bierley and Ellen Bierley, for bewitching Grace Bierley so that her body wasted and was consumed. Jane pleaded not guilty, and was eventually acquitted and released. Grace's accusations started with haunting and vexing her, drawing her by her hair, and laying her on top of a hay-mow. Grace also said she saw Jane at a meeting of witches Jennet had brought Grace to, where four things like men carried them all across the water to eat strange meat, which Grace refused, and dance and "abuse their bodies." John Singleton and William Alker both gave deposition alleging that Jane was "thought an euill woman, and a Witch," and that Sir John Southworth (kin to Jane's husband) feared she would kill or bewitch him. Jane said, during her examination, that she had spoken to the priest Master Thompson a month or so before her imprisonment, and challenged him for slandering her as a witch; she accused him of being the origin of the claims against her, and of trying to drive her out of the Church. Grace eventually retracted her charges. (C4)

Appears in:
Potts, Thomas. The Wonderfull Discovery of Witches in the County of Lancaster. London: 1613, C4

Grace Sowerbutts   Accuser

A girl from Salmesbury in the County of Lancaster, known to be 14 years old and the granddaughter of Jennet Bierley and the niece of Henry Bierley and Ellen Bierley. She accused her grandmother, aunt and Jane Southworth of bewitching her so that her body wasted and was consumed. Grace eventually admitted to faking her afflictions and making false claims; she accused priest Master Thompson of having convinced her to make the claims. Grace accused all three women of haunting and vexing her, drawing her by her hair, and laying her on top of a hay-mow. Grace also claimed that Jennet had shapeshifted into a black dog in front of her and picked her off a sty. Another time, Jennet came to Grace in dog shape and allegedly tried to persuade her to drown herself, but a spirit in a white sheet carried her away. Jennet-as-dog also buried Grace in hay and lay on top, robbing her of her speech, senses, and an entire day; she claimed to be unable to speak in Jennet's presence thereafter. Grace also accused Jennet and Ellen of stealing Thomas Walshman's child, driving a nail through its navel and sucking from the hole through a pen, then returning the child to its bed; the child languished and died thereafter. Once the child died, Jennet and Ellen allegedly took it from the churchyard, boiled it, ate it and rendered the fat from its bones to anoint themselves so they could change shape. She also alleged that Jennet had brought her to attend a meeting of witches, at which Ellen and Jane were also present, where four things like men carried them all across the water to eat strange meat, which Grace refused, and dance; the black things pulled the women down to "abuse their bodies." Thomas Walshman gave deposition confirming that he had a child who became sick and died, but he did not know the cause. Jennet accused Grace, in turn, of conspiring with the priest Master Thompson when Grace's mother, brought her to him out of concern for Grace's fits. Grace retracted all her accusations before the court. (K3)

Appears in:
Potts, Thomas. The Wonderfull Discovery of Witches in the County of Lancaster. London: 1613, K3

Hester Spivey   Accuser

A widow from Hosthersfield, Yorkshire (possibly Huddersfield) who accuses Hester France of bewitching her servant, Elizabeth Johnson. Spivey tells the jury that upon coming home one evening her servant, Elizabeth Johnson, explained how Hester France had come to the house and told her while she was tending to the fire that "itt was a good deede to scare her lipps with itt." Johnson thought nothing of it and France left, but then came back and allegedly cursed Johnson. Spivey then proceeds to explain how from six to eight one evening, Johnson could neither speak nor stand--except for one moment where she spoke to her brother, asking him to get Hester France. Spivey alleges that Johnson got better after being scratched by a needle. (51)

Appears in:
Raine, James. Depositions from the Castle of York. Unknown: 1861, 51

Elizabeth Johnson   Accuser

A servant to Hester Spivey from Hothersfielde in the county of Yorkshire (possible Huddersfield, Yorkshire) who is allegedly bewitched by Hester France. Spivey recounts that one evening, upon coming home, Johnson tells her that France had been at the house. While she (Johnson) was tending to the fire, France allegedly told her "itt was a good deede to scare her lipps with it" and then left, but then came again and curse her (Elizabeth Johnson), praying she would never bake again. Johnson starts then believing that she has been bewitched. When going to bed, she begins to suffer from fits. She laid down in bed, but could neither speak nor stand and continued to be unable to speak from six until eight or nine in the evening--except for speaking once to her brother to whom she asked that Hester France be sent for. When France came, Johnson spoke to her and "catched country people near Bradford." Elizabeth Johnson allegedly began to get better after being scratched. She was still ill, but became somewhat better. (51-52)

Appears in:
Raine, James. Depositions from the Castle of York. Unknown: 1861, 51-52

Master Thompson   Accuser

A man from Salmesbury in the county of Lancashire, known to be a Jesuit and a seminary priest, who also goes by the alias Christopher Southworth. He was accused and found guilty of instructing Grace Sowerbuts to accuse Jane Southworth, her grandmother Jennet Bierly, and aunt Ellen Bierly of bewitching her and attending meeting of witches in which they ate strange meat and allowed four things like men to abuse their bodies and Grace's. He is also said to have coached Grace into accusing Jennet and Ellen of driving a nail into the navel of Thomas Walshman's child to suck from the hole, and, after the child died, stealing it from the churchyard to cannibalizing it and render the fat from its bones. He was convicted on the strength of Grace's retraction of her accusations and confession of Thompson's involvement. According to Grace, "one Master Thompson, which she taketh to be Master Christopher Southworth, to whom shee was sent to learne her prayers, did perswade, counsell, and aduise her, to deale as formerly hath beene said against her said Grand-mother, Aunt, and Southworths wife." Jane Southworth said "shee saw Master Thompson, alias Southworth, the Priest, a month or sixe weekes before she was committed to the Gaole; and had conference with him in a place called Barne-hey-lane, where and when shee challenged him for slandering her to bee a Witch." (K3-K3v)

Appears in:
Potts, Thomas. The Wonderfull Discovery of Witches in the County of Lancaster. London: 1613, K3-K3v

Margaret Crooke   Accuser

A woman from Pendle in the County of Lancashire, known to be the daughter of Christopher Nutter, sister to Robert Nutter and John Nutter, and granddaughter of Elizabeth Nutter and old Robert Nutter. Crooke gave deposition alleging that Anne Redferne was responsible for the deaths of Robert and Christopher. (O-Ov)

Appears in:
Potts, Thomas. The Wonderfull Discovery of Witches in the County of Lancaster. London: 1613, O-Ov

Jane Throckmorton   Accuser

A child from Warboys in the county of Huntington, known to be about ten years of age, the daughter of Robert Throckmorton and Mistress Throckmorton, niece to Gilbert Pickering and sister to Joan, Elizabeth, Grace, Mary and Robert Throckmorton. Jane was the first of the Throckmorton children to become sick, be afflicted with fits and to accuse Mother Alice Samuel of being the cause. Her parents consulted Dr. Barrow on her initial illness; Dr. Barrow thought she had worms and sent medicine, but she did not improve. When consulted again a few days later, Dr. Barrow declared her to be clean of disease, and finally admitted that she might be bewitched. A consultation with Master Butler gave the same answer. Jane's four sisters all fell sick with the same illness within weeks of her affliction. It was said that they "all cried out of Mother Samuell, as the Children did, saying take her away Mistris, for Gods sake take her away and burne her, for shee will kill us all if you let her alone, hauing the same miseries and extremities that the children had, and when they were out of their fittes they knew no more than the children did." When Gilbert Pickering brought Mother Samuel to the Throckmorton house, she fell into a severe fit and had to be carried to her bed, where her belly swelled massively and deflated again numerous times. She lay there scratching at the covers. Pickering covered her eyes and first touched her hand himself and then made Mother Samuel do so; Jane scratched Mother Samuel violently but would not scratch him. After Mother Samuel and Agnes Samuel were apprehended and imprisoned at Huntingdon, Jane and her sisters fell into fits in which their brother, Robert Throckmorton Jr., was the only person who could make himself understood to Jane, and Jane would relay the questions he asked to the other girls. By this means, the Jane and her sisters predicted Agnes Samuel's bail from gaol and arrival in the Throckmorton household. At this time, Jane also began to claim to talk to the spirit tormenting her. Once Agnes had lived with the Throckmortons for a few months, Jane and her sisters began to come out of their fits whenever Agnes said a "charm" stating that she was a witch, had killed Lady Cromwell and bewitched the girls. According to the spirit Smack, via Joan Throckmorton, Jane was tormented by the spirit Blew. Jane is also said to have been urged to suicide by Blew, and to have cast away knives while claiming he was urging her to kill herself, or to strain toward the fire and require restraint. She would have fits in which her mouth sealed shut repeatedly at meals, requiring Agnes to hold a knife at her lips to open it again, and other times would claim to see clothing and jewelry walking about of its own volition. Jane was among the girls who scratched Agnes severely. At his trial, John Samuel was made to say the same self-accusing charm as Agnes over Jane, which brought her out of her fits and was used as evidence that he had a part in the bewitchment of the Throckmorton girls. (3-6)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Most Strange and Admirable Discouerie of the Three Witches of Warboys . Unknown: 1593, 3-6

Mary Throckmorton   Accuser

A child from Warboys in the county of Huntingdon, known to be about 12 or 13 years of age, the daughter of Robert Throckmorton and Mistress Throckmorton, and sister to Joan, Jane, Elizabeth, Grace and Robert Throckmorton. She became afflicted by fits about a month after her younger sister, Jane, and all three "cryed out upon Mother Samuell: saying, take her away, looke where shee standeth here before us in a blacke thrumbd Cap, (which kind of Cap indeed shee did usually weare, but shee was not then present) it is shee (saide they) that hath bewitched us, and shee will kill us if you doe not take her away." It was said that once all five sisters were afflicted, they "all cried out of Mother Samuell, as the Children did, saying take her away Mistris, for Gods sake take her away and burne her, for shee will kill us all if you let her alone, hauing the same miseries and extremities that the children had, and when they were out of their fittes they knew no more than the children did." She was thereafter afflicted by fits of "lamenesse, blindnesse, deafnesse, and want of feeling." While Agnes Samuel was living in the Throckmorton household, Mary had a fit in which she insisted it was the day she was to scratch Agnes and went after her eagerly and fiercely, then wept and claimed she didn't want to, but her spirit said she must. The next day, she claimed to speak to the spirit Smack, which had previously only conversed with Joan, and it told her she would have no more fits because she had scratched Agnes. Smack later told Joan that Mary had been assigned his cousin Smack (3). (6)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Most Strange and Admirable Discouerie of the Three Witches of Warboys . Unknown: 1593, 6

Elizabeth Throckmorton   Accuser

A child from Warboys in the county of Huntingdon, known to be about 12 or 13 years of age, the daughter of Robert Throckmorton and Mistress Throckmorton, niece to Gilbert Pickering and sister to Joan, Jane, Mary, Grace and Robert Throckmorton. She became afflicted by fits about a month after her younger sister, Jane, at the same time as Mary, and all three "cryed out upon Mother Samuell: saying, take her away, looke where shee standeth here before us in a blacke thrumbd Cap, (which kind of Cap indeed shee did usually weare, but shee was not then present) it is shee (saide they) that hath bewitched us, and shee will kill us if you doe not take her away." It was said that once all five sisters were afflicted, they "all cried out of Mother Samuell, as the Children did, saying take her away Mistris, for Gods sake take her away and burne her, for shee will kill us all if you let her alone, hauing the same miseries and extremities that the children had, and when they were out of their fittes they knew no more than the children did." When Elizabeth traveled to her uncle Gilbert Pickering's home in Tichmarch, Pickering noted that her fits ceased during the journey and resumed as soon as she entered the house. At dinner, she was prevented from eating, and she scratched, cried and sneezed during the evening prayers; the same happened when Pickering read from the Bible or she tried to pray herself. Pickering discovered that taking her out of the house ended her fits, but they resumed as soon as she reentered. Elizabeth remained with Pickering for months, as when she tried to return back to Warboys, her fits prevented her. Once Elizabeth had returned to Warboys and Mother Samuel was living in the Throckmorton household, Elizabeth had a fit in which she was unable to eat, drink or speak, and could not until her father, Robert Throckmorton, forbid Mother Samuel to eat until Elizabeth was able. While Agnes Samuel was living in the Throckmorton household, Elizabeth and her sisters had fits in which their mouths shut at meals, and would not reopen until Agnes Samuel ordered the spirits tormenting them to stop. Later, she had fit at dinner in which she declared she would scratch Agnes and did so viciously, then exhorted Agnes and faulted her for not confessing her bewitchments, for parting with her soul and for not praying in her heart, and demanded she make her confessions lest she go to hell. According to the spirit Smack, speaking through Joan, Elizabeth was tormented by his cousin Smack (2). After Joan had scratched Agnes's face bloody and burnt her blood-stained fingernail clippings, Joan assisted Elizabeth in scratching Agnes' right hand. (6)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Most Strange and Admirable Discouerie of the Three Witches of Warboys . Unknown: 1593, 6

Grace Throckmorton   Accuser

A child from Warboys in the county of Huntingdon, known to be about 9 years of age, the daughter of Robert Throckmorton and Mistress Throckmorton, and sister to Joan, Jane, Elizabeth, Grace and Robert Throckmorton. She became afflicted by fits a few weeks after her older sisters Jane, Elizabeth and Mary did. It was said that the sisters "all cried out of Mother Samuell, as the Children did, saying take her away Mistris, for Gods sake take her away and burne her, for shee will kill us all if you let her alone, hauing the same miseries and extremities that the children had, and when they were out of their fittes they knew no more than the children did." She was thereafter afflicted by fits of "lamenesse, blindnesse, deafnesse, and want of feeling." When her sister Elizabeth first scratched Agnes Samuel, Agnes was comforting Grace, who was in the throes of a fit, in her arms; Grace was caught in Agnes' embrace for the duration while Agnes was viciously scratched. Grace tried to scratch Agnes herself some time later, but her nails were too short and her strength insufficient to cause Agnes any harm. According to the spirit Smack, speaking through Joan, Grace was tormented by the spirit White. (5-6)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Most Strange and Admirable Discouerie of the Three Witches of Warboys . Unknown: 1593, 5-6

Joan Throckmorton   Accuser

A girl from Warboys in the county of Huntingdon, known to be about 15 years of age, the eldest daughter of Robert Throckmorton and Mistress Throckmorton, niece to Gilbert Pickering and Henry Pickering, and sister to Jane, Elizabeth, Grace, Mary and Robert Throckmorton. She was the last of the sisters to be afflicted by fits, and hers are said to have been worst of them. The fits "forced her to neese, screetch & grone verie fearefullie, sometime it would heaue up her bellie, and bounce up her bodie with such violence, that had she not bin kept upon her bed, it could not but haue greatly brused her body." It was said that the sisters "all cried out of Mother Samuell, as the Children did, saying take her away Mistris, for Gods sake take her away and burne her, for shee will kill us all if you let her alone, hauing the same miseries and extremities that the children had, and when they were out of their fittes they knew no more than the children did." After Joan had been afflicted for some time, she began to claim that spirits would give her predictions; she foretold that 12 people in total would become afflicted within the household. A year later, when her uncle Henry Pickering came to visit, she reported the details of his surveillance of and conversation with Mother Samuel, which no-one in the household had known he was doing. Thereafter, she was able to report on whatever Mother Samuel said and did, claiming that her spirit told her. She claimed to converse extensively with various spirits, first one named Blew, and then primarily with Smack. Joan accused Agnes Samuel of renewing Mother Samuel's bewitchment of the Throckmorton girls, saying that the spirits told her so. Joan also said the spirits told her that she would have her worst fits when strangers visited the Throckmorton home, in order to prove that Agnes was bewitching her, for they promised she would not come out of her fits until Agnes said a "charm" over her stating that she was a witch, had killed Lady Cromwell, and had bewitched the Throckmorton girls. Robert Throckmorton would thereafter order Agnes to say those words over his daughters whenever they had a visitor, and they would miraculously recover. Through Joan, Smack also began to predict her fits, report on Mother Throckmorton, who was imprisoned at that time, accused John Samuel of being a witch and listed off which spirits were assigned to torment which girls, with Smack being hers. Smack also told her she should scratch Agnes, and gave Joan the words to have Agnes say to bring her and her sisters out of their fits. When she scratched Agnes, Smack bid her attack one side of Agnes' face for herself, and the other for her aunt Pickering, who Agnes allegedly also bewitched. He also instructed her to clip her bloody fingernails after, throw them on the fire, and throw the wash water on as well after cleaning blood from her hands. While at Huntingdon to prove that Agnes Samuel was a witch to the assembled judges, Joan was seen repeatedly to have shaking and groaning fits whenever Agnes said God or Jesus Christ, and Agnes was made to say the self-accusing "charm" repeatedly over Joan before the judges. Joan is said to have never suffered another fit after these demonstrations. (6-7)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Most Strange and Admirable Discouerie of the Three Witches of Warboys . Unknown: 1593, 6-7

Robert Throckmorton   Accuser

A man from Warboys in the county of Huntingdon, known to be wealthy and maintain a large household, and be the husband of Mistress Throckmorton, the father of Jane, Elizabeth, Grace, Mary, Joan and Robert Throckmorton, and the neighbour of Mother Alice Samuel, John Samuel and Agnes Samuel. He and his family were "but newly come to the towne to inhabite" when his daughter Jane "fell uppon the sodaine into a strange kinde of sickenes and distemperature of body." Mother Samuel was among the neighbours to visit the Throckmorton home during Jane's illness; on seeing her, Jane cried out "looke where the old witch sitteth...did you euer see (said the Child) one more like a witch than she is?" Numerous consultations with Dr. Barrow showed no illness or disease to be affecting Jane. At a loss, Dr. Barrow told Throckmorton that "he verily thought that there was some kind of sorcerie & witchcraft wrought towards his childe." Within weeks, all five of his daughters were afflicted with fits and claiming to see apparitions of Mother Samuel tormenting them. Mother Samuel, in turn, said that Throckmorton's children misused her with their accusations, that they were "playing the wantons" and that if they were her children they would have been punished for it. He witnessed his daughter Joan report Henry Pickering's encounter with Mother Samuel down to their actions and exact words, and confirmed the accuracy of this report with Henry later that day. He dispersed his children to various relatives for a time, suspecting that the separation would reduce their fits; this proves to be the case. When the children were back together under his roof, he noticed that their fits were fewer when Mother Samuel was in the house, and approached her husband John Samuel, offering him money for Mother Samuel's hire. Mother Samuel refused, however, due to the accusations the children had leveled against her, but consented when Robert Throckmorton offered her refuge after John beat her severely with a cudgel for refusing. Robert began to believe his children were indeed bewitched, and ordered Mother Samuel to predict their fits, which he saw to come true. He also witnessed her chin bleeding, which Mother Samuel later told Henry Pickering was because her spirits had been sucking at it. When the children told him Agnes Samuel needed to be questioned but would hide if he tried to speak to her, Robert went to John Samuel's home to test this out. She was found to be hiding, as predicted, and would not admit she was there until he threatened to pry open the trap door she had piled with heavy sacks. At another time, he witnessed Elizabeth unable to eat until he threatened that Mother Samuel would not eat until Elizabeth could again. Not long after, he witnessed Mother Samuel suffer several days of tormenting fits of her own, including strange swellings of her belly. When his daughter Elizabeth claimed her fits would not ease until John Samuel spoke a self-accusing "charm" over her, like his daughter Agnes had been made to, Robert Throckmorton tried unsuccessfully to make John do so. He stood by his daughter Joan at the Assizes in Huntindon while she had fits before the judges and was brought out of them by Agnes' "charm." During the trial, Robert gave a deposition that was instrumental in sentencing Mother Samuel, Agnes Samuel and John Samuel to death. (3-6)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Most Strange and Admirable Discouerie of the Three Witches of Warboys . Unknown: 1593, 3-6

Sir Gilbert Pickering   Accuser

A man from Tichmarch in the county of Northampton, known to be a knight, the brother or brother in law of Robert and Mistress Throckmorton, and the uncle of Joan, Jane, Elizabeth, Mary, Grace and Robert Throckmorton. On hearing about the afflictions of his nieces, he came to Warboys to visit and see it for himself. He went with the group who went to persuade Mother Alice Samuel to persuade her to visit the Throckmorton children; she refused due to the accusations that she had bewitched them and feared that the children would scratch her. Pickering and company forced her to come, along with her daughter Agnes Samuel and Cicely Burder; he overheard her tell Agnes not to confess to anything. He witnessed the children fall into fits when Mother Samuel entered the house, and assisted Jane in scratching her. When Pickering returned home to Tichmarch Grove, he brought the children with him. He observed that Elizabeth was unafflicted during the ride there, but fell into a fit as soon as she entered his home; these fits often affected coordination when she tried to eat. Pickering experimented with taking the children into the churchyard adjoining his home while they were in their fits. He noted that they would come out of the fit as soon as they entered the churchyard, but resume again on returning to the house. About 20 years later, Sir Gilbert Pickering apprehended Arthur Bill, Bill (Mother) and Bill (Father) on charges of witchcraft and delivered them to Northampton Gaol. (C3)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Witches of Northampton-shire. Agnes Browne. Joane Vaughan. Arthur Bill. Hellen Jenkenson. Mary Barber. London: 1612, C3

Lady Cromwell   Accuser

A woman from Ramsey in the county of Huntingdon, known to be the wife of Sir Henry Cromwell and the mother-in-law of Mistress Cromwell. Lady Cromwell comes to the Throckmorton home to comfort Robert and Mistress Throckmorton and visit the children. While there, she confronts Mother Alice Samuel, accusing her of witchcraft and taking a lock of hair and a hairlace from her. Lady Cromwell gives these objects to Mistress Throckmorton to burn. When she returns to Ramsey that night, she has a nightmare in which Mother Samuel sends a cat to her to pluck off all of her skin and flesh from her arms and body. She becomes sick thereafter, suffering fits similar to those of the Throckmorton children, and dies of it 15 months later. (30-32)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Most Strange and Admirable Discouerie of the Three Witches of Warboys . Unknown: 1593, 30-32

Henry Pickering   Accuser

A man from Cambridge in the county of Cambridgeshire, known to be a scholar, brother to Gilbert Pickering and uncle to Mary, Elizabeth, Joan, Jane, Grace and Robert Throckmorton. He visited the Throckmorton home and, without the knowledge of the Throckmorton family, spent a day watching Mother Alice Samuel as she went about her errands. He watched her exchange a wooden tankard for some barme with a neighbour, and overheard the womens' conversation. Pickering then stopped her in the street and questioned her; Mother Samuel was loud and impatient with him. She was also critical of Robert Throckmorton, saying that he misused her with the accusations, that the children's fits were nothing but wantonness and that they should have been punished for their behaviour. He also questioned her about her belief in God; his interpretation of her answers implied she worshiped a different God. He told her to repent and confess, or else he would have her burnt at the stake and the children would come to blow on the coals; she replied "I had rather (sayd she) see you dowsed over head and eares in this pond." Mother Samuel later confessed to Pickering that her chin bled because her spirits sucked blood from it. Pickering also witnessed Mary Throckmorton's scratching of Agnes Samuel, and Elizabeth Throckmorton's encounter with John Samuel in which she was unsuccessful in persuading him to say a self-accusing "charm" to end her fit. His deposition was used to sentence Mother Samuel, Agnes Samuel and John Samuel to death. (32-33)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Most Strange and Admirable Discouerie of the Three Witches of Warboys . Unknown: 1593, 32-33

John Langley   Accuser

A man from Brampton in the county of Huntingdon. Robert Poulter, vicar of Brampton, a deposition before the Huntingdon Assizes on behalf John Langley, who was too sick to come to court himself. Langley claimed to Mother Alice Samuel bewitched various of his livestock to death, and caused him to become sick, after she overheard him order that she was to have no meat. He is said to have died during the Assizes. (110)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Most Strange and Admirable Discouerie of the Three Witches of Warboys . Unknown: 1593, 110

Robert Poulter   Accuser

A man from Brampton in the county of Huntingdon, known to be the vicar and curate of Brampton. He gave a deposition before the Huntingdon Assizes on behalf of his parishoner, John Langley, who was too sick to come to court himself; Langley claimed to Mother Alice Samuel bewitched various of his livestock to death, and caused him to become sick. (110)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Most Strange and Admirable Discouerie of the Three Witches of Warboys . Unknown: 1593, 110

Jailor of Huntingdon   Accuser

A man from the vicinity of Huntingdon Gaol in the county of Huntingdon, known to be a Jailor/Gaoler. He gave deposition at Mother Alice Samuel's trial, alleging that she bewitched one of his men (Anonymous 445) so that he began to have fits much like the Throckmorton children, and died of it five or six days later. He also claimed that his son, Anonymous 446, became sick with fits as well. The child did not improve until the Jailor brought him to Mother Samuel's bedside and had him scratch her. After Mother Samuel, Agnes Samuel and John Samuel were executed, he stripped them for burial and found a lump of flesh on Mother Samuel's body "adioyning to so secrete a place, which was not decent to be seene." (59, 61)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Most Strange and Admirable Discouerie of the Three Witches of Warboys . Unknown: 1593, 59, 61

Mrs. Hopper   Accuser

A woman from Arpington in the county of Kent, who is part of the group of spectators (Anonymous 449) who witness Anonymous 32's fits as Doctor Boreman sat next to her praying. It is conveyed that Mrs. Hopper especially heard Anonymous 32, in one of her fits say in a dreadful tone "weaker and weaker, weaker and weaker" repeatedly. Others in the group of spectators became fearful of the maid in her fits and so dispersed, but Mrs. Hopper decidedly remained until the Doctor (Doctor Boreman) finished his prayer. Later, when Mrs. Hopper and Doctor Boreman were the only two left in the room with the young maid, they could allegedly hear one of the spirits (Anonymous 88) inside the maid and she barked twice. She is described as a brave, gentlewoman who was resolved to be a witness and see all events surrounding Anonymous 32 through to the end. (3-4)

Appears in:
Hopper, Mrs. Strange News from Arpington near Bexly in Kent being a True Narrative of a Young Maid who was Possest with Several Devils or Evil Spirits. London: 1679, 3-4

Anonymous 458   Accuser

A girl from the vicinity of Castle Alley near Broken Wharf in London, known to be the daughter of Anonymous 457 and to have a sister. Her mother had a falling out with Anne Kirk, which resulted in her sister being bewitched to death. Not long after the child died, Anonymous 458 met Kirk in the street, and was "stricken downe in a very strange maner; her mouth beeing drawne aside like a purse, her teeth gnashing togeather, her mouth foming, and her eyes staring the rest of her body being strangely disfigured." When Kirk left, she recovered, but often had similar fits thereafter. She gave deposition against Kirk, but claimed that she could not show how she was tormented until she had a fit. (99-100)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Trial of Maist. Dorrell. Unknown: 1599, 99-100

Bishop Richard Bancroft   Accuser

A man from London, who is both a doctor, and Bishop of London. Richard Bancroft believes that Elizabeth Jackson, a woman accused of witchcraft against the young girl, Mary Glover, is innocent. To this end, he petitions the court to examine Mary Glover for counterfeit symptoms, which the Lord Chief Justice Anderson agrees to, appointing the Recorder of London to examine the girl. Bishop Bancroft is a powerful man, who also manages to pull many strings, including helping Elizabeth Jackson plan a petition to the College of Physicians in November, 1602; and arranging for Dr. Jorden and Dr. Argent to testify that Mary Glover suffers from natural causes at the trial of Elizabeth Jackson. Despite his input, Elizabeth Jackson is found guilty of witchcraft. However, some months later, Bishop Bancroft is approached by the minister Mr. Lewis Hughes, who wishes to tell the Bishop of his success in dispossessing Mary Glover. However, Mr. Lewis is never granted an audience with the Bishop, and called "Rascall and varlot," for his stories. He is imprisoned for four months, and named along with the five other preachers present during Mary Glover's dispossession "Devil finders, Devil puffers, and Devill prayers," by the Bishop Bancroft. (12)

Appears in:
Hughes, Lewes. Certaine grievances, or the errours of the service-booke; plainely layd open. London: 1641, 12

Matthew Hopkins   Accuser

A man who is infamously appointed England's first and last witchfinder general. (1-2)

Appears in:
Hopkins, Matthew. The Discovery of Witches. London: 1647, 1-2

William Drage   Apothecary

A man from Hitchin in the county of Hertfordshire (baptized at Raunds, in the county of Northamptonshire), an author, physician, and apothecary, who published a medical compendium, _A Physical Nosonomy (1664)_ and _ Daimonomageia_ (1665) a description of the symptoms of and treatments for witchcraft. Drage provides, in this tract, eye witness testimony about the possession of Mary Hall, and second hand accounts of numerous other bewitchments. Drage's interest in possession and bewitchment may not have been completely academic; he allegedly suffered (not unlike Mart Hall herself) from "poor health throughout his life, being subject to dropsy and convulsions." ()

Appears in:
Capp, Bernard. Drage, William (bap. 1636, d. 1668)". Online: http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/8016: 2004,

Mr. Higgins   Apothecary

An Apothecary in London who, via Margaret Russell, is implicated in the bewitchment of Elizabeth Jennings. ()

Appears in:
Unknown, . The Bewitchment of Elizabeth Jennings. British Library MS Add. 36674, fols. 134-7. Foster, Donald W., ed. "The Bewitchment of Elizabeth Jennings." Normalized text, ed. D. Foster (1999), from British Library MS Add. 36674, fols. 134-7. Poughkeepsie, NY: Vassar College, 1999.: 1622,

Mr. Salter   Apothecary

Mr. Salter, a "skilful Apothecary" from Honiton in the county of Devon, who is called in to provide treatment for Elizabeth Brooker's severe leg pain. He evidently "advised them well, whose Counsel they followed, but all in vain." (66, 67, 68, 69)

Appears in:
Baxter, Richard. The Certainty of the Worlds of Spirits and, Consequently, of the Immortality of Souls. London: 1691, 66, 67, 68, 69

Anonymous 181   Apothecary

An Apothecary from Salisbury, who sells Anne Styles white arsenic, purportedly to give to Anne Bodenham (who claims she will do counter-magic with it). (5-6)

Appears in:
Bower, Edmond. Doctor Lamb Revived, or, Witchcraft Condemned in Anne Bodenham. London: 1653, 5-6

Anonymous 182   Apothecary

An Apothecary (Anonymous 182) who treats a man (Anonymous 183) by giving him six rolls paper, upon which he has written "Do well, or, All is well." He asks the man to swallow these rolls of paper as a way to internalize the cure. (98-99)

Appears in:
Casaubon, Meric. A Treatise Proving Spirits, Witches, and Supernatural Operations. London: 1672, 98-99

Anonymous 210   Apothecary

A woman from Exeter in the county of Devon, who is allegedly able to help Grace Matthew's husband and a former servant of Dr. Browne's. She gives Grace Matthew a remedy to apply to her sick husband. (151)

Appears in:
Woollcombe, William Cotton, Henry . Gleanings from the Municipal and Cathedral Records Relative to the History of the City of Exeter. Unknown: 1877, 151

Mr. Clarke   Apothecary

A man from the Borough of Southwark in the county of Greater London, who is an apothecary consulted in secret by Andrew Goodwin, the son of Mr. Goodwin. Mr. Clarke agrees upon seeing the water of Roger Crey, a man who is sick and being cared for Mrs. Pigeon and Mrs. Jones, that that man is beyond recovery but "that if good help had been sought in time, in all probability he might have done well." (14)

Appears in:
Vernon, Samuel . A Brief Relation of the Strange and Unnatural Practices of Wessel Goodwin. London: 1654, 14

Anonymous 335   Apothecary

A man from Manchester in the county of Greater Manchester, who is summoned to treat Richard Dugdale during one of his alleged fits in Surrey near Lancashire. He and his colleague, Mr. Ainsworth, were unable to help Richard Dugdale recover from his perceived lifeless state. (56)

Appears in:
Jollie, Thomas. A Vindication of the Surey Demoniack as no Imposter. London: 1698, 56

Mr. Ainsworth   Apothecary

A man from Lancaster in the county of Lancashire, who is called with another apothecary from Manchester, to attend to Richard Dugdale in Surrey during one of his alleged fits. He and his colleague are unable to do anything for Richard Dugdale in his perceived lifeless state. (56)

Appears in:
Jollie, Thomas. A Vindication of the Surey Demoniack as no Imposter. London: 1698, 56

Anonymous 147   Astrologer

A man from Winchester Park in the London Borough of Southwark, described as a physician or astrologer who provides John Crump a means of curing his bewitched daughter, Hannah Crump. Anonymous 147 suggests that in order to unwitch Hannah, he would have to take the curse on himself. The curse, he suggests, needs to be carried by someone; if not Hannah, than him, if not him the witch who cursed her would have to carry the curse until her familiars could plague someone else with it. (18)

Appears in:
Barrow, John. The Lord's Arm Stretched Out in an Answer of Prayer, or, A true Relation of the Wonderful Deliverance of James Barrow. London: 1664, 18

John Hubbard   Astrologer

A man from the London Borough of Southwark, described as a physician and astrologer employed by John Barrow to help cure his son, James Barrow. Hubbard states he is familiar with these sorts of conditions and believes that James Barrow has been bewitched. (8)

Appears in:
Barrow, John. The Lord's Arm Stretched Out in an Answer of Prayer, or, A true Relation of the Wonderful Deliverance of James Barrow. London: 1664, 8

Dr. John Dee   Astrologer

A Doctor who is accused by Dr. Casaubon of "having familiarity with Devils for many years in his life time." (8)

Appears in:
Webster, John. The Displaying of Supposed Witchcraft. London: 1677, 8

Mr. Sanders   Astrologer

A man likely from Berkhamsted in the county of Hertfordshire, described as an "Astrologer & Chiromancer," who helps diagnose Mary Hall as possessed. He suggests hanging a sigil (or magic symbol) about the necks of the possessed, claims to have cured a twelve or fourteen year old boy (improperly) diagnosed by physicians as having "had Hysterick Fits." He claimed treating Hall as a hysteric would not cure her, and appears to have used "Amara Dulcis, a Mercury Placit," or woody night-shade. Nicholas Culpeper describes the herb as "excellently good to remove witchcraft both in men and beasts, as also all sudden diseases whatsoever." (39)

Appears in:
Drage, William. Daimonomageia a Small Treatise of Sickness and Diseases from Witchcraft. London: 1665, 39

Henry Corbet   Author

A man, father to demoniac Faith Corbet, Henry Corbet witnessed his daughter's fits and desperate to find a cure, consulted three doctors, Dr. Taylor, Dr. Whitty, and Dr. Corbet, to find a cure. Corbet is the one who recorded Faith's case and pressed Huson for a confession which he too recorded. (53-54)

Appears in:
Hale, Matthew. A Collection of Modern Relations of Matter of Fact Concerning Witches & Witchcraft. London: 1693, 53-54

Henri de Heer   Author

A man from Luyck in Brussels, known to be a physician and the author of the account of a young girl's bewitchment and cure which was translated from Latin and inserted into "The most true and wonderfull narration of two women bewitched in Yorkshire." He takes Anonymous 11, a nine-year-old girl who suffers convulsive fits and vomits a variety of strange objects, as a patient. He witnessed her vomiting, monitored her while she was unable to eat for 15 days at a time, and recorded her strange swellings and convulsions. de Heer claimed to pull a pin, a threaded needle, straws and more directly from her throat with his hand, disproving claims that she faked her bewitchment. He has her drink a decoction of various herbs and makes an ointment for her joints, both of which he provides the recipe for, which he claims cured her affliction and would be effective in other cases of bewitchment. (Title Page)

Appears in:
Heer, Henri de. The Most True and Wonderful Narration of two Women Bewitched in Yorkshire. S.I.: 1658, Title Page

Reginald Scot   Author

The author of "Scot's discovery of witchcraft" who receives a written confession by T. E. that explains how he learned the illusion and invention of art and science. (337-338)

Appears in:
Scot, Reginald. Scot's Discovery of Witchcraft Proving the Common Opinions of Witches Contracting with Devils, Spirits, or Familiars. London: 1651, 337-338

Sir John Malborne   Author

A divine from Oxenford who wrote a book in the 1200s that T. E. uses in the 1500s to learn the illusion and invention of art and science from. (337-338)

Appears in:
Scot, Reginald. Scot's Discovery of Witchcraft Proving the Common Opinions of Witches Contracting with Devils, Spirits, or Familiars. London: 1651, 337-338

Henry Goodcole   Author

A man from Clerkenwell in the London Borough of Islington, known to be a Minister associated with Newgate Prison, who took Elizabeth Sawyer's confession of witchcraft and published an account of her trial and confession. He claimed to be Sawyer's constant visitor in Newgate Prison, and that his account was put to print to lay to rest all the stories that had been circulation. He had been harassed continually since it became known that he recorded the confession. The confession is presented in question-and-answer dialogue form, allegedly from his transcription. Goodcole also provides a transcription of her confirmation of the confession on the day of her execution, including her contrition and prayers to God and Christ for forgiveness. In his conclusion, he presents Sawyer as a cautionary example, and makes particular note that it was her cursing, swearing and blaspheming that drew the Devil's attention to her. His primary success in life was as the author of numerous crime pamphlets, each emphasizing a particular sin and its fit punishment. (Title Page)

Appears in:
Goodcole, Henry. The Wonderful Discovery of Elizabeth Sawyer a Witch Late of Edmonton. London: 1621, Title Page

John Phillips   Author

A man from an unknown part of Essex, known to be the author of "The Examination and confession of certaine wytches at Chensforde in the countie of Essex." He collected, edited and provided inter-textual commentary on the confessions of Elizabeth Francis, Mother Waterhouse, Joan Waterhouse and Agnes Brown (Title Page, 5, 8)

Appears in:
Phillips, John. The Examination and Confession of Certain Witches. London: 1566, Title Page, 5, 8

Brian Darcey   Author

A Justice of the Peace who examines the women and records many of the trials of the witches of S.Osyth. Darcy become sheriff of Essex in 1585 (3)

Appears in:
W., W. . A True and Just Record, of the Information, Examination and Confession of all the Witches, taken at S. Osyth in the county of Essex. London: 1582, 3

E. G. Gent   Author

A man from Maidstone in the county of Kent, who witnesses the trial of the six witches in Maidstone Kent; he records the events which become the basis for the pamphlet. (1, 5)

Appears in:
E.G., Gent.. A Prodigious & Tragic History of the Arraignment, Trial, Confession, and Condemnation of Six Witches at Maidston Kent. London: 1652, 1, 5

H. F. Gent   Author

A man from Maidstone in the county of Kent, who compiles the E. G.'s observations on the witches of Maidstone. (1)

Appears in:
E.G., Gent.. A Prodigious & Tragic History of the Arraignment, Trial, Confession, and Condemnation of Six Witches at Maidston Kent. London: 1652, 1

Edward Fairfax   Author

A country gentleman, renown writer and translator, husband of Dorothy Fairfax and father to several bewitched children (esp Helen and Elizabeth), Fairfax is the author of Daemonologia, a tract he wrote to vindicate the legal prosecution of several witches. (31-33)

Appears in:
Fairfax, Edward . Daemonologia: a Discourse on Witchcraft as it was Acted in the Family of Mr. Edward Fairfax. Unknown: 1621, 31-33

William Drage   Author

A man from Hitchin in the county of Hertfordshire (baptized at Raunds, in the county of Northamptonshire), an author, physician, and apothecary, who published a medical compendium, _A Physical Nosonomy (1664)_ and _ Daimonomageia_ (1665) a description of the symptoms of and treatments for witchcraft. Drage provides, in this tract, eye witness testimony about the possession of Mary Hall, and second hand accounts of numerous other bewitchments. Drage's interest in possession and bewitchment may not have been completely academic; he allegedly suffered (not unlike Mart Hall herself) from "poor health throughout his life, being subject to dropsy and convulsions." ()

Appears in:
Capp, Bernard. Drage, William (bap. 1636, d. 1668)". Online: http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/8016: 2004,

Kenelm Digby   Author

An English courtier, diplomat, and natural philosopher. (1)

Appears in:
Digby, Kenelm. Of The Sympathetick Powder. A Discourse in a Solemn Assembly at Montpellier. London: 1669 , 1

John Barrow   Author

A man from the London Borough of Southwark, described as the father of James Barrow, a boy who suffers from violent and tormenting fits. John Barrow is the author of the text, "The Lord's arm stretched out in an answer of prayer, or, A true relation of the wonderful deliverance of James Barrow," in which he chronicles his son's episodes, and attempts to determine their cause. James Barrow's father, John Barrow, seeks help from outside. He first employs the help of physician and astrologer John Hubbard, who believes Barrow has been bewitches. They use "fopperies and charms" including hanging papers around James Barrow's neck, and putting quills and quicksilver under the door. These prove unsuccessful at healing James Barrow. John Hubbard's second attempt to cure James Barrow of bewitchment is through cutting the boy's hair in a round circle, and trimming his fingers and toe nails. These are trimmings are wrapped in paper and deposited in an oak tree. This also proves useless at curing James Barrow's fits as well. However, after taking some medicine from doctors, astrologers, and apothecaries, James Barrow vomits, and seems well for a time, taking up an apprenticeship. However, after three months, James Barrow claims a rat entered his body, and he acts like a changeling, being unable to eat any food unless in his own household. Following this, John Barrow takes his son to a number of wise men, including: an Irish Roman Catholic (Anonymous 144), Lord Abony, a gentleman (Anonymous 146), a group of friars, and a doctor (Anonymous 487). No one seems able to cure James Barrow. However, shortly after this, John Barrow desires to engage in fasting and prayer for his son, resulting in three days of fasting and prayer, at the end of which he is restored and dispossessed. (6-7)

Appears in:
Barrow, John. The Lord's Arm Stretched Out in an Answer of Prayer, or, A true Relation of the Wonderful Deliverance of James Barrow. London: 1664, 6-7

Dr. Casaubon   Author

A Doctor who, in his book, accuses Dr. Dees of "having familiarity with Devils for many years in his life time." (8)

Appears in:
Webster, John. The Displaying of Supposed Witchcraft. London: 1677, 8

John Webster   Author

An author who accuses Dr. Casaubon of being a witchmonger. (8)

Appears in:
Webster, John. The Displaying of Supposed Witchcraft. London: 1677, 8

John Gaule   Author

A man from London, who describes various witch testing techniques; who claims that normal animals can become possessed and become witches familiars; and who suggests that imps might approach witches. Thomas Addy accuses John Gaule of having allowed himself to be seduced into believing false information about witches. John Gaule is also a minister. (79-80)

Appears in:
Gaule, John. Select Cases of Conscience Touching Witches and Witchcrafts. London: 1646, 79-80

Anthony Smith (2)   Author

Anthony Smith, a surgeon from Kingston Devon, who applies a plaster, and does surgery on Elizabeth Brooker, finding under her skin, despite its invisibility, a pin which was magically inserted into her muscle. Smith is the author of the full account of Brooker's bewitchment. (66, 67, 68, 69)

Appears in:
Baxter, Richard. The Certainty of the Worlds of Spirits and, Consequently, of the Immortality of Souls. London: 1691, 66, 67, 68, 69

Richard Galis   Author

A man from Windsor in the county of Berkshire, known to be the son of the Mayor of Windsor Master Galis, brother to James Galis, and the author of "A brief treatise containing the most strange and horrible cruelty of Elizabeth Stile alias Rockingham and her confederates, executed at Abingdon, upon R. Galis." This pamphlet contains a full account of his alleged bewitchment at the hands of Elizabeth Stile (alias Rockingam), his meeting with Mother Dutton, his life at sea, and his return home. (2-3)

Appears in:
Galis, Richard. A Brief Treatise Containing the Most Strange and Horrible Cruelty of Elizabeth Stile alias Rockingham and her Confederates. London: 1572, 2-3

Dr. Edward Jorden   Author

A man from High Halden in the county of Kent, described as an doctor and chemist. Dr. Jorden is most famously known for having been chief doctor in the cases of Mary Glover and Anne Gunter, two demoniacs. In both cases, Dr. Jorden refuted witchcraft as being the cause of their symptoms. During the trial of Elizabeth Jackson, the woman accused of bewitching Mary Glover, he came forward with another doctor, Dr. Argent, despite not having been asked to appear by the court. This was likely devised by Bishop Bancroft, a man who believed Mary Glover was counterfeiting her symptoms. Dr. Jorden testified during the trial, attempting to provide evidence with Dr. Argent that Glover's "ailment was not supernatural." Dr. Jorden claimed that the girl was likely afflicted with "passio hysterica." However, when pressed by the judge, Jorden "would not confirm that the disease could be cured," and further declined to treat the girl. He admitted during the trial that he did not thing Mary Glover was counterfeiting, prompting the judge, Lord Anderson to reply, "Then in my conscience, it is not naturall; for if you tell me neither a Naturall cause of it, nor a naturall remedy, I will tell you, that it is not naturall." Elizabeth Jorden was found guilty of witchcraft despite his attempt to intervene. This prompted Dr. Jorden to write his first text, "A Briefe Discourse of a Disease Called the Suffocation of the Mother." (1603) The text was written to show how "diuers strange actions and passions of the body of a man, which in the common opinion, are imputed to the Diuell, haue their true naturall causes, and do accompanie this disease." This text spurred a huge controversy, prompting fellows from both the College of Physicians such as Dr. Stephen Bradwell, and students of divinity, such as John Swan, to write their own texts, accusing Dr. Jorden of being a fearful scholar, unwilling to identify Mary Glover in his works, and dividing the opinion of physicians with "misconceipts." Dr. Bradwell further explains that Dr. Jorden "found, that neither all his books, observations, nor friends, were able to drawe out, the just limitts of that dissease." Yet, the first text he published, "A Briefe Discourse," was "the first book by an English physician which reclaimed the demoniacally possessed for medicine." Because of this, it was a notable text, that was responsible for dividing opinions at the College in London. Historically, the text has also been noted for its "transfer of the seat of all hysterical manifestations from the uterus to the brain," which was a "major turning point in the history of hysteria." Despite the trying of Elizabeth Jackson as a witch, and the response to his first published text, Dr. Jorden "played a major part in events that began the decline of witchcraft." The King came to value his opinion; the impression that Dr. Jorden left claiming that "much apparent witchcraft and possession was caused by hysteria," was strong. King James would call upon Dr. Jorden in 1605, when a young woman in Berkshire named Anne Gunter claimed to be bewitched. Her symptoms were similar to those of Mary Glover, save that Anne Gunter was thought to vomit pins - a classical sign of possession. Dr. Jorden immediately suspected that Gunter was conterfeit, giving her "neutral potions" that he claimed were powerful medicine. When Gunter reported that these "greatly relieved her symptoms," Dr. Jorden was more convinced. He next tested the woman using a test that was performed on Mary Glover: reciting the Lord's Prayer and the Apostle's Creed. Anne Gunter reacted with "expected convulsions," but only when the prayers were spoken in English, not Latin. This confirmed Anne Gunter's counterfeit, as the Devil was believed to be "an expert Latinist," resulting in Anne Gunter's confession. Dr. Jorden would publish a second text in his lifetime, "A Discourse of Naturall Bathes, and Minerall Waters" (1631). "A Discourse of Naturall Bathes" was a much more successful book than the former, going through five editions in the seventeenth century. Dr. Jorden was in fact a Fellow at the College of Physicians at the time of the publishing of both his texts, although he spent much of his practice in Bath. During his work, he gained the confidence of King James, and was allowed the treat the Queen on her visits to Bath, although he was never a Royal Physician. The physician married into the gentry, and wed his daughter to a mayor of Bath. (12-13)

Appears in:
Jorden, Edward. A Discourse of Natural Bathes, and Mineral Waters. London: 1669, 12-13

Lord Francis Grant Cullen   Author

The author of Sadducimus debellatus: or, a true narrative of the sorceries and witchcrafts, asserts that over time the devil has altered his form to suit his varying purposes, stating that In the darkness of Popery he was transformed into a more innocent sort of Spirit called Brownie or Fairy. (2)

Appears in:
Cullen, Francis Grant. Sadducimus Debellatus. London: 1698, 2

James Mason   Author

A Master of the Arts and the author of "The Anatomy of Sorcery," a text published in 1612 in London that discusses "the wicked impietie of charmers, inchanters, and such like." (i-ii)

Appears in:
Mason, James. The Anatomy of Sorcery. London: 1612, i-ii

King James I   Author

The son of Mary Queen of Scots, known as James VI, King of Scotland (1567), and James I, King of England, Scotland and Ireland (1603). By the time James VI became James I of England, he was avidly interested in using scientific principles to prove or disprove witchcraft charges. James' interest in the efficacy of witches appears to have begun during the storms he encountered at sea while he sailed back from Denmark with his 15 year old wife Queen Anne. The captain of the ship blamed witches for the bad weather. James personally interrogated witches from the town of Trenton, including Gellis Duncane, Agnes Sampson (of Paddignton), Agnes Tompson (of Edinbrough), and Dr. Fian (an account featured in Newes From Scotland (1591)) Soon after, he wrote _Dmonologie_ (1597) while still in Scotland, a text which promoted the belief that female witches were the Devils students and servants; the Devil gave witches image magic, medicinal magic, and poisons with which to harm their enemies. In the Act of 1604, James I of England expanded the definition of witchcraft to include more specific crimes, and a more European understanding of maleficium; causing personal injury, the conjuration of spirits, and the use of corpses in magic became capital offenses. This new Act also divided the crime, creating first-degree and second-degree witchcraft. It is hard to know how much influence _Dmonologie_ had, although it was reprinted after James English coronation (1603), or how much influence the 1604 Witchcraft Act had. It would appear that once in print, these texts took on a life of their own, quite apart from the wishes of the King who invoked them. James' own interest in witchcraft soon faded; he would be key in exposing fraudulent witchcraft charges asserted by Anne Gunter in 1605, John Smith in 1616, and Katherine Malpas in 1621. The King also allegedly held somewhat of a mischievous side, encouraging an "imposture" in his court to call out the name of the knight Sir John, in order to get Sir John "to stamp with madness," and find himself unable to ever begin discourse with the King due to constant interruption. ()

Appears in:
Wormald, Jenny. King James. Online: 2008 (Online Edition),

Samuel Petto   Author

A man from Sudbury in the county of Suffolk, described as a witness to the fits of alleged demoniac Thomas Spatchet and the author of "A faithful narrative of the wonderful and extraordinary fits." Samuel Petto provided a lengthy account of Thomas Spatchet's affliction, which he claims to have seen himself as someone who often visited Dunwich and Cokely. Petto attributes Spatchet's preservation from life-threatening injury to the Works of God, and the cause of his fits to alleged witch Aubrey Grinset. Petto was a clergyman and an ejected minister, husband to Mary and father to Samuel. After his ejection from Sandcroft, he began his long association with Sudbury. He was a firm believer in witchcraft. (Advertisement)

Appears in:
Petto, Samuel. A Faithful Narrative of the Wonderful and Extraordinary Fits . London: 1693, Advertisement

Dr. John Skinner   Author

A man from Westram in the county of Kent, who is a "Student of Physick and Astrology." He writes about his "marvelous cures" accomplished in Kent, Sussex, and Surrey. Dr. Skinner attends to Margaret Gurr who is "afflicted with Devils," which "entred into her, and spake in her, and tempted her to Kill her self;" as well as flown through the air by these devils and a witch. Dr. Skinner allegedly "cast out the Devils and Witch," essentially exorcising the demons from Margaret Gurr and curing her "of the scurvy and gout," she suffered from, within "the compass of twelve days, in which time with a Physical, Natural, and other means used, [she] was perfectly restored to [her] former health." The devils and witch never "attempted to meddle with [her] since." As well, as a result of Dr. Skinner's administrations, Margaret Gurr was granted the miracle of being able to read the Bible, "which before [she] could not." Dr. Skinner is also responsible for curing a young male servant of Henry Chowning, in Kent. The boy was allegedly visited by a spirit in the form of a greyhound, and came home "in a great fright" and "amazed." When the boy turns ill, he "grew worse and worse," and his speech began to fail, causing people around him to "resolve to look out for help, for the fear'd the Boy would make away with himself," as he suffered from an "extream melancholy." It was believed that the boy was "under an evil Tongue or bewitcht." It was upon this decision to seek help that Henry Chowning called upon Dr. Skinner, "hearing of the many Cures I have done," and Dr. Skinner "examined the business and well consider'd of it." He decides the boy is "possest with the Devil," as his eyes were fixed, and the boy confesses to Dr. Skinner "that he was tempted in his mind, and was led on and tempted to strange things, as to go to Sea." The boy also "seemed to ammend while he was in the room with" Dr. Skinner, and Dr. Skinner fells he "understood what the means must be that must relieve him, and gave order for the putting up of Medicines." These are administered quickly, and the doctor tells the boy's mother to visit him in a week. When she does, she tells him that the boy was "much ammended, to the admiration of many that heard how it was." Dr. Skinner provides more medicine for the boy when the boy complains of "a pain in his belly," and the boy is made well in "18 days time," so that "neither hath any thing attempted to trouble him since in the least." This is the second dispossession Dr. Skinner successfully treated with medicine. Dr. Skinner also treats Susan Woldredge in Sussex, who suffered from "the Evil in her Eyes, and a great Rheum and inflammation." Her father, Mr. Woldredge seeks out Dr. Skinner after several other doctors failed to help her, and upon finding Dr. Skinner, he is advised "she would be well and [to] go home." Mr. Woldredge did so, and at first, his daughter was "in extream misery with swelling and raging pain in her Eyes," but miraculously "on a sudden it began to mend." Her father visits the doctor again, and the doctor "send her a purge with some other matter," and she was made "perfectly well and continued every since." Her friends reward Dr. Skinner. Dr. Skinner is also responsible for the miraculous cure of a woman in West Groustead in Sussex, who suffered from an "Evil in her Throat." She encounters Dr. Skinner at a fair, and although he had "nought to give her," he bids her to come over. She promises to, and fails to show. Dr. Skinner sends inquiry as to why she never visited him, and finds that from the moment she met Dr. Skinner "she found her self begin to mend," and was cured. Dr. Skinner is also responsible for the miraculous cure of Goody Halle in Sevenoaks, Kent, who suffered from "the most lamentable pain in her head," which was so severe, she could not sleep. Several doctors fail to treat her, yet when she visited Dr. Skinner, "she was at ease immediately, and [...] Cured from that time," by the use of medicines Dr. Skinner provided. She remained afterward "in vivide and perfect health." (Cover)

Appears in:
Skinner, John. A Strange and Wonderful Relation of Margaret Gurr of Tunbridge, in Kent. Unknown: 1681-1684, Cover

Mary Moore   Author

A woman from Spital in the County of Northumberland, known to be the author of "Wonderfull Newes from the North," the mother of Margaret Muschamp, George Muschamp Jr., Betty Muschamp and Sibilia Moore, the widow of George Muschamp and the wife of Edward Moore. Mary Moore's children Margaret, George and Betty were all allegedly bewitched by Dorothy Swinow and John Hutton; Swinow was also accused of causing Moore's daughter Sibilia to die in infancy. Moore consulted doctors on behalf of her children, and brought two drops of John Hutton's blood to Margaret when the child became convinced she required it to recover. Moore campaigned to have both Hutton and Swinow tried for the bewitchment of her children. (Preface)

Appears in:
Moore, Mary. Wonderfull Newes from the North. London: 1650, Preface

M. Lewis Hughes   Author

A man from London, who was keenly involved in the Mary Glover case on many levels, as both a minister and a witness. Mr. Lewis Hughes was witness to the testing the Recorder of London of the young girl, including a series of tests such as bringing Elizabeth Jackson to Mary Glover in disguise, and burning the young girl when she is in a fit. Mr. Lewis Hughes further advises the Recorder, Sir John Crook, to test Elizabeth Jackson by bidding her saying the Lord's Prayer. Sir John Crook takes this advice, and has Elizabeth Jackson recite the prayer, and she is unable to utter the line, "Deliver us from evil." Mr. Lewis Hughes confirms that when he had frequented Elizabeth Jackson before, he had found it to be the case that she could never utter that line. Some months later, on December 1, 1602, Mr. Lewis Hughes testifies at the trial of Elizabeth Glover, against the old woman. Mr. Lewis Hughes admits in court that he was "willing to admonish the said Elizabeth Jackson of her lewde tongue," and so went to visit the old woman at her house. As soon as he entered her abode, she "very intentively fixt her eyes upon him," facing him. As the Preacher prepared to speak with her, he "had suddenly his speech taken from him, his necke became stiffe, and his Chin borne inwards into his bosome, his knees (withall) yeelding under him, as though he should fall." Calling upon God, the Preacher finds the strength to prevail, and is able to depart from Elizabeth Jackson's house. However, he is not able to speak for two hours afterward. He further confesses in court to visiting Elizabeth Jackson while she was in Newgate Prison, but he could "by no meanes cause her, to rehearse the beliefe," of God and Jesus Christ. Further, she refused of her own accord to say, "Deliver us from evil," once again. This evidence is heavily weighed in court. After Elizabeth Jackson is found guilty of witchcraft, Mr. Lewis Hughes is ordered by Sir John Crook to perform an exorcism on Mary Glover, as she still experiences fits. Leading a group of witnesses (Anonymous 437) in fasting and prayer with five other preachers: Mr. Swan, Mr. Bridger, Mr. Evans, Mr. Barber and Mr. Skelton; Mr. Lewis Hughes aids in the dispossession of Mary Glover, and takes the girl and her family includings Gawthren Glover, and Anne Glover, into his house at St. Helen's Bishopsgate in London for a year in order to watch over her and prevent the girl from being possessed again. It is also during this time that Mr. Lewis Hughes visits Bishop Bancroft on the advice of Sir John Crook, in order to report the success of Mary Glover's dispossession. Bishop Bancroft, however, is not pleased to hear this news, having been the first to accuse Mary Glover of counterfeit. He grants no audience to Mr. Lewis Hughes, and calls the man "Rascall and varlot," for his stories. Mr. Lewis Hughes is imprisoned for four months, and named along with the five other preachers present during Mary Glover's dispossession "Devil finders, Devil puffers, and Devill prayers." Some forty years after all these events, Mr. Lewis Hughes records them in a text he authors, named, "Certaine grievances, or the errours of the service-booke; plainely layd open." The text for the most part is dialogue between ministers. Often, Mr. Lewis Hughes is referenced as a very divine minister. (12-13)

Appears in:
Hughes, Lewes. Certaine grievances, or the errours of the service-booke; plainely layd open. London: 1641, 12-13

John Swan   Author

A man from London, who witnesses and publishes on Mary Glover's alleged bewitchment by Elizabeth Jackson. John Swan, a student of divinity, is witness to the dispossession of Mary Glover, during which time he consults with one of the preachers performing the dispossession, and comforts the father of Mary Glover, Tim Glover, when he breaks down in tears over the torment his daughter is in. John Swan also believes he sees something "creeping" out of Mary Glover's eye when she is dispossessed. He comforts the girl himself, and "bidd her grow in comforte and courage, & strength to resist." He also consults with her, and she tells him that although "she saw nothinge, but she did feele somewhat depart." In his publications, John Swan makes it clear that he believes Mary Glover to have subject to supernatural forces, and was not suffering from the suffocation of the mother, or some other disease. (21)

Appears in:
Swan, John . A True and Breife Report, of Mary Glover's Vexation and Her Deliverance. London: 1603, 21

James Bishop   Author

A man from Winton, who is the author of three books, called _Daemonology_, in the name and title of the works of King James I. Thomas Addy, author of _A Candle in the Dark_ (1655) admonishes James Bishop among a number of authors in England who have allowed themselves to be seduced into believing false information about witches. (139 - 140 )

Appears in:
Ady, Thomas. A Candle in the Dark . London: 1655, 139 - 140

Thomas Cooper   Author

A man from London, who was possibly born in Oxford. Thomas Cooper is an author, possibly also the bishop of Lincoln. Thomas Cooper is also an author a minister, who wrote that "Witches are Murtherers, and such as can raise Winds, and do things impossible, by the help of the Devil." Thomas Addy, author of _A Candle in the Dark_ (1655) writes that Thomas Cooper, among a number of English authors, has allowed himself to be seduced into believing false information about witches. (151)

Appears in:
Ady, Thomas. A Candle in the Dark . London: 1655, 151

M. Perkins   Author

A man from London, who an "Author writing upon this subject of Witchcraft, wel known to all." M. Perkins was considered "a chosen instrument of preaching Gods Word in his life," as a minister. His writings appear in the "Treatise of Witchcraft," and apparently these were published some time after his death, when "certain Writings were found in his Study." Thomas Addy, author of _A Candle in the Dark_ (1655) writes that M. Perkins, among a number of other authors in England, has allowed himself to be seduced into believing false information about witches. (162 - 163)

Appears in:
Ady, Thomas. A Candle in the Dark . London: 1655, 162 - 163

George Gifford   Author

A man from Maldon in the county of Essex, who was both "an able Minister of Gods Word," and an author of near twenty-two published works. These include _A discourse of the subtill practises of deuilles by witches and sorcerers_ (1587) and _A Dialogue Concerning Witches and Witchcrafts_ (1593). George Gifford is considered a moderate in the witchcraft debate, believing in the existence of witches, and that they should be severely punished. Thomas Addy, author of _A Candle in the Dark_, writes that among a number of other English writers, George Gifford allowed himself to be seduced into believing false information about witches. (166)

Appears in:
Ady, Thomas. A Candle in the Dark . London: 1655, 166

Thomas Addy   Author

A man from London, who is a physician, a humanist, and an author. Thomas Addy writes three books, which illustrate his scepticism of witchcraft and witch-hunting, all of which draw upon the Bible as a sources. His works include _A Candle in the Dark: Or, A Treatise Concerning the Nature of Witches & Witchcraft_ (1655); _A Perfect Discovery of Witches_ (1661); and _The Doctrine of Devils_ (1676). The first of these works was extremely influential, exposing superstitions, and describing magic tricks and juggling. (1)

Appears in:
Ady, Thomas. A Candle in the Dark . London: 1655, 1

Richard Kirby   Author

An astrologer and medical practitioner, living at Mr. Loft's, in King-Street, St. Ann's, Westminster, Richard Kirby allegedly helped cure Jane Walter of East-Basham near Feaknam in Norfolk, a young man in Suffolk, the daughter of John Ballard of Ditchingham-Dam, near Bungy in Norfolk, Ann Burgess in St. Edmunds Parish, near Five Bridge, in Norwich, and Sarah Bower. (3)

Appears in:
Dirby, Richard . Dreadful News from Wapping. Unknown: 1693, 3

Marsh of Dunstable   Celebrity

Marsh of Dunstable is a man who, according to John Palmer, is allegedly the head of the College of Witches coven; Marsh is sometimes thought of as a good or white witch, although this is considered to be simply the "blackest" cover of the Devil, in order for him to accomplish his evil deeds. (2)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Devils Delusions or A Faithfull Relation of John Palmer and Elizabeth Knott. London: 1649, 2

Tannakin Skinker   Celebrity

Tannakin Skinker is a gentlewoman from Wirkham, in the country of Holland, whose face is hog-like. (5)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A Certain Relation of the Hog-faced Gentlewoman called Mistris Tannakin Skinker. London: 1640, 5

Elizabeth Wright   Celebrity

A woman from Burton upon Trent in the county of Staffordshire, who is the mother of suspected witch, Alice Gooderidge. (8-9)

Appears in:
D., I.. The Most Wonderfull and True Story, of a Certain Witch named Alice Gooderige of Stapen hill. London: 1597, 8-9

Mark Sharp   Celebrity

A man from Chester who allegedly kills Anne Walker with a coal-digging tool (19-20)

Appears in:
Sinclair, George. Satan's Invisible World Discovered. Edinburgh: 1685, 19-20

Mistress Hart   Celebrity

A pious woman who gives birth to monsters ()

Appears in:
Anonymous. Signs and Wonders from Heaven. With a True Relation of a Monster Born in Radcliffe Highway. London: 1645,

Sir Francis Manners   Celebrity

Sir Francis Manners is Justice of the peace for the County of Lincoln, the Earle of Rutland, owner of Belvoir (Beaver) Castle and father of Henry Lord Rosse, Francis Lord Rosse, and Lady Katherine. He is from Belvoir in the county of Leicestershire. All three of his children are allegedly bewitched after his wife, Countess Manners, dismisses Joan and Margaret Flower from their employment at Belvoir Castle. Margaret Flower alleged in her examination that Sir Francis Manners and Countess Manners were also bewitched to make them unable to have more children. He participated in the examinations of Anne Baker and Phillip Flower. Countess Cecily Manners is his second wife, his first wife, Frances, died shortly after Lady Katherine's birth. Both of his sons died young, leaving Lady Katherine his sole heir. (C2-C2v)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Wonderful Discovery of the Witchcrafts of Margaret and Phillip Flower. London: 1619, C2-C2v

Reginald Scot   Celebrity

The author of "Scot's discovery of witchcraft" who receives a written confession by T. E. that explains how he learned the illusion and invention of art and science. (337-338)

Appears in:
Scot, Reginald. Scot's Discovery of Witchcraft Proving the Common Opinions of Witches Contracting with Devils, Spirits, or Familiars. London: 1651, 337-338

Sir John Malborne   Celebrity

A divine from Oxenford who wrote a book in the 1200s that T. E. uses in the 1500s to learn the illusion and invention of art and science from. (337-338)

Appears in:
Scot, Reginald. Scot's Discovery of Witchcraft Proving the Common Opinions of Witches Contracting with Devils, Spirits, or Familiars. London: 1651, 337-338

John Stearne   Celebrity

A professional witch finder and associate of Matthew Hopkins. (1)

Appears in:
Sterne, John. A Confirmation and Discovery of Witchcraft Containing these Severall Particulars. London: 1648, 1

Robert Dreiton   Celebrity

A man who is the master of John Walsh. Dreiton allegedly teaches Walsh the art of physic and surgery. (2)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Examination of John Walsh before Master Thomas Williams. London: 1566, 2

Anonymous 141   Celebrity

A Scottish Witch Finder imported to Newcaste to try witches there. ()

Appears in:
Gardiner, Ralph . England's Grievance Discovered. Unknown: 1796,

Anonymous 144   Celebrity

An Irish Roman Catholic from the London Borough of Southwark, who attempts to cure James Barrow of his possession by putting a cross on the boy's head. James Barrow simply roars at the cross, and Anonymous 144 sends the boy to Lord Abony. (9)

Appears in:
Barrow, John. The Lord's Arm Stretched Out in an Answer of Prayer, or, A true Relation of the Wonderful Deliverance of James Barrow. London: 1664, 9

Dr. John Dee   Celebrity

A Doctor who is accused by Dr. Casaubon of "having familiarity with Devils for many years in his life time." (8)

Appears in:
Webster, John. The Displaying of Supposed Witchcraft. London: 1677, 8

Edmund Robinson   Celebrity

The father of Edmund Robinson Jr., a boy who is questioned about the witchcraft he witnessed in regard to the Pendle Hill witches. (347)

Appears in:
Webster, John. The Displaying of Supposed Witchcraft. London: 1677, 347

John Gaule   Celebrity

A man from London, who describes various witch testing techniques; who claims that normal animals can become possessed and become witches familiars; and who suggests that imps might approach witches. Thomas Addy accuses John Gaule of having allowed himself to be seduced into believing false information about witches. John Gaule is also a minister. (79-80)

Appears in:
Gaule, John. Select Cases of Conscience Touching Witches and Witchcrafts. London: 1646, 79-80

Sir Thomas Smith   Celebrity

A man born in Walden in the county of Essex who comes from a family of "good rank, quality, and wealth." Smith attended Queen's College at Cambridge University where he was "a great refiner of the English writing; which to these times was too rough and unpolished." Smith held various secular positions throughout his career, including Master of Requests to Somerset, Regius Professor of the civil law, and Chancellor to the Bishop of Ely. Smith was also Secretary of State to King James VI and Queen Elizabeth, and examined known conjurer, William Whycherly. (331)

Appears in:
Foxe, Thomas Cranmer, John Gough Nichols, John. Narratives of the Days of the Reformation. Unknown: 1859, 331

Francis Pemberton   Celebrity

A man from the county of St Albans in the county Kent who serves as judge at the Maidstone Assize on March 14, 1676 as well as the ones on July 29, 1679. Some of the cases over which he presided includes that of Anne Neale's, Thomas Whiteing's and Mary Foster's. Pemberton would eventually become Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench, even though he would hold the position for no more than two years. While Lord Chief Justice, he presided over the trial of Joan Buts, in which she was found not guilty of witchcraft. He was removed for his behaviour in the prosecution of Lord Russell in 1683. Pemberton had a notoriously turbulent career over the course of which he filled many esteemed positions, but was also arrested in 1689 for his attack on parliamentary privilege. Pemberton died in 1697. (87-91)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 87-91

Archbishop of Yorke   Celebrity

A man of Yorke in the County of Yorkshire, known to be Archbishop of Yorke, who receives the depositions taken by the high Commission on William Sommers' possession. On seeing the depositions, he is satisfied that Sommers is truly possessed, and demands that Mr. John Darrell keep his insistence that the Devil might be driven out of a person through prayer and fasting to himself, as it is Darrell's opinion only. The Archbishop declines to enlighten Darrell on how the Devil might be better driven out, preferring to leave Darrell with the demand to cease claiming that prayer and fasting are effective. (Image 7)

Appears in:
Co., G.. A Breife Narration of the Possession, Dispossession, and, Repossession of William Sommers. Amsterdam: 1598, Image 7

Richard Redforth   Celebrity

A man from Windsor in the county of Windsor, known to be Mayor of Windsor, and the man Richard Galis applied to for a warrant against Mother Dutton for her imprisonment; Redforth refused and commanded Galis to let Dutton go. (Image 4-5)

Appears in:
Galis, Richard. A Brief Treatise Containing the Most Strange and Horrible Cruelty of Elizabeth Stile alias Rockingham and her Confederates. London: 1572, Image 4-5

Countess Cecily Manners   Celebrity

Countess Cecily Manners, the second wife of Sir Francis Manners and the wealthy widow of Sir Edward Hungerford, she was from Belvoir in the county of Leicestershire. Identified as Lady Rosse, the Countess of Rutland, she was the mother of Henry Lord Rosse and Francis Lord Rosse, and stepmother to Lady Katherine. All three of her children allegedly become bewitched after Lady Rosse dismisses the Joan and Margaret Flower from their employment at Belvoir (Beaver) Castle. Margaret Flower alleged in her examination that Sir Francis Manners and Lady Rosse were also bewitched to make them unable to have more children. Countess Manners (C2-C2v)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Wonderful Discovery of the Witchcrafts of Margaret and Phillip Flower. London: 1619, C2-C2v

Henry Sellis Sr.   Co-conspirator

A man from Little Clacton in the county of Essex, husband of Cecily and father Henry Sellis Jr., John Sellis, and at least one daughter. There appears to be some conflict between Henry Sellis and Richard Rosse, one of his hired laborers, which leads to a wide spread conflict between the families, and eventually to his wife, Cecily Sellis being accused of witchcraft. Two of Rosse's horses died as Sellis plowed his field for him, making Rosse suspect that Henry or his wife, had bewitched them. Richard Rosse and Cecily had fought in the past over the price of malt, and Mrs. Rosse and Cecily had fought over Mrs. Rosse's treatment of her cattle, but after "many of [Rosse's] beaste were in a most straung taking" and after their son, admired the volume of corn in his barn before it burnt, Rosse came to the conclusion that these events were "wrought by some witchcraft, or sorcery by ye said He~ry or Cisly his wife." Rosse ensure that Henry and his wife were tried (and found guilty) for this arson. Rosse was not the only one who implicated Henry Sellis in witchcraft. His son John, who is allegedly injured by one of Cecily's familiars, claims his father not only knew about the existence of these imps, but did little, beyond yelling at his wife, to save his children. Moreover, he allegedly mocked John, but referring to the little black household demon as "John," because his name was [also] so." For his own part, Henry denies the charges brought against him, nor can he, he claims, really remember the incidents Rosse refers to. (C8-D)

Appears in:
W., W. . A True and Just Record, of the Information, Examination and Confession of all the Witches, taken at S. Osyth in the county of Essex. London: 1582, C8-D

Alice Newman   Co-conspirator

Ales Newman is a woman from St. Osyth in the county of Essex who is accused of bewitching at least four people: Thorlow's wife (on the knee), John Stratton's wife (on the back -- to her death), Letherdalls' child, Johnson (the tax / alms collector) and his wife (unto the death), Bulter (who languished still in pain), the "late Lorde Darcey, (whereof hee dyed)", and her "ownher husband, William Newman. (Ales) Newman confessed nothing herself and was accused of being obstinate. She is condemned but remanded. She is found guilty and remanded to prison. As of August 2, 1582, she is still imprisoned, along with Cecily Sellis, Ellen Southern, and Agnes / Annis Glascock at the Colchester Goal. (Image 53)

Appears in:
W., W. . A True and Just Record, of the Information, Examination and Confession of all the Witches, taken at S. Osyth in the county of Essex. London: 1582, Image 53

Alice Manfield   Co-conspirator

Ales Manfield is a sixty-three year old woman from Thorpe in the county of Essex who for approximately twelve years allegedly shared two male and two female familiars in the shape of black cats with Margaret Grevell: Robin, Jack, William, Puppet (alias Mamet) for twelve years which she keeps in a wool lined box on her shelf. Manfield serves as witness against Mother Ewstace, claiming that she had a white, a gray, and a black feline familiar which she used to kill a child. She also stands as witness against Mother Grevell, claiming that Grevell had plagued Mother Ewstance's husband to death. However, more often than not, she claims to have worked with Grevell. Manfield allegedly sends Robin to lame Robert Cheston's bull (circa 1575) and Grevell sends Jack to lame Cheston himself (circa 1580) beginning on his toe, but causing his death. After Joan Cheston refused to give Manfield her curds, she claims to have sent Puppet (alias Mamet) "foure of her Beastes," and after John Sayer ruined her yard with his cart, she has Puppet ensure that the same cart became stuck and would not move (as Sayer tells the story, the cart became stuck when the man thatching his barn refused to thatch Manfield's oven until he got permission to do so). Around Michaelmas, all four familiars allegedly took a trip together to assist Cecily Sellis in the burning of Ross' barn and cattle. Her familiar, William, allegedly gave notice to Manfield for the whole group, claiming that since she would soon be apprehended, they would go to work for Urseley Kempe, Margery Sammon, Ales Hunt, or Mother Torner (aka Joan Turner). Lynd's wife would not give her milk, that her cow would not feed her twenty day old calf (which died). She is indicted as a witch, but not charged as one. Rather, she is charged for arson. She is found guilty of co-conspiring with Cecily Sellis to burn Richard Ross's barn and "field of grain worth 100 marks." (D5-D8)

Appears in:
W., W. . A True and Just Record, of the Information, Examination and Confession of all the Witches, taken at S. Osyth in the county of Essex. London: 1582, D5-D8

Margaret Grevell   Co-conspirator

Margaret Grevell is a fifty five year old woman from Thorpe in the county of Essex who, according to Alice Manfield, shares four feline familiars with her for seven years: Robin, Jack, William, Puppet (alias Mamet). Again according to Manfield, Grevell "caused her impes to destroy seuerall brewinges of beere," belonging to Reade and Carter (Carter likewise testified against Grevell on this charge) a number of "batches of bread." Nicholas Stickland accuses her of preventing his wife's butter from churning and causing the untimely demise of a calf. Although Grevell is accused (again by Mansfield) of the murder of Elizabeth Ewstace's husband, she is indicted for the malefic murder of Robert Cheston. She is searched as a witch, but the witch-searchers "say that they cannot judge her to haue any sucked spots vpon her body." She is found not guilty of causing Cheston's death, and acquitted. (D5-D8)

Appears in:
W., W. . A True and Just Record, of the Information, Examination and Confession of all the Witches, taken at S. Osyth in the county of Essex. London: 1582, D5-D8

Temperance Lloyd   Co-conspirator

Temperance Lloyd is a woman from Bideford, in the county of Devon who is accused using image magic to cause suffering and death. Lloyd was tried as a witch three times. On March 14, 1670, she was "Accused, Indicted, and Arraigned, [and acquitted of] practising of Witchcraft upon the Body of one William Herbert, late of Biddiford aforesaid, Husbandman," at Exeter Castle. On May, 15th 1679, before the "Mayor and Justices of the Town of Biddiford" she was accused of and acquitted of "practising Witchcraft upon the Body of one Anne Fellow the Daughter of Edward Fellow of Biddiford Gent." Having been "searched by four Women of the Town of Biddiford aforesaid," the physical proof (in the form of witch marks), was not "so clear and conspicuous" and she was released 1679. However in 1682, Lloyd would be prosecuted against, predominately for the bewitching of Grace Thomas through image magic and for consorting with a devil. Lloyd would again be examined by a group of citizens (her accusers) and Mr. Michael Ogilby, the local rector. It is at this point that Lloyd begins to admit to all the crimes of which she has been accused. She admits to using image magic against Grace Thomas; although she was accused of pricking a doll with a thorn to do so, Lloyd only admitted to using a piece of leather. She also admitted killing William Herbert, Anne Fellow, and Linda Burman, and blinding Jane Dallyn in one eye. Ogliby made Llyod recite "the Lords Prayer and her Creed" as a test, which she did, but "imperfectly." Lloyd admitted to having a familiar in the shape of a black man, wearing "blackish Clothes, and was about the length of her Arm. That he had broad Eyes, and a Mouth like a Toad." Anne Wakely searched Lloyd, and found in her "secret Parts two Teats hanging nigh together like unto a piece of Flesh that a Child had suckt. And that each of the said Teats was about an Inch in length." She asked Lloyd "whether she had been suckt at that place by the black Man? (meaning the Devil)." Lloyd acknowledged that "she had been suckd there often times by the black Man; and the last time that she was suckd by the said black Man was the Friday before she was searchd" (ibid.). She later admitted that the black man did "suck her Teats which she now hath in her Secret Parts ... [and] did suck her again as she was lying down; and that his sucking was with a great pain unto her" (15). Temperance Lloyd was tried and convicted, along with Marry Trembles and Susana Edwards, at the Bideford assizes on August 14th, 1682, one of the last witch trials. She was executed on August 25th, 1682. (2, 10-13, 13-15, 16-19, 19-21, 20-22, 25,)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A True and Impartial Relation of the Informations Against Three Witches. London: 1682, 2, 10-13, 13-15, 16-19, 19-21, 20-22, 25,

Anonymous 361   Co-conspirator

A man from St. Andrew's parish in Dublin, who was one of two Roman Catholic priests (with Anonymous 360) allegedly involved in the plot to convert James Day from Protestant to Catholic. He helps fabricate a story about James Day's signing of his soul to the Devil, and swears "by the Mass Book to relate and stand by it," so that others might never "discover the secret." The justice Sir Humphrey Jervise issues warrants for their arrest, but the priests are never discovered. It is believed that even if the priests are identified, they will "legitimate a false Oath." (2)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Detection of a Popish Cheat. Dublin: 1696, 2

Widow Perry   Co-conspirator

A woman from Chipping Campden in the county of Gloucestershire, described as a widow who along with her sons (Anonymous 92 and Anonymous 93), allegedly rob and murder William Harrison. Perry is brought to trial on these accusations, found guilty, and executed by hanging. Before her execution, Widow Perry predicts that William Harrison will return in seven years time, a prophecy which comes to pass. (5-6)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Power of Witchcraft being a Most Strange but True Relation of the Most Miraculous and Wonderful Deliverance of One Mr. William Harrison. London: 1662, 5-6

Elizabeth Saunders   Co-conspirator

A woman who confessed to encouraging her daughter to feign a possession. She describes the possession in vivid and guesome terms ()

Appears in:
Anonymous. Examinat[i]o . . . Attorn[atus] gen[er]alis quer[ens] v[e]r[su]s Tho[mas] Saunders et Kathere[n] Malpas senior def[endan]tes. The National Archives (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO), Star Chamber (STAC) 8 32/13, fol. 1v.: 1622,

Thomas Saunders   Co-conspirator

A man who confessed to encouraging his grand-daughter to feign a possession. He also encouraged Anne Godfrey's possession symptoms, and engineered witchcraft charges against Elizabeth Hedlyn. ()

Appears in:
Anonymous. Examinat[i]o . . . Attorn[atus] gen[er]alis quer[ens] v[e]r[su]s Tho[mas] Saunders et Kathere[n] Malpas senior def[endan]tes. The National Archives (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO), Star Chamber (STAC) 8 32/13, fol. 1v.: 1622,

Katheren Malpas Senior   Co-conspirator

A woman who confessed to encouraging her daughter in law to feign a possession ()

Appears in:
Cullen, Francis Grant. A True Narrative of the Sufferings and Relief of a Young Girle; Strangely Molested, by Evil Spirits and their Instruments. Edinburgh: 1698,

Mother Humfrey   Co-conspirator

A woman who teaches Joan Cunny the art of witchcraft and how to pray to the Devil by kneeling and making a circle on the ground. ()

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Apprehension and Confession of Three Notorious Witches. London: 1589,

George Whittyng   Co-conspirator

A man from Windsor in the county of Berkshire, described as a servant to Matthewe Glouer of Eaton, who hired Elizabeth Stile (alias Rockingham), Mother Dutton, Mother Deuell, and Mother Margaret to enact revenge on a man named Foster, after they had a falling out. Whytting provided them with an image of Foster, which they thrust hawthorn needles into. (Image 7)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A Rehearsal both Strange and True. London: 1579, Image 7

Mother Arnold (alias White-coate)   Co-conspirator

A woman from Barking in the county of Essex who allegedly gives Joan Upney a familiar that resembles mole and "tolde her if she ought any body any ill will, if she did bid it, it would goe clap them." This could be Mother Arnold, whose story is recorded in _The Examination and Confession of a Notorious Witch named Mother Arnold, alias Whitecote, alias Glastonbury, at the Assise of Burntwood [Brentwood] in July 1574._ (4)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Apprehension and Confession of Three Notorious Witches. London: 1589, 4

Anonymous 70   Co-conspirator

A man from Hartford in the county of Huntingdonshire, described as neighbor of a Yeoman who is allegedly bewitched by Johane Harrison after he calls her an old hag. He helps the Yeoman concoct a plan where by he can lure Harrison to his home (not the Yeoman's) so the Yeoman can scratch her to unwitch himself. (19-20)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Most Cruel and Bloody Murder Committed by an Inkeepers wife, called Annis Dell, and her Son George Dell. London: 1606, 19-20

Anonymous 92   Co-conspirator

A boy from Gloucester in the county of Gloucestershire, described as the son of Widow Perry who, along with his mother and brother (Anonymous 93), allegedly robs and murders William Harrison. Anonymous 92 is brought to trial on these accusations, found guilty, and executed by hanging. (5-6)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Power of Witchcraft being a Most Strange but True Relation of the Most Miraculous and Wonderful Deliverance of One Mr. William Harrison. London: 1662, 5-6

Anonymous 93   Co-conspirator

A boy from Gloucester in the county of Gloucestershire, described as the son of Widow Perry and servant of William Harrison who, along with his mother and brother (Anonymous 93), allegedly robs and murders William Harrison. Anonymous 93 is brought to trial on these accusations, found guilty, and executed by hanging from chains; his body is left on display after death for others to see. (5-7)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Power of Witchcraft being a Most Strange but True Relation of the Most Miraculous and Wonderful Deliverance of One Mr. William Harrison. London: 1662, 5-7

Thomas Mason   Co-conspirator

A man from Salisbury in the county of Wiltshire and Richard Goddard's son in law. Thomas Mason consults Anne Bodenham (via Anne Styles) three times for his own needs. He fist consults Bodenham to find three pieces of lost gold, a request he had posed twice before to Bodenham via a young male servant, and a request which cost him seven shillings and didn't help him find the gold. He then asks if "Master Rawley did intend him any mischief, for winning his money from him at play," a request which costs him two shillings but comes with a paper charm which will prevent people from meddling with him, if he wears it around his neck. He also inquires about how to move forward with a law suit he has against Richard Goddard, a request which costs him three shillings. Bodenham advises him to "demand fifteen hundred pound, and one hundred and fifty pound per annum of Master Goddard, and if he denyed it, he should prosecute the Law against him." Mason teams with Mistress Roswell to perpetuate the fuel inquiries about Anne and Sarah Goddard's intent to poison Mistress Goddard; they also pay for her escape from Salisbury, Roswell buying her clothing giving nine shillings and Mason giving her twelve pence. It seems likely that Mason fueled the paranoia about the poisoning to cause strife in the family. (4-5)

Appears in:
Bower, Edmond. Doctor Lamb Revived, or, Witchcraft Condemned in Anne Bodenham. London: 1653, 4-5

Lancelot Harrison   Co-conspirator

A man who receives money which the Devil gave to Alice Huson. (58-59)

Appears in:
Hale, Matthew. A Collection of Modern Relations of Matter of Fact Concerning Witches & Witchcraft. London: 1693, 58-59

Thomas Ratle   Co-conspirator

A man who receives money which the Devil gave to Alice Huson. (58-59)

Appears in:
Hale, Matthew. A Collection of Modern Relations of Matter of Fact Concerning Witches & Witchcraft. London: 1693, 58-59

Wil Parkely   Co-conspirator

A man who sells Alice Huson wheat, barley, and peas, and was paid in money Huson recieved from the devil. (59)

Appears in:
Hale, Matthew. A Collection of Modern Relations of Matter of Fact Concerning Witches & Witchcraft. London: 1693, 59

Henry Graver   Co-conspirator

A man who allegedly hired Margaret Waite and Margaret Thorpe to bewitch Helen and Elizabeth Fairfax, and Maud Jeffray. (92)

Appears in:
Fairfax, Edward . Daemonologia: a Discourse on Witchcraft as it was Acted in the Family of Mr. Edward Fairfax. Unknown: 1621, 92

Mr. Higgins   Co-conspirator

An Apothecary in London who, via Margaret Russell, is implicated in the bewitchment of Elizabeth Jennings. ()

Appears in:
Unknown, . The Bewitchment of Elizabeth Jennings. British Library MS Add. 36674, fols. 134-7. Foster, Donald W., ed. "The Bewitchment of Elizabeth Jennings." Normalized text, ed. D. Foster (1999), from British Library MS Add. 36674, fols. 134-7. Poughkeepsie, NY: Vassar College, 1999.: 1622,

Anonymous 195   Co-conspirator

A woman from Ipswich in the county of Suffolk, described as a maid of a reputed witch (Anonymous 194). Anonymous 195 is sent by her Mistress to collect herbs, but is delayed by a "meeting with her sweetheart" and beginning to grow nervous, that she "should bee halfe hanged for staying so long," was told by her lover that she could get the same herbs "in their owne garden." She collected the herbs, and despite her long delay, her mistress was pleased because she brought the herbs back. She spied her employer cut up and "strew the herbs about a room," and the next day witnessed the master of the house cry that he had "found twelve or fourteene great Hogs, being all his owne, dead in the yard, and so for his Sheepe and all his other Cattell." (4-5)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A True Relation of the Arraignment of Thirty Witches at Chensford in Essex. London: 1645, 4-5

Henry Smith   Co-conspirator

A man from Norfolk, described as a glove maker who is married to Mary Smith. Smith appears to be inculcated in his wife's witchcraft and be able to do some of his own, having cursed Thomas Younge. (45-46, 50-51, 58-59)

Appears in:
Roberts, Alexander. A Treatise of Witchcraft. London: 1616, 45-46, 50-51, 58-59

Christopher Morgan   Co-conspirator

A man, plasterer, and the husband of Mrs. Morgan from Beche-lane, besides the Barbicane (now Beach Street, near the Barbican complex in the City of London) who is said to "occupieth the syve and sheeres [divination tools]." This information comes from William Whycherly during his 1597 examination by Sir Thomas Smith. (334)

Appears in:
Foxe, Thomas Cranmer, John Gough Nichols, John. Narratives of the Days of the Reformation. Unknown: 1859, 334

Mrs. Morgan   Co-conspirator

A woman, and the wife of Christopher Morgan, from Beche-lane, besides the Barbicane, (now Beach Street, near the Barbican complex in the City of London), who is said to "occupieth the syve and sheeres [divination tools]." This information comes from William Whycherly during his 1597 examination by Sir Thomas Smith. (334)

Appears in:
Foxe, Thomas Cranmer, John Gough Nichols, John. Narratives of the Days of the Reformation. Unknown: 1859, 334

Robert Garnett   Co-conspirator

A man from the county of Essex who is imprisoned at Colchester Castle on July 29th, 1639 for allegedly trusting witches and talking with them which is considered to be a "dishonour of God." (http://seax.essexcc.gov.uk/result_details.asp?intOffSet=0&intThisRecordsOffSet=0)

Appears in:
Essex Record Office, . Calendar of Essex Assize Records. Online. http://seax.essexcc.gov.uk: 2011, http://seax.essexcc.gov.uk/result_details.asp?intOffSet=0&intThisRecordsOffSet=0

Anne Pearce   Co-conspirator

A woman from Stoke in Ipswich, Suffolk who allegedly exchanges imps with Anne Leech, her sister-in-law. (7)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A True Relation of the Araignment of Eighteene Witches. London: 1645, 7

Mr. Goodwin   Co-conspirator

A man from the Borough of Southwark in the county of Greater London, who was married at age 26 to a most goodly woman, Mrs. Eleanor Armstrong, with whom he had at least four children: three sons and a daughter. Mr. Wessell Goodwin is much given to music of all sorts, often choosing music above his family, even on his wife's deathbed. This is allegedly thought to be the faults of Mrs. Pigeon and Mrs. James. Upon his wife's death (when he is already aged), he is seduced and bewitched by Mrs. James, still a married woman, causing him to engage in publicly lewd acts, and to act strangely himself including dancing, and violence. Mr. Goodwin is convinced to grant Mrs. Jones his estate and to estrange his children. Through his relationship with Mrs. Jones, which becomes incestuous in the eyes of God upon the marriage of his youngest son to one of Mrs. Jones' daughters, his family and himself are ruined. (1 - 26)

Appears in:
Vernon, Samuel . A Brief Relation of the Strange and Unnatural Practices of Wessel Goodwin. London: 1654, 1 - 26

Susan Cock   Co-conspirator

A woman from St. Osyth in the county of Essex, an accused witch, and maybe a relative of Mary Cook, an accused witch who died in the goal at Chelmsford, 1645. Susan Cook allegedly had a familiar named Bess, and conspired with Rose Hallybread, Margaret Landish, and Joyce Boanes, to torment Robert Turner's servant, because" hee had refused to give unto her this Examinant, the said Susan Cocks, Margaret Landish and Joyce Boanes a few chips." With the help of thier familiars, they made him fall "sick, and oftentimes barked like a Dog: And this Examinant saith, that shee believeth that the said four Imps were the cause of his barking and sicknesse." In _The full Trualls, Examinations and Condemnations of Four Notorious Witches, At the Assizes held at Worchester on Tuesday the 4th of March_ she is accused of murdering Mary Peak a crime for which she is burned at the stake. (5)

Appears in:
H., F.. A True and Exact Relation of the severall Informations, Examinations, and Confessions of the late Witches, arraigned and executed in the County of Essex. . London: 1645, 5

James Goodwin   Co-conspirator

A man from the Borough of Southwark in the county of Greater London, who is the youngest son of Mr. Goodwin. At seventeen years of age, Mrs. Pigeon and Mrs. Jones arrange for him to marry Mrs. Jones' daughter by first making him "maillable." The marriage between these two cause Mrs. Jones and Mr. Goodwin's relationship to appear incestuous in the eyes of God. (18 - 19)

Appears in:
Vernon, Samuel . A Brief Relation of the Strange and Unnatural Practices of Wessel Goodwin. London: 1654, 18 - 19

Jones (Daughter)   Co-conspirator

A woman from the Borough of Southwark in the county of Greater London, who is the daughter of the alleged wicked woman, Mrs. Jones. At fifteen years of age, she is married to Mr. Goodwin's youngest son, James Goodwin. This causes her mother's relationship with Mr. Goodwin to become incestuous in the eyes of God. (18 - 19)

Appears in:
Vernon, Samuel . A Brief Relation of the Strange and Unnatural Practices of Wessel Goodwin. London: 1654, 18 - 19

Mr. Colborne   Co-conspirator

A man from the Borough of Southwark in the county of Greater London, who is the "sure friend" of the alleged wicked women, Mrs. Pigeon and Mrs. Jones. He helps them secure the estates and goods of their husbands and the Goodwin family. He is believed to be the leader behind their designs, as "this monster could not be brought forth by women." (21 - 22)

Appears in:
Vernon, Samuel . A Brief Relation of the Strange and Unnatural Practices of Wessel Goodwin. London: 1654, 21 - 22

William Hatting   Co-conspirator

A man from Ramsey in the county of Essex, described as the husband of Sara Hatting, father to John Hatting, and a local tailor. William Hatting gets into a verbal altercation where he "threatened [Francis Stock] very much," after Stock calls his wife Sara "a scolder." Presumably Stock tells his wife this because three members of Stock's family soon after sicken and die. Sara is accused of taking malefic revenge on them. This would not be the last time the Hattings were at war with the Stock's however. About nine months after the above deaths, Hatting's son John would be beaten by Stock's servant after those two men had a disagreement. The servant would die, and Hatting's wife would again be blamed. (31-32)

Appears in:
H., F.. A True and Exact Relation of the severall Informations, Examinations, and Confessions of the late Witches, arraigned and executed in the County of Essex. . London: 1645, 31-32

John Hatting   Co-conspirator

A boy or young man from Ramsey in the county of Essex, described as one of the sons of accused witch Sara Hatting and her husband William Hatting. John Hatting allegedly uses "ill language" at Francis Stock's servant, Anonymous 336. The man servant, in returns, administers a beating to John Hatting, but finds himself sick the next day, and "in a pining and languishing condition," often accused John's mother, Sara, or being the cause of his plight and bringing on his imminent death. (31, 32)

Appears in:
H., F.. A True and Exact Relation of the severall Informations, Examinations, and Confessions of the late Witches, arraigned and executed in the County of Essex. . London: 1645, 31, 32

Anonymous 360   Co-conspirator

A man from St. Andrew's parish in Dublin, who was one of two Roman Catholic priests (with Anonymous 361) allegedly involved in the plot to convert James Day from Protestant to Catholic. He helps fabricate a story about James Day's signing of his soul to the Devil, and swears "by the Mass Book to relate and stand by it," so that others might never "discover the secret." The justice Sir Humphrey Jervise issues warrants for their arrest, but the priests are never discovered. It is believed that even if the priests are identified, they will "legitimate a false Oath." (2)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Detection of a Popish Cheat. Dublin: 1696, 2

Anonymous 359   Co-conspirator

A man from St. Andrew's Parish in Dublin, who allegedly served as witness to the the plot to convert James Day from Protestant to Catholic. The con is accomplished by fabricating a story about James Day's signing of his soul to the Devil, and this man swears "by the Mass Book to relate and stand by" the story, so that others might never "discover the secret." (2)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Detection of a Popish Cheat. Dublin: 1696, 2

Joan Tuit   Co-conspirator

A woman from St. Andrew's in Dublin, who is allegedly involved in the plot to help her nephew, James Day, change from the Protestant religion to the Roman Catholic religion. Joan Tuit takes her nephew to "the Popish Chappel at St. Audoen's Arch," and swears to keep the fabricated story of James Day's encounter with the Devil a secret. When James Day confesses, Sir Humphrey Jervise sends a warrant for her arrest, and she is accordingly apprehended. Joan Tuit herself confesses that she intended on helping with the fabricated story, by taking her nephew to a well, where is was to claim being miraculously cured. (2)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Detection of a Popish Cheat. Dublin: 1696, 2

Anonymous 358   Co-conspirator

A woman from St. Andrew's in Dublin, who allegedly dressed "with a Friar's Mantle like a Fryars Habit," and tells James Day at his Uncle Dawson's house that she had died and gone to Heaven, only to rise from the dead again. She tries to persuade James Day to change his religion, for "Mass was Celebrated in as good English as was used, either in Church or Meeting." When the minister Mr. Travers investigates, it is revealed that the old woman "lived in the end of the Town," and that she was simply "a begger Woman that came in by accident"; she is part of a fraud to get James Day to change religions. When a warrant is issued for her arrest by the justice Sir Humphrey Jervise, the old woman is unable to be located. (2)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Detection of a Popish Cheat. Dublin: 1696, 2

Anonymous 357   Co-conspirator

A young girl from St. Andrew's in Dublin, who is sent by James Day's aunt to find Father Branwell, to help James Day change from the Protestant religion to the Roman Catholic religion. (2)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Detection of a Popish Cheat. Dublin: 1696, 2

Dawson (Aunt)   Co-conspirator

A woman from St. Andrew's in Dublin, who was the aunt of James Day, of the Roman Catholic church and therefore a papist. James Day visits his uncle, Patrick Dawson, and his Aunt Dawson sends a little girl (Anonymous 357) to fetch Father Barnwell. She "frequently Advis'd and Press'd this Boy their Nephew, to come over to their Religion," and she was in on the fabricated story where James Day encounters the Devil. She is arrested with her husband by order of Sir Humphrey Jervise when the fabricated story is revealed. (2)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Detection of a Popish Cheat. Dublin: 1696, 2

James Tuit   Co-conspirator

A man from St. Andrew's in Dublin, who is the uncle of James Day, and of the Roman Catholic religion, and therefore a papist. James Tuit spend much time pressuring his nephew James Day "to leave his Master Roger Dav's service and live with him, promising him that he should never be without pence in his Pocket." James Tuit comes up with the story of James Day's encounter with the Devi, and instructs his nephew "to leave a torn Paper written in blood," for other people to find. James Tuit is arrested by order of the justice Sir Humphrey Jervise, along with his wife, Joan Tuit. (2)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Detection of a Popish Cheat. Dublin: 1696, 2

Patrick Dawson   Co-conspirator

A man from St. Andrew's in Dublin, who is the uncle of James Day, as well as a Roman Catholic and therefore a papist. Patrick Dawson sends a coach for his nephew, so that James Day might visit him. This is all part of an elaborate plot Patrick Dawson help devise, surrounding a fabricated encounter between James Day and the Devil, intended to help James Day change from the Protestant religion to the Roman Catholic religion. Once the fabrication is revealed, Patrick Dawson is arrested under the orders of Sir Humphrey Jervise, along with his wife. (2)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Detection of a Popish Cheat. Dublin: 1696, 2

Anonymous 354   Co-conspirator

A man from St. Andrew's in Dublin, who approaches James Day on June 15, 1686 while James Day is collecting water from a well. The unrecognized man, described as being "in colour'd Cloths," allegedly tells James Day that a "Gentleman," likely the Devil, is waiting for James Day in the fields, and bids him bring a knife, a piece of paper, and a pen to the field with him. (1)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Detection of a Popish Cheat. Dublin: 1696, 1

James Day   Co-conspirator

A young man from St. Andrew's in Dublin, who allegedly encountered the Devil in a field, and discussed the signing over his soul. James Day allegedly begins to write a lease in blood, but the Devil bids him tear it up, and rewrites a lease using words James Day does not recognize. James Day refuses to sign the lease, and the Devil allegedly takes him to an unknown Tavern, without barkeeps, and where drinks magically filled themselves. Upon returning home, James Day recounts his story to his master, the smith Roger Day. He visits his uncle, Patrick Dawson, and upon returning to his master, claims that he will become Roman Catholic and that he is leaving his master to work for his uncle James Day. When Mr. Travers, the local Protestant minister, investigates, it is found that James Day fabricated the entire story with the help of his uncles, in order to help him change religions to Roman Catholic, and to leave the service of his master. After repenting these actions, James Day "promises amendment of life and diligence in his Masters service for the future." (1)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Detection of a Popish Cheat. Dublin: 1696, 1

Mother Barnes   Co-conspirator

A woman from St. Osyth in the county of Essex and the mother of Ales Hunt and Margary Sammon, Mother Barnes is alternately described as "a notorious Witch" and as "no witch" by Joan Pechey. She allegedly gave her daughter, Margery Sammon two familiar spirits, in the shape of toads, instructing her to feed and care for them, or to give them to Mother Pechey if she would not. Mother Barnes is accused of conspiring with her daughter Ales Hunt to bewitch Rebbecca Durrant, after her father Henry refused to give them some pork. Rebbecca Durrant died November 24th. Although her Hunt was indicted for the malefic murder of Rebbecca Durrant (and found not guilty) Mother Barnes never made it to court. She died on February 12, 1582. (C4-C4v)

Appears in:
W., W. . A True and Just Record, of the Information, Examination and Confession of all the Witches, taken at S. Osyth in the county of Essex. London: 1582, C4-C4v

Anonymous 411   Co-conspirator

A young man from Bewdley in the county of Worcestershire, who watches among other people "in Charity" over a "Sanguine strong Maid," (Anonymous 409), and prays with her during her "Histerical strange fits." This young man was "more with her than the rest," and often observed her during her Fits, where she would "toss her naked Body about, she being strong and comely." His "Lust was provoked," and on numerous fits, they sinned together. This did seem to ease the maid for a time, which "enticed him the more to do it," as "an Act of (Wicked) Compassion." In fact, it is believed this did nothing but "Enrage the Disease." When the maid is healed of her fits, the young man comes forth and "made known" what they had done. Richard Baxter believes that the maid was originally afflicted by "a suror uterinus," and then gained "a Real possession," as a "punishment of their Sins." The young man marries the maid, and "professed deep Repentance." However, Richard Baxter still advises that the young man not be received to Church Communion. (195)

Appears in:
Baxter, Richard. The Certainty of the Worlds of Spirits and, Consequently, of the Immortality of Souls. London: 1691, 195

Anonymous 423   Co-conspirator

A man from Sherborne in the county of Dorset, who is "much devoted to a glass of Liquour, as is usual with men of his function," and found himself as a man that was "very unfit for any other Contemplations." One day, while talking with a falconer (Anonymous 422), he told the falconer that "Falconers used to look upwards, and blaspheme, when the Huntsman looked downwards, and therefore minded him to regard his own state." That night, the huntsman slept, only to be awakened by the falconer who had seen a goblin (Anonymous 172). The huntsman only says, "Good Devil, do not mistake, for that is the Falconer." This is so disconcerting to the falconer and the chaplain (Anonymous 424) whose house they stayed at, that the huntsman was "discharged" as an "unwelcome Guest." (196 - 198)

Appears in:
Bovet, Richard. Pandaemonium. London: 1684, 196 - 198

Elizabeth Cook   Co-conspirator

A woman from London, who allegedly accompanies Elizabeth Jackson, an old woman accused of bewitching the young girl Mary Glover, to visit fortune tellers. Elizabeth Jackson confesses that Elizabeth Cook "did at that time geve xl to have her fortune tould her." The act of visiting fortune tellers is considered associated with witchcraft. (Fol. 35v)

Appears in:
Bradwell, Stephen. Mary Glover's Late Woeful Case. Unknown: 1603, Fol. 35v

Jackson (Daughter)   Co-conspirator

A woman likely from the parish of Little All Hallows in Thames street, London, and the daughter of Elizabeth Jackson, a charwoman accused of bewitching the young girl, Mary Glover. Elizabeth Jackson's daughter is known to have accompanied her mother at once to fortune tellers. This behaviour places her mother further under suspicion of witchcraft when this evidence is presented at Elizabeth Jackson's trial. (Fol. 35v)

Appears in:
Bradwell, Stephen. Mary Glover's Late Woeful Case. Unknown: 1603, Fol. 35v

Anonymous 478   Co-conspirator

A boy from London, who works at an inn as a tapsters boy. He is quite talented at imitating "the crowing of a Cock, the neighing of a Horse, the barking of a Dogge, the quacking of Ducks, and the noyse of many several Beasts." He is employed by a Cambridge scholar (Anonymous 468) in order to convince a minister (Anonymous 467) that the scholar is capable of conjuring the Devil in several shapes. The boy is so convincing, the minister believes real animals are conjured. However, the boy exposes himself from "under the Bed" in laughter. Even after this, the minister would not be persuaded that animals were not present in the room. This story is used as an example of how even ministers can believe false information. (63 - 65)

Appears in:
Ady, Thomas. A Candle in the Dark . London: 1655, 63 - 65

Anonymous 471   Co-conspirator

A man from London, who serves in King James' court. This man was so talented at imposture, that "he could call the King by name, and cause the King to look round about him." When this was revealed, the King took "merriment" in asking Anonymous 471 "to make sport upon some of his Courtiers," including one Sir John. Anonymous 471 would call out Sir John's name, without revealing himself, in order to get Sir John "to stamp with madness," and find himself unable to ever begin discourse with the King due to constant interruption. (81 - 82)

Appears in:
Ady, Thomas. A Candle in the Dark . London: 1655, 81 - 82

Joan Pechey   Cunning-folk

Joan Pechey is a woman who lived in St. Osyth, in the county of Essex for at least eleven years and who claims to be somewhere above sixty years old before and the mother of Phillip Barrenger. She is allegedly described by Widow Barnes, via her daughter Margerie Sammons, as "skilfull and cunning in witcherie," and a woman who could both do "as much as the said mother Barnes," or "any other in this towne of S. Osees." She allegedly bewitched Johnson, the Collector and distributer of alms after her gave her "bread was to hard baked for her," she being an old woman, presumably should have received a softer loaf and the harder bread should have been given to "a gyrle or another, and not to her." She denies any involvement in witchcraft and denies Mother Barnes had any either. She also denies the accusations of incest between herself and her twenty three year old son, Phillip Barrenger, who confessed that "manye times and of late hee hath layne in naked bed with his owne mother, being willed and commaunded so to doe of her." Although Margarey Sammon allegedly sent her familiars (formerly her mother's two familiars) Tom and Robbyn skipping and leaping off to Pechey's home, and Ales Hunt claimed that she had heard Pechey scolding her spirits, saying"yea are you so sawsie? are yee so bolde? you were not best to bee so bolde with mee: For if you will not bee ruled, you shall haue Symonds sause, yea saide the saide Ioan, I perceiue if I doe giue you an inch, you you will take an ells," Pechey likewise denied these charges. She claimed she indeed had pets, a kitten and a dog, but no "Puppettes, Spyrites or Maumettes." Although she was "committed to prison for suspicion of felony and upon inquisition," she was released by proclamation. (C5-C6)

Appears in:
W., W. . A True and Just Record, of the Information, Examination and Confession of all the Witches, taken at S. Osyth in the county of Essex. London: 1582, C5-C6

Geillis Duncane   Cunning-folk

Geillis Duncane is a maidservant from the town Trenent, in the council area of East Lothiam, in the country of Scotland, whose healing practices are suspected of being witchcraft. (7)

Appears in:
Carmichael, James. News from Scotland, Declaring the Damnable Life and Death of Doctor Fian a Notable Sorcerer. London: 1592, 7

William Berry   Cunning-folk

William Berry is a man from Langham in the county of Rutland who was allegedly Joan Willimott's master for three years. According to Joan, William Berry gave her a spirit named Pretty; he asked her to open her mouth and told her "hee would blow into her a Fairy which should doe her good." A spirit then came out of her mouth in the shape of a woman and he willed Joan to give her soul to the spirit as it requested. (E4)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Wonderful Discovery of the Witchcrafts of Margaret and Phillip Flower. London: 1619, E4

Widow Worthington   Cunning-folk

A woman from Stapenhill in the county of Staffordshire, described as a cunning woman who is unable to cure the young boy, Thomas Darling, of his fits. (18)

Appears in:
D., I.. The Most Wonderfull and True Story, of a Certain Witch named Alice Gooderige of Stapen hill. London: 1597, 18

Dr. Bourn   Cunning-folk

A man from Yowell in the county of Surrey, known to be a doctor and a cunning-person, whom the parents of Mary Farmer allegedly consulted on the matter of her bewitchment. He is said to have confirmed that Mary was "under an ill tongue" and advised Mr. and Mrs. Farmer to save Mary's urine, close it in a bottle and bury it in the earth, then burn Mary's clothes, and that this would draw out the witch who had afflicted her. (1)

Appears in:
Anonymous. An Account of the Tryal and Examination of Joan Buts, for being a Common Witch and Inchantress. London: 1682, 1

Arnold's Wife   Cunning-folk

A woman who is identified by a local boat-cawker / cunning-man named Herring as the witch who "haunted" Annis Glascocke. (Cv, C2-C2v)

Appears in:
W., W. . A True and Just Record, of the Information, Examination and Confession of all the Witches, taken at S. Osyth in the county of Essex. London: 1582, Cv, C2-C2v

Anonymous 7   Cunning-folk

A cunningwoman from Pannier Alley, a street in the city of London, who appears to a maid, tells her fortune, and sells her a love powder (4-5)

Appears in:
Anonymous. News from Pannier-alley, or, A True Relation of some Pranks the Devil hath Play'd with a Plaster-pot There. London: 1687, 4-5

Mother Bungy   Cunning-folk

A cunning woman and witch, from Rochester in the county of Kent, she is known as 'the great witch of Rochester,' but described by Reginald Scot as a "cousening queane." Bungy is renown for her ability to foretell and prophesy. (80, 116, 125, 126, 324, 341-342)

Appears in:
Scot, Reginald. Scot's Discovery of Witchcraft Proving the Common Opinions of Witches Contracting with Devils, Spirits, or Familiars. London: 1651, 80, 116, 125, 126, 324, 341-342

Dr. Jacob   Cunning-folk

A man from Yarmouth in the County of Suffolk, known to be an unwitcher or cunning-person, whom Dorothy Durent alleged that she had consulted in her deposition. She claimed that she went to him after her infant son William developed fits due to his reputation for helping bewitched children. According to Durent's deposition, he had advised her to "hang up the Childs Blanket in the Chimney corner all day, and at night when she put the Child to Bed, to put it into the said blanket, and if she found any thing in it, she should not be afraid, but to throw it into the Fire." When she did so, a great toad fell out of William's blanket, which made a horrible noise and flashed like gunpowder when held in the fire before disappearing. (8-10)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A Tryal of Witches. London: 1682, 8-10

Anonymous 326 (Plural)   Cunning-folk

A group of "wizards" from Knaresborough forest in North Yorkshire who allegedly practice and teach countermagic. (34-35)

Appears in:
Fairfax, Edward . Daemonologia: a Discourse on Witchcraft as it was Acted in the Family of Mr. Edward Fairfax. Unknown: 1621, 34-35

Margaret Russell (Countess)   Cunning-folk

A woman who lived in London. In an attempt to save Elizabeth Jennings, Margaret Russell appears to attempt to access a network of female physicians and cunning women, but would come to be accused of, examined for, and imprisoned for bewitching Jennings. She is accused blaming Jennings' possession on a conflict between the Jennings' and Higgins' houses. ()

Appears in:
Unknown, . The Bewitchment of Elizabeth Jennings. British Library MS Add. 36674, fols. 134-7. Foster, Donald W., ed. "The Bewitchment of Elizabeth Jennings." Normalized text, ed. D. Foster (1999), from British Library MS Add. 36674, fols. 134-7. Poughkeepsie, NY: Vassar College, 1999.: 1622,

Cunning Man   Cunning-folk

A man from Stapenhill in the county of Staffordshire, described as a cunning man who comes to Robert Toones home to help cure Toones nephew, Thomas Darling. The cunning man sends for the Witch of Stapen Hill, and attempts to coerce a confession by putting her in painful and constricting shoes. (24-25)

Appears in:
D., I.. The Most Wonderfull and True Story, of a Certain Witch named Alice Gooderige of Stapen hill. London: 1597, 24-25

Anonymous 198   Cunning-folk

A cunning woman who John RIvet consults regarding his wife's (Mrs. RIvet) violent fits. Anonymous 198 informs John Rivet that his wife has been bewitched by two of his neighbours. (5)

Appears in:
H., F.. A True and Exact Relation of the severall Informations, Examinations, and Confessions of the late Witches, arraigned and executed in the County of Essex. . London: 1645, 5

John Lambe   Cunning-folk

Doctor John Lambe is a man from Worcester in the county of Worcestershire, known to be an astrologer, cunning-man, teacher of gentleman's children, magician and juggler, and to style himself a physician. He employed Anne Bodenham as a maid. He stood charges at the Worcester Assizes for "two seuerall Inditements; one for vnchristian and damnable practises against the person of an Honourble Peere of this Realme; and the other for damnable inuocation and worship of euill Spirits." The first charge referred to an attempt to disable or weaken the Thomas, sixth Lord Windsor. He was found guilty on both charges, but judgement was suspended in the case of the first. Dr. Lambe allegedly drew Mr. Wayneman into his practice of conjuration and promised to show him an angel, but summoned a spirit instead. He is said to posses the skill to "intoxicate, poyson, and bewitch any man so as they should be disabled from begetting of children," and to have four spirits trapped in a crystal glass. He called the chief sprit Benias. He also predicted the drowning of Lady Fairfax's brothers. While at a gentleman's house entertaining guests with juggling tricks, Anthony Birch saw shapes in his crystal ball. Through the use of his spirits, he could "vndertake any difficult thing, and did very often discouer and bring to light goods and chattels although they had for a long time beene lost," tell whether someone was a witch or not, what disease afflicted a person whether he had seen them or not, and show women their future husbands in his crystal ball. He could also tell what private marks a person had on their body and personal details they had kept secret. 40 people involve in his arraignment allegedly died within two weeks after. Dr. Lambe was indicted a second time on charges of luring Joan Seager, an 11-year-old girl, to his home and raping her. He was found guilty and sentenced to death for this violation, but was pardoned by the crown. Some evidence surfaced suggesting that Seager's father owed Dr. Lambe money, and that the rape charge was laid shortly after he tried to collect on the debt. A year later, Dr. Lambe attended a play at the Fortune Theatre in London and was mobbed when he left. The mob pursued him and beat him to death with stones and cudgels. (2-3)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A Briefe Description of the Notorious Life of John Lambe. Amsterdam: 1628, 2-3

Anonymous 227   Cunning-folk

A woman, likely an unwitcher, cunning woman, or female physician, described as dwelling "12 miles from Waltham," and having some skill in treating the bewitched, Anonymous 227 prescribed some treatment for Israel Amyce, administered before he went to bed, and enabled him to feel better in the next morning (and perhaps begin on the road to recovery). ()

Appears in:
Roberts, R. A.. Calendar of the Cecil Papers in Hatfield House, Volume 10: 1600. Unknown: 1904,

Anonymous 247   Cunning-folk

A man from the county of Essex, described as a cunning-man who is a "notable cousening Knave [..] skilful in the Black Art," a "deceiving Witch," and a "conjurer," who with the help of a "confederate" (Anonymous 248) runs a confidence scam against a local butcher who is seeking help finding a lost cow/ cattle. The cunning-man is exposed when his partner, dressed menacingly like the devil, or a devil, is attacked by the butcher's dog and is forced to revel himself to have the man call off his dog. (62-63)

Appears in:
Ady, Thomas. A Candle in the Dark . London: 1655, 62-63

Anonymous 248   Cunning-folk

A man from the county of Essex, described as a cunning-man who works with Anonymous 247 to run a confidence scam against a local butcher who is seeking help finding a lost cow/ cattle. His job was to cover himself in a "Bulls Hide, and a pair of horns on his head," and pose as the Devil to terrify the butcher who was meant to be seeing the Devil. The butcher figured out the con and returned with his Boy and a mastiff, who attacked the disguised man and forced him to revel himself in exchange for having the butcher call off his dog. (62)

Appears in:
Ady, Thomas. A Candle in the Dark . London: 1655, 62

Mrs. Hoyve   Cunning-folk

A woman Hadleigh in the county of Suffolk, described as the "wife of one Hovye," who acts as a cunning-woman and consultant when Mrs Rivet grows ill in late December (1645) becoming "sicke, and lame, with such violent fits, that this Informant verily conceived her sicknesse was something more then meerly naturall." Mrs. Hovye tells John Rivet that his wife was "cursed by two women who were neere neighbours to this Informant, the one dwelling a little above his house, and the other beneath his house, this Informants house standing on the side of an Hill." Rivet deduced that Elizabeth Clarke was one the witches, based on the proximity of her home and the common knowledge that "Elizabeths mother and some other of her kinsfolke did suffer death for Witchcraft and murther." ()

Appears in:
H., F.. A True and Exact Relation of the severall Informations, Examinations, and Confessions of the late Witches, arraigned and executed in the County of Essex. . London: 1645,

Dr. Redman   Cunning-folk

A man from Amersham in the county of Buckinghamshire, described as "Conjurer," or an "honest and able Physician," Redman appears to be an untrained, but practicing physician / cunningman, who was "once sent to Prison" for either practicing medicine without a license, or witchcraft. Mary Hall's possessing spirits suggest Redman could help heal her. Redman instructs her parents to "take the length of the Child with a Stick, and measure so much ground in the Churchyard, and there dig, and bury the Stick of the Childs length, and the Child suddenly recovered." Although Redman appears to heal, in part with the aid of astrology, his pratice seems based on sympathetic magic. He once advised a client to urinate in a hole in the crossroads to cure himself of Ague and another to boil an egg in urine and bury it in an ant hill to cure his distemper. Although his practice crosses magic, medicine, and folklore, it is not actually witchcraft. (39-40)

Appears in:
Drage, William. Daimonomageia a Small Treatise of Sickness and Diseases from Witchcraft. London: 1665, 39-40

Anonymous 147   Cunning-folk

A man from Winchester Park in the London Borough of Southwark, described as a physician or astrologer who provides John Crump a means of curing his bewitched daughter, Hannah Crump. Anonymous 147 suggests that in order to unwitch Hannah, he would have to take the curse on himself. The curse, he suggests, needs to be carried by someone; if not Hannah, than him, if not him the witch who cursed her would have to carry the curse until her familiars could plague someone else with it. (18)

Appears in:
Barrow, John. The Lord's Arm Stretched Out in an Answer of Prayer, or, A true Relation of the Wonderful Deliverance of James Barrow. London: 1664, 18

Anonymous 255   Cunning-folk

A man from the Isle of Ely (now a region around the city of Ely in the county of Cambridgeshire) who is described as a "white Witch, or Necromancer, Sorcerer, Magician." He gave a man tormented with fits (Anonymous 254) an "Amulet or Charm to hang about his neck, and so long as he wore that, he was freed; he durst not leave it off." This wizard also asked Anonymous 254 "if they were wicked People, else, he said, he could not, or would not help them." The they here is somewhat opaque. It appears that he seems like an unwitcher, but the pronoun confusion allows this to be read as him only taking wicked people as clients. (20)

Appears in:
Drage, William. Daimonomageia a Small Treatise of Sickness and Diseases from Witchcraft. London: 1665, 20

Thomas Shakilton   Cunning-folk

A man and labourer from Aldersgate Street, in the City of London, who is said to "occupieth the syve and sheeres [divination tools]." This information comes from William Whycherly during his 1597 examination by Sir Thomas Smith. (334)

Appears in:
Foxe, Thomas Cranmer, John Gough Nichols, John. Narratives of the Days of the Reformation. Unknown: 1859, 334

Mrs. Morgan   Cunning-folk

A woman, and the wife of Christopher Morgan, from Beche-lane, besides the Barbicane, (now Beach Street, near the Barbican complex in the City of London), who is said to "occupieth the syve and sheeres [divination tools]." This information comes from William Whycherly during his 1597 examination by Sir Thomas Smith. (334)

Appears in:
Foxe, Thomas Cranmer, John Gough Nichols, John. Narratives of the Days of the Reformation. Unknown: 1859, 334

Mrs. Croxton   Cunning-folk

A woman from Golding Lane in the parish of St. Giles who allegedly "occupieth the syve and sheeres [divination tools], and she only speaketh with the fayrayes [faries]." This information comes from William Whycherly during his 1597 examination by Sir Thomas Smith. (334)

Appears in:
Foxe, Thomas Cranmer, John Gough Nichols, John. Narratives of the Days of the Reformation. Unknown: 1859, 334

Anne Hook   Cunning-folk

A woman from Wapping in the county of Greater London, known to be an Irish cunningwoman, who was allegedly offered money by the confederates to murder Anne Levingston. Hook was also employed to procure witnesses who would swear to the advantage of the confederates; Hook is alleged to have sworn against Levingston herself. (3-5)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A Declaration in Answer to Several Lying Pamphlets Concerning the Witch of Wapping. London: 1652, 3-5

Anonymous 370   Cunning-folk

A woman from the London borough of Southwark, known to be a cunning-woman, whom Richard Hathaway and his friends (Anonymous 368) consulted when he was cured of his blindness and inability to eat or drink, but left passing pins in his stool. She advised them to boil Hathaway's urine in a stone bottle, but the bottle burst into pieces when they did so, returning Hathaway to his former state even though none of the shards touched him. (1)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A Full and True Account of the Apprehending and Taking of Mrs. Sarah Moordike. Unknown: 1701, 1

Dr. Ha[w]ks   Cunning-folk

A man from Spitalfields in the borough of Greater London, known to be a doctor, to whom Mr. Chamblet came for advice on un-witching his wife Mrs. Chamblet after the death of their daughter Elizabeth; Dr. Ha[w]ks advises that Mr. Chamblet boil a quart of Mrs. Chamblet's urine with parings from her nails and some of her hair. (4)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A Full and True Account of the Proceedings at the Sessions of Oyer and Terminer. London: 1682, 4

Condy   Cunning-folk

A man of Stoke Climsland in the county of Cornwall, known to be a cunning person, to whom alleged demoniac Thomas Sawdie's uncle (Anonymous 376) came for a cure for Sawdie's fits. Condy declaired Sawdie to be "overlookt" and first prescribed a plaster, a powder and a little bag to hang around the boy's neck. When this failed to cure him, Condy next prescribed only a powder and the promise of a cure; the third time, he simply charged Sawdie's family with watching him carefully and not to let the boy out of their sight. (3)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A Return of Prayer: or A Faithful Relation of Some Remarkable Passages of Providence concerning Thomas Sawdie. London: 1664, 3

Mother Ratcliffe   Cunning-folk

A woman from St. Osyth in the county of Essex and likely a cunning woman, wise woman, or medical practitioner. When Annis Letherdall comes to believe that her year and a half old daughter, Elizabeth, who is then "in most piteous case to beholde," has been bewitched by Ursley Kempe, she takes the child to see Mother Racliffe because "shee had some experience of her skill." Ratcliffe appears to be a neighbor of Ursley Kempe; to get to Ratcliffe's home, Letherdall has to pass by Kempe's home, prompting Elizabeth to cry and point. Although Ratcliffe "doubted shee shoulde doe it any good, yet shee ministred" to Letherdall's daughter. She was indeed unable to do much good, the infant died and Kempe was charged for the crime. (A2V-A3)

Appears in:
W., W. . A True and Just Record, of the Information, Examination and Confession of all the Witches, taken at S. Osyth in the county of Essex. London: 1582, A2V-A3

John Hutton   Cunning-folk

A man from Sunderland in the County of Northumberland, known to be "one it was suspected that could do more then God allowed of." During one of her fits, Mary Muschamp wrote an abbreviation of his name, and the undeciphered abbreviation of one other person's name. Mary Moore sent to him shortly therafter, demanding that he confess who had afflicted Margaret and threatening to apprehend him if he would not. Moore's servant reported back his answer: "DOROTHY SVVINOVV wife then to Colonell SVVINOVV, was the party that had done all the mischiefe to her child, and was the cause of all her further crosses." John Hutton also blamed Swinow for the death of Margery Hambleton. When Hutton heard that Margaret wanted two drops of his blood to save her life, he tried to do it himself privately; instead "the child nickt him halfe a dozen times in the forehead, but no bloud appeared; then he put forth his right arme and that was not till her mother threatned his heart bloud should goe before she wanted it; then he layd his thumb on his arme, and two drops appeared, which she wip'd off with a paper." Margaret later claimed two more drops would save her brother, George Muschamp Jr.; her mother Mary Moore hunted Hutton down and took more of his blood. Margaret's fits were observed to not trouble her in Hutton's company, and she fell into a terrible one when he left. Moore had Hutton apprehended, and he died in prison. Margaret claimed that he was her greatest tormentor, and had he lived, he would have given them the names of two more witches. He is said to have been able to call up storms, and is credited with nearly blowing a ship off course as it entered Berwick Harbour. (7-11)

Appears in:
Moore, Mary. Wonderfull Newes from the North. London: 1650, 7-11

Mother Gillam   Cunning-folk

A woman from the vicinity of Castle Alley near Broken Wharf in London, known to be a wisewoman or cunningwoman. When Anne Kirk bewitches a child in retaliation for not being invited to its christening, the parents consult with Mother Gillam. She recognizes that the child has been forespoken, and advises its parents to "cut of a piece of the witches coate with a payre of sheeres, & burne it togeather with the childs vnder cloth." (100)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Trial of Maist. Dorrell. Unknown: 1599, 100

Anonymous 461   Cunning-folk

A man from the vicinity of Castle Alley near Broken Wharf in London, known to be a cunning-man. The innkeeper Anonymous 459 consulted with him when his child became strangely tormented. Anonymous 461 revealed, after making Anonymous 459 swear not to tell who told him, that Anne Kirk was responsible for the child's affliction. He showed Anonymous 459 Anne Kirk's image in a glass. (100-101)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Trial of Maist. Dorrell. Unknown: 1599, 100-101

Anonymous 487   Cunning-folk

A man from Ware in the county of Hertfordshire, who is known as a "Cunning man, Wizard, or Fortune-teller." He is visited by his neighbour, Thomas Stretton, who has lost his Bible and wishes to consult the cunning man to find it. However, the two engage in an argument when Stretton accuses Anonymous 487 of being "a Witch or a Devil, seeing he could neither write nor read." These words anger Anonymous 487, and his wife, Anonymous 322. In turn, it is believed they cause Jane Stretton, Thomas Stretton's daughter, to be bewitched, and suffer from a number of violent fits. When it is discovered that Anonymous 487 and Thomas Stretton fought, he is brought forward to Jane Stretton with his wife, while the young girl is in the midst of a violent fit. (1 - 3)

Appears in:
Y., M.. The Hartford-shire Wonder. London: 1669, 1 - 3

Hannah Crump   Demoniac

Hannah Crump is a girl from Warwick in the county of Warwickshire, identified as the daughter of John Crump, and who is "afflicted with strange fits. Crump is taken to Thomas Hospital in Southwark where she "was taken with one of her fits in such a manner that they would not [attempt to cure her,] but said she was fitter for Bedlam than to come into an Hospital among sick People." She was then taken to see a cunning-man or physician in "Winchester Park in Southwark," who after taking her patient history confirmed that she was bewitched and offered to cure her for five pounds, but suggested that he take on the bewitchment himself. Someone, he claimed, had to bare the curse, once it was made; if not him, than the witch herself, until one of her familiars could infect someone else with it. It occurs to Hannah Crump's sister that prayer and fasting may help Hannah Crump with her dispossession. Her family arranges for such a day to happen. During this day, Hannah Crump rises from her bed "in a very great race," tearing at her clothes, and crying out "in a lamentable manner." Although there are times Hanna Crump quiets down, she still resists, kicking her father, and continuing to burn herself and her family members, breaking windows, and demanding her tabacco pipe. She reveals during prayers that her illness befell her after she consumed an apple a woman (Anonymous 488) brought her in sickness. Her family turns their prayers towards stopping the witch's powers, and she resists violently, spitting at her father. Prayer continues until evening, when Hannah Crump is "quiet on the bed, as one that was willing to rest her self after a weary dayes work." Upon waking, Hannah Crump finds herself able to take a bible and read it for an hour or two. John Crump and his daughter, Hannah, rejoice as she is dispossessed, and her affliction never affected her again. (18 - 20)

Appears in:
Barrow, John. The Lord's Arm Stretched Out in an Answer of Prayer, or, A true Relation of the Wonderful Deliverance of James Barrow. London: 1664, 18 - 20

Jane Stretton   Demoniac

Jane Stretton is a young woman of about twenty years old from Ware in the county of Hertfordshire, who is allegedly afflicted and tortured by witchcraft thought to be caused by a cunning man (Anonymous 487) and his wife (Anonymous 322). During her fits, Stretton is "forced to live like a chameleon, on air" and also endures vomiting of "flax and hair and thread-ends and crooked pins; while blue, whit, and red flames came in the intervals out of her mouth, and her body was continually slashed and cut with a knife, and imps in the shape of frogs, and toads, and mice forever haunted her." The worst pain of her fits come from her back, as it often feels she is being stabbed. Upon making Jane Stretton's bed, a knife is found, but no one knowns how it came to be there. Although medicine is applied to her, it only seems to aggravate her condition. Jane Stretton is often described as quite innocent and trusting. Her fits begin when she accepts drink from Anonymous 322, and when she provides a pin to the same woman, but neither time did she link her fits to Anonymous 322. These fits last some nine months, during which she cannot eat or pass stool, only being able to consume syrups. Her condition causes many people from other villages to come and visit her and observe "the wonder" of her condition, that she may survive on so little sustenance. (Image 5 - Image 6)

Appears in:
Y., M.. The Hartford-shire Wonder. London: 1669, Image 5 - Image 6

James Barrow   Demoniac

Jame Barrow is a boy from the London Borough of Southwark described as the son of John Barrow who suffers from violent fits that start when it seems like the child is being burned. This fit lasts for a week, during which time Barrow also walks up and down a room, throws his hat from his head, lays his hands under his belly, screeches lamentably, and makes a croaking sound. He is also visited by a number of devils in the form of rats and cats, who demand his soul. During some of James Barrow's fits, he is also rendered lame, dumb, and blind. During one particular incident, James Barrow finds that he can control his fits by confining himself to a particular stool in the house. However, whenever anyone else sits on the stool, he falls over on his back. Because of the nature of James Barrow's fits, he also finds it impossible to eat until he sings. At times, he calls out the names of people, most particularly, Sam Man, John Sames, Mol Williams, and Mary Prett. Other incidents include James Barrow's inability to articulate to his father why he sits at a table with a pen, ink and a pin; a fit that causes James Barrow's feet to be extremely cold; and the inability for James Barrow to hear the Bible read in his presence without roaring or crying. Eventually, James Barrow's father, John Barrow, seeks help from outside. He first employs the help of physician and astrologer, John Hubbard, who believes Barrow has been bewitched. They use "fopperies and charms" including hanging papers around James Barrow's neck, and putting quills and quicksilver under the door. These prove unsuccessful at healing James Barrow. John Hubbard's second attempt to cure James Barrow of bewitchment is through cutting the boy's hair in a round circle, and trimming his fingers and toe nails. These are trimmings are wrapped in paper and deposited in an oak tree. This also proves useless at curing James Barrow's fits as well. However, after taking some medicine from doctors, astrologers, and apothecaries, James Barrow vomits, and seems well for a time, taking up an apprenticeship. However, after three months, James Barrow claims a rat entered his body, and he acts like a changeling, being unable to eat any food unless in his own household. Following this, John Barrow takes his son to a number of wise men, including: an Irish Roman Catholic (Anonymous 144), Lord Abony, a gentleman (Anonymous 146), a group of friars, and a doctor (Anonymous 487). No one seems able to cure James Barrow. However, shortly after this, John Barrow desires to engage in fasting and prayer for his son, resulting in three days of fasting and prayer, at the end of which he is restored and dispossessed. At first, James Barrow cannot even stand to hear the name of God and Christ, crying out "Legat, go to the Devil Legat," although his mouth did not move. As well, he shies away from the Bible. By the end of the first day, however, he seemed to rejoice at the sight of the Bible. A second day of exorcism consisted of prayers for the better part of the day, which James Barrow endures well until night, when "he fell into a very great Agony." The third day, James Barrow admits to "strong temptations of the Devil, namely to cut his throat, or drown himself, or knock out his brains against a post." Prayer is still performed for the boy, and he roars like a dog, and tears at his clothing. A departure of five spirits is noted from the boy, after which time he is restored. (5 - 8)

Appears in:
Barrow, John. The Lord's Arm Stretched Out in an Answer of Prayer, or, A true Relation of the Wonderful Deliverance of James Barrow. London: 1664, 5 - 8

Thomas Darling   Demoniac

A thirteen year old boy from Burton upon Trent in the county of Staffordshire, who suffers from fits and is allegedly bewitched by Alice Gooderidge. According to John Darrell, Goodridge sent her familiar Minnie to torment him; he also claimed to have dispossessed the boy. Darrell later faced trial on charges of instructing Darling and others to counterfeit both their possessions and their dispossessions to bolster his own reputation. Darling gave a confession that was presented as evidence in court, but was allegedly barred from making the charges in person. Darrell's defense claimed Darling had been threatened with torture to make the confession in the first place, and that the prosecution had kept him from the court to prevent him from retracting that confession. (4)

Appears in:
D., I.. The Most Wonderfull and True Story, of a Certain Witch named Alice Gooderige of Stapen hill. London: 1597, 4

Mary Hall   Demoniac

A young woman from Littte Gaddsen in the county of Hertfordshire and the daughter of a local smith. She is described as described as "very young, and seems bashful, and modest," a "civil fair-conditioned Maid," whose "Friends [are] inclined to the Anabaptists Sect, and most that came to pray by her were of their Teachers." Hall suffers a strange and disturbing illness which made her feet shake, her body convulse, and for her to shout out strange things. This illness first appears in Autumn 1663. She was taken to see a physician, a Dr. Woodhouse, a man described as " Doctor Woodhouse from Berkhamsted, in the county of Hertfordshire, "a Man famous in curing bewitched persons," who tested her urine and diagnosed her as bewitched / possessed. Hall was exorcised over "stinking Suffumigations," which made he (strain to) vomit. She was temporarily cured, but as of August 1664 (until presumably the time of publication (1665) her torments and voices and noises were soon heard inside of her again, like the "mewing of Cats, barking of Dogs, roaring of Bears, &c. at last a Voice spoke in her, Pus Cat, what a Cat?" It was concluded that this was an "evil spirit" which plagued Hall with these "tricks and torments, [and] convulsions." Hall pinpoints her possession as beginning sometime after she saw "two Flies come down the Chimny to her." She is allegedly possessed by two spirits sent by local witches Goodwife Young and Goodwife Harrod, spirits which attempted to possess her father but were unable to. Mary was soon tempted to self-destruction (by burning, drowning, and scalding herself), and was unable to ride her horse or read the bible. Her possession manifest as convulsions and a choking sensation, although she would also be made to dance and flail about. She is also treated by Sanders (an astrologer and chiromancer), and Mr. Redman (physician and conjurer). (32)

Appears in:
Drage, William. Daimonomageia a Small Treatise of Sickness and Diseases from Witchcraft. London: 1665, 32

William Spicer   Demoniac

A man from Beckenton in Somersetshire, known to be 18 years old. He is said to have regularly taunted an old woman (Anonymous 8) living in the Alms-House by calling her witch and telling her of her buns. Enraged, she appealed to a Justice of the Peace and Spicer was "so frightened, that he humbled himself to her, and promised never to call her so again." A few days later, he began to have strange fits; this condition lasted a fortnight. During these fits, he claimed to see "this Old Woman against the Wall in the same Room of the House where he was, and that sometimes she did knock her Fist at him; sometimes grin her Teeth, and sometimes laugh at him." Three or four men would be needed to hold him while in the throes of a fit. Whenever he asked for a small beer, he would vomit 30 or more crooked pins. (1)

Appears in:
Anonymous. Great News from the West of England being a True Account of Two Young Persons Lately Bewitched in the Town of Beckenton in Somerset-shire. London: 1689, 1

Joan Jorden   Demoniac

A woman from Stradbrook in the county of Suffolk, known to be the servant of Symon Fox. She allegedly had a falling out with Doll Bartham when she refused to give Bartham some of Symon Fox's goods. Bartham first sent three toads to torment Jorden and keep her from sleeping, but the first was thrown out the window, and the next two burnt in the fire. She then sent her cat, Gyles, to Jorden. He made strange noises in the night, would pin her down and kiss her, and talked often both to her and to anyone who would hear him. Gyles told the onlookers that he came for Jorden's life. Jorden suffered fits after Gyles began to visit her. In these fits, a lump arose and moved about her body, she struggled so hard she broke a chair and needed six men to restrain her, and was thrown violently against a wall and under the bed. Witnesses saw her eyes sink into her head, her head bend backwards almost to her hips, and her teeth close fast. She cried out " Barthram, thou hast killed mee" before numerous witnesses. (92-98)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Trial of Maist. Dorrell. Unknown: 1599, 92-98

William Sommers   Demoniac

A man Nottingham in the county of Nottinghamshire, who at the age of 19 or 20 allegedly had several fits after being bit by a familiar named Lucie. During this time, William Sommers was imprisoned, where the Devil appeared to him in the shape of a mouse and demanded that Sommers let him back in, promising to save him from death if he yielded. Sommers allegedly agreed to being repossessed and, though he was still tormented in truth, pretended that everything he had done under possession before had been faked. Yet, when the high Sheriff demanded in the name of God that Sommers tell the truth, Sommers was cast into a fit. To determine whether he was faking, pins were thrust into his hand and leg; when he roused from the fit, he said it was the other hand which had been pricked, and that he had fallen due to stomach problems. When they brought him back to question a second time, he tried to fling himself over the gallery and break his neck. The second questioning proved to everyone's satisfaction that he was indeed possessed. Sommers was brought to London and kept first by a barber of evil repute, then by the Bishop of London. Sommers continued to insist that he had only been pretending to be possessed, and furthermore, Mr. Darrell had hired him to do it. Mr. Darrell countered, insisting that Sommers' actions while possessed were not listed in Scripture as impossible, therefore they were indeed possible and proof of possession; this argument is regarded as a poor one. It is nonetheless agreed that there is no way Sommers could have counterfeited such things as his eyes, hands and face becoming unnaturally black, or turning his head all the way around. Numerous depositions are given, and taken as proof of Sommers' possessions. After his dispossession, Sommers named Millcent Horselie as a witch, and was able to give details of her examination despite not being present for it. John Darrell later faced trial on charges of instructing Sommers and others to counterfeit both their possessions and their dispossessions to bolster his own reputation. Sommers gave deposition against Darrell, and demonstrated a counterfeit swelling before the high Commission at Lambeth in support of his claim. (Images 3, 6, 7, 8, 15, 20-21)

Appears in:
Co., G.. A Breife Narration of the Possession, Dispossession, and, Repossession of William Sommers. Amsterdam: 1598, Images 3, 6, 7, 8, 15, 20-21

Joyce Dovey   Demoniac

A young woman from Bewdley in the county of Worcestershire, who wasformerly little taken notice of Religion, until about four years since [...] after hearing of a Sermon, seemed to be much wrought upon and dejected, who afterwards fell into some passion, and (as was conceived by her friends) Convulsion fits, which in time grown stronger upon her, and observed especially to take her in time of private prayer, or performance of pious duties. By 1642, Dovey, troubled by religious talk, preaching, and prayer, begins to have convulsions. Doveys possession might have been brought on by the belief of military man who, by some discourse, and other informations, strongly imagined, that shee is possessed. Her keeper "lifte[ed] his heart up to the Lord in prayer," and "without uttering the words," said that, if Dovey were indeed possessed, "the Lord would be pleased to make it manifest" (2). Dalton recounts how Dovey immediately acted like a woman possessed. The devil who occupied her body attempted to destroy it from the inside out, and God, in his infinite mercy, continued to preserve her. Throughout her trials, Dovey was "often en thrown against walls and into the fire, but all without any hurt" (ibid.). Dalton also recalls how, when she was "cast into a great fire, some would have taken her out but her keeper said, let her alone, and observe the providence of God and straight away she was snatched out without humane help, not having any hurt, or so much as the smell of fire on her clothes." Most brutally, Dovey appears to have tried to kill herself: she "snatched a paire of Cizzers from a womans girdle, and applied them to her throat, and another time a knife from another, in an admirable quick way, and strook her breast, yet both without so much as a scarre in either place." It is unclear if Dovey is ever cured. (1-4)

Appears in:
Dalton, James. A Strange and True Relation of a Young Woman Possest with the Devill, by name Joyce Dovey. London: 1647, 1-4

Anne Starchie   Demoniac

A girl of Cleworth in the county of Lancashire in the parish of Leigh, known to be the daughter of NIcholas Starchie and the sister of John Starchie, who at the age of nine allegedly began to suffer fits caused by Edmund Hartley. She was first taken with a dumpy and heavy countenance. Anne Starchy is alleged to have been given to scoffing and blasphemy during her fits, and to have caused a loud whupping noise by joining hands with other possessed persons. She described her possessor as being a foul ugly man with a white beard and a head-sized bulge on his chest. It is said that she developed supernatural strength and knowledge, able to foretell her fits. (Image 5, 9, 21)

Appears in:
Darrel, John. A True Narration of the Strange and Greuous Vexation by the Devil, of 7. Persons in Lancashire, and William Somers of Nottingham. Unknown: 1600, Image 5, 9, 21

Eleanor Holland   Demoniac

A young girl of Cleworth in the County of Lancastershire in the parish of Leigh, known to be ten years of age and belong to the Starchie household, alleged to be afflicted with fits by Edmund Hartley. She is alleged to have been able to predict her fits and the details of them, and attributed this knowledge to a white dove. At one point, she and Elizabeth Hardman were unable to eat for three days and nights, nor speak to anyone but one another except " to ther lads. saue that their lads gaue them leaue (as the said) the one to eate a toast & drink, the other a sower milk posset." Hartley is said to have been angry that the ate, even with permission, and made them vomit it up. Holland was then made to spin with a distaff for an hour and a half, spinning faster and a finer thread than she ever had before. At a dinner, Holland and the Hardman sisters were thrown back, their bodies swelled, their faces disfigured, and strange motion was observed from within their bodies. Holland described her possessor as a great bear with an open mouth that turned into a white dove. (Image 6, 8, 10)

Appears in:
Darrel, John. A True Narration of the Strange and Greuous Vexation by the Devil, of 7. Persons in Lancashire, and William Somers of Nottingham. Unknown: 1600, Image 6, 8, 10

Jane Ashton   Demoniac

A young woman of Cleworth in Lancashire in the parish of Leigh, known to be 30 years old and a member of the Starchie household, who is alleged to have been afflicted with fits by Edmund Hartley. When asked to bear witness against Hartley, she began to bark and howl. Later, she became sick after going into Hartley's chamber and looking in his chest. At another time, her belly swelled as if she were pregnant, but over the course of a day, before shrinking again. It is said that before her barking fit, Hartley had been seen kissing her, and was thought to have promised her marriage. She was not dispossessed with the rest, but instead suffered pains and vomited up foamy, bloody matter. She was thought to have been dispossessed, however, though it came out the next day that she was still tormented. The exorcism was performed again, this time successfully; the Devil was seen to leave her in a great breath, ugly like a toad. She confessed that the Devil had made her lie the day before. (Image 6, 8, 9)

Appears in:
Darrel, John. A True Narration of the Strange and Greuous Vexation by the Devil, of 7. Persons in Lancashire, and William Somers of Nottingham. Unknown: 1600, Image 6, 8, 9

Margaret Byrom   Demoniac

A woman from Cleworth in the county of Lancashire in the parish of Leigh, known to have been employed within the Starchie household, who allegedly suffered fits caused by Edmund Hartley. The first incident she suffered was to be flung toward the kitchen fire; throughout that day she was repeatedly flung about. During other fits, her belly would roil and feel like something was rising from it to her heart or her head and nose would feel as if full of nails. When her belly was swollen, she would be lifted up and bounced, and when the swelling subsided she would bark and howl while her body was numbed with cold. At one time, she accompanied Hartley to Salford, where he prayed over her and they met with two Justices of the Peace who tried to get Byrom to speak against him; she was struck speechless and was cast down backwards. She would be struck with visions of a large black dog or a black cat coming at her. Six times in a six-week period, she was left unable to eat or drink; when permitted to eat, she would eat greedily and cry for more, complaining that she was still hungry. At another time, she felt pulled to pieces and a stinking smoke and breath rose from her for a day and night. Shortly before Hartley's hanging, the Devil appeared to her in Hartley's likeness, promising silver and gold if she "took heed what she said." (Image 7)

Appears in:
Darrel, John. A True Narration of the Strange and Greuous Vexation by the Devil, of 7. Persons in Lancashire, and William Somers of Nottingham. Unknown: 1600, Image 7

Sarah Bower   Demoniac

A fourteen year old girl from Wapping in London, who in 1693 starts suffering strange fits after an invisible hand hits her on the back while in a yard near her aunt's house, leaving her seeming as though she was dead. Sarah Bower is described as "of a Temper pretty Brisk and Lively, somewhat given to Pride." A surgeon (Anonymous 99) is sent for, and after blooding her, she seems somewhat recovered. However, Sarah Bower finds her side is numb after her fit, and she bends at the waist from the weight of her limbs that hang as though dead. Her fits continue in intervals over several weeks, and it is believed that these fits are caused by "Fright she might receive by the Stroke on the Back." The many doctors that visit Sarah Bower, including Richard Kirby, give her "Comfortable things to take." However, she is not cured, and the doctors proclaim that they had never seen fits of such a nature before. After six weeks of continued fits, Sarah Bower rises one morning to find that "she was taken Speechless." Her tongue was also contracted. With the permission of Sarah Bower's aunt, Kirby, an author and doctor put his hand into her mouth, and tried to move her tongue, only to find it fixed. Some time later, at a neighbour's house, a gentleman dressed all in black offered Sarah Bower riches in return from blood from her arm. However, this caused Sarah Bower to make all the "Noise that possible she could," causing her neighbours to come in, and the "black Gentleman or Devil [to] immediately Vanish[...]" When Sarah Bower tries to describe these events, most neighbours believe that "some Rogue had attempted to Rob the house." The following Thursday, Sarah Bower regains her power of speech, and relates the story about the Gentleman in black, citing that "he had sort of broad Feet like a Cow." She also tells of how an angel appeared to her, and advised her not to yield to Satan and predicted her death would arrive soon. The angel also sends a message through Sarah Bower, advising that if the "People of London, and England, did not speedily repent from their Sins, especially that of Pride in Apparrel, and turn from the Evil of their Ways, God Almighty would give them up as a Prey to their Enemies." She also predicted that she would lose the power of speech again, and "it would not be restored to her again till St. Thomas's-Day, at Christmas," when she would declare many more things. Further, Sarah Bower states that at two in the afternoon, she must go and meet the gentleman in black. Before this meeting, Sarah Bower looses her power of speech, and reads the 17th chapter of Matthew's Gospel in the Bible, while emitting a "buzzing Noise." At two o'clock, Sarah Bower leaves her room and went into the yard, "where she was soon thrown to the Ground in a strange manner," and her fits are more violent than every before. However, her neighbors could see "no Form or Shape [...] that could occasion her Fall." Sarah Bower's fits are believed to be caused by an Evil Spirit, that would "be troublesome, sometimes falling out a Laughing, other times making Faces at them," and spitting at those who pray for her. At other times during her fits, Sarah Bower barks like a dog, lowing like a bull, roaring like a lion, or makes "other most hedious Noise." It is believed that the Devil presents himself before her in "the hideous Shape of a Monstrous Fiery Dragon, other whiles a Lyon," and she is torn between the Angel "pulling one way, and the Devil another." (3)

Appears in:
Dirby, Richard . Dreadful News from Wapping. Unknown: 1693, 3

Anne Mylner   Demoniac

An eighteen year old maid from the city of Chester in the county of Cheshire who was allegedly possessed by a white spirit that enveloped her. She was possessed for fifteen to sixteen weeks. One day, she came home from the fields very sick and would only eat once every twenty-four hours. When she would eat, she would only eat bread and cheese. She had a fit and was in a trance from hour to hour. She was delivered by having vinegar spit up her nose until she called out for the blood of Christ and made to recite prayers with John Lane. The following day Mylner attends a sermon John Lane preached at Saint Mary's Cathedral in Chester (now St Mary's Centre, then Church of St Mary-on-the-Hill), where she attended. At the time of publication she "remayneth at this prese[n]t (praysed be god) in perfit good health and lyking." (Image 3-4)

Appears in:
Fisher, John. The Copy of a Letter Describing the Wonderful Woorke of God in Deliuering a Mayden within the City of Chester. London: 1565, Image 3-4

William Perry   Demoniac

A twelve year old boy who faked possession in order to get attention and gifts. He would have violent fits and vomit a variety of objects. (46)

Appears in:
B., R.. The Boy of Bilson. London: 1622, 46

Richard Hathaway   Demoniac

A man from the London Borough of Southwark, known to be an apprentice of Mr. Thomas Welling, who was allegedly bewitched by Sarah Morduck when asked to make a second key to fit her home's lock. He was convinced to take a drink from Morduck after much protesting, and is thereafter rendered unable to eat or drink, and and blind as well. His friends, concerned about him, brought Morduk to him, and convince him to scratch her. His vision returned, as did his ability to eat and drink, but when he finally had a bowel movement, the stool was full of pins. His friends then consulted a woman (Anonymous 370) known to have some skill who advised them to boil Hathaway's urine in a stone bottle, but the bottle burst into pieces when they did so, returning Hathaway to his former state even though none of the shards touched him. He remained in this state until some neighbors assisted him in scratching Morduck again, though he eventually relapsed once more. (1)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A Full and True Account of the Apprehending and Taking of Mrs. Sarah Moordike. Unknown: 1701, 1

Margaret Gurr   Demoniac

A seventeen year old woman from Turnbridge in the county of Kent, who in July of 1681 is suddenly plagued by two devils, one black and one gray, which seem bent bent on her destruction. The gray devil holds her hostage and tempts her to kill herself. Although she exorcises these demons, they appear again in August of the same year when Gurr becomes possessed by the little black devil. He crouches inside her, wishing sad wishes with the most ugly shrieking noises, and roaring out curses. The black devil instructs Gurr to curse and swear as I do and wish such wishes as I do and tells her that if she does, she should again be well. Gurr is also possessed by a witch who spake with the most hideous and strange noises, orders her to Be as I am, and you shall be as well as ever you were in your life. This witch continues to speak from inside of Gurr, continually repeating, do as I say, and do as I would have, and as I am, for I am a witch, a witch, I am a witch, do as I say and be as I am, and you shall be well. Gurrs claims to have twice been airborn with the black and grey devils, but prays and finds herself at ease. The witch soon attacks her again, however, warning her in such a loud, sudden, and fearful voice, to keep away from Doctor Skinner, that devil doctor, and makes Gurr strangely afrightened, causing much trembling and shaking. She continues to suffer, but so does the whole household. Gurr concluded that she had not been speedily cured and her Master and Mistress and all the family must have been forced to have left the house. Dr. Skinner casts out the devils and the witch from Margaret Gurr's body, and also cured her from scurvy and gout. After this, she is visited no more by the devils or the witch. Upon being cured, Gurr is also blessed with the miracle of being able to read the Bible, which she could not do before. (1)

Appears in:
Skinner, John. A Strange and Wonderful Relation of Margaret Gurr of Tunbridge, in Kent. Unknown: 1681-1684, 1

Margaret Hooper   Demoniac

A woman from Denham in the county of Buckinghamshire, who was allegedly possessed by a devil in the shape of a headless bear; A woman who was allegedly possessed by the devil her idle talk escalates into unbridled raging violents fits. (Image 3)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A True and Most Dreadfull Discourse of a Woman Possessed with the Deuill who in the Likenesse of a Headlesse Beare Fetched her out of her Bedd. London: 1584, Image 3

Thomas Sawdie   Demoniac

A boy from Lawrack (Landrake) in the County of Cornwall, known to be twelve years old and the servant of John Roberts, who was allegedly tempted into allowing the Devil to possess him after a Fair. The Devil appeared to him first as a woman who offered him money, which he refused, and then as a black dog with fiery eyes who came to him three nights running, again offering money, until he accepted and agreed to meet in a field in eight weeks time. The next morning, the money the Devil had given him had vanished, and he fell sick with a swollen stomach and a lack of appetite. This illness lasted a fortnight, then the swelling moved to his neck and throat. He also began to have fits, as if epileptic, and also convulsive fits. Soon, he began to have roaring and whistling fits whenever people conducted their religious duties around him, and fall into a dead sleep after. His mother, Dorothy Sawdie, eventually pressed him into confessing, after which the Devil appeared to him again, this time in the shape of a velvet-clad little man, who threatened him with his fist and told him he would fall down dead at the naming of God. The Devil would also appear to him at other times, sometimes showing him things, sometimes giving him visions of nearby towns and villages, and other times threatening him. John Roberts, after several weeks, appealed to various Ministers to help the boy, and they came to the house led by a Mr. Teag to pray over him for a day. They succeed in weakening the possession enough that, the next day, Thomas Sawdie is finally dispossessed after being made to recite the Lord's Prayer repeatedly. (Title Page, 1-3)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A Return of Prayer: or A Faithful Relation of Some Remarkable Passages of Providence concerning Thomas Sawdie. London: 1664, Title Page, 1-3

Alexander Nyndge   Demoniac

A young man from Herringswell in the county of Suffolk, who was allegedly possessed by an Irish spirit named Aubon, and dispossessed through prayers led by his brother Edward Nyndge. The possession manifested in various ways, foremost in a swelling in his chest and body, accompanied by staring eyes and contortions of his body; at other times he would make strange gestures and engaged in peculiar behaviors such that those with him thought him mad. Alexander was also rendered unable to eat for extended periods, would sometimes have fits of shaking, a lump would be seen moving under his skin, and at times strange flapping noises would be heard from his body. He was prone to fits in which he would curl up under the bedcovers, then bounce up from the bed and beat himself against the ground and bedstead, such that he needed to be restrained to not do himself injury. The spirit is also said to have conversed with Edward Nyndge, and to have grotesquely deformed Alexander Nyndge, caused him to laugh, shriek or cry abundantly, and gave him such strength that five men would be needed to restrain him during these conversations. (A3-A5, A7)

Appears in:
Nyndge, Edward. A True and Fearefull Vexation of one Alexander Nyndge being Most Horribly Tormented with the Deuill. London: 1615, A3-A5, A7

Richard Dugdale   Demoniac

An eighteen year old man from Whalley in the county of Lancashire, who is a gardener and servant to Thomas Lister, and an avid dancer. Dudgale starts having fits by some accounts when a schoolfellow denies his ability to perform various tricks, and by other accounts after a night of dancing at a rushbearing in Whalley. Richard Dugdale's fits consist of his ability to become clairvoyant, vomiting stones, brass rings, and buttons, making strange noises, dancing on his knees, exhibiting great strength, extreme changes in weight, strange lumps on his chest and belly, speaking in voices other than his own, his blasphemy of God, his ability to repeat Sermons he has never heard, and strange contortions of his body. Richard Dugdale is also pricked with a pin by John Hindle during a fit, to which he gives no reaction. Richard Dugdale and his family seek help from Dr. Chew, Dr. Crabtree, and the minister Mr. Jolly. Richard Dugdale allegedly admits that he feels Dr. Chew's medicines cured him of his Fits, but that these Fits were the work of the Devil. It is believed that Richard Dugdale made a contract with the Devil to dance better than all others, and upon confessing this in drink, Richard Dugdale experiences his last fit on March 24, 1690, a date he himself predicted. When the Devil speaks through Richard Dugdale's body, he often refers to Richard Dugdale as "Dicky." After he is cured, Richard Dugdale marries, and continues to pursue his profession as a gardener. (Image 5)

Appears in:
Jollie, Thomas. The Surey Demoniack, or, An Account of Satans Strange and Dreadful Actings. London: 1697, Image 5

Mary Cocke   Demoniac

A woman from Hockham in the county of Norfolk, who is allegedly bewitched by Elizabeth Frauncis. (145)

Appears in:
Ewen, L'Estrange C.. Witchcraft and Demonism. London: 1922, 145

Mildred Norrington   Demoniac

A seventeen-year old girl, daughter of Alice Norrington, and the servant of William Sponer, from Westwell street in Kent, who was allegedly possessed by Satan "night and day" and who "rored and cried mightilie" under examination. The devil who possessed Mildred Norrington was allegedly kept by a woman only known as "Old Alice" with whom he had been with for twenty years. The Devil had been sent about a year ago in the shape of two birds to kill Mildred Norrington.Norrington, the "Pythonist of Westwell," retracted her possession while under examination. (71)

Appears in:
Scot, Reginald. Scot's Discovery of Witchcraft Proving the Common Opinions of Witches Contracting with Devils, Spirits, or Familiars. London: 1651, 71

Joan Harvey   Demoniac

A woman from Hockham in the county of Norwich who suffered suicidal tendencies diverse fits where she "sometimes seemed dead and senseles." Sometimes she "spoke strangely or barked like a dog" or had "strange visions and fearful sights of light and flashes of lightning in the evening," and of "two children, one white and the other red." She suffer tremendous physical and physiological complications: she foamed at the mouth, spat at the name of Jesus, and exhibited extraordinary strength. During these fits she "complained about Mother Frauncis" who was eventually imprisoned by Sir Bassingbourn Gawdy in the Norwich goal for causing Harvey's torments. It was there that Harvey scratched Frauncis to unwitch herself. Harvey was examined by Augustine Styward, sometime around December 20, 1600, and diagnosed as having "as physic calleth uteri suffoctio or strangulatio," or hysteria. Styward wrote to Goawdy, begging him to take mercy on Frauncis. Frauncis was released, but within three weeks she was dead. Beyond being diagnosed as a hysteric, Harvey was also accused of being a "counterfit." ()

Appears in:
Unknown, . Brit. Mus., Add. MS. 28223, f.15. Unknown: 1600,

Edward Dynham   Demoniac

A man who was allegedly possessed. He would often lie as though dead and when they would prick him with needles, he would not bleed. ()

Appears in:
Unknown, . Brit. Mus. Add. MS. 36,674, f.89. Unknown: ,

Edward Bonavent   Demoniac

A man who was allegedly bewitched by William and Edith Walles. He would have sweating and shaking fits and would feel as though a mouse was running inside him. (230-233)

Appears in:
Guilding, J. M.. Reading Records: Diary of the Corporation, Volume 3. Unknown: 1896, 230-233

Elizabeth Barton   Demoniac

A woman from Lancaster in the county of Lancashire, who allegedly faked possession, being exploited by Richard Master, the local parson. (288)

Appears in:
Burnet, Gilbert. The History of the Reformation of the Church of England. Unknown: 1679, 288

Mary Tillman   Demoniac

An eighteen year old girl who allegedly had fits during which eight men could not hold her. Several pins were taken from her body. She had fits for three years before she died. (525-527)

Appears in:
Roberts, George. The Social History of the Southern Counties. London: 1856, 525-527

Faith Corbet   Demoniac

A ten or eleven year old girl, who allegedly suffered from fits for four years at the hands of Alice Huson. The accounts of suggest that she "did often Screech and Cry out vehemently, sometimes scratch and bite any she could lay hold on, and say, Ah, Alice, Old Witch, have I gotten thee? And sometimes lye down all drawn together, almost round; and lye still as in a Swoon, continuing thus the most part of a Week: And sometimes again all of a sudden, she became unusually Merry, and continued so for a considerable time together." The fits increased in nature and included convulsions. Faith was diagnosed as a hysteric, a melancholic, and possibly an epileptic. She could not be cured, Dr. Taylor postulated, because there was "fascination," or witchcraft causing her suffering. (50-55)

Appears in:
Hale, Matthew. A Collection of Modern Relations of Matter of Fact Concerning Witches & Witchcraft. London: 1693, 50-55

Abraham Hartley   Demoniac

A boy from Baildon in the county of West Yorkshire, who accuses Mary Armitage of bewitching him. He would have fits, vomit pins and a horse shoe stubb, and would cry out against Mrs. Capp. (208)

Appears in:
Sharpe, James. Instruments of Darkness. Philidelphia: UPenn Press: 1996, 208

Thomas Harrison   Demoniac

A young boy from Lancaster in the county of Lancashire, who allegedly sufferes from fits all day long. He would make animal noises, his hands would be pressed together so hard no one could bring them apart, and his body would be in strange positions. (part ii., bk. ii, p. 95)

Appears in:
Clark, Samuel. The Marrow of Ecclesiatical History Divided into Two Parts . London: 1675, part ii., bk. ii, p. 95

Anne Gunter   Demoniac

A young girl who allegedly faked possession under pressure from her father. She had convulsions and vomited pins among other symptoms. She was relatively famous for a short period in the summer and autumn of 1605 when James VI and I interested himself in her alleged possession. Her case attracted the attention of many notable doctors of the time, including William Harvey. (135)

Appears in:
Great Britain. Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, . Report of the Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, Issue 11, Part 7. London: , 135

Anne Waldron   Demoniac

A woman who was said to be sick in body and mind. She allegedly bewitched by one Anne Clinche according to Mary Prowting. It was later decided that Waldron had faked possession. (477)

Appears in:
Great Britain. Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, . Calendar of State Papers, Domestic Series, Reign of Charles: 1633-1634. Vol 6. Unknown: 1635, 477

Agnes Brigges   Demoniac

A young woman from London, who along with Rachel Pinder, fakes possession. She would vomit foreign bodies and fall into trances. The Devil would also speak through her. (Image 8)

Appears in:
Chrysostom, John. The Disclosing of a Late Counterfeyted Possession by the Deuyl in Two Maydens within the Citie of London. London: 1574, Image 8

Rachel Pinder   Demoniac

A young woman, who along with Agnes Brigges, admitted to faking possession. She would vomit foreign bodies and fall into trances. The Devil also allegely spoke through her. (Image 9)

Appears in:
Chrysostom, John. The Disclosing of a Late Counterfeyted Possession by the Deuyl in Two Maydens within the Citie of London. London: 1574, Image 9

Margaret Muschamp   Demoniac

A girl from Spital in the County of Northumberland, known to be the eleven year old daughter of Mary Muschamp (now Moore) and George Muschamp of the gentry, and the sister of Betty Muschamp and George Muschamp Jr. She allegedly began suffering fits at the hands of Dorothy Swinow during harvest in 1645, and was finally released from them two years later in 1647. Margaret would fall into trances and see visions of angels and other spirits. She would also suffer torments in which she would lose the use of her tongue and limbs and vomit; at various times she vomited fir branches, coal, pins, straw, wire, brick, lead and stones. She would also lose the ability to eat for weeks at a time, only able to have her lips wet with a bit of water or milk. She would also sometimes cry that a Rogue was striking her and be seen to shield herself from blows; she claimed that this Rogue fought her in various shapes such as dragon, bear, horse or cow, striking her with a club, staff, sword or dagger. Other things would fight for her. Margaret would not remember what she had done or said during her fits. If given a pen and paper, she would write then have fits and burn or chew the paper to illegibility. For a time, she insisted that she required two drops of blood from the Rogue (John Hutton) to live, and that her brother required the same. Margaret accused Dorothy Swinow and John Hutton of causing her affliction, and that of her brother and sister, claiming that her angels bid her speak out. Her statements and final prayer during her last fit was recorded. (1-4)

Appears in:
Moore, Mary. Wonderfull Newes from the North. London: 1650, 1-4

Anne Armstrong   Demoniac

A servant from birks-nooke, Yorkshire (presumably Birks Fell, Yorkshire) who is sent by her master, Mabel Fouler of Burtree House, to go buy eggs from Anne Forster. they could not agree on a price, however, and so Forster desired to look at Armstrong's head. Three days later as Armstrong is back at Burtree house and in the pasture shortly after day break, a man approaches her and asks her where she was the Friday previous. Armstrong relates that she was trying to get eggs from Ann Forster. He responds that the woman who looked at Armstrong's head "should be the first that made a horse of her spirrit, and who should be the next that would ride her ; and into what shape and liknesses she should be changed, if she would turne to there God." Then, Armstrong relates at the deposition that "And withall tould this informer how they would use all meanes they could to allure her: first, by there tricks, by rideing in the house in empty wood dishes that had never beene wett, and also in egg shells ; and how to obtaine whatever they desired by swinging in a rope; and with severall dishes of meate and drinke. But, if she eate not of their meate, they could not harme her. And, at last, tould her how it should be divulgd by eateing a piece of cheese, which should be laid by her when she laie downe in a field with her apron cast over her head, and so left her. As soon as the informant left her, she allegedly fell dead and remained so until six in the morning. She then allegedly starts suffering from these "fits" almost every day and sometimes a few times a day. She would sometimes fall into a fit from evening until dawn and on one such occasion, Anne Forster allegedly came to her and tried to put a bridle on her who was now "in the likeness of a horse." She alleges that after this incident, about a dozen people on horseback appear to her, asking her to sing for them as they danced around her, first in the shape of hares, then cats, then mice and several other shapes. They then returned home on their horses, led by their "protector." They then repeated the even for another six or seven nights. After dancing, they would go to the "Eideing house" where they all sat at a table. In the middle of a room, there was a rope hanging and everyone would touch it several times which made whatever they desired appear on the table, including meat and drink. When Armstrong tried to avoid joining them, they turned into their "own shape" and threatened her. They then never bothered her again. One day, while in the field, she found a piece of cheese and brought it home. After that, she divulged everything " hath disclosed all which she formerly kept secrett". (192-193)

Appears in:
Raine, James. Depositions from the Castle of York. Unknown: 1861, 192-193

Katheren Malpas   Demoniac

A "a younge mayden"from Upton, in the parish of West Ham, Essex, daughter of Katherine Malpas Senior. Katherine was allegedly taught by Thomas Saunders (described as a yeoman), his wife Elizabeth, and her own mother, to "counterfeite and fayne her selfe [to] be bewitched and possessed with an evill spirite, and to counterfeite and fayine certaine strange fitts and traunce." She allegedly woulde have a risinge upp in her stomacke to the bignes of a halfe penny loafe & would beat her heade against the wainscotte & would shrugge up her shoulders & woulde make her boanes to crackle wi* in her skyne & some tymes her mouth would be drawne on one side" (193)

Appears in:
Anonymous. Examinat[i]o . . . Attorn[atus] gen[er]alis quer[ens] v[e]r[su]s Tho[mas] Saunders et Kathere[n] Malpas senior def[endan]tes. The National Archives (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO), Star Chamber (STAC) 8 32/13, fol. 1v.: 1622, 193

The Nuns of Loudun   Demoniac

The (27) Ursuline nuns from Loudun, France allegedly suffered fits during which they performed erotic transgressions. (83)

Appears in:
Baxter, Richard. The Certainty of the Worlds of Spirits and, Consequently, of the Immortality of Souls. London: 1691, 83

Elizabeth Mallory   Demoniac

A fourteen-year-old girl, daughter of the Lady Mallory, of Studley Hall, from near Ripon, North Yorkshire who suffered from fits for twelve weeks during which she could not move her limbs. When witnesses asked her who or what caused her to have fits, she replied she did not know. After suggestions names, however, Mallory reacted particularly violently to the name William Wayde. Mary Wayde allegedly confessed to the events and Mallory instantly stopped having fits. Mallory started having fits again, however, when Wayde retracted her answer. (75-78)

Appears in:
Raine, James. Depositions from the Castle of York. Unknown: 1861, 75-78

Katherine Wright   Demoniac

A seventeen-year old girl from Mansfield in the county of Nottinghamshire, who faked possession under the guidance of John Darrell. Darrell faced trial on the charge of instructing Katherine and others in counterfeiting both their possessions and their dispossessions to bolster his own reputation. In support of the charges, Katherine gave deposition stating that she had counterfeited her possession. She claimed that Darrell told her to speak in a strange voice, and when asked the name of the spirit possessing her, say "Middleclub." (Image 5)

Appears in:
Harsnett, Samuel. A Discouery of the Fraudulent Practises of John Darrel Bacheler of Artes in his Proceedings. London: 1599, Image 5

Mrs. Seavington   Demoniac

A woman from Bristol in the county of Bristol, who suffers painful fits after refusing to give money to a suspected witch. She suffered from fits for seventeen years. (189)

Appears in:
Bovet, Richard. Pandaemonium. London: 1684, 189

Sarah Williams   Demoniac

A woman from Denham in the county of Buckinghamshire, who is possessed because she allegedly loved the Devil. (19)

Appears in:
Harsnett, Samuel. A Declaration of Egregious Popish Impostures. London: 1603, 19

Friswood Williams   Demoniac

A girl from Denham in the county of Buckinghamshire, described as being sixteen-years of age. She is convinced that she had been possessed by the Devil and that he cried out through her. She is made to convert to Catholicism, renamed Frauncis during a christening, and undergoes an series of brutal exorcisms. She later retracts her confession, claiming that the priests told her that she and her sisters were all possessed, but "verily beleeueth, they thrust a rustie, naile into her mouth, and afterwards pretended, that it came out of her body." (21)

Appears in:
Harsnett, Samuel. A Declaration of Egregious Popish Impostures. London: 1603, 21

Anne Smith   Demoniac

A woman from Denham in the county of Buckinghamshire, described as an eighteen-year old hysteric who had fits for a period of three years. (20-21)

Appears in:
Harsnett, Samuel. A Declaration of Egregious Popish Impostures. London: 1603, 20-21

William Trayford   Demoniac

A young man from Denham in the county of Buckinghamshire, described as being possessed according to the popish exorcists. (27)

Appears in:
Harsnett, Samuel. A Declaration of Egregious Popish Impostures. London: 1603, 27

Anonymous 32   Demoniac

A young maid from Arpington in the county of Kent, who allegedly has two devils (Anonymous 18 and Anonymous 88) inside of her, causing her to have several fits. During fits, her face would be deformed so that she was unrecognizable. Her "Nerves, Joynts and Sinews, after so wonderful a manner, that they had almost drawn her out of human Shape," although generally, it was agreed she was a comely woman. Her face becomes so contorted that it is believed not her ever relatives would recognize her. She is further described as having a set jaw, and strained eyes, with "her Eye-balls an incredibly way into her Head." Doctor Boreman prays over her, which allegedly slightly improves her condition. Her condition attracts people (Anonymous 449) from far away who all say they have never seen anything like it. The spirits can be heard to groan inside of her belly, causing many spectators to run in fear and surprise. However, one witness, Mrs. Hopper and Doctor Boreman, hear one of the spirits within Anonymous 32 say "weaker and weaker, weaker and weaker" four times over before ceasing to speak. Both these two witness it when the spirits made the maid bark like a dog. At another occasion, when Doctor Boreman prayed over the maid during one of her fits, "a live and seeming substance forc'd its way out of her mouth in likeness of a large Serpent," (Anonymous 18) which then flew around Doctor Boreman's neck. It remains here until some witnesses take it off him, when it vanishes and is never seen again. However, despite being dispossessed by one spirit, Anonymous 32 is still under possession of a spirit (Anonymous 88) which causes her face to contort, and which makes noise whenever the maid moves, both answering questions and making "a hideous murmuring, as if it disliked its present habitation." It seems the maid is never completely dispossessed. (2-3)

Appears in:
Hopper, Mrs. Strange News from Arpington near Bexly in Kent being a True Narrative of a Young Maid who was Possest with Several Devils or Evil Spirits. London: 1679, 2-3

Christian Shaw   Demoniac

A twelve-year old girl who starts having violent fits and who is possessed by many evil spirits and devils; A young girl from Erskine, Renfrewshire who is allegedly bewitched by Catherine Campbell. (Image 6)

Appears in:
Cullen, Francis Grant. A True Narrative of the Sufferings and Relief of a Young Girle; Strangely Molested, by Evil Spirits and their Instruments. Edinburgh: 1698, Image 6

Anne Godfrey   Demoniac

A woman who is pressured by Thomas Saunders to visit Katherne Malpas during one of her fits. Godfrey begins to experience similar symptoms ()

Appears in:
Anonymous. Examinat[i]o . . . Attorn[atus] gen[er]alis quer[ens] v[e]r[su]s Tho[mas] Saunders et Kathere[n] Malpas senior def[endan]tes. The National Archives (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO), Star Chamber (STAC) 8 32/13, fol. 1v.: 1622,

Marmaduke Jackson   Demoniac

A man betwitched by two women. ()

Appears in:
Unknown, . British Museum Add. MS 32496 f. 42b. Unknown: 1604,

Anonymous 11   Demoniac

A girl from Luyck in Brussels, known to be nine years of age. When Anonymous 12 came to the door to beg, this girl gave her bread and beer, and received a sorrel leaf in return, which she ate. Not long after, this girl began to suffer convulsive fits and "did fall down as dead." She was examined by physicians of both genders and many remedies were tried to no effect. A priest prayed over her, but this only caused her to contort violently and begin to vomit horse dung, pins, hair, feathers, knots of thread, nails, pieces of broken glass, eggshells and more. Her family noticed that when Anonymous 12 came near or looked toward their home, Anonymous 11 became all the more tormented and had her apprehended; Anonymous 12 confessed and was hanged for it. This did not end Anonymous 11's fits, however - Anonymous 12 claimed at her hanging that two other witches were also practicing their art on her. The girl's parents brought her to famous physician Henri de Heer, who witnessed her vomit a variety of strange things, be unable to eat for 15 days at a time, swell and suffer convulsions. de Heer claimed to pull the strange objects directly from her throat with his hand, disproving claims that she faked her bewitchment. He gives her a decoction of various herbs and makes an ointment, both of which he credits for her cure. (5-13)

Appears in:
Heer, Henri de. The Most True and Wonderful Narration of two Women Bewitched in Yorkshire. S.I.: 1658, 5-13

Mary Farmer   Demoniac

A girl from Yowel in Surrey, who was allegedly bewitched by Joan Buts; she became ill and died. Witnesses at Buts' trial swore that they had to remove pins from Farmer's arms and other parts of her bodies many times, also attributed to Buts' bewitchment of the child. (1, 2)

Appears in:
Anonymous. An Account of the Tryal and Examination of Joan Buts, for being a Common Witch and Inchantress. London: 1682, 1, 2

Thomas Crosse   Demoniac

A man from Thorpe (now Thorpe-le-Soken) in the county of Essex and brother to Robert Sanneuet and husband of Felice Okey. Thomas Crosse becomes "verye sickly, and at tymes was without any remembrance," some time around 1579. He calls Sanneuet to his side and claims that "Margaret Ewstace had bewitched him, and brought him into that weak state hee then was at." Sannuet, in a rage, claimed, that if that was true, he "wished a spyt red hotte [be put] in her buttocks." His wife claims that Thomas Crosse fell to the ground one day, and thereafter "hee coulde neyther see, heare, nor speake, and his face all to bee scratched." He often lost his sence, but when regained his wits, "woulde alwayes crye out vpon the sayde Elizabeth euen vnto his dying day, and woulde say that sithence shee the sayd Elizabeth had threatned him he was consumed, and that shee had bewitched him." ()

Appears in:
W., W. . A True and Just Record, of the Information, Examination and Confession of all the Witches, taken at S. Osyth in the county of Essex. London: 1582,

Anonymous 494   Demoniac

The daughter of Gentleman who lives in "the west" (presumably of England), who is bewitched by a maidservant (Anonymous 493) who worked for her family who would allegedly steal small objects and give them to her friends. After the gentleman's daughter reported the maidservant (who swore vengeance on her), she began to experience torments; her mouth would twist and her tongue would extend if she attempted to speak. She would vomit burning coals, hair, hay, and rags, she would be pinched, beaten, and bitten (the indents of toothmarks could be seen). In the end the gentleman's daughter's allegation supposedly caused the examination of some 20 witches. ()

Appears in:
D, I. A Letter Concerning the Witches in the West. London: 1670,

Ales Baxster   Demoniac

A woman from Little Clacton in the county of Essex and a servant to Richard Rosse. One day, around four o'clock, Baxter recounts having milked eight of the nine cows she was required to milk, the final cow she began to milk became spooked at "stroke downe her paile, and that shee saw all the rest to make a staring and a looking about." Baxster "felt a thing to pricke her vnder the right side, as if she had been striken with ones hande," and later "there came a thinge all white like a Cat, and stroke her at the hart." Baxster found that "shee could not stand, goe, nor speake," and, paralyzed, had to be carried home in a chair by Rosse and some of his staff. Out of the corner of her eye, she saw "the said thing to go into a bush by the style." This testimony, given at the March 1581 Chemlsford Assize, may have been given as evidence against Cecily and Henry Sellis and Ales Manfield, who were accused of and prosecuted for burning Richard Rosse's field or Mother Ewstance, who, according to Manfield has a white feline familiar; it is unclear. The story of Baxster's paralysis is confirmed, however, by Robert Smith, husband to witch-searcher, and grieving mother, Joan Smith. (D5-D5v)

Appears in:
W., W. . A True and Just Record, of the Information, Examination and Confession of all the Witches, taken at S. Osyth in the county of Essex. London: 1582, D5-D5v

Mary Death   Demoniac

A girl of young woman from Great Clacton in the county of Essex, sister of John Death and daughter of Thomas Death. Sometime around March, 1581 Marie is "taken with an ache or numnes from her necke down her backe all ouer," and perhaps a supernatural weight and heaviness, because "two or three coulde scarce turne her in her bed as shee lay." Although her mother gives her remedies "sente from a Phisition," she is not cured. The next night, however, Marie sees the apparition of Cecley Sellis and Mary? Barker "standing before her in the same apparell that they did vsually weare" and telling her "bee not afraide, and that they vanished away." The next day she was "amended," apparently healed by the nocturnal visit of these women (or the apparition of them) as she lay in bed. (E, Ev)

Appears in:
W., W. . A True and Just Record, of the Information, Examination and Confession of all the Witches, taken at S. Osyth in the county of Essex. London: 1582, E, Ev

Anonymous 407   Demoniac

A man from Colchester in the county of Essex, who allegedly "in a Bravado, and Defiance of the Devil," walked at night in a churchyard, where the Devil appeared to him, and "met him in the shape of a Black Dog with terrible Eyes." This encounter brought "Terrors," so that "he was never quiet in his Mind till he got into good Society." Upon this, Anonymous 407 decides to go to Colne, in the county of Essex, where he is taken in at Mr. Shepherd's house by Mr. Harlakenden. While staying in Colne, Anonymous 407 would pray, and during his prayers, "the Black Dog was seen by the Man as if he would have torn Mr. Harlakenden's Throat out," but Mr. Harlakenden seemed to never notice these apparitions, which also sometimes came to him "as a Fly or a Flea." This apparition haunted Anonymous 407 for the rest of years, making him "a most ferious Christian," so that even at his death, "lying long sick, had great Peace and Victory over the fear of Death, and was so joyful and desirous to be dissolved, that this Dog or Flea made no impression upon him." (153)

Appears in:
Baxter, Richard. The Certainty of the Worlds of Spirits and, Consequently, of the Immortality of Souls. London: 1691, 153

Anonymous 28   Demoniac

A girl from Great Gadson in the County of Buckinghamshire, known to have been sixteen or seventeen years old at the time of her possession. She is said to be "descended of honest Parents of good [repute], and by them carefully educated in the Principles of Christianity; nor was there a young maid of a more lovely innocent Beauty, sweet Carriage, or virtuous Disposition." Her father allegedly had a falling out with an unnamed woman with an "evil name" and not long after, she began to have strange fits. Two egg-sized bunches would rise in her throat and a strange voice, rough and guttural, would be heard within her speaking blasphemies; this voice would often converse with bystanders. Through these conversations, it was learned that there were two spirits possessing her, and that they had been sent into her by two women when the spirits found her father praying and were unable to enter him. Her father engaged five ministers to fast and pray to exorcise her (only four came, as predicted by the evil spirits), succeeding in removing one of the two. The spirit that remained inside her began tossing her about, taking the use of her legs, and contorting both her body and her face; it also caused her to ride home facing the rear of the horse. At other times, it would cause her to make a dog's barks, a bull's bellows or to roar. She is also said to have once attended a party, at which she lost the use of her legs to prevent her from drinking and tried to make her drown herself in the well in the yard. Her possession was still in effect at the time of the account's publication, about 13 years later. (2-4)

Appears in:
Anonymous. Wonderful News from Buckinghamshire. London: 1677, 2-4

Deborah Pacy   Demoniac

A girl from Lowestoft in the county of Suffolk, known to be the daughter of Samuel Pacy and sister to Elizabeth Pacy, who was allegedly bewitched by Rose Cullender and Amy Denny at the age of nine; she was too sick to attend their trial. Her father claimed in his deposition that her fits started with lameness, and progressed to extreme pain in her stomach and shrieking at the very moment Samuel Pacy refused to sell Amy Denny herring for the third time. After that time, Deborah was afflicted with a variety of fits, in which she would be unable to breathe, have a soreness in her entire body, be lame on one side, become deaf, dumb or blind, or cough pins and nails. During these fits, she is said to have seen apparitions of Cullender and Denny, to have been tormented by their imps, and to have been threatened by them with torments ten times worse if she told what she'd seen or heard. Denny allegedly made her able to speak the name of Satan or the Devil, but would not permit her to say Lord, Jesus or Christ. While in the care of her aunt Margaret Arnold, Arnold suspected her to be faking and removed all pins from her clothing, but she nevertheless continued vomiting pins; Deborah would claim that bees had forced the pins into her mouth. Arnold also alleged in her deposition that Deborah would see things Arnold could not, catch them and throw them in the fire. (15, 17)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A Tryal of Witches. London: 1682, 15, 17

Ann Durent   Demoniac

A young woman from Lowestoft in the county of Suffolk, known to be the daughter of Edmund Durent, who was allegedly bewitched by Rose Cullender after her mother refused to sell Cullender herrings. According to Edmund Durent's deposition, Durent was afflicted with great pain in her stomach like the pricking of pins, fell into swooning fits, and upon recovery claimed that she had seen an apparition of Cullender which threatening to torment her. She was also said to have vomited pins, was rendered speechless in court, and was observed to fall into violent fits when brought before Cullender during the trial. (33-35)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A Tryal of Witches. London: 1682, 33-35

Jane Bocking   Demoniac

A young woman from Lowestoft in the county of Suffolk, known to be the daughter of Diana Bocking, who allegedly suffered fits at the hands of Rose Cullender and Amy Denny. She did not appear in court. Diana Bocking gave deposition instead, claiming that Jane had been afflicted with swooning fits, but recovered from them, only to have stomach pains some months later that progressed to further swooning and the daily vomiting of crooked pins. During her fits, she would spread her arms with her hands open, then make as if she had caught something; when her hands were forced open, they would be found to hold more crooked pins, or, once, a lath-nail. At other times, Jane would talk as if conversing to someone, but take no notice of anyone in the room with her. She would also complain that Cullender and Denny were standing at the head or foot of her bed, or elsewhere in the room. At one time, she suffered no fits but was stricken dumb for several days. When Jane regained her speech and asked for meat, her mother asked why she had been unable to speak, to which Jane answered "Amy Duny would not suffer her to speak." The lath-nail and pins were presented as evidence in court. (35-38)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A Tryal of Witches. London: 1682, 35-38

Margaret   Demoniac

A woman called Margaret, one of three women, or "a crew of women" called Margaret or Maggi. In Shaw's representation these women are represented as a conflation of harpies, familiars, and witches. This Margaret shrieks like a woman possessed, and, as such, seems to be represented as bewitching as she is bewitched. According to Shaw, these women are poised to "carry her out of the House that they might drown her in the Well, where there were eighteen more waiting for her." (14)

Appears in:
Cullen, Francis Grant. Sadducimus Debellatus. London: 1698, 14

Ballard (Daughter)   Demoniac

A girl from Bungay in the county of Norfolk, known as John Ballard's daughter, who is allegedly bewitched for two years. During this time, she voids stones, crooked pins, glass, a buckle, buttons, and other things from her mouth, while having "many strange Fits in a day." All of these are presented as evidence before the Mayor of Norwich (Anonymous 101) by John Ballard. (7-8 )

Appears in:
Dirby, Richard . Dreadful News from Wapping. Unknown: 1693, 7-8

Agnes Burgess   Demoniac

A woman from Norwich in the county of Norfolk, who is allegedly bewitched for several years. She suffers from over twenty fits in one day, during which she voids "Pins, Nails, Quills, Tabacco pipes, and a bended Farthing, with several other things." These items were shown to the Mayor of Norwich (Anonymous 101) as proof of her possession. (8)

Appears in:
Dirby, Richard . Dreadful News from Wapping. Unknown: 1693, 8

Grace Brown   Demoniac

A woman from Norwich in the county of Norfolk, the daughter of John Brown, who is allegedly bewitched for years. She "voided" many things from her body including pins. These were taken as evidence of her bewitchment before the Mayor of Norwich (Anonymous 101). (8)

Appears in:
Dirby, Richard . Dreadful News from Wapping. Unknown: 1693, 8

Helen Fairfax   Demoniac

A twenty one year old woman, daughter of Edward Fairfax. Fairfax describes her as home schooled, 'slow of speach,' 'patient of reproof,' and free of melancholy (32)

Appears in:
Fairfax, Edward . Daemonologia: a Discourse on Witchcraft as it was Acted in the Family of Mr. Edward Fairfax. Unknown: 1621, 32

Anne Styles   Demoniac

A woman from Salisbury in the county of Wilshire, described as a servant who visits Anne Bodenham numerous times acting a a go-between for Richard Goddard's family and Anne Bodenham. However, after Styles' purchase of arsenic (purportedly to be used as countermagic, but read as the poison to be used by Sara and Anne Goodard against their mother) is discovered, Styles is considered a criminal, an attempted murderer, who flees to London. Before she goes, she allegedly becomes Anne Bodenham's apprentice when she is seduced by the old witch into giving the Devil her soul "seald with her blood," in exchange for "wisdome and true grace" and "wealth and ease," found by using a looking glass. After having signed over her soul, Anne Styles is repentant "as she understood That she must loose the joyes of heaven." In one account, with Mistress Bodenham's understanding, Anne Styles flees to London, only to be taken at Stockbridge by the Devil and "cast to and froe," in front of a great number of witnesses. A Gentleman prays for Anne Stiles for four days, during which she is tormented by the Devil in the shape of a snake. She confesses to her contract with the Devil, and to the nature of Mistress Rodnam. When Mistress Rodnam comes to Stockbridge, Anne Stiles can finally sleep and when "she walkt againe, She praised God she felt no paine." Another account explains that all of this confession comes out when Mr. Chandler (son in law to Mris. Goddard) caught up with the Styles and who, in "a great trembling and shaking," was carried "between Sutton and Stockbridge," where she "did confesse and acknowledge all the transactions and passages between the Witch and her." The next night, at an Inn in Stockbridge, Styles had her first fit. These fits, fits which made her into a penitent victim of witchcraft, rather than an attempted murder, would continue for the three weeks Styles was in prison in Salisbury. She had "such strange fits that drew both pity and admiration from the beholders" they came "as frequent as violent," lasting thirty to sixty minutes, with only a fifteen minute respite, and while she was in them, she exhibited such strength that "six men, sometimes more could not keep her." While in her fits, she would be "miserably groaning and skrieking, being deprived of her speech and sight, and many times she grinded her teeth, and sweat in her fits continually, constantly in motion, seeking to tear her self." She could hear but not speak, and might sit "in a very senselesse idle manner" or be found "lying foaming, raving, groaning, skrieking, trembling in an unheard of manner." Styles represented herself as a ever penitent sinner who cried out "Oh very damnable, very wretched; this hand of mine writ my name in the Devils book, this finger of mine was pricked, here is yet the hole that was made, and with my blood I wrote my own Damnation, and have cut my self off from Heaven and Eternall life," who is more than willing to be saved. She participates in the normal tests demoniacs do, reacting to Bodenham, with out knowing she was there. Styles temporarily recovers from her fits, "but began to relapse into her former fits, and was tormented as formerly" the night before Bodenham's execution, as if to once more protest her innocence. After Bodenham's execution, Style's made a final assertion of her new godly self: "I am this day to go away home, I hope now to begin a holy life." (7-8, 15-16)

Appears in:
Bower, Edmond. Doctor Lamb Revived, or, Witchcraft Condemned in Anne Bodenham. London: 1653, 7-8, 15-16

Maud Jeffray   Demoniac

A twelve year old girl, the daughter of John Jeffray, who was allegedly bewitched in Yorkshire, in 1621. (32)

Appears in:
Fairfax, Edward . Daemonologia: a Discourse on Witchcraft as it was Acted in the Family of Mr. Edward Fairfax. Unknown: 1621, 32

Anonymous 123   Demoniac

An English gentlewoman, who suffered from what appeared to be possession by evil spirit as a result of the death of her husband. The disease is referred to as "the Mother." Her ladies in waiting all caught her disease. They were separated from her, and recovered. She was purged of her ill humours, and recovered too. (183)

Appears in:
Digby, Kenelm. Of The Sympathetick Powder. A Discourse in a Solemn Assembly at Montpellier. London: 1669 , 183

Anne Fairfax   Demoniac

The infant daughter of Edward Fairfax who dies under mysterious circumstances; she begins bleeding all over her body. (106)

Appears in:
Drage, William. Daimonomageia a Small Treatise of Sickness and Diseases from Witchcraft. London: 1665, 106

John Tonken   Demoniac

A boy from Penzance in the county of Cornwall, known to be fifteen or sixteen years old, who allegedly suffers from strange and violent fits after seeing an unfamiliar woman (Anonymous 6) in a "blue Jerkin and Red Petticoat, with Yellow and Green patches" who told him he would not get better until he vomits "Nutshels Pins and nails." Soon after, Tonken is said to have vomited pins, nails, walnut shells and straw. The fits of vomiting strange objects continue, as do the apparitions of the woman, and sometimes that of a cat, whom Tonken identifies as the woman in another shape. The last time, three women appeared to him, and Anonymous 6 bid him farewell, saying she would trouble him no more; two days later he was well and able to go about on crutches. Two women were arrested on suspicion of witchcraft following his testimony, Jane Noal (alias Nickless) and Betty Seeze. (2-6)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A True Account of a Strange and Wonderful Relation of John Tonken, of Pensans in Cornwall. London: 1686, 2-6

Sara Rodes   Demoniac

A girl, daughter of Dorothy Rodes, of Bolling in the county of York (now part of Bradford in West Yorkshire), who suffers from a series of debilitating fits which lasted over a half hour each and which she attributes to Mary Sykes bewitching her. Sykes first appears to Rodes one night while she sleeps in bed with her mother, Dorothy and another child. Crawling up through a hole in the floor, Sykes takes Rodes by the throat and chokes her. She keeps her from crying out by keeping her fingers lodged down Rode's throat. Rodes continues to suffer after this incident, however. Up to six times a day she is taken by "paines and benummednes," prevented from walking, suffers heart palpitations, and muteness, so that it seems her "whole body [was] neare unto death." After each of these fits she claimed that Mary Sykes had come to her (and presumably caused them). Rodes also blamed Susan Beamont and Kellett (wife) for plaguing her. The death of Mrs. Kellet two years previously did not seem to stop these accusations. Rather, Sara suggested that Kellet never rests, for she appeared to me the fowlest feind that ever I sawe, with a paire of eyes like sawcers, and stood up betwixt them, and gave me a box of the eare in the gapsteade, which made the fire to flash out of my eyes." (28-29)

Appears in:
Raine, James. Depositions from the Castle of York. Unknown: 1861, 28-29

Mrs. Saxey   Demoniac

A woman from Gunpowder Alley in the City of London, who is allegedly bewitched. She acts as a kind of consulted on treatments for the "forespoken." Her expertise is grounded on her personal experience and the contents of her "book." She suggests that only a "seminary priest," a catholic, could cure Elizabeth Jennings. ()

Appears in:
Unknown, . The Bewitchment of Elizabeth Jennings. British Library MS Add. 36674, fols. 134-7. Foster, Donald W., ed. "The Bewitchment of Elizabeth Jennings." Normalized text, ed. D. Foster (1999), from British Library MS Add. 36674, fols. 134-7. Poughkeepsie, NY: Vassar College, 1999.: 1622,

Mary Cooper   Demoniac

A woman from Nottingham in the county of Nottinghamshire, known to be the sister of William Sommers. She is said to have had fits and to have been possessed, much as Sommers was, and to have started her fits when his ended. John Darrell faced charges for allegedly instructing Mary Cooper, William Sommers and others to counterfeit their possessions and dispossessions. Darrell alleged in his defense that Cooper's belly was heard to make a whooping noise like the purr of a cat and swelled as if in pregnancy. (13-17)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Trial of Maist. Dorrell. Unknown: 1599, 13-17

Richard Galis   Demoniac

A man from Windsor in the county of Berkshire, known to be the son of the Mayor of Windsor Master Galis, brother to James Galis, and the author of "A brief treatise containing the most strange and horrible cruelty of Elizabeth Stile alias Rockingham and her confederates, executed at Abingdon, upon R. Galis." This pamphlet contains a full account of his alleged bewitchment at the hands of Elizabeth Stile (alias Rockingam), his meeting with Mother Dutton, his life at sea, and his return home. (2-3)

Appears in:
Galis, Richard. A Brief Treatise Containing the Most Strange and Horrible Cruelty of Elizabeth Stile alias Rockingham and her Confederates. London: 1572, 2-3

James Galis   Demoniac

A man from Windsor in the county of Berkshire, known to be the brother of Richard Galis and the son of Mayor of Windsor Master Gallis, allegedly bewitched by Mother Dutton sometime in 1564. According to Richard Galis' account, James is still forespoken and "bereft of his wits" in 1579. (Image 4)

Appears in:
Galis, Richard. A Brief Treatise Containing the Most Strange and Horrible Cruelty of Elizabeth Stile alias Rockingham and her Confederates. London: 1572, Image 4

Merideth (Daughter)   Demoniac

One of the four Merideth Children of Bristol in the county of Bristol (siblings made up of three daughters and a son, between the age of fourteen, and eight years), who are allegedly bewitched. This child takes on the role of prophet, predicting her imminent demise. None of her prophecies come to pass, and all the children recover after medical treatment. (167-169)

Appears in:
Bovet, Richard. Pandaemonium. London: 1684, 167-169

Merideth (Daughter 2)   Demoniac

One of the four Merideth Children of Bristol in the county of Bristol (siblings made up of three daughters and a son, between the age of fourteen, and eight years), who are allegedly bewitched. This child vomits pins, but like her siblings, recovers after medical treatment. (167-169)

Appears in:
Bovet, Richard. Pandaemonium. London: 1684, 167-169

Merideth (Daughter 3)   Demoniac

One of the four Merideth Children of Bristol in the county of Bristol (siblings made up of three daughters and a son, between the age of fourteen, and eight years), who are allegedly bewitched. All the children recover after medical treatment. (167-169)

Appears in:
Bovet, Richard. Pandaemonium. London: 1684, 167-169

Merideth (Son)   Demoniac

One of the four Merideth Children of Bristol in the county of Bristol (siblings made up of three daughters and a son, between the age of fourteen, and eight years), who are allegedly bewitched. All the children recover after medical treatment. (167-169)

Appears in:
Bovet, Richard. Pandaemonium. London: 1684, 167-169

Edmund Newton   Demoniac

A man from Norfolk who is a shoe maker and a seller of Holland cheese. When his trade in dairy products threatens Mary Smith's, he finds himself the victim of supernatural torments, manifest as a "madnesse or phrensie," a body "benummed," and "pains and greifes from which hee is not yet freed." He twice attempts countermagic against Smith, once burning her familiar to burn her, and once trying to scratch her, but finding himself unable to. (57-59)

Appears in:
Roberts, Alexander. A Treatise of Witchcraft. London: 1616, 57-59

Elizabeth Hancocke   Demoniac

A woman from Norfolk who curses at Mary Smith after Smith wrongfully accuses her of stealing a chicken. Hancocke is plagued by a lingering illness which manifests like possession (she suffers extreme pains, loses her senses, is tossed about the bed, tears at her hair etc.). She recovers from her illness after he father makes a witch cake, but continues to be plagued by supernatural occurences, and haunted by a great cat, and the apparition (or the person) of Mary Smith. (50-55)

Appears in:
Roberts, Alexander. A Treatise of Witchcraft. London: 1616, 50-55

Anonymous 212   Demoniac

A woman from Exeter in the county of Devon, described as a servant-maid who is allegedly bewitched by Joan Baker. She suffered from a wasting illness for over nine months, in grievous pain, until she was consumed "away in her body and soe dyed." During this time, she "often cried out in her sickness that she was bewitched." (151)

Appears in:
Woollcombe, William Cotton, Henry . Gleanings from the Municipal and Cathedral Records Relative to the History of the City of Exeter. Unknown: 1877, 151

Greene   Demoniac

A man who is allegedly bewitched by Johan Furnace. He has "fits in his head and distempers in his body" and seems to be unable to speak normally except in the presence of Johan Furnace. (152)

Appears in:
Woollcombe, William Cotton, Henry . Gleanings from the Municipal and Cathedral Records Relative to the History of the City of Exeter. Unknown: 1877, 152

Anne Nayler   Demoniac

A girl from Thames Street near Broken Wharf in London, known to be the daughter of Master Nayler, and sister to George and Joan Nayler. Anne Kirk allegedly tormented Anne Nayler to death with an evil spirit, which caused her to have frenzied fits. Before she died, the spirit would talk to Master Nayler, and told him that "one would come after who should discouer the causer, and the truth of all." (101)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Trial of Maist. Dorrell. Unknown: 1599, 101

Margaret Mixter   Demoniac

A widow from Suffolk who believed the Devil was in her. She also received a toad which would suck on her thigh. ()

Appears in:
Unknown, . British Museum Add. MS. 27402 f. 109b. Unknown: 1645,

Thomas Paman   Demoniac

A man from Newmarket in the county of Suffolk who suffers from fits and bewitchment. He is visited by a local witch, Alice Read, sent to him at the behest of Sir Martin Stuteville, to test him or cure him. Paman attacks Read. He later retracts his possession. (198-199)

Appears in:
, Great Britain. Public Record Office. Calendar of State Papers: Domestic Series, of the Reign of Charles I, 1629-1631. London: 1830, 198-199

Anonymous 254   Demoniac

A man from the Isle of Ely (now a region around the city of Ely in the county of Cambridgeshire) who is allegedly bewitched. Before his "strange fits" came on, her was allegedly visited by a thing "like a Mouse." He was sent to see a "white Witch, or Necromancer, Sorcerer, Magician," who gave him an "Amulet or Charm to hang about his neck, and so long as he wore that, he was freed; he durst not leave it off." The wizard who helped this man "asked if they were wicked People, else, he said, he could not, or would not help them." The they here is somewhat opaque. It appears that he seems like an unwitcher, but the pronoun confusion allows this to be read as him only taking wicked people as clients. (20)

Appears in:
Drage, William. Daimonomageia a Small Treatise of Sickness and Diseases from Witchcraft. London: 1665, 20

Anonymous 262   Demoniac

A boy from Berkhamstead in the county of Hertfordshire who is allegedly possessed. His fits arrive at six o'clock each day, when he begins to pull of his head clothes, pull out his hair, and scratch the skin from his face. Dr. Woodhouse first sends him prescriptions for medicines to treat convulsions. When these medicines do not work, Woodhouse goes to visit the boy himself and prescribes him a "Venificifuge, a Chymical preparation," which appears to work as a curative. (38-39)

Appears in:
Drage, William. Daimonomageia a Small Treatise of Sickness and Diseases from Witchcraft. London: 1665, 38-39

Nathan Crab   Demoniac

A boy, and apprentice worsted comber by trade, who lives outside the west gate of the city of Exeter in the county of Devonshire (now commemorated on the site St Mary's Steps Church in Exeter), who allegedly suffers from falling-fits and foaming at the mouth for over nine years. Nathan is the son of Zacheus Crab and Mrs. Crab, and the brother of Daughter Crab, family members who attempt to find a cure for his unexplained ailments. Nathan is introduced to Mr. Gibs, Mr. Elson, and Mr. Pridham, people who attempt to cure him. Their cures include a Bag to hang about the Youth's Neck, and Powder to take in White wine, as well as pills, induced vomiting, and urine collecting. These cures work, but only temporarily as the fits always return, leaving Nathan generally so deprived of Reason, that he is clad, and otherwise used as a meer Idiot. (47-52)

Appears in:
Baxter, Richard. The Certainty of the Worlds of Spirits and, Consequently, of the Immortality of Souls. London: 1691, 47-52

John Smyth   Demoniac

A twelve or thirteen year old boy from Husbands Bosworth in Leicestershire, described as John Smyth, son of Roger Smith, who would soon after be knighted. Smyth is described as having "had dyvars wonderful straunge fyts in the sight of all Is i all the greatest parsons here, as dyvars knights and ladies, and many othars of the bettar sort, most tereble to be tolld." He allegedly could not he held down or held still in his fits, but would "stryke himfellfe suche bls on his brest, being in his shirt, that you myght here the sound of yt the length of a long chamber, soumtvmes 50 bloes, soumtyms 100, yea soumtymes 2 or 300 bloes, that the least of them was able to stryke doune a strong man." He was often possessed by the spirits of the accused witches, possessions which manifest by acting like the animal spirit which filled him; "whom evary one of them tormented him: he woolld make soom syne according to the sperit; as, when the hors tormented him, he woold whinny; when the cat tormented him, he would cry like a cat, &c." Nine women would allegedly be executed based on these fits. Symth's claims were later investigated by King James himself, who believed the boy to be a fraud. Symth recanted and evidently perpetuated this fraud "to prevent a present Whipping, and avoyd going to School." He was not new to pranking his peers, "amongst other Prancks, he lived in an Orchard a Week, upon Apples onely." Although no women were executed the second time around because of Smyth's folly, six women were imprisoned; one woman died before the rest would be released. (6-9)

Appears in:
Nichols, John . A Letter from Alderman Robert Heyrick, of Leicester, to his brother Sir William, in the year 1616. London: 1898, 6-9

Anonymous 331   Demoniac

A man from St. Osyth in the county of Essex, the servant of Robert Turner, and a demoniac. The servant of Robert Turner suffers from terrible and ongoing fits, and demonstrates inhuman strength, a condition allegedly caused by familiar spirits sent by Rose Hallybread, Susan Cock, Margaret Landish, and Joyce Boanes after Robert Turner "refused to give to this Examinant a sack full of chips." According to Joybe Boanes, it was her Imp that "made the said servant to barke like a Dog; the Imp of the said Rose Hallybread inforced him to sing sundry tunes in his great extremity of paines; the Imp of the said Susin Cock, compelled him to crow like a Cock; and the Imp of Margaret Landish made him groan in such an extraordinary manner. (33)

Appears in:
H., F.. A True and Exact Relation of the severall Informations, Examinations, and Confessions of the late Witches, arraigned and executed in the County of Essex. . London: 1645, 33

Otley (Child)   Demoniac

A two year old child of Elizabeth Otley from Wivenhoe in the county of Essex who is allegedly killed (according to Alice Dixon), by Mary Johnson. Johnson allegedly took her familiar (an imp in the shape of a rat with no ears) from out of her pocket, shoved it through a hole in Otley's door, and told it to "go rock the Cradle, and do the businesse she sent it about, and return to her again." Johnson also took a hands on approach to this attack, arriving at Otely's door, presumably unseen by her, and giving this child an apple and a kiss the day after, the "child was taken with very violent fits, and in the fits (although the Child was but two yeers old) yet this Informant could very hardly with all her strength hold it down in the Cradle, and so continued untill it died." (21-22)

Appears in:
H., F.. A True and Exact Relation of the severall Informations, Examinations, and Confessions of the late Witches, arraigned and executed in the County of Essex. . London: 1645, 21-22

Thomas Spatchet   Demoniac

A man from Dunwich and Cookly in the county of Suffolk, described as Bailiff twice in Dunwich in the county of Suffolk. Thomas Spatchet allegedly suffered a variety of fits, a condition attributed to Aubrey Grinset. Born in January of 1614, he was the son of Mr. James Spatchet, and the grandson of Mr. Robert Spatchet, who conversed frequently with the late Lord Chief Justice Sir Edward Coke. Thomas Spatchet is said to have been watched over by the Providence of God from a young age. As an infant, he was dropped on his head against stone by a careless servant, leaving deep seam on the left side. As a young man, he went to draw water and fell down the well instead. He suffered no broken bones, but lost flesh from one hand, suffered a hole in his wrist, lost some skin, and was sick and bedridden for days after. Therafter, Spatchet began to have fits. At first, he would find himself abruptly unable to speak; this soon interfered with fulfilling his religious duties and prayer. His fits later took three forms: Benumbing, in which he could hear but would be unable to move; a shake that would end with his legs and feet moving with agility and harmony; finally, skipping and jumping until his strength ran out. Within a year and a half, he lost all ability to hear or partake in worship, and had difficulty eating. By the winter of 1693, he would shake throughout the day, so that he would be unable to eat until evening and be forced to do so while walking. He suffered kneading fits in 1665, which ended when he seemed to catch a thumb in his mouth and bite it. The witch Aubrey Grinset was searched and found to have an impression on her toe. A year later, the fits resumed. In 1665, Aubrey Grinset confessed to being a witch and sending an imp to cause his fits. However, she denied causing his roaring fits, which he suffered from 1665 to 1666. When he was urged to scratch her, he refused, being too tender-hearted. He attempted to visit Grinset shortly before her death, at the urging of a Mr. R., but was repelled and made to curtsey back from her. His fits remained until the death of the witch, leaving him the last two years entirely unable to pray or otherwise participate in worship. Taking physic made his fits worse, but when he stopped for two years, the fits became violent. The fits allegedly end eight weeks before Grinsets death. Before she died, she said others had him in hand as well, and that her death would not free him. He found himself unable to travel before her death, but discovered himself able again after. He continued to suffer fits to his death, though far less frequently, and he continues to have trouble praying. (2-21, 23, 27, 31, Postscript)

Appears in:
Petto, Samuel. A Faithful Narrative of the Wonderful and Extraordinary Fits . London: 1693, 2-21, 23, 27, 31, Postscript

John Starchie   Demoniac

A boy from Cleworth in the County of Lancashire in the parish of Leigh, known to be the son of Nicholas Starchie and the brother of Anne Starchie, who at the age of ten allegedly began to suffer fits caused by Edmund Hartley. His fits started at school, where he could not keep himself from shouting, and progressing until they became more extreme. At various times, he would bleed abundantly, loudly blaspheme, cause a loud whupping noise, fall as if dead, gnash his teeth, or vomit. John Starchie described the possession as coming and going from him as a ill-favoured, hunchbacked man. He would also bite at people, snatch various things, and throw whatever came to hand. He developed supernatural strength, the ability to foretell his fits, and could tell what it was that someone was bringing him to drink ahead of time. (Image 5, 8, 9, 19, 21)

Appears in:
Darrel, John. A True Narration of the Strange and Greuous Vexation by the Devil, of 7. Persons in Lancashire, and William Somers of Nottingham. Unknown: 1600, Image 5, 8, 9, 19, 21

Elizabeth Hardman   Demoniac

A young girl of Cleworth in the County of Lancastershire in the parish of Leigh, known to be the sister of Margaret Hardmen and belong to the Starchie household, alleged to be afflicted with fits by Edmund Hartlay. Hardman is found under a bed making a hole in the wall, saying that she will be drawn through it to Heaven. She is alleged to have been able to predict her fits and the details of them, and attributed this knowledge to a white dove. At one point, she and Eleanor Holland were unable to eat for three days and nights, nor speak to anyone but one another except " to ther lads. saue that their lads gaue them leaue (as the said) the one to eate a toast & drink, the other a sower milk posset." Hartley is said to have been angry that the ate, even with permission, and made them vomit it up. At a dinner, Holland and the Hardman sisters were thrown back, their bodies swelled, their faces disfigured, and strange motion was observed from within their bodies. At one time, Harman describes her possessor as being like an urchin, who went through a tiny hole in the parlor and returned in a foul shape promising her gold if he gave her leave to possess her again; he threatened to throw her into the fire and break her neck when she resisted. At another time, he came to her in the shape of a bear with fire in its mouth, which terrified her into running away; she was caught and showed two bags, one of silver and one of gold, and promised nine times as much but she resisted. He came next in the shape of an ape, again promising gold, threatening to cast her out the window or into the fire, and departed with a shriek. (Image 5, 6, 8, 10)

Appears in:
Darrel, John. A True Narration of the Strange and Greuous Vexation by the Devil, of 7. Persons in Lancashire, and William Somers of Nottingham. Unknown: 1600, Image 5, 6, 8, 10

Margaret Hardman   Demoniac

A young girl of Cleworth in the County of Lancastershire in the parish of Leigh, known to be fourteen years of age and the sister of Elizabeth Hardmen and belong to the Starchie household, alleged to be afflicted with fits by Edmund Hartlay. She is alleged to have been able to predict her fits and the details of them, and attributed this knowledge to a white dove. At a dinner, Holland and the Hardman sisters were thrown back, their bodies swelled, their faces disfigured, and strange motion was observed from within their bodies. She is heard to say " I must goe I must away: I cannot tarrie, whither shall I goe? I am hot, I am too hot. I will not dye" when a Mr. More was praying over her. She describes her possessor the same way as John Starchie, as like an ill-favoured man with a bulge on his back; at one time he offers gold and threatens to break her neck, cast her into a pit and drown her for refusing him. (Image 8, 10)

Appears in:
Darrel, John. A True Narration of the Strange and Greuous Vexation by the Devil, of 7. Persons in Lancashire, and William Somers of Nottingham. Unknown: 1600, Image 8, 10

Ellizabeth Pacy   Demoniac

A girl from Lowestoft in the county of Suffolk, known to be the daughter of Samuel Pacy and sister to Deborah Pacy, who was allegedly bewitched by Rose Cullender and Amy Denny at the age of eleven. Her father claimed in his deposition that Elizabeth was afflicted with a variety of fits, in which she would be unable to breathe, have a soreness in her entire body, be lame on one side, become deaf, dumb or blind, or cough pins and nails. During these fits, she is said to have seen apparitions of Cullender and Denny, to have been tormented by their imps, and to have been threatened by them with torments ten times worse if she told what she'd seen or heard. Denny allegedly made her able to speak the name of Satan or the Devil, but would not permit her to say Lord, Jesus or Christ. While in the care of her aunt Margaret Arnold, Arnold suspected her to be faking and removed all pins from her clothing, but she nevertheless continued vomiting pins; Elizabeth would claim that flies had brought them and put them in her mouth. Arnold also alleged in her deposition that Elizabeth would see things Arnold could not, catch them and throw them in the fire; once a thing Elizabeth said was a mouse made a flash like gunpowder. At the trial on the judge's order, Elizabeth was instructed to sit in a room with her eyes closed, and Amy Denny brought into the room; when their hands touched Elizabeth caught Denny's hand and attacked her with her fingernails. (15-17)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A Tryal of Witches. London: 1682, 15-17

Anonymous 384   Demoniac

A young man from Hadlaw in the county of Kent, who is the seventeen year old servant of Henry Chowning. The young man allegedly encounters a spirit in the form of a greyhound, who instructs him to go to Virginia before disappearing. Following this encounter, the boy returns home to master, "in a great fright," and "amazed." He falls ill, and his condition continues to deteriorate, so that observers "fear'd the Boy would make away with himself," because he was "under an evil Tongue or bewitcht." His master seeks the help of Dr. Skinner to treat him. Dr. Skinner sees that the boy is "melancholy," and likely possessed by the Devil in the shape of a greyhound, "for, it was as it were in amaze, and his eyes were always fixed in his head," and it was difficult to get him to speak. Once the boy did speak, he confessed to being tempted by strange things, such "as to go to Sea, and matters that he was not able to mention." As well, "he spoke through the Nose (as we call it) for it was not his own speech, but the Spirit or Devil within him." After assessing the pain he was under, Dr. Skinner "understood what the means must be that must relieve him." The boy is administered medicines, which "he was very willing to take." The boy's mother finds him "much ammended" within a week. The boy complains of a "pain in his belly," so that Dr. Skinner sent him more medicine, and he was cured within "18 days time." After this, the boy is dispossessed and cured of his illness, and "neither hath any thing attempted to trouble him since in the least." decides that the boy is "possest with a Devil in the shape of a Greay-hound," as Anonymous 384 confesses to being tempted by strange things, such "as to go to Sea," to great pain, and can speak in a voice "not his own speech." The young servant boy seems to be better when around Dr. Skinner, who then gives him medicine, leading to him being "made perfectly well in 18 days time." (8-9)

Appears in:
Skinner, John. A Strange and Wonderful Relation of Margaret Gurr of Tunbridge, in Kent. Unknown: 1681-1684, 8-9

Susan Chandler   Demoniac

A young woman from Lowestoft in the county of Suffolk, known to be eighteen years old and the daughter of Mary and Robert Chandler. According to Mary Chandler's deposition in court, Susan began to have fits after her mother was hired to search Rose Cullender for witches' marks. Rose Cullender allegedly appeared to Susan the morning after Cullender was searched, and took Susan by the hand, frightening her. Susan went immediately to her mother to report what she had seen, and became extremely sick to her stomach. The next day, she was afflicted with fits of extreme distraction, in which she cried out against Cullender, claiming Cullender came to her in her bed. In the intervals between fits, Susan alleged that she had seen an apparition of Cullender with a large dog. She also vomited crooked pins, and was at times struck blind or dumb. When brought into court, Susan allegedly fell into fits that prevented her from giving evidence; the only words she could get out were "burn her." After Cullender was pronounced guilty and sentenced to hang, Susan was the only person still afflicted, remaining thin and wan with a pain like the pricking of pins in her stomach. (38-42)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A Tryal of Witches. London: 1682, 38-42

Joseph Buxford   Demoniac

A fifteen year old boy from Bow in the county of Devon, who was "stubborne and untowardly." His father would like him to apprentice himself to Simon Culsver, a weaver in Crediton. Opposed to this, Joseph Buxford "secretly departed away to the Kings Army," but was forced to return home to his father when "the Cavaliers received at Langport-Moore," were defeated. His father "would have him returne to the Weaver again," but the boy refused. The old man, John Buxford, was "so incensed" that he "would bind him Apprentice to the Devill, which rash and in considerate threatenings, he often times used and repeated." On November 5, 1645, Joseph Buxford's father beats him into going on the road to Crediton, although Joseph Buxford still exclaims "he would rather go to the Devill." They encounter a carrier and four horses on the road to Crediton, who asks after their strange behaviour. Once John Buxford explains "the circumstances of his Sonnes refractory behaviour in running from his Master, and his unwillingnes to take any good course of life, or honest vocation for his future maintainance," the carrier offers to find a master for the boy, if the boy and the father agrees to it. The carrier offers to find employment for the boy that "would put him in the way so gaine a compleat estate to maintaine himself and helpe his friends." John Buxford agrees to these conditions, as long as the carrier "send backe the Boy in eight daies time at the furthest, if he should not take likeing of the promised service." Joseph Buxford agrees to these conditions as well, "being more inclined to any service then to live with his old Master the Weaver." Once his father leaves, however, the carrier transforms into "a flying Hourse in a black and ugly shape and colour." The flying horse takes Joseph Buxford onto his back, "with violence and motion swifter then imagination," and they fly through the air. Through this flight, Joseph Buxford begins a most "stupendious Miracle." Joseph Buxford and the horse see Earth so that it is "of a very small proportion, London and other magnificent Cities on greater than small cottages." They also pass the moon, and are plunged into "watrie dominions," where the boy "observed the most strange and unutterable wonders of the deepe diversified." These sights are beyond what astrologers and "the wisest Phoylosophers," are capable of understanding. The horse and Joseph Buxford eventually land in "a profound Cell or Cave, (the earth seeming to open it selfe.)" Here, the Joseph Buxford descends the horse, which turns into "a more terrible shape," and reveals itself to be the Devill. Joseph Buxford has landed in Hell. The Devil explains to him, "Bee not dismayed, thy employment here shall be onely to take a view of divers men, who thou hast formerly seene or knowne in the Malignant Army, whose base course of life have occasioned their suddaine and unexpected deaths, and now are sent to me to receive their due recompence for the same." Joseph Buxford witnesses the torment of a number of apparitions, who are familiar to him from his time in the "Malignant Army," as they wail, "Woe, Woe unto us that ever we undertooke the devence of such an unjust Cause." Joseph Buxford is further witness to the torment of Sir Peter Ball, "one of the Commissioners of Excester lately deceased," which "made the greatest impression" on him. Joseph Buxford also witnesses the torments of Greenvile, Goring, Lady Scot, and Lady Dolkeat. Their "waylings were too tedious here to relate but were in fine so full of dread and horrour to this wretched Boy, that he earnestly wished himselfe out of this place," and agreed to undergo any service that would not lead to something "so miserable and deplorable." At the end of eight days in Hell, the Devil releases Joseph Buxford to Cannon Lee in Devon, "where he was found by two honest Labourers," under a Hedge. The circumstances in which Joseph Buxford was found were strange, as he "was speechlesse, and his hands and legs strangely distorted, his haire of his head singyd, his cloathes all be smeared with pitch and rosin, and other sulfurous matter." Joseph Buxford is taken to Justice Cullum's household, where being provided with a bed and food, Joseph Buxford confesses "his name, birth-place, and his strange journey with the Devill." At first, this story is not believed, but upon reflection of the strange manner of the finding of Joseph Buxford, and the verification of his father in the manner which he left, it thought the story is true. Mr. Jonathan Gainwell, a minister, takes interest in the stor, and "gave the Boy very pious admonitions of obedience," which take such effect that Joseph Buxford is "truely penitent of his former lewd courses and there reconciled himselfe to his father, with whom he now liveth and is almost cured of that distortion of his members." (2)

Appears in:
Massey, Edward. A True and Perfect Relation of a Boy, Who was Entertained by the Devill. London: 1645, 2

Anonymous 390   Demoniac

A man from Crediton in the county of Devon, who is allegedly the Devil disguised as a carrier with four horses. The carrier is "one whom [John Buxford] had often observed to frequend the Roade." Happening upon John Buxford using "meere force" to compel his son on the road to Crediton on November 5, 1645, the carrier "very courtiously demanded of him why he used such severitie towards the boy." John Buxford explains his son's "unwillingnes to take any good course of life, or honest vocation for his future maintainance." The carrier placates the father, agree that "it was a pitty the Boy should miscarry by undertaking a forced service upon him." He offers to take the boy, if the boy is willing, to find him a master, "and such employment as would put him in the way so gaine a compleat estate to maintaine himself and helpe his friends." The father and son agree to these terms, as long as the boy should be sent "backe [...] in eight daies time at the furthest, if he should not take likeing of the promised service." As soon as John Buxford leaves, however, "the Hourses and Packes vanished," and the carrier "metamorphosed in a trice from a man to a flying Hourse in a black and ugly shape and colour." The carrier is revealed to be the Devil in disguise. At a later date, on November 13, 1645, the Devil resumes his disguise as a carrier, and comes "upon the way by stragling Troopers of the Malignant Party." When the troopers attempt to rob him of his horses, "the Carrier and his Horses suddainely vanished away in the flames of fire," killing three troopers, and leaving the rest "so terribly shaken and almost stifled with the noisome sent of Brimstone," that they were barely able to escape and share their story. (2-3)

Appears in:
Massey, Edward. A True and Perfect Relation of a Boy, Who was Entertained by the Devill. London: 1645, 2-3

Mrs. Harrison   Demoniac

A woman, wife of Richard Harrison (and presumably the daughter of a judge) who acts like a demoniac or a hysteric, and who is, at the origin of her torments, living in her family home in Little Oakley in the county of Essex. When Mrs. Harrison's hatched ducklings go missing, she "did suspect one Annis Herd a light woma~, and a common harlot to haue stolen her duckelins." An enraged Harrison went to accuse Heard in person; returning home "very angry against the said Annis." Within a few hours she "did crie out: Oh Lord Lorde, helpe me & keepe me, [...] that yonder wicked harlot Annis Herd doth bewitch me." Richard Harrison provided little comfort to his wife; interpreting her fear as a kind of disbelief inappropriate to a preacher's wife; saying "but trust in God and put your trust in him onely, and he will defend you from her, and from the Diuell himselfe also: and said moreouer, what will the people say, that I beeing a Preacher shoulde haue my wife so weake in faith." Despite his stern warning, Mrs. Harrison's illness continued for over two months; in desperation she cried out: "pray you as euer there was loue betweene vs, (as I hope there hath been for I haue v. pretie children by you I thanke God) seeke some remedie for me against yonder wicked beast (meaning the saide Annis Herd)," and promising to call on her father for assistance, promising that "if I haue no remedie, she will vtterly consume me." Harrison promised to ensure that Heard would hang if she had indeed bewitched his wife, and told Heard as much, when they saw one another as he gathered plums. However, the threat has no effect, and Harrison grew worse, "taken sore sick, & was at many times afraid both sleeping and waking," claiming all the while that Heard had bewitched her. She predicted her own, death, taking leave of her husband, and two days before she died, crying out, as she had "divers times in her sicknesse and before, repeating these wordes. Oh Annis Hersd, Annis Herd she hath consumed me." According to Bret's wife, these were her dying words. Both John Pollin and Bret's wife, as well as her own husband, born witness to this claim. _A True and Just Record_ records Mrs. Harrison's death as one crimes attributed to Heard; however, she was not indicted for Mrs. Harrison's death. (F2-F3v)

Appears in:
W., W. . A True and Just Record, of the Information, Examination and Confession of all the Witches, taken at S. Osyth in the county of Essex. London: 1582, F2-F3v

Anonymous 409   Demoniac

A woman from Bewdley in the county of Worcestershire, who is allegedly seized by "strange Histerical Fits." These fits began by the "Stoppage of the Mestrua." Anonymous 409 seeks help from Richard Baxter, who provides her with "Castory and Rad. Ostrutii, and Sem. Dauci on Forestus Commendation," all of which she took and "began to be better." However, after Richard Baxter and the Pastor Mr. Robert Morton must leave her and Bewdley, "she was left without help, and grew worse than ever." Eventually, her fits culminate in a "suror uterinus ex corruptione Seminis," and she "seemed possest by the Devil." Anonymous 409's fits are typically characterized by: her increase in strength far above her own, so that "many could not hold her" ; her requests for "Needles and Pins, and Cords," so that she might kill herself; her ability to foretell that a papist would come to cure her, and her laughter "at his Holy Water" ; her "Swear[ing], Curs[ing], and Rage against any that were Religious, and Hugg[ing] of those that were Vicious, and be merry with them." Her fits continued for many years, between 1642 and 1647. When Richard Baxter is able to return to Bewdley, he calls on her, and "Prayed by her." After this, her neighbours are encouraged and "resolved to joyn with some of Bewdley, to Fast and Pray by her, till she was recovered." During prayers, Anonymous 409 is "in a violent Rage, and after thankt them." During the prayers of Mr. Thomas Ware, "she fell on the Floor like a Block, and having lain so a while, cryed out, He is gone, He is gone; The Black Dog is gone." After this incident, Anonymous 409 "never had a Fit." One young man (Anonymous 411) in particular who cared for her during her fits succumbed to his lust in "an Act of Wicked Compassion," as "in her Fits, [she would] toss her naked Body about, she being strong and comely." After they sinned together, Anonymous 409 seemed eased, which "enticed him the more to do it." However, Richard Baxter believes this only served to "Enrage her Disease." After Anonymous 409 is cured, the young man (Anonymous 411) comes forth and admits to his sins. "He Marryed her, and professed deep Repentance." Richard Baxter believes that Anonymous 409 had at first "the furor uterinus," which were the cause of her fits, but "in punishment of their Sin," she also became the victim of "a Real possession." (193-194)

Appears in:
Baxter, Richard. The Certainty of the Worlds of Spirits and, Consequently, of the Immortality of Souls. London: 1691, 193-194

Francis Fey   Demoniac

A man from Spreyton, in the county of Devon, who is visited by at least two specters in his service to Mr. Philip Furze. The first of these is "a resemblance of an Aged Gentleman, like his masters Father," who approaches him "with a Pole or Staff in his hand, resembling that he was wont to carry when living, to kill the moles withal." At first Francis Fey is "not a little surprized," to see the ghost, but his directed by the specter to fulfill "several Legacies which by his Testament he had bequeathed were unpaid," including paying two persons ten shillings, and the dead man's sister, a Gentlewoman, twenty shillings. Francis Fey points out that one of the former two persons is also deceased, which prompts the specter to tell him to pay "the next Relation." It is promised that if Francis Fey does these things, the ghost would "trouble him no further." Francis Fey fulfills these wishes, save that when he goes to Totnes to visit the Gentlewoman, (Anonymous 412), she refuses the twenty shillings, fearing it is "sent her from the Devil." Francis Fey spends the night at her house, and the specter appears to him again. Francis Fey challenges the ghost's promise not to trouble him any more, saying he had done all but could not provide the sister. The ghost tells him to into Totnes and buy her a ring worth twenty shillings, and that she should accept this. Francis Fey does as he was advised, and she received the ring. After this, the "Apparition of the old Gentleman, hath seemed to be at rest, having never given the young man any further trouble." The following day, traveling with a servant of the gentlewoman (Anonymous 413), Francis Fey is attacked by the ghost of the old Gentleman's second wife (Anonymous 169), and flung off of his horse "with such violence," that there was a "resounding great noise." The young man is continually tormented by this second ghost, who thrusts his head in small places, causing him injury and requiring "the strength of divers men" to release him. She also attempts to strangle him using the girding of his injuries, and various "Cravats and Handkerchiefs, that he hath worn about his Neck." When Francis Fey wears a perriwig, the ghost tears these up after tearing them off his head, and when Francis Fey attempts to protect the perriwig "he esteemed above the rest," by putting it in several boxes, and putting weights on these boxes, the ghost still breaks all the boxes, and "rended into many small parts and tatters." The ghost also tears his shoestrings from his shoes, and tears his gloves in his pocket, and the clothes on his back, unless they belonged to another. Finally, the daemon also entangles "the feet and legs of the young man [...] about his Neck, that he hath been loosed with great difficulty." This is repeated at times with "the frames of Chairs, and Stools." Near Easter, Francis Fey is "taken up by the skirt of his doublet, by this Female Daemon, and carried a heighth into the Air." His master, Mr. Philip Furze misses him, and goes to look for him. Francis Fey is found near half an hour later, and "he was heard singing, and whistling in a bog, or quagmire," and was in fact "in a king of Trance, or extatick fit," which he sometimes suffers from, although it is unclear if these fits are caused by the spirit. When Francis Fey is asked where he was, he tells his master that he had been carried so high into the air, that "his Masters house seemed to him to be but as a Hay-cock." This story is verified when a workman finds a shoe outside of Mr. Philip Furze's house, and a perriwig in a tree. After this incident, where the young man's body had bee "on the mud in the Quagmire," was "somewhat benummed, and seemingly deader than the other." Francis Fey is then taken to Crediton, "to be bleeded," which after accomplished, he was left alone. When "the Company" (Anonymous 417) which accompanied him to Crediton found him again, he was "in one of his Fits, with his fore-head much bruised, and swoln to a great bigness." When Francis Fey comes out of his fit, he explains that "a Bird had with great swiftness, and force flown in at the Window," and thrown a stone at his forehead. When searched, it was found that under where Francis Fey sat lay "a weight of Brass or Copper," which it seems the Daemon used to harm the boy. The Spirit continued to "molest the young man in a very severe and rugged manner," indefinitely. (178 - 179)

Appears in:
Bovet, Richard. Pandaemonium. London: 1684, 178 - 179

Anonymous 418   Demoniac

A woman from Winchester in the county of Hampshire, who was a schoolmistress there after her first husband died. When she married again, to John H. she continued "her practice." She refuses to lend a "piece of small changing money," causing a woman of "evil fame" to allegedly mutter. After this incident, the schoolmistress is visited by "a monstrous great Toad walking upon all four like a Cat." She retreats into her house, and "desired her husband to get some Instrument" in order to kill the toad. However, before John H. has a chance, the toad "rusht suddenly into another room, and was never seen afterwards." That same night, the schoolmistress experienced her first fit of many, which would last a total of 17 years. During her fit, she was afflicted "with violent prickings and pains, as if her inside had been stuck with pins, needles or thorns," which causes blood to come out with her urine. These fits occur sometimes as frequently as "twice or thrice in one day, sometimes whole days together." They were also preceded by the visitation of seven or nine familiars (Anonymous 171) in form of cats, who would enter the room she was in, and for a quarter of an hour, "crawl about, and stick against the walls," while making "a dreadful yelling, hideous noise." The cats would then suddenly disappear in "a mighty great light, like a flash of lightning." This light would linger all through the night, and she would be "in the highest extremity of Misery," crying out the name of the suspected witch (Anonymous 419). Although physicians (Anonymous 420) suggested she move houses, the fits still happened, and Anonymous 418's chickens would die by "suddenly turning round, twisting their Necks several times about, until they dropt down dead." The cats belonging to Anonymous 418 were often observed to react as "if they were Devil-drove" when the cat familiars (Anonymous 171) were in the same room. The son of Anonymous 418 (Anonymous 421) also suffered from a number of fits, and during one of these, the schoolmistress saw the suspected witch "scrambling against the wall of the room." She calls out to her husband, and he takes he sword to the witch, cutting her hand. The schoolmistress also finds herself unable to enter Church, if the suspected witch (Anonymous 419) was there, but instead would have to "continue in the Porch, or at the Window." Eventually the schoolmistress dies of "pain and grief" from these fits after 17 years and the loss of her son who goes missing during one of his own fits, while she was the age of 57, and reduced from "a strait well proportioned body to a very crooked deformity." (189 - 190)

Appears in:
Bovet, Richard. Pandaemonium. London: 1684, 189 - 190

Anonymous 421   Demoniac

A young man from Winchester in the county of Hampshire, who upon visiting his mother (Anonymous 418) in her second home when he is only seventeen, is "taken after a most dreadful manner, in raving, and frantick Fits." During these fits, "five or six men could not hold him," and he would "leap up with his head against the Cieling." He would also seek out "a Knife, Pen-knife, or Razor," and attempt to cut his own throat, "or do himself some other mischief." The young man further claims that during his fits, a suspected witch (Anonymous 419), possibly responsible for the fits his mother (Anonymous 418) experiences, appears to him, and commands him to do these things, "or else she would strangle him, or choke him with pins, or such like." This forced those around the young man to put away sharp objects, and to clear his hands and pockets. After these fits, as is characteristic of possession, he would "cast out of his mouth Pins, and Needles, in great abundance," and be in "extream weakness," forced to stay in bed. In one instance, during one of his fits, his mother allegedly sees the suspected witch (Anonymous 419), and his stepfather, John H. cuts her hand with his sword. The young man is afflicted by these fits "for about five years," after which time, "he ran away in one of them, and hath neither been seen, nor heard of since." (192-193)

Appears in:
Bovet, Richard. Pandaemonium. London: 1684, 192-193

George Muschamp Jr.   Demoniac

A boy from Spital in the County of Northumberland, known to be the eldest son of Mary Moore and her first husband George Muschamp, the brother to Margaret Muschamp and Betty Muschamp, and the half-brother to Sibilla Moore. After his sister Margaret had been afflicted with her fits for about a year, George Muschamp Jr. allegedly also became afflicted with illness and pain while "both his stomack and the use of his legs taken from him." He subsisted on milk, water and sour milk, consuming away; he nevertheless retained his spirits and would talk and laugh with friends. The doctors predicted he had a month to live. According to Margaret, John Hutton and Dorothy Swinow were responsible for his wasting, and that two drops of blood from either of them would save his life. Mary Moore got blood from Hutton for George Jr., and Hutton used the opportunity to cast sole blame on Swinow. Margaret also claimed that if Swinow was brought to justice, her brother's illness would end and if there were no justice, he would become sicker than ever before. Margaret White, in her confession, alleged that Swinow and Jane Martin were responsible for the afflictions of the Muschamp children. (4-5)

Appears in:
Moore, Mary. Wonderfull Newes from the North. London: 1650, 4-5

Betty Muschamp   Demoniac

A girl from Spital in the County of Northumberland, known to be the eldest daughter of Mary Moore and her first husband George Muschamp, the sister to Margaret Muschamp and George Muschamp Jr., and the half-sister to Sibilla Moore. After Margaret had been afflicted with her fits for about a year and her brother George Muschamp Jr. had also become afflicted with illness and pain, Margaret predicted that if there was no justice against Dorothy Swinow (the woman accused of being behind the afflictions), Betty too would became afflicted. This proved prophetic and Betty became the worst afflicted of the three. Margaret also claimed that if Swinow was brought to justice, all the afflictions would end, and if there were no justice, they would become sicker than ever before. Margaret White, in her confession, alleged that Swinow and Jane Martin were responsible for the afflictions of the Muschamp children. (14)

Appears in:
Moore, Mary. Wonderfull Newes from the North. London: 1650, 14

Mary Hill   Demoniac

A woman from Beckenton in Somersetshire, known to be 18 years old and to live with her brother and three younger sisters. Mary Hill allegedly demanded to borrow a ring from an old woman, Anonymous 8, and began threatening her for it. About a week before Mary's fits began, she met this same old woman in the street. Anonymous 8 took Mary by the hand and requested she escort her to Froom to look for work; Mary refused. The two met again four days later; Anonymous 8 begged an apple from Mary, and Mary again refused her. The following Sunday, Mary began to have prickings in her stomach, and on Monday something arose in her throat while she fell into a series of violent fits. Four or five people were needed to restrain her. While in the throes of a fit, Mary complained that she "saw this old Woman against the Wall, grinning at her, and being struck at, would step aside to avoid the blows." On Wednesday, she began to throw up crooked pins; this lasted a fortnight, and then threw up nails and pins. After an eight-day respite, she began throwing up "Nails again, and Handles of Spoons, both of Pewter and Brass; several pieces of Iron, Lead, and Tin, with several clusters of Crooked Pins; some tied with Yarn, and some with Thread, with abundance of Blood between." The townsfolk, concerned about Mary's condition, brought Anonymous 8 near her home. Though Mary allegedly did not know Anonymous 8 was approaching, she fell into a strong fit; Anonymous 8 was apprehended for witchcraft on this evidence. Mary's fits continued, however, as did her vomiting of nails and spoon-handles. Her vomiting is said to have been triggered by drinking small beer. Some accounts name the old woman as Elizabeth Carrier; Margery Combes and Anne More were also arrested in connection with Mary Hill's fits. Her vomiting was attested to in court by witnesses Susanna Belton, Ann Holland, Francis Jesse and Christopher Brewer. Belton and Holland brought numerous objects Mary was said to have vomited to court as evidence, while Jesse and Brewer gave deposition that they had searched Mary's mouth with their fingers before she vomited and were convinced she could not have faked it. John Humphreys observed that Mary vomited nails in the morning, sleep with her mouth open, groaned in her sleep while being impossible to wake, and to be much weakened by her vomiting. After the assizes, Humphreys reported that she vomited nails and glass; days later she swelled up and vomited bread and butter contaminated with white mercury. (1-2)

Appears in:
Anonymous. Great News from the West of England being a True Account of Two Young Persons Lately Bewitched in the Town of Beckenton in Somerset-shire. London: 1689, 1-2

Jane Throckmorton   Demoniac

A child from Warboys in the county of Huntington, known to be about ten years of age, the daughter of Robert Throckmorton and Mistress Throckmorton, niece to Gilbert Pickering and sister to Joan, Elizabeth, Grace, Mary and Robert Throckmorton. Jane was the first of the Throckmorton children to become sick, be afflicted with fits and to accuse Mother Alice Samuel of being the cause. Her parents consulted Dr. Barrow on her initial illness; Dr. Barrow thought she had worms and sent medicine, but she did not improve. When consulted again a few days later, Dr. Barrow declared her to be clean of disease, and finally admitted that she might be bewitched. A consultation with Master Butler gave the same answer. Jane's four sisters all fell sick with the same illness within weeks of her affliction. It was said that they "all cried out of Mother Samuell, as the Children did, saying take her away Mistris, for Gods sake take her away and burne her, for shee will kill us all if you let her alone, hauing the same miseries and extremities that the children had, and when they were out of their fittes they knew no more than the children did." When Gilbert Pickering brought Mother Samuel to the Throckmorton house, she fell into a severe fit and had to be carried to her bed, where her belly swelled massively and deflated again numerous times. She lay there scratching at the covers. Pickering covered her eyes and first touched her hand himself and then made Mother Samuel do so; Jane scratched Mother Samuel violently but would not scratch him. After Mother Samuel and Agnes Samuel were apprehended and imprisoned at Huntingdon, Jane and her sisters fell into fits in which their brother, Robert Throckmorton Jr., was the only person who could make himself understood to Jane, and Jane would relay the questions he asked to the other girls. By this means, the Jane and her sisters predicted Agnes Samuel's bail from gaol and arrival in the Throckmorton household. At this time, Jane also began to claim to talk to the spirit tormenting her. Once Agnes had lived with the Throckmortons for a few months, Jane and her sisters began to come out of their fits whenever Agnes said a "charm" stating that she was a witch, had killed Lady Cromwell and bewitched the girls. According to the spirit Smack, via Joan Throckmorton, Jane was tormented by the spirit Blew. Jane is also said to have been urged to suicide by Blew, and to have cast away knives while claiming he was urging her to kill herself, or to strain toward the fire and require restraint. She would have fits in which her mouth sealed shut repeatedly at meals, requiring Agnes to hold a knife at her lips to open it again, and other times would claim to see clothing and jewelry walking about of its own volition. Jane was among the girls who scratched Agnes severely. At his trial, John Samuel was made to say the same self-accusing charm as Agnes over Jane, which brought her out of her fits and was used as evidence that he had a part in the bewitchment of the Throckmorton girls. (3-6)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Most Strange and Admirable Discouerie of the Three Witches of Warboys . Unknown: 1593, 3-6

Mary Throckmorton   Demoniac

A child from Warboys in the county of Huntingdon, known to be about 12 or 13 years of age, the daughter of Robert Throckmorton and Mistress Throckmorton, and sister to Joan, Jane, Elizabeth, Grace and Robert Throckmorton. She became afflicted by fits about a month after her younger sister, Jane, and all three "cryed out upon Mother Samuell: saying, take her away, looke where shee standeth here before us in a blacke thrumbd Cap, (which kind of Cap indeed shee did usually weare, but shee was not then present) it is shee (saide they) that hath bewitched us, and shee will kill us if you doe not take her away." It was said that once all five sisters were afflicted, they "all cried out of Mother Samuell, as the Children did, saying take her away Mistris, for Gods sake take her away and burne her, for shee will kill us all if you let her alone, hauing the same miseries and extremities that the children had, and when they were out of their fittes they knew no more than the children did." She was thereafter afflicted by fits of "lamenesse, blindnesse, deafnesse, and want of feeling." While Agnes Samuel was living in the Throckmorton household, Mary had a fit in which she insisted it was the day she was to scratch Agnes and went after her eagerly and fiercely, then wept and claimed she didn't want to, but her spirit said she must. The next day, she claimed to speak to the spirit Smack, which had previously only conversed with Joan, and it told her she would have no more fits because she had scratched Agnes. Smack later told Joan that Mary had been assigned his cousin Smack (3). (6)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Most Strange and Admirable Discouerie of the Three Witches of Warboys . Unknown: 1593, 6

Elizabeth Throckmorton   Demoniac

A child from Warboys in the county of Huntingdon, known to be about 12 or 13 years of age, the daughter of Robert Throckmorton and Mistress Throckmorton, niece to Gilbert Pickering and sister to Joan, Jane, Mary, Grace and Robert Throckmorton. She became afflicted by fits about a month after her younger sister, Jane, at the same time as Mary, and all three "cryed out upon Mother Samuell: saying, take her away, looke where shee standeth here before us in a blacke thrumbd Cap, (which kind of Cap indeed shee did usually weare, but shee was not then present) it is shee (saide they) that hath bewitched us, and shee will kill us if you doe not take her away." It was said that once all five sisters were afflicted, they "all cried out of Mother Samuell, as the Children did, saying take her away Mistris, for Gods sake take her away and burne her, for shee will kill us all if you let her alone, hauing the same miseries and extremities that the children had, and when they were out of their fittes they knew no more than the children did." When Elizabeth traveled to her uncle Gilbert Pickering's home in Tichmarch, Pickering noted that her fits ceased during the journey and resumed as soon as she entered the house. At dinner, she was prevented from eating, and she scratched, cried and sneezed during the evening prayers; the same happened when Pickering read from the Bible or she tried to pray herself. Pickering discovered that taking her out of the house ended her fits, but they resumed as soon as she reentered. Elizabeth remained with Pickering for months, as when she tried to return back to Warboys, her fits prevented her. Once Elizabeth had returned to Warboys and Mother Samuel was living in the Throckmorton household, Elizabeth had a fit in which she was unable to eat, drink or speak, and could not until her father, Robert Throckmorton, forbid Mother Samuel to eat until Elizabeth was able. While Agnes Samuel was living in the Throckmorton household, Elizabeth and her sisters had fits in which their mouths shut at meals, and would not reopen until Agnes Samuel ordered the spirits tormenting them to stop. Later, she had fit at dinner in which she declared she would scratch Agnes and did so viciously, then exhorted Agnes and faulted her for not confessing her bewitchments, for parting with her soul and for not praying in her heart, and demanded she make her confessions lest she go to hell. According to the spirit Smack, speaking through Joan, Elizabeth was tormented by his cousin Smack (2). After Joan had scratched Agnes's face bloody and burnt her blood-stained fingernail clippings, Joan assisted Elizabeth in scratching Agnes' right hand. (6)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Most Strange and Admirable Discouerie of the Three Witches of Warboys . Unknown: 1593, 6

Grace Throckmorton   Demoniac

A child from Warboys in the county of Huntingdon, known to be about 9 years of age, the daughter of Robert Throckmorton and Mistress Throckmorton, and sister to Joan, Jane, Elizabeth, Grace and Robert Throckmorton. She became afflicted by fits a few weeks after her older sisters Jane, Elizabeth and Mary did. It was said that the sisters "all cried out of Mother Samuell, as the Children did, saying take her away Mistris, for Gods sake take her away and burne her, for shee will kill us all if you let her alone, hauing the same miseries and extremities that the children had, and when they were out of their fittes they knew no more than the children did." She was thereafter afflicted by fits of "lamenesse, blindnesse, deafnesse, and want of feeling." When her sister Elizabeth first scratched Agnes Samuel, Agnes was comforting Grace, who was in the throes of a fit, in her arms; Grace was caught in Agnes' embrace for the duration while Agnes was viciously scratched. Grace tried to scratch Agnes herself some time later, but her nails were too short and her strength insufficient to cause Agnes any harm. According to the spirit Smack, speaking through Joan, Grace was tormented by the spirit White. (5-6)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Most Strange and Admirable Discouerie of the Three Witches of Warboys . Unknown: 1593, 5-6

Joan Throckmorton   Demoniac

A girl from Warboys in the county of Huntingdon, known to be about 15 years of age, the eldest daughter of Robert Throckmorton and Mistress Throckmorton, niece to Gilbert Pickering and Henry Pickering, and sister to Jane, Elizabeth, Grace, Mary and Robert Throckmorton. She was the last of the sisters to be afflicted by fits, and hers are said to have been worst of them. The fits "forced her to neese, screetch & grone verie fearefullie, sometime it would heaue up her bellie, and bounce up her bodie with such violence, that had she not bin kept upon her bed, it could not but haue greatly brused her body." It was said that the sisters "all cried out of Mother Samuell, as the Children did, saying take her away Mistris, for Gods sake take her away and burne her, for shee will kill us all if you let her alone, hauing the same miseries and extremities that the children had, and when they were out of their fittes they knew no more than the children did." After Joan had been afflicted for some time, she began to claim that spirits would give her predictions; she foretold that 12 people in total would become afflicted within the household. A year later, when her uncle Henry Pickering came to visit, she reported the details of his surveillance of and conversation with Mother Samuel, which no-one in the household had known he was doing. Thereafter, she was able to report on whatever Mother Samuel said and did, claiming that her spirit told her. She claimed to converse extensively with various spirits, first one named Blew, and then primarily with Smack. Joan accused Agnes Samuel of renewing Mother Samuel's bewitchment of the Throckmorton girls, saying that the spirits told her so. Joan also said the spirits told her that she would have her worst fits when strangers visited the Throckmorton home, in order to prove that Agnes was bewitching her, for they promised she would not come out of her fits until Agnes said a "charm" over her stating that she was a witch, had killed Lady Cromwell, and had bewitched the Throckmorton girls. Robert Throckmorton would thereafter order Agnes to say those words over his daughters whenever they had a visitor, and they would miraculously recover. Through Joan, Smack also began to predict her fits, report on Mother Throckmorton, who was imprisoned at that time, accused John Samuel of being a witch and listed off which spirits were assigned to torment which girls, with Smack being hers. Smack also told her she should scratch Agnes, and gave Joan the words to have Agnes say to bring her and her sisters out of their fits. When she scratched Agnes, Smack bid her attack one side of Agnes' face for herself, and the other for her aunt Pickering, who Agnes allegedly also bewitched. He also instructed her to clip her bloody fingernails after, throw them on the fire, and throw the wash water on as well after cleaning blood from her hands. While at Huntingdon to prove that Agnes Samuel was a witch to the assembled judges, Joan was seen repeatedly to have shaking and groaning fits whenever Agnes said God or Jesus Christ, and Agnes was made to say the self-accusing "charm" repeatedly over Joan before the judges. Joan is said to have never suffered another fit after these demonstrations. (6-7)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Most Strange and Admirable Discouerie of the Three Witches of Warboys . Unknown: 1593, 6-7

Anonymous 440 (plural)   Demoniac

Seven women from Warboys in the county of Hampshire, known to be employed as servants by Robert and Mistress Throckmorton. They begin experiencing fits after Joan Throckmorton predicts that there will be a total of twelve people afflicted in the Throckmorton household, including the five Throckmorton girls. During their fits, "they all cried out of Mother Samuell, as the Children did, saying take her away Mistris, for Gods sake take her away and burne her, for shee will kill us all if you let her alone, hauing the same miseries and extremities that the children had, and when they were out of their fittes they knew no more than the children did." This lasted about two years, and when servants left the Throckmortons' employ, their fits ceased. (6-7)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Most Strange and Admirable Discouerie of the Three Witches of Warboys . Unknown: 1593, 6-7

Joan Nayler   Demoniac

A girl from Thames Street near Broken Wharf in London, known to be the daughter of Master Nayler, and sister to George and Joan Nayler. The spirit tormenting her sister Anne told their father Master Nayler "one would come after who should discouer the causer, and the truth of all" before she died. The day after Anne's burial, at which Anne Kirk was denied some of the alms the Nayler family gave to the poor, Joan began to be tormented by an evil spirit as well. The spirit possessing Joan spoke was heard to say "Giue me thy liuer, thy lights, thy heart, thy soule, &c; then thou shalt be released, then I will depart fro[m] thee" and to bid Joan to hang herself. Her body would be contorted in tormenting fits, during which she accused Anne Kirk of bewitching her. Master Nayler had Kirk apprehended, and thereafter Joan was witnessed to fall into fits whenever in Kirk's presence. She also had a fit when Kirk was bailed from prison, and while the jury was deliberating at Kirk's trial. (101-103)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Trial of Maist. Dorrell. Unknown: 1599, 101-103

Mary Glover   Demoniac

A fourteen year old girl from the parish of Little All Hallows in Thames street, London, daughter of Timothy and Gawthren Glover, sister to Anne Glover, and granddaughter of the puritan martyr, Robert Glover. Mary Glover is allegedly bewitched after Elizabeth Jackson, to whom she had been sent on an errand by her mother, wished "an evil death will come upon her." Mary Glover becomes increasingly ill over a three month period. She weeps with pain and prays for relief. She suffers from physical torments, and suffers them in a social context. She seems pained and reverent, but also enraged and wrathful. Glovers fits cause her blindness, and dumbness. She becomes pale. Her belly, breast, and throat heave and swell. She waxes eloquently and devoutly. She desperately sounds out almost, almost and once more, once more through her nose and was seen rubbing hard, or stroking down with her hand, her left side and flanke. In her sharpest conflict she raged against the bewitchment, looking fierce and demonic herself: her tongue was black and rotated in a wide gaping mouth, her expression was fierce, scornful, terribly threatening. She tosses her head back and forth, and looks at the men that stood or kneled before her, as if she would devour them. According to John Swan, the minister who recorded her trials, Glover is not vexed by Satan, but the means of a witch. During moments of painfully contracted paralysis, Glover is able, through a clenched jaw and a body paralyzed, to sound out at least twice, hang her, hang her in reference to Mother Jackson. Mary Glovers experience was medically diagnosed as hysteria but legally defined as a bewitchment caused by Elizabeth Jackson. Edward Jorden was one of the experts called in to testify on Glovers case as he would be called on, three years later, to testify on the validity of Anne Gunters possession. Jorden concluded that Glovers suffering was grounded in her own body, not in witchcraft. Stephen Bradwell disagreed. Bradwell posited that a natural disease, like hysteria, was more likely found in a woman in (or at the end of) her reproductive years Glover was simply too young. Sir John Crook, Londons chief legal officer, performed a series of behavioral tests (he tried to trick Glover by dressing another woman as Elizabeth Jackson to see if she would react) and pseudo-medical tests (burning both Glover and Jackson to prove Glovers insensibility). The torments might have been natural, but Jorden could not definitively prove the cure or cause of it and so the presiding judge dismissed Jordens diagnosis for what it was: vague and unsubstantiated. Jackson was sentenced to the pillory for a year. Sir John Crook ordered an exorcism be performed on Mary Glover, however, which was done with the supervision of six ministers: Mr. Evans, Mr. Skelton, Mr. Bridger, Mr. Barber, Mr. Swan, and Mr. Lewis Hughes. Over the course of two days, these ministers and a number of witnesses (Anonymous 437) fast and pray with Mary Glover, until she is dispossessed. During the prayers Mary Glover utters, she asks God to forgive Elizabeth Jackson. When Mary Glover is finally dispossessed, some witnesses including John Swan, believe they see something leave her body. Mary Glover also cries out, "The comforter is come!", words that her grandfather also apparently cried at his death upon the stake. Mary Glover, although much weakened, seems fully recovered after this, and goes to stay with the preacher, Mr. Lewis Hughes for a year after her dispossession, in order to prevent being taken by her affliction again. Mary Glover's case is famous throughout London, most notably for dividing the opinions of the city and the College of Physicians into those that believe she was afflicted by supernatural causes, and those that believe she was not. (191)

Appears in:
Sharpe, James. Instruments of Darkness. Philidelphia: 1996, 191

Anonymous 469   Demoniac

A woman from Westwell in the county of Kent, who "had so perfectly this imposture of speaking in the Belly," an act of pretending to have been possessed by the Devil, "that many Ministers were deceived by her." These ministers "came and talked so long with that Devil, and charged him in the name of God to go out of her." The woman claimed some "poor people for Witches," responsible for her alleged possession. However, two Justices of the Peace, Mr. Thomas Wotton, and Mr. George Darrel exposed her con. She is possibly Mildred Norrington. (78 - 79)

Appears in:
Ady, Thomas. A Candle in the Dark . London: 1655, 78 - 79

Anonymous 470   Demoniac

A woman from Braintree in the county of Essex, who feigned a possession, "to the astonishment of many, and gained money from the deceived beholders." Eventually, her story "grew stale," and when money stopped coming her way, the "Devil did easily leave her." She is never tried for this con. (79)

Appears in:
Ady, Thomas. A Candle in the Dark . London: 1655, 79

Jane Walter   Demoniac

A woman from East Basham in the county of Norfolk, who was allegedly bewitched. Her tongue is found tied "in her Head with a Hempenstring." As well, she is "run full of Pins." She sometimes suffered from around twenty fits a day and it was thought that the cause was a toad (Anonymous 236) believed the be Teechle's wife's familiar, which would creep into her lap on several occasions. When it was offered to burn the toad, the familiar disappeared. (7)

Appears in:
Dirby, Richard . Dreadful News from Wapping. Unknown: 1693, 7

Anonymous 479   Demoniac

A young man from the town of Southwold in the county of Suffolk, who suffers from bewitchment for some time. The witch (Anonymous 480) responsible for his circumstance was allegedly executed for it. (7)

Appears in:
Dirby, Richard . Dreadful News from Wapping. Unknown: 1693, 7

Anonymous 19   Demoniac

An Anabaptist woman who lived on Old-Gravel lane in an unknown area of England, who was said to be possessed by the Devil and would speak in tongues, meow like a kitten and go suddenly blind. She becomes possessed after trying to convince her husband (Anonymous 482) to become baptized, and suffers from "strange and unusual Gestures, and involuntary Motions both of her Tongue and other Members." Ministers (Anonymous 483) visit her and converse with the spirit (Anonymous 240) possessing her, who admits to being sent from "a woman below." (Anonymous 238) These ministers believe the spirit is the Devil himself. The woman is unable to eat while possessed, as "the Vessels of her throat were stopped" whenever she attempted to eat. The spirit possessing her threatens in front of a number of Divines (Anonymous 484) to "throw her into the water, and so destroy her." It also tells the divines that it will make them sick for attempting to help the woman, and that "Prayers were not effectual, save only in [the] Pulpit." The woman remained possessed. (2)

Appears in:
Anonymous. News from Old-Gravel Lane. London: 1675, 2

John Mowlin   Demoniac

A man from Sandwich in the county of Kent, who is allegedly hit with a profound sadness during which he is visited by several visions and apparitions (Anonymous 22), which he believes are sent to him by God to do God's work. These continue for some five weeks, and appear to John Mowlin as a man in a coloured coat with "holes in [his] hands and feet," as well as through Voices. These same apparitions visit Thomas Lipeat, who suspects that they are not from God, but from the Devil. (1 - 3)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Divell in Kent. London: 1647, 1 - 3

Thomas Lipeat   Demoniac

A man from Sandwich in the county of Kent, who has an encounter with an apparition (Anonymous 22) over several nights which tells him to go preach the gospel of all men. This is allegedly the same apparition that appeared to John Mowlin, as the apparition continually counsels Thomas Lipeat to speak with Mowlin. Over the course of several nights, the apparition appears to Thomas Lipeat as a ball of fire, the moon, a strange form, and a gentleman offering him money. However, through prayer, Thomas Lipeat is led to believe that these visions are in reality sent by the Devil and not by God. Eventually, Lipeat experiences a vision during which he is told by God that the Devil will offer him money, and he should refuse. When the apparition appears that night, and offers him money, Thomas Lipeat tells the apparition that all he needs is the grace of God, and the apparition leaves, never to return. (4 - 5)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Divell in Kent. London: 1647, 4 - 5

Anonymous 224   Demoniac

A woman who is allegedly possessed for three years. She would have extraordinary fits or sickness during which her flesh looked as though it had been torn up by hooks,;her belly swelled looking as though it would burst; her limbs contorted themselves; sometimes her body would be flung to the ground; and sometimes she could neither eat nor drink, surviving only on chalk and water. (4)

Appears in:
Anonymous. Strange and Wonderful News from Goswell-street: or, a Victory over the Devil. London: 1678, 4

Margaret Hooper   Demoniac

A woman from Edmundbyres in the county of Durham, who allegedly possessed, and the wife of Stephen Hooper. Together, Stephen Hooper and Margaret Hooper have a young son. Margaret Hooper begins to act strange upon returning home from the village Hanstonueth, causing concern in her household, noticeably in her husband. She begins to talk to herself, and "continued as if she had beene one bewitched, or haunted by an evill Spirit."(Anonymous 248) Stephen Hooper becomes desperate to cure her, and tries to convince his wife to focus on God, and to pray with him. However, over time, Margaret Hooper becomes more troubled until one day, she experiences a fit, which causes such a fright for Stephen Hooper that he sends for her sister. Together, Stephen Hooper and Margaret Hooper's sister confine Margaret Hooper to her bed, where she foams at the mouth, and shakes so badly, that the chamber and the bed shook with her. Stephen Hooper begins to pray for his wife again, and within a half-hour, she is much recovered, although still complains that she followed by a beast without a head or tail that no one else can see. Stephen Hooper still implores his wife to pray with him, which she did, and seemed fine for a week. However, after this time, Margaret Hooper begins to rage again, and has little memory of her fits, "to the great griefe of her husband." One night, Margaret Hooper wakes from a violent fit, and calls out for Stephen Hooper, claiming to "see a strange thing like unto a snale."(Anonymous 247) Stephen Hooper tries to comfort his wife, but she remains fearful, asking him "doe not you see the Devill?" When Stephen Hooper counsels her to think of God, she tells him, "if you see nothing now, you shall see something by and by." Shortly after this, a great noise is heard in the street "as if it had beene the comming of foure or five carts." Looking up, Stephen Hooper sees a monster (Anonymous 245) coming towards their bed, "much like a beare, but it had no head nor taile," and was significantly taller. Stephen Hooper attempts to attack the beast with a stool, but it simply bounces off the monster as if it were a feather bed. The beast turns its attention to Margaret Hooper, stroking her on the feet three times. It then takes her out of the bed and rolled her around the chamber and under the bed. Finally, the apparition causes Margaret Hooper to put her head between her legs, and rolled her around like a hoop through the house, and down the stairs. Her husband does not dare go after at her, but instead weeps to see her carried away. The hall was filled with "an horrible stinke [...] and such fiery flames." Eventually, Margaret Hooper calls out to her husband, claiming the spirit is gone, and she comes up the stairs back to him. Together, with the rest of the household, Stephen and Margaret Hooper pray. During these prayers, the window is mysteriously opened, and suddenly, Margaret Hooper's leg's are thrust out the window, "so that they were clasped about the post in the middle of the Window betweene her leggs." As well, a great fire appears at her feet "the stink whereof was horrible." Her husband, and his brother decide to "charge the Devill in the name of the Father, the Sonne, and the holy Ghost to depart from her, and to trouble her no more," pulling her off the window. Margaret Hooper then cries out that she sees "a little child," (Anonymous 246) and upon looking out the window, a little child is seen, "with a very bright shinning countenance," that he outsides the candle. All present "fall flat to the ground," and pray. The child vanishes, and Margaret Hooper believes she is freed from her possession. (2 - 6)

Appears in:
Anonymous. Most Fearful and Strange News from Durham being a True Relation of one Margaret Hooper of Edenbyres. London: 1641, 2 - 6

Lydia Rogers   Demoniac

A woman from the district of Wapping in the City of London, wife of a carpenter, John Rogers and mother of two. Although she was formerly "a great professor of religion," Lydia becomes bedeviled in March of 1658 after she allegedly signs a blood contract with the devil in the shape of a minister who agrees to give her money for cloth that her husband will not provide. She suffers from "raving fits" that continually renew themselves. The tract concerns itself with making Roper an object lesson on church-hopping in an era of "heriticks, schismaticks, and seducers." (6)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Snare of the Devill Discovered. London: 1658, 6

Susannah Fowles   Demoniac

A twenty year old woman from Hammersmith, Middlesex, wife of John Fowles, described as a poor, ignorant wife of a labourer. Unhappy in her marriage, and with her in-laws, Fowles feigned melancholy in 1698 and began to speak in the voice of the devil. It is unclear is her husband and sister knew she was faking it, but "some" persuaded her to claimed she's been bewitched, and to speak as though there were two spirits in her. She became a sort of demoniac celebrity, and many came to sit in her room, watching over her and praying; there was concern that she would be dispossessed by Catholics. Her possession was tested; she was burnt by a hot iron, had smoke blown in her face, and was frighteded by a man who'd dressed like the devil. She admitted both that she'd been "persuaded, for filthy gain, to counterfeit herself possessed," and had come to believe she was really tormented. (20-24)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A full and true account of the life [...] of Susan Fowls. . London: 1698, 20-24

Crook's Son   Demoniac

A twelve year old boy from Leyland, in Croston, Lancashire, the son of Mr Crook. Crook's son was read as a demoniac by much of his community (some of which appear to have a pro-Catholic agenda). Thomas Marsden, who was one of his attending physicians, described his eyes asglassy and much disturbed, and recounts that the boy spit, cursed, froze, his head lolled from side to side, he threw and distorted his body, and he swore beat the air with his arms; and afterwards let his head fall very Low upon his breast, at which time he seem'd to speak with another voice, mistaken by some present for the voice of the Devil. He was diagnosed by Mardsen in 1676 as suffering a natural distemper. At Marsden's recommendation, the boy was send to his "Wise and Worthy Friend Dr. Richmond of Leverpool, who healed the Lad and saved my Purse. He began with more general Evacuations, which proving less effectual, he fell to the purgation of his head, and by Gargarisms, Fumigations, Sternutaments and the like, he thinn'd, dislodged and fetched away all that viscous morbifick matter that had caused his sad distemper." Marsden encountered the lad years later when he was a healthy, happily married man and father. (Sig A2)

Appears in:
Taylor, Zachary. The devil turn'd casuist, or, The cheats of Rome laid open. London: 1696, Sig A2

Mrs. Kellet   Divine

A woman who allegedly appears several times to Sara Rodes two years after her death. Rodes tells her mother (Dorothy Rodes) that Kellet's wife "stood up betwixt them, and gave [her] a box of the eare in the gapsteade, which made the fire to flash out of my eyes." (29)

Appears in:
Raine, James. Depositions from the Castle of York. Unknown: 1861, 29

Anonymous 257   Divine

A woman who is allegedly a "skryers of the glasse [a person who uses material objects such as mirrors, glass, or crystals for divination purposes]." This information comes from William Whycherly during his 1597 examination by Sir Thomas Smith. (334)

Appears in:
Foxe, Thomas Cranmer, John Gough Nichols, John. Narratives of the Days of the Reformation. Unknown: 1859, 334

Christopher Morgan   Divine

A man, plasterer, and the husband of Mrs. Morgan from Beche-lane, besides the Barbicane (now Beach Street, near the Barbican complex in the City of London) who is said to "occupieth the syve and sheeres [divination tools]." This information comes from William Whycherly during his 1597 examination by Sir Thomas Smith. (334)

Appears in:
Foxe, Thomas Cranmer, John Gough Nichols, John. Narratives of the Days of the Reformation. Unknown: 1859, 334

William Withers   Divine

A young boy from Walsham-le-Willows in the county of Suffolk, who on December 24th at eleven years of age "laye in a traunce the spaceof tenne dayes." During this time, he took no sustenance, nor said a word. Upon coming back to himself, "he declareth most straunge and rare thinges, which are to come," and continued to do so for three weeks. Generally, his prophecies relate to praising God, and are told in a "voyce seemeth to bee of such power that all the bedde shaketh." Master Ashley, Esquire, visits the child with a company of men. During this visit, William Withers singles out the servant, Smith, and scolds him for wearing "great and monstrous ruffes," which make the servant vain and "in such abhominable pride," as to subject him to "euerlasting tormentes in hell fire." This was Smith's second warning, and upon hearing it, "as one prickt in conscience, he sorrowed & wept for his offence." He took the cloth band from around his neck, and cut it into pieces using a knife, and vowed never to wear anything like it again. A minister, Mr. Gatton, and two knights, Sir William Spring and Sir Robert [...]armine, visit William Withers during this time as well, who all believe the child's word is true, and that he is an instrument of God. (Cover)

Appears in:
Phillips, John. The wonderful worke of God shewed vpon a chylde. London: 1581, Cover

James Meadowes   Divine

A man from London, who is known as a "noted divine." James Meadowes testifies at the trial of Elizabeth Jackson, an old woman accused of bewitching the fourteen year old girl, Mary Glover. A doctor of divinity, Meadowes presents himself with the physicians, Dr. Edward Jorden and Dr. John Argent, although none were officially summoned to testify. As a government witness, James Meadowes attempts to "purge Elizabeth Jackson, of being any cause of Mary Glovers harme." (Fol. 37r - Fol. 37v)

Appears in:
Bradwell, Stephen. Mary Glover's Late Woeful Case. Unknown: 1603, Fol. 37r - Fol. 37v

Sir Francis Manners   Examiner/Justice

Sir Francis Manners is Justice of the peace for the County of Lincoln, the Earle of Rutland, owner of Belvoir (Beaver) Castle and father of Henry Lord Rosse, Francis Lord Rosse, and Lady Katherine. He is from Belvoir in the county of Leicestershire. All three of his children are allegedly bewitched after his wife, Countess Manners, dismisses Joan and Margaret Flower from their employment at Belvoir Castle. Margaret Flower alleged in her examination that Sir Francis Manners and Countess Manners were also bewitched to make them unable to have more children. He participated in the examinations of Anne Baker and Phillip Flower. Countess Cecily Manners is his second wife, his first wife, Frances, died shortly after Lady Katherine's birth. Both of his sons died young, leaving Lady Katherine his sole heir. (C2-C2v)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Wonderful Discovery of the Witchcrafts of Margaret and Phillip Flower. London: 1619, C2-C2v

Sir Humphrey   Examiner/Justice

A man from Stapenhill in the county of Staffordshire, described as a justice who scratches Alice Gooderidge in an attempt to cure Thomas Darling of his fits and illness. (9)

Appears in:
D., I.. The Most Wonderfull and True Story, of a Certain Witch named Alice Gooderige of Stapen hill. London: 1597, 9

Anonymous 130   Examiner/Justice

A Justice of the Peace who presides over the examination, trial, and condemnation of Margaret Thorpe. (87-88)

Appears in:
Fairfax, Edward . Daemonologia: a Discourse on Witchcraft as it was Acted in the Family of Mr. Edward Fairfax. Unknown: 1621, 87-88

Henry Corbet   Examiner/Justice

A man, father to demoniac Faith Corbet, Henry Corbet witnessed his daughter's fits and desperate to find a cure, consulted three doctors, Dr. Taylor, Dr. Whitty, and Dr. Corbet, to find a cure. Corbet is the one who recorded Faith's case and pressed Huson for a confession which he too recorded. (53-54)

Appears in:
Hale, Matthew. A Collection of Modern Relations of Matter of Fact Concerning Witches & Witchcraft. London: 1693, 53-54

Matthew Hopkins   Examiner/Justice

A man who is infamously appointed England's first and last witchfinder general. (1-2)

Appears in:
Hopkins, Matthew. The Discovery of Witches. London: 1647, 1-2

Sir George Manners   Examiner/Justice

A man from the county of Lincoln, known to be a Justice of the Peace for Lincoln, the brother of Sir Francis Manners and to hold the titles of Lord Rosse and the Earl of Rutland. Sir Francis Manners appealed to him for his assistance when his family was stricken and witchcraft was suspected. Sir George examined Phillip Flower and Anne Baker. (D2v)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Wonderful Discovery of the Witchcrafts of Margaret and Phillip Flower. London: 1619, D2v

Francis Lord Willoughby   Examiner/Justice

A man from Ersby in the county of Lincolnshire, known to be a lord, who assisted in the examination of Phillip Flowers on February 25, 1618. (F4v)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Wonderful Discovery of the Witchcrafts of Margaret and Phillip Flower. London: 1619, F4v

Richard Weston   Examiner/Justice

A judge and politician who oversees the Maidstone Assizes of March 15, 1681. This includes the case of Anne Blundy. He sat in Parliament in 1660 and died in 1681. (135-137)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 135-137

Master Gerard   Examiner/Justice

A man from Chelmsford in the County of Essex, known to be a Queen's Attorney at the Essex Assizes. He heard the confessions of Mother Agnes Waterhouse, Joan Waterhouse and Agnes Brown on July 27, 1566. When Mother Waterhouse denied allowing her familiar Sathan to suck her blood, Master Gerard lifted her kerchief to reveal numerous red spots on her face and nose. This forced Mother Waterhouse to admit to feeding Sathan her blood. (22, 24, 36-37)

Appears in:
Phillips, John. The Examination and Confession of Certain Witches. London: 1566, 22, 24, 36-37

Henry Fortescue   Examiner/Justice

A man from Faulkborne in the County of Essex, known to be a Justice of the Peace and, as of 1564, Sherrif of Essex. Master Henry Fortescue and Reverend Dr. Thomas Cole heard the confessions of Elizabeth Francis, Mother Agnes Waterhouse, Joan Waterhouse and Agnes Brown. ()

Appears in:
Phillips, John. The Examination and Confession of Certain Witches. London: 1566,

Justice Southcote   Examiner/Justice

A man from Chelmsford in the County of Essex, known to be a Justice at the Essex Assizes. He heard the confessions of Mother Agnes Waterhouse, Joan Waterhouse and Agnes Brown on July 27, 1566. (22, 24)

Appears in:
Phillips, John. The Examination and Confession of Certain Witches. London: 1566, 22, 24

Nicholas Pedley   Examiner/Justice

A man from the County of Huntingdon, known to be a Justice of the Peace. He examined Elizabeth Weed, Francis Moore, Elizabeth Chandler and Ellen Shepherd on charges of witchcraft, and took information from Thomas Becke. (1)

Appears in:
Davenport, John. The Witches of Huntingdon. London: 1646, 1

Robert Bernard   Examiner/Justice

A man from the County of Huntingdon, known to be a Justice of the Peace. He examined Elizabeth Weed, John Winnick, Peter Slater, Elizabeth Chandler and Ellen Shepherd on charges of witchcraft, and took information from William Searle and Mary Darnell. (1)

Appears in:
Davenport, John. The Witches of Huntingdon. London: 1646, 1

Brian Darcey   Examiner/Justice

A Justice of the Peace who examines the women and records many of the trials of the witches of S.Osyth. Darcy become sheriff of Essex in 1585 (3)

Appears in:
W., W. . A True and Just Record, of the Information, Examination and Confession of all the Witches, taken at S. Osyth in the county of Essex. London: 1582, 3

Robert Osborn   Examiner/Justice

A man from the County of Huntington, known to be a Justice of the Peace. Osborn examined Joan Wallis when she was accused of witchcraft. (12)

Appears in:
Davenport, John. The Witches of Huntingdon. London: 1646, 12

John Castell   Examiner/Justice

A man from the County of Huntingdon, known to be a Justice of the Peace, who took information from John Browne alleging that John Clarke Jr. had admitted to being a witch and cutting off his marks, and examined Clarke for witchcraft. (13)

Appears in:
Davenport, John. The Witches of Huntingdon. London: 1646, 13

Matthew Hale   Examiner/Justice

A man from Bury St. Edwards in the County of Suffolk, known to be Lord Chief Baron of His Majesties Court of Exchequer. He was a dominant figure on the King's Bench for nearly twenty years. Most famously, Matthew Hale was the magistrate presiding over the trial of Amy Denny and Rose Cullender. He indicted Denny and Cullender on thirteen counts of witchcraft and condemned them to death by hanging, carried out on March 17, 1662. Hale is said to have been hesitant to acquit or pardon Denny and Cullender, lest he give support to a disbelief in witchcraft and thus in Christianity. (4)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A Tryal of Witches. London: 1682, 4

Lord Blantyre   Examiner/Justice

A man who is appointed by King James II (along with ten others) to look into the problem of witches and witchcraft in Renfrew and oversees, for one, the case of Christian Shaw. (23-24)

Appears in:
Cullen, Francis Grant. Sadducimus Debellatus. London: 1698, 23-24

Edmund Bacon   Examiner/Justice

A man from the County of Suffolk, known to be a Justice of the Peace, who ordered Rose Cullender searched for witch's marks at the request of Samuel Pacy. At his order, six women were appointed to the task, including Mary Chandler. The searchers allegedly found Cullender to have four teats, one on her lower belly about an inch long, and three smaller on her privy parts. The larger teat is said to have had a hole in its tip, to have shown signs of having been recently sucked, and to have secreted a milky substance when handled. (38-40)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A Tryal of Witches. London: 1682, 38-40

Peter Warburton   Examiner/Justice

A man from Maidstone in the county of Kent, described as a Justice of the Peace who presides over the examination, trial, and condemnation of Anne Ashby, Anne Martyn, Mary Browne, Mildred Wright, and Anne Wilson on Friday, July 30, 1652. (1)

Appears in:
E.G., Gent.. A Prodigious & Tragic History of the Arraignment, Trial, Confession, and Condemnation of Six Witches at Maidston Kent. London: 1652, 1

Mr. Waterton   Examiner/Justice

A man from Wapping in the county of Greater London, known to be a Justice of the Peace, who signs the warrant calling for Joan Peterson's apprehension and for her house to be searched for magical items. (4)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A Declaration in Answer to Several Lying Pamphlets Concerning the Witch of Wapping. London: 1652, 4

Edward Tucker   Examiner/Justice

A man from Salisbury? and a member of the local gentry in the county of Wiltshire and the Justice of Peace for Wiltshire, who first examines and imprisons Anne Styles "on suspicion of the poyson pretended to be provided for" Mistress Goddard (Styles had first bough the white arsenic at the best of Anne Bodenham to burn as preventative magic; the same arsenic was later believed to have been meant to use against Mistress Goddard). Edward Tucker later writes to Edmund Bower to beseech him to come to the Salisbury Assize to examine Anne Styles who, after a brief reprieve, was "troubled as formerly." (15)

Appears in:
Bower, Edmond. Doctor Lamb Revived, or, Witchcraft Condemned in Anne Bodenham. London: 1653, 15

Thomas Williams   Examiner/Justice

A man who examines John Walsh on 20 August, 1566 on charges of witchcraft. (1)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Examination of John Walsh before Master Thomas Williams. London: 1566, 1

Anonymous 131   Examiner/Justice

A Justice of the Peace who, as part of the York Assize Grand Jury, presides over the indictment of Margaret Waite (Sr), Margaret Waite (Jr.), Jennit Dibble, Margaret Thorpe, Elizabeth Fletcher, and Elizabeth Dickenson. (126)

Appears in:
Fairfax, Edward . Daemonologia: a Discourse on Witchcraft as it was Acted in the Family of Mr. Edward Fairfax. Unknown: 1621, 126

Sir George Ellis   Examiner/Justice

A Justice of the Peace who, as part of the York Assize Grand Jury, presides over the indictment of Margaret Waite (Sr), Margaret Waite (Jr.), Jennit Dibble, Margaret Thorpe, Elizabeth Fletcher, and Elizabeth Dickenson. (126)

Appears in:
Fairfax, Edward . Daemonologia: a Discourse on Witchcraft as it was Acted in the Family of Mr. Edward Fairfax. Unknown: 1621, 126

Anonymous 132   Examiner/Justice

A Justice of the Peace who, as part of the York Assize Grand Jury, presides over the indictment of Margaret Waite (Sr), Margaret Waite (Jr.), Jennit Dibble, Margaret Thorpe, Elizabeth Fletcher, and Elizabeth Dickenson. (126)

Appears in:
Fairfax, Edward . Daemonologia: a Discourse on Witchcraft as it was Acted in the Family of Mr. Edward Fairfax. Unknown: 1621, 126

Anonymous 133   Examiner/Justice

A Justice of the Peace who, as part of the York Assize Grand Jury, presides over the indictment of Margaret Waite (Sr), Margaret Waite (Jr.), Jennit Dibble, Margaret Thorpe, Elizabeth Fletcher, and Elizabeth Dickenson. (126)

Appears in:
Fairfax, Edward . Daemonologia: a Discourse on Witchcraft as it was Acted in the Family of Mr. Edward Fairfax. Unknown: 1621, 126

Anonymous 134   Examiner/Justice

A Justice of the Peace who, as part of the York Assize Grand Jury, presides over the indictment of Margaret Waite (Sr), Margaret Waite (Jr.), Jennit Dibble, Margaret Thorpe, Elizabeth Fletcher, and Elizabeth Dickenson. (126)

Appears in:
Fairfax, Edward . Daemonologia: a Discourse on Witchcraft as it was Acted in the Family of Mr. Edward Fairfax. Unknown: 1621, 126

Anonymous 135   Examiner/Justice

A Justice of the Peace who, as part of the York Assize Grand Jury, presides over the indictment of Margaret Waite (Sr), Margaret Waite (Jr.), Jennit Dibble, Margaret Thorpe, Elizabeth Fletcher, and Elizabeth Dickenson. (126)

Appears in:
Fairfax, Edward . Daemonologia: a Discourse on Witchcraft as it was Acted in the Family of Mr. Edward Fairfax. Unknown: 1621, 126

Anonymous 136   Examiner/Justice

The Judge who presided over the arraignment of Margaret Waite (Sr), Margaret Waite (Jr.), Jennit Dibble, Margaret Thorpe, Elizabeth Fletcher, and Elizabeth Dickenson, and who dismissed charges against them. (127)

Appears in:
Fairfax, Edward . Daemonologia: a Discourse on Witchcraft as it was Acted in the Family of Mr. Edward Fairfax. Unknown: 1621, 127

Michael Ogibly   Examiner/Justice

A man from Bideford in the county of Devon, the local parish rector, who, along with the mayor, Thomas Gist and the Alderman, John Davie Alderman, questions Temperance Lloyd in 1682. Ogilby asked Lloyd a series of three questions designed to determine her damnation. He first asked: "how long since the Devil did tempt her to do evil?" Lloyd confessed that she had become a witch circa 1670; her first maelfic act that of murder had been against William Herbert, an act committed at the prompting of the devil who promised she "would do well." Ogilby also asked Lloyd if she "had prickt any Pins in the said Puppit or Baby-picture," she had grab from Thomas Eastchurch's shop, an act of thievery done while she was in the shape of a cat. Lloyd would not confess to any more then laying the puppet on Grace Thomas' bed. Finally, Ogilby asked Lloyd to "say the Lords Prayer and her Creed; which she imperfectly performing, the said Mr. Ogilby did give her many good Exhortations, and so departed from her." (17-20)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A True and Impartial Relation of the Informations Against Three Witches. London: 1682, 17-20

Thomas Gist   Examiner/Justice

A man from Bideford in the county of Devon, described as the "Thomas Gist Mayor of the Burrough, Town and Mannor of Biddiford," who is one of the main examiners at Temperance Lloyd's trial. Gist personally heard the testimony of Dorcas Coleman (the Wife of John Coleman of Bideford, Mariner), Thomas Bremincom of Bideford, Gentleman, Grace Thomas of Bideford, Spinster, Elizabeth Eastchurch and Thomas Eastchurch of Biddiford, Gentleman, Anne Wakely, the Wife of William Wakely of Biddiford, Husbandman, William Herbert of Bideford, Black-smith, Grace Barnes and John Barnes of Bideford, Yeoman, William Edwards of Bideford, Black-smith, Joane Jones and Anthony Jones of Bideford, Husbandman, and examined, heard the testimony of, and the final confessions of Susanna Edwards, Temperance Lloyd, and Mary Trembles. (18)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A True and Impartial Relation of the Informations Against Three Witches. London: 1682, 18

Anonymous 137   Examiner/Justice

A constable (Anonymous 137) who apprehended and carried Margaret Thorpe and Margaret Waite to Edward Fairfax's home. (77)

Appears in:
Fairfax, Edward . Daemonologia: a Discourse on Witchcraft as it was Acted in the Family of Mr. Edward Fairfax. Unknown: 1621, 77

Thomas Fowler   Examiner/Justice

A witness to Elizabeth Jennings miraculous (and temporary) recovery, and examiner of Margaret Russell, the woman accused of bewitching her. ()

Appears in:
Unknown, . The Bewitchment of Elizabeth Jennings. British Library MS Add. 36674, fols. 134-7. Foster, Donald W., ed. "The Bewitchment of Elizabeth Jennings." Normalized text, ed. D. Foster (1999), from British Library MS Add. 36674, fols. 134-7. Poughkeepsie, NY: Vassar College, 1999.: 1622,

Bartholomew Hobson   Examiner/Justice

A man who determines that Anonymous 143 is not a witch. He then moves to Northumberland where he works as a witch-finder charging three pounds per case. (116)

Appears in:
Gardiner, Ralph . England's Grievance Discovered. Unknown: 1796, 116

James Altham   Examiner/Justice

A man from the County of York, known to be a knight, a Baron of His Majesties' Court of Exchequer and a Justice of Assize for Oyer and Terminer. Sir James Altham heard the examination of Jennet Preston on July 27, 1612 along with Sir Edward Bromley. (Title Page)

Appears in:
Potts, Thomas. The Wonderfull Discovery of Witches in the County of Lancaster. London: 1613, Title Page

Edward Bromley   Examiner/Justice

A man from the County of York, known to be a knight, a Baron of His Majesties' Court of Exchequer and a Justice of Assize for Oyer and Terminer. Sir Edward Bromley heard the examination of Jennet Preston on July 27, 1612 along with Sir James Altham. Knighted in 1610, he rode the northern circuit as a Justice of the Assize from 1610-1618. He is known to have been influenced by Sir Edward Coke, as he was among those "whom Sir Edward Coke led in refusing to sit or to take the oath as commissioners." (Title Page)

Appears in:
Potts, Thomas. The Wonderfull Discovery of Witches in the County of Lancaster. London: 1613, Title Page

Roger Nowell   Examiner/Justice

A man from the County of Lancaster, known to be a Justice of the Peace for the County of Lancaster, who presided over the examinations and trials of Elizabeth Southerns, Alison Device, James Device, Elizabeth Device, Anne Whittle, Jennet Device, Jennet Preston and Anne Robinson. (B2)

Appears in:
Potts, Thomas. The Wonderfull Discovery of Witches in the County of Lancaster. London: 1613, B2

Henry Tempest   Examiner/Justice

A juror in the case agasint Mary Sykes. (28-29)

Appears in:
Raine, James. Depositions from the Castle of York. Unknown: 1861, 28-29

Sir William Slingsby   Examiner/Justice

A man who examines Margaret Russell on charges of having bewitched Elizabeth Jennings. ()

Appears in:
Unknown, . The Bewitchment of Elizabeth Jennings. British Library MS Add. 36674, fols. 134-7. Foster, Donald W., ed. "The Bewitchment of Elizabeth Jennings." Normalized text, ed. D. Foster (1999), from British Library MS Add. 36674, fols. 134-7. Poughkeepsie, NY: Vassar College, 1999.: 1622,

John Savile   Examiner/Justice

A juror in the case against Margaret Morton. (38)

Appears in:
Raine, James. Depositions from the Castle of York. Unknown: 1861, 38

Alex Johnson   Examiner/Justice

A juror in the case against Margaret Morton. (38)

Appears in:
Raine, James. Depositions from the Castle of York. Unknown: 1861, 38

John Stanhope   Examiner/Justice

A juror in the case against Margaret Morton. (38)

Appears in:
Raine, James. Depositions from the Castle of York. Unknown: 1861, 38

John Hewley   Examiner/Justice

A juror in the case against Margaret Morton. (38)

Appears in:
Raine, James. Depositions from the Castle of York. Unknown: 1861, 38

John Ashton   Examiner/Justice

A juror in the case against Anne Greene. (64)

Appears in:
Raine, James. Depositions from the Castle of York. Unknown: 1861, 64

Edgar Coats   Examiner/Justice

A juror in the trial against Anne Greene. (64)

Appears in:
Raine, James. Depositions from the Castle of York. Unknown: 1861, 64

Jo. Ward   Examiner/Justice

A Justice from Wakefield in the county of Yorkshire who heard the testimony of Richard Jackson, of Wakefield against Jennet and George Benton. The Bentons were indicted for allegedly practicing witchcraft on Richard Jackson and his family after Jackson reprimanded them for trespassing. (74-75)

Appears in:
Raine, James. Depositions from the Castle of York. Unknown: 1861, 74-75

Sir William Pelham   Examiner/Justice

A man from the County of Leicestershire, known to be a knight and a Justice of the Peace, who examined Phillip Flower twice, first on February 4, 1618, and again on February 25, 1618. (F3)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Wonderful Discovery of the Witchcrafts of Margaret and Phillip Flower. London: 1619, F3

Sir Henry Hastings   Examiner/Justice

A man from the County of Leicester, known to be a knight and a Justice of the Peace for the County of Leicester. He was one of the Justices of the Peace to examined Joan Willimott during her third examination, on March 17, 1618, and also examined Ellen Greene the same day. (E4v)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Wonderful Discovery of the Witchcrafts of Margaret and Phillip Flower. London: 1619, E4v

Anonymous 330 (Plural)   Examiner/Justice

A person from Renfrew in the county of Renfrewshire, described as one of several Commisioners hired by the King (presumably James II) to look into the problem of witches and witchcraft in Renfrew. They put several women on trial and perform tests such as pricking and search for witch's marks. (3)

Appears in:
P., T.. A Relation of the Diabolical Practices of above Twenty Wizards and Witches of the Sheriffdom of Renfrew in the Kingdom of Scotland. London: 1697, 3

Sir Henry Nevel   Examiner/Justice

A man of Windsor in the county of Berkshire, known to be a knight, to whom Richard Galis complained to in the matter of Mistress Audrey, Elizabeth Stile, Mother Dutton and Mother Nelson; Nevel agreed to examine the four and found them unable to engage in prayer. Nevel declared Galis overseer of their religious reform, responsible for ensuring they are publicly at the pulpit at Service. When Galis brings Stile to him again, this time uninvited with Stile in tow bound and foaming at the mouth, Nevel refuses to assist him. When Galis is at last able to provide sufficient evidence against Stile, Nevel is the one to commit her to Reading Gaol and order her examined. (Image 9, 11, 12)

Appears in:
Galis, Richard. A Brief Treatise Containing the Most Strange and Horrible Cruelty of Elizabeth Stile alias Rockingham and her Confederates. London: 1572, Image 9, 11, 12

Old Bailey Jury   Examiner/Justice

A person from London in the county of Greater London, described as one of a jury at the Old Bailey who presides over Mary Poole's trial. They find her guilty of theft and sentence her to branding. (2)

Appears in:
Unknown, . The Proceedings of the Old Bailey: Mary Poole, Theft > grand larceny, 13th December 1699. . London: 1699, 2

George Long   Examiner/Justice

A man who presides over the hearing of Edmund Robinson who claims that he did not at first believe his son when he told him about witches in the area. (144)

Appears in:
Bruce (Editor), John. Calendar of State Papers Domestic Series: Charles I, 1634-5. Unknown: 1864, 144

Sir John Crook   Examiner/Justice

The Recorder of London who is employed to test Mary Glover's alleged possession. Crook uses various methods to test Glover, including burning her hand with a piece of flaming paper, and pricking her nose with a long pin. (93, 96)

Appears in:
Sinclair, George. Satan's Invisible World Discovered. Edinburgh: 1685, 93, 96

Nicholas Bannister   Examiner/Justice

A man from Lancaster in the County of Lancashire, known to be a Justice of Peace for the County of Lancashire. Nicholas Bannister heard the examinations and confessions of James Device, Elizabeth Device and Jennet Device on April 27, 1612. (C2)

Appears in:
Potts, Thomas. The Wonderfull Discovery of Witches in the County of Lancaster. London: 1613, C2

Sir. Rich Greynevile   Examiner/Justice

One of three examiners in the case against Anne Piers. The examiners question several residents from the town of Padstow. (29)

Appears in:
Everett Greene, Mary Anne. Calendar of State Papers, Domestic: Edward VI, Mary Elizabeth I, James I: 1581-1590, Volume 2. London: 1865, 29

Thomas Roscarrock   Examiner/Justice

One of three examiners in the case against Anne Piers. The examiners question several residents from the town of Padstow. (29)

Appears in:
Everett Greene, Mary Anne. Calendar of State Papers, Domestic: Edward VI, Mary Elizabeth I, James I: 1581-1590, Volume 2. London: 1865, 29

George Greynevile   Examiner/Justice

One of three examiners in the case against Anne Piers. The examiners question several residents from the town of Padstow. (29)

Appears in:
Everett Greene, Mary Anne. Calendar of State Papers, Domestic: Edward VI, Mary Elizabeth I, James I: 1581-1590, Volume 2. London: 1865, 29

Justice Foster   Examiner/Justice

A man from Nuham in the County of Northumberland, known to be a Justice of the Peace. Mary Moore gave him information about both John Hutton and Dorothy Swinow in order to gain their apprehension. Justice Foster had Hutton apprehended and imprisoned at Newcastle Gaol, but not Swinow. He also heard Margaret White's confession, in which she accused Swinow and Jane Martin of killing the infant Sibilla Moore. (10, 12)

Appears in:
Moore, Mary. Wonderfull Newes from the North. London: 1650, 10, 12

Essex Assize Jurors   Examiner/Justice

One of a group of jurors who determined that Elizabeth Francis murdered Mrs. Poole and did so with forethought. (http://seax.essexcc.gov.uk/result_details.asp?intOffSet=0&intThisRecordsOffSet=0)

Appears in:
Essex Record Office, . Calendar of Essex Assize Records. Online. http://seax.essexcc.gov.uk: 2011, http://seax.essexcc.gov.uk/result_details.asp?intOffSet=0&intThisRecordsOffSet=0

Essex Assize Jurors (2)   Examiner/Justice

One of a group of jurors who determine that Margaret Hodgin planned the murder of Margaret Hull. (http://seax.essexcc.gov.uk/result_details.asp?intOffSet=0&intThisRecordsOffSet=0)

Appears in:
Essex Record Office, . Calendar of Essex Assize Records. Online. http://seax.essexcc.gov.uk: 2011, http://seax.essexcc.gov.uk/result_details.asp?intOffSet=0&intThisRecordsOffSet=0

Anonymous 237   Examiner/Justice

A man from Spital in the County of Northumberland, known to be a Justice of the Peace. He heard Mary Moore's plea to remove Dorothy Swinow to Northumberland for prosecution, which he denied. The next day, Moore again appeared in the Judge's chamber to beg justice against Swinow on behalf of her family. While Moore was arguing her case, Margaret Muschamp fell into a fit, related "before them all DOROTHY SVVINOVVS malice from the beginning," and begged too for justice. The judge denied Moore and Muschamp, and declared Muschamp's fit to be feigned. (14-15)

Appears in:
Moore, Mary. Wonderfull Newes from the North. London: 1650, 14-15

Eldred Lancelot Lee   Examiner/Justice

A member of a prominent and wealthy family residing at Cotton Hall in Birdgnorth in Staffordshire (now part of Shropshire). There is a famous painting of Lee's family by Joseph Highmore. The painting includes his wife and ten children. (135-137)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 135-137

Constable   Examiner/Justice

A man from Well-Close in London, described as a Constable who helps in the apprehension of the witch, Sarah Griffith, and the prevention of her escape by knocking her down when she attempted to jump a wall. The Constable takes Sarah Griffith to the Justice. (1)

Appears in:
Greenwel, Thomas. A Full and True Account of the Discovery, Apprehending and taking of a notorious witch,. London: 1704, 1

Anonymous 347   Examiner/Justice

A judge in the case against Alice Swallow. He find Swallow guilty of bewitching/murdering Alice Basticke. (http://seax.essexcc.gov.uk/result_details.asp?intOffSet=0&intThisRecordsOffSet=0)

Appears in:
Essex Record Office, . Calendar of Essex Assize Records. Online. http://seax.essexcc.gov.uk: 2011, http://seax.essexcc.gov.uk/result_details.asp?intOffSet=0&intThisRecordsOffSet=0

Essex Jurors (3)   Examiner/Justice

One of a group of jurors in the case against Margaret Stanton. They find, contrary to the Justice of Peace, that Margaret Stanton used witchcraft to kill a gelding worth 3 and a cow worth 40s. (http://seax.essexcc.gov.uk/result_details.asp?intOffSet=0&intThisRecordsOffSet=0)

Appears in:
Essex Record Office, . Calendar of Essex Assize Records. Online. http://seax.essexcc.gov.uk: 2011, http://seax.essexcc.gov.uk/result_details.asp?intOffSet=0&intThisRecordsOffSet=0

Anonymous 241   Examiner/Justice

A justice who does not find Margaret Ganne and Joan Norfolk guilty of murdering John Furmyn by witchcraft so that he languished and died. (http://seax.essexcc.gov.uk/result_details.asp?intOffSet=0&intThisRecordsOffSet=1)

Appears in:
Essex Record Office, . Calendar of Essex Assize Records. Online. http://seax.essexcc.gov.uk: 2011, http://seax.essexcc.gov.uk/result_details.asp?intOffSet=0&intThisRecordsOffSet=1

Anonymous 350   Examiner/Justice

A justice of the peace in the case agasint Margaret Stanton who finds her not guilty of bewitching a white gelding worth 3 and a cow worth 40s causing them to languish and die. This conclusion is contrary to the jurors on the same case. (http://seax.essexcc.gov.uk/result_details.asp?intOffSet=0&intThisRecordsOffSet=0)

Appears in:
Essex Record Office, . Calendar of Essex Assize Records. Online. http://seax.essexcc.gov.uk: 2011, http://seax.essexcc.gov.uk/result_details.asp?intOffSet=0&intThisRecordsOffSet=0

Sir Martin Stuteville   Examiner/Justice

A man and member of the gentry from Dalham in the county of Suffolk. The friends of Thomas Paman write to Stuteville asking for legal, philosophical, or practical assistance is diagnosing or treating Paman's alleged possession. Stuteville sends Alice Read to see Paman, although it is unclear if he sends her as an unwitcher (to cure him) or as a witch (to be scratched by him). Paman attacks Read but later retracts his possession. Stuteville appears in the historical record for having paid for the tower arch of St Mary's church in Dalham and for his correspondence with Joseph Mede (1621-1631, Harley MSS 389 and 390). Curiously, Mede appears to have written to Stuteville about Mead wrote about Sir Edward Coke, father of Lady Purbeck, who was accused of using magic, (or paying for magic to be done by Dr. Lamb) against her husband. (198-199)

Appears in:
, Great Britain. Public Record Office. Calendar of State Papers: Domestic Series, of the Reign of Charles I, 1629-1631. London: 1830, 198-199

Essex Assize Jurors (4)   Examiner/Justice

One of a group of jurors who find Alice Aylett guilty of using witchcraft to murder Susan Parman and Simon (possibly Anonymous 259). (http://seax.essexcc.gov.uk/result_details.asp?intOffSet=0&intThisRecordsOffSet=1)

Appears in:
Essex Record Office, . Calendar of Essex Assize Records. Online. http://seax.essexcc.gov.uk: 2011, http://seax.essexcc.gov.uk/result_details.asp?intOffSet=0&intThisRecordsOffSet=1

Edward Eltonhead   Examiner/Justice

A man from the county of Essex who commits Anne Lamperill to prison at Colchester Castle because she was accused and suspected of being a witch. (http://seax.essexcc.gov.uk/result_details.asp?intOffSet=0&intThisRecordsOffSet=0)

Appears in:
Essex Record Office, . Calendar of Essex Assize Records. Online. http://seax.essexcc.gov.uk: 2011, http://seax.essexcc.gov.uk/result_details.asp?intOffSet=0&intThisRecordsOffSet=0

Anonymous 348   Examiner/Justice

A man presiding as the judge at "a sessions holden at St. Edmunds-bury in Suffolke," who condemns eighteen witches to die on the 27th of August, 1645. The names of the witches are: Mr. Lowes Parson, Thomas Evererd, Mary Evererd, Mary Bacon, Anne Alderman, Rebecca Morris, Mary Fuller, Mary Clowes, Margery Sparham, Katherine Tooley, Sarah Spinlow, Ian Limstead, Anne Wright, Mary Smith, Ian Rivert, Susan Manners, Mary Skipper, and Anne Leech. (Cover)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A True Relation of the Araignment of Eighteene Witches. London: 1645, Cover

Justices (3)   Examiner/Justice

An undetermined number of men presiding as the justices at "a sessions holden at St. Edmunds-bury in Suffolke," who condemns alongside a judge eighteen witches to die on the 27th of August, 1645. The names of the witches are: Mr. Lowes Parson, Thomas Evererd, Mary Evererd, Mary Bacon, Anne Alderman, Rebecca Morris, Mary Fuller, Mary Clowes, Margery Sparham, Katherine Tooley, Sarah Spinlow, Ian Limstead, Anne Wright, Mary Smith, Ian Rivert, Susan Manners, Mary Skipper, and Anne Leech. (Cover)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A True Relation of the Araignment of Eighteene Witches. London: 1645, Cover

Robert, Earl of Warwick   Examiner/Justice

A man who acts as a judge over several trials held in Essex in 1645. (Cover)

Appears in:
H., F.. A True and Exact Relation of the severall Informations, Examinations, and Confessions of the late Witches, arraigned and executed in the County of Essex. . London: 1645, Cover

James Tong   Examiner/Justice

A man from Tunstall in the county of Kent, Tong is a member of the grand jury at the Maidstone Assizes in March 1676 which includes the case against Anne Neale. (3-16)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 3-16

Samuel Maninge   Examiner/Justice

A man from Foots Cray in the county of Kent (now the London Borough of Bexley), Maninge is a member of the grand jury at the Maidstone Assizes in March 1676 which includes the case against Anne Neale. (3-16)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 3-16

Stephen Scott   Examiner/Justice

A man from Hayes in the county of Kent (now part of the London Borough Bromley), Scott is a member of the grand jury at the Maidstone Assizes in March 1676 which includes the case against Anne Neale. (3-16)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 3-16

Henry Faussett   Examiner/Justice

A man from Dartford in the county of Kent, Faussett is a member of the grand jury at the Maidstone Assizes in March 1676 which includes the case against Anne Neale. (3-16)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 3-16

John Clarke   Examiner/Justice

A man from Detling in the county of Kent, Clarke is a member of the grand jury at the Maidstone Assizes in March 1676 which includes the case against Anne Neale. (3-16)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 3-16

Brett Netter   Examiner/Justice

A man from Maidstone in the county of Kent, Netter is a member of the grand jury at the Maidstone Assizes in March 1676 which includes the case against Anne Neale. (3-16)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 3-16

Farnham Aldersey   Examiner/Justice

A man from Maidstone in the county of Kent, Aldersey is a member of the grand jury at the Maidstone Assizes in March 1676 which includes the case against Anne Neale. (3-16)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 3-16

James Reader   Examiner/Justice

A man from Maidstone in the county of Kent, Reader is a member of the grand jury at the Maidstone Assizes in March 1676 which includes the case against Anne Neale. (3-16)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 3-16

William Peachy   Examiner/Justice

A man from Cranbrook in the county of Kent, Peachy is a member of the grand jury at the Maidstone Assizes in March 1676 which includes the case against Anne Neale. (3-16)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 3-16

Daniel Woodgate   Examiner/Justice

A man from Hawkurst (now the in the borough of Tundridge Wells) in the county of Kent, Woodgate is a member of the grand jury at the Maidstone Assizes in March 1676 which includes the case against Anne Neale. (3-16)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 3-16

William Hugessen   Examiner/Justice

A man from Norton (now Norton Ash) in the county of Kent, Hugessen is a member of the grand jury at the Maidstone Assizes in March 1676 which includes the case against Anne Neale. (3-16)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 3-16

William Brett   Examiner/Justice

A man from Kennington in the county of Kent (now a suburb of Ashford), Brett is a member of the grand jury at the Maidstone Assizes in March 1676 which includes the case against Anne Neale. (3-16)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 3-16

John Eve   Examiner/Justice

A man from Brookland in the county of Kent, Eve is a member of the grand jury at the Maidstone Assizes in March 1676 which includes the case against Anne Neale. (3-16)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 3-16

Christopher Mills   Examiner/Justice

A man from Herne in the county of Kent, Mills is is a member of the grand jury at the Maidstone Assizes in March 1676 which includes the case against Anne Neale. (3-16)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 3-16

Nicholas Tooke   Examiner/Justice

A man from Stone in the county of Kent, Tooke is a member of the grand jury at the Maidstone Assizes in March 1676 which includes the case against Anne Neale. (3-16)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 3-16

Bonham Spencer   Examiner/Justice

A man from Shorne in the county of Kent, Spencer is a member of the grand jury at the Maidstone Assizes in March 1676 which includes the case against Anne Neale. (3-16)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 3-16

Robert Yardley   Examiner/Justice

A man from Chatham in the county of Kent, Yardley is a member of the grand jury at the Maidstone Assizes in March 1676 which includes the case against Anne Neale. (3-16)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 3-16

Thomas Twisden   Examiner/Justice

A man from the county of Kent who serves as a judge at the Maidstone Assizes on March 14, 1676. One of the case over which he presides is the case of Anne Neale. (3-16)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 3-16

William Ellis   Examiner/Justice

A man from the county of Kent who presides over the assizes of Kent at Maidstone in July of 1679 which included the case against Mary Foster. (87-91)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 87-91

Sir Humphrey Winch   Examiner/Justice

A man from Bedford in the county of Bedfordshire, who owned land at Cardington, Nothill, and Everton. Sir Humphrey Winch was one of two justices who, along with Randolph Crew, presided over the midland and northern assize circuits. He was responsible for imprisonment and execution of nine women as witches on July 18, 1616, at Husbands Bosworth. He was also responsible for the prosecution and imprisonment of another of six women at Husbands Bosworth, Leicester on October 15, 1616. based on the testimony of John Smith, whom the allegedly bewitched. Smyth recanted after King James I personally interrogated him, and called for the witches to be released from jail the following day. Five women walked free; one died. Winch's reputation was likely harmed by the incident. (6-9)

Appears in:
Osborne, Francis. A Miscellany of Sundry Essayes, Paradoxes, and Problematicall Discourses, Letters and Characters. London: 1659, 6-9

Sir Randolph Crewe   Examiner/Justice

A man from Nantwich in the county of Cheshire, described as Randolf Crewe who was made the King's Serjeants-at-Law, an elite legal position, in 1614. Serjeant Crewe was one of two traveling judges on the midland and northern assize circuits, where, along with Sir Humphrey Winch, he presided over the midland and northern assize circuits. He was responsible for imprisonment and execution of nine women as witches on July 18, 1616 at Husbands Bosworth. He was also responsible for the prosecution and imprisonment of another of six women at Husbands Bosworth, Leicester on October 15, 1616. based on the testimony of John Smith, whom the allegedly bewitched. Smyth recanted after King James I personally interrogated him, and called for the witches to be released from jail the following day. Five women walked free; one died. Crewe's reputation was likely harmed by the incident. (6-9)

Appears in:
Osborne, Francis. A Miscellany of Sundry Essayes, Paradoxes, and Problematicall Discourses, Letters and Characters. London: 1659, 6-9

Job Charlton   Examiner/Justice

A baronet from London and serving as judge at the Maidstone Assizes which included the case against Thomas Whiteing and Elizabeth Scott. Charlton was born in London around 1615. He went to Oxford and graduated with a B.A. in 1632. He was created 1st Baronet Charlton, of Ludford, co. Hereford, England on 12 May 1686. Before that, however, one of his many positions included holding the office of Justice of the Court of Common Pleas between 1680 and 20 April 1686. (141-157)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 141-157

Sir Bassingbourn Gawdy   Examiner/Justice

A man from West Harling in the county of Norfolk and one time High Sheriff of Norfolk (1578), Sir Bassingbourn Gawdy is responsible for imprisoning Margaret Fraunces for the alleged bewitchment of Joan Harvey. Gawdy was prompted to release Fraunces after receiving a letter from Augustine Styward in which Styward pleaded for mercy for Fraunces and diagnosed Harvey as suffering from hysteria. (71)

Appears in:
Great Britain. Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, . Report on the manuscripts of the family of Gawdy, formerly of Norfolk. . London: 1885, 71

Alexander Amcots   Examiner/Justice

A man from Leicester in the county of Leicestershire, described as a Justice of the Peace. Amcot twice examines Joan Willimott. On February 28, 1618 she confessed to Amcot that she was a cunning woman, that Joane Flower "told her that my Lord of Rutland had dealt badly with her and that they had put away her Daughter," that she had a vision of the Earl of Rutland, Sir Francis Manner, Lord Rosse's son being "striken with a white Spirit," but that she spirit suggested he would "do well," that the previous Friday night, her "Spirit came to her and told her that there was a bad woman at Deeping who had giuen her soule to the Diuell," a piece of information for which it demanded payment, "although it were but a peece of her Girdle," but she refused. On March 2, 1618, she confesses to Amcot how she got her spirit, (form William Berry of Langholme in Rutlandshire who blew it into her mouth), that it was a Fairy "the shape and forme of a Woman," that she did promise it her soul in exchange for services, but that she "neyther did she imploy her Spirit in any thing, but onely to bring word how those did which she had vndertaken to cure." By December 3, 1618, Francis Manners would appoint Alexander Amoct deputy recorder. (13)

Appears in:
Flower, Margaret. Witchcrafts, strange and wonderfull: discovering the damnable practices of seven witches. London: 1635, 13

Anonymous 310   Examiner/Justice

A man from the Borough of Southwark in the county of Greater London, who is sent for by Mrs. Pigeon and Mrs. Jones, two alleged wicked women, along with his colleague, Anonymous 312, to arrest the eldest son of Mr. Goodwin, Andrew Goodwin, in the dead of night from his own home. Using an iron crow, he forces the bedchamber doors of Andrew Goodwin's room open in order to retrieve him. (20 - 21)

Appears in:
Vernon, Samuel . A Brief Relation of the Strange and Unnatural Practices of Wessel Goodwin. London: 1654, 20 - 21

Anonymous 312   Examiner/Justice

A man from the Borough of Southwark in the county of Greater London, who is sent for by Mrs. Pigeon and Mrs. Jones, two alleged wicked women, along with his colleague, Anonymous 311, to arrest the eldest son of Mr. Goodwin, Andrew Goodwin, in the dead of night from his own home. Using an iron crow, he forces the bedchamber doors of Andrew Goodwin's room open in order to retrieve him. (20 - 21)

Appears in:
Vernon, Samuel . A Brief Relation of the Strange and Unnatural Practices of Wessel Goodwin. London: 1654, 20 - 21

Justices (2)   Examiner/Justice

A number of men from the Borough of Southwark in the county of Greater London, who preside over the trials of Mrs. Pigeon and Mrs. Jones at the request of the Goodwin children. As none of the Goodwin children come forth as witnesses to the alleged wicked deeds of Mrs. Pigeon and Mrs. Jones, the case is dismissed "with only an admonition to old Mr. Goodwin, to forsake the company of these women so prejudicial to his reputation." (22 - 23)

Appears in:
Vernon, Samuel . A Brief Relation of the Strange and Unnatural Practices of Wessel Goodwin. London: 1654, 22 - 23

Sir Edward Coke   Examiner/Justice

A man from the county of Suffolk, described as Sir Edward Coke who was Lord Chief Justice, and known to converse with Robert Spatchet of Dunwich in the county of Suffolk, the grandfather of alleged demoniac Thomas Spatchet, who suffered fits attributed to Aubrey Grinset. Coke was a prominent lawyer, legal writer and politician. By 1600, he had become an extremely wealthy land and owned over a hundred properties, including property in Suffolk. He was appointed chief justice of the court of common pleas in 1606, and chief justice of the king's bench in 1613. In his text The Third Part of the Institutes of the Laws of England, Coke defined a witch as someone who has conference with the Devil, and should not be suffered to live. He also rules against conjurers, sorcerers and enchanters, as being know to consort with demons or the Devil. All are to be punished by death. Burning is the punishment for heretics, and may also be used in the case of witchcraft and consulting with the Devil. Coke mentions a precedent in which a sorcerer was beheaded, and the head burnt along with his book of sorcery. He includes using, practicing or exercising an invocation of an evil or wicked spirit in his definition of felony. Also included is consorting with wicked spirits, using or otherwise disturbing the dead for the purpose of witchcraft, harming or killing a person through witchcraft, using witchcraft to find treasure or cheating others of their money, finding lost or stolen things, provoking unlawful love, or destroying the cattle or goods of another person, or otherwise through witchcraft hurting or destroying a person. (2)

Appears in:
Petto, Samuel. A Faithful Narrative of the Wonderful and Extraordinary Fits . London: 1693, 2

Anonymous 333   Examiner/Justice

A man from St. Paul's Cross in London who accepts the confessions of Rachel Pindar and Agnes Brigges as having "counterfeiringes" of being possessed by Satan, on August 15, 1574. (2-3)

Appears in:
Chrysostom, John. The Disclosing of a Late Counterfeyted Possession by the Deuyl in Two Maydens within the Citie of London. London: 1574, 2-3

Roger Dogeson   Examiner/Justice

A man from St. Paul's Cross in London who examined Agnes Brigges with James Style and John Kent Percer, and heard her confession to the pretense of being possessed by Satan, as he was commanded to by Sir John Rivers, a knight and mayor of London. (14)

Appears in:
Chrysostom, John. The Disclosing of a Late Counterfeyted Possession by the Deuyl in Two Maydens within the Citie of London. London: 1574, 14

James Style   Examiner/Justice

A man from St. Paul's Cross in London who served as examiner with Roger Dogeson and John Kent Percer to the Agnes Brigges, and who also heard her confession to the pretense of being possessed by Satan. He was a minister and person of Saint Margaret's in Lothberry of John Taylor. (14)

Appears in:
Chrysostom, John. The Disclosing of a Late Counterfeyted Possession by the Deuyl in Two Maydens within the Citie of London. London: 1574, 14

John Kent Percer   Examiner/Justice

A man from St. Paul's Cross in London who served as an examiner for Agnes Brigges with Roger Dogeson, and James Style. He also heard her confession of her pretense of being possessed by Satan. (14)

Appears in:
Chrysostom, John. The Disclosing of a Late Counterfeyted Possession by the Deuyl in Two Maydens within the Citie of London. London: 1574, 14

Matthew L   Examiner/Justice

A man from an area in Canterbury who served as an examiner and confessor to Agnes Brigges, who admitted to having fabricated her possession. He is a minister and Archbishop of Canterbury. (16)

Appears in:
Chrysostom, John. The Disclosing of a Late Counterfeyted Possession by the Deuyl in Two Maydens within the Citie of London. London: 1574, 16

William Fleetwood   Examiner/Justice

A man from an area of London who served as examiner and confessor to Agnes Brigges, who admitted to fabricating her possession by the devil. He is the recorder of London City. (16)

Appears in:
Chrysostom, John. The Disclosing of a Late Counterfeyted Possession by the Deuyl in Two Maydens within the Citie of London. London: 1574, 16

Sir Rosalind   Examiner/Justice

A man from an area of London who serves as an examiner and confessor to Agnes Brigges who admitted to having lied about her possession by Satan. Sir Rosalind is also a wayward knight, and an alderman of the city of London. (16)

Appears in:
Chrysostom, John. The Disclosing of a Late Counterfeyted Possession by the Deuyl in Two Maydens within the Citie of London. London: 1574, 16

Timothy Littleton   Examiner/Justice

A judge from Kent who presides over the Assizes at Maidstone in Kent including the case of James Watts. Watts was accused by several people of bewitching a 16 year old girl named Anne Huggins. She was found not guilty. (58-65)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 58-65

John Hindle   Examiner/Justice

A man from Lancaster in the county of Lancashire, who witnessed several of Richard Dugdale's alleged fits, especially those characterized by the vomiting of various objects and weight change from extremely light to very heavy. John Hindle also pricks the bottom of Richard Dugdale's foot with a needle during one of his fits, to which he "neither stirred nor complained at all." (57)

Appears in:
Jollie, Thomas. A Vindication of the Surey Demoniack as no Imposter. London: 1698, 57

Justice Bateman   Examiner/Justice

A man from Bridewell in London, who serves as the justice for the trial of Sarah Griffith as an alleged witch. Although she pleads innocent, evidence is lain forth as in the witness to Mr. John ---'s apprentice's sickness, and so Justice Bateman commits her to the Bridewell prison. (1)

Appears in:
Greenwel, Thomas. A Full and True Account of the Discovery, Apprehending and taking of a notorious witch,. London: 1704, 1

Sir Thomas Lane   Examiner/Justice

A man from the London borough of Southwark, who is known to have been the Examiner for the trial of Mrs. Sarah Morduck and Richard Hathaway. Lane observed Hathaway scratch Morduck in court, consume the amount of bread and cheese an ordinary man could be expected to in three days, and not long after pass a large amount of urine and a small amount of excrement into his britches. (2)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A Full and True Account of the Apprehending and Taking of Mrs. Sarah Moordike. Unknown: 1701, 2

Sir Humphrey Jervise   Examiner/Justice

A man from St. Andrew's in Dublin, who serves as justice to James Day's confession to forging a story about encountering the Devil, so that James Day might join the Roman Catholic religion. "Upon this Declaration of the Boy, Sir Humphery Jervise issued his Warrants immediately that same day," arresting Patrick Dawson, his wife, James Tuit, and Joan Tuit. Sir Humphrey Jervise also seeks the arrest of an Old Woman (Anonymous 358) and two priests (Anonymous 360 and Anonymous 361), although they cannot be found. (2)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Detection of a Popish Cheat. Dublin: 1696, 2

John Geose   Examiner/Justice

A man from Penzance in the county of Cornwall, known to be a Justice, who took testimony from several people regarding John Tonken's fits and the women who appeared to him; he ordered the arrest and imprisonment of Jane Noal and Betty Seeze on suspicion of witchcraft in connection to this case. (6)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A True Account of a Strange and Wonderful Relation of John Tonken, of Pensans in Cornwall. London: 1686, 6

Mr. Travers   Examiner/Justice

A man from St. Andrew's in Dublin who is the local Protestant minister. He investigates James Day's sudden decision to join the Roman Catholic religion after visiting his uncle, Patrick Dawson, and reveals the fabrication of James Day's encounter with the Devil. Mr. Travers receives James Day's confession in writing. (2)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Detection of a Popish Cheat. Dublin: 1696, 2

Francis Pemberton   Examiner/Justice

A man from the county of St Albans in the county Kent who serves as judge at the Maidstone Assize on March 14, 1676 as well as the ones on July 29, 1679. Some of the cases over which he presided includes that of Anne Neale's, Thomas Whiteing's and Mary Foster's. Pemberton would eventually become Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench, even though he would hold the position for no more than two years. While Lord Chief Justice, he presided over the trial of Joan Buts, in which she was found not guilty of witchcraft. He was removed for his behaviour in the prosecution of Lord Russell in 1683. Pemberton had a notoriously turbulent career over the course of which he filled many esteemed positions, but was also arrested in 1689 for his attack on parliamentary privilege. Pemberton died in 1697. (87-91)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 87-91

Mr. Justice Cullum   Examiner/Justice

A man from Cannon Lee in the county of Devon, whose two labourers find Joseph Buxford on his property. When Joseph Buxford is found, "his hands and legs strangely distorted, his haire of his head singyd, his cloathes all be smeared with pitch and rosin, and other sulfurous matter, which yeelded an odious stench." As he is unable to speak, and found in such a condition, the boy is brought to Justice Cullum's house, where he is given clothing, a bed, and "some nourishing broth." Upon receiving these things, Joseph Buxford is so restored, he immediately confesses "his name, birth-place, and his strange journey with the Devill," which at first seemed "rediculous" to the Justice. But, upon "a little better pondering in what manner he was found and brought to the house," the Justice decides the story might be true, and sends for the boy's father, John Buxford. The father verifies his son's story, by first acknowledging that the boy is his son, and the "manner of his departure, with other circumstances above rehearsed." Upon verifying the story, Justice Cullum and the minister Mr. Gainwell, write "a true information" to Major General Massie, in Tiverton, relating the entire story. (5)

Appears in:
Massey, Edward. A True and Perfect Relation of a Boy, Who was Entertained by the Devill. London: 1645, 5

Edward Massie   Examiner/Justice

A man from Tiverton in Devon, who receives "a true information" in written form from Justice Cullum and Mr. Gainwell the Minister, relating the story of Joseph Buxford, who allegedly apprenticed himself to the Devil with his father's consent for eight days, during which time he viewed many torments in Hell. Following, Major General Edward Massie sends his own letter relating the information to Mr. Davenports Chesire, a gentleman in London, wherein he included "a Box of Reliques with a great Crucifix found in Tiverton Church in the wall which the Cavaliers had there built for the strengthning of the proch," as further evidence. (5-6)

Appears in:
Massey, Edward. A True and Perfect Relation of a Boy, Who was Entertained by the Devill. London: 1645, 5-6

Colonel Busbridge   Examiner/Justice

A man from Brightling in the county of Sussex, who offers one of his houses in the same parish to Joseph Cruttenden and his wife after their own house burns down. However, as soon as the Cruttenden's goods are brought in, the house burns as well, and although "endeavours are made by many to quench it," nothing helps until the goods are taken out, causing the fire to "cease with little or no help." Colonel Busbridge also examines and searches an old woman (Anonymous 398) suspected of witchcraft. It is believed she might be the cause of the fire, as she told a servant girl of Joseph Cruttenden that "sad Calamaties were coming upon her Master and Dame, their House should be Fired, and many other troubles befal them." The woman is also watched for some twenty four hours, "had to Maidstone about it, but got away," and moves to "Burwast, some time since." (55)

Appears in:
Baxter, Richard. The Certainty of the Worlds of Spirits and, Consequently, of the Immortality of Souls. London: 1691, 55

Captain Collins   Examiner/Justice

A man from Brightling in the county of Sussex, who sends for an old woman (Anonymous 398) accused of witchcraft in the case of Joseph Cruttenden and his wife, whose goods are bewitched to fly and hit people of their own accord, and causing the houses they stay in the burn. When the old woman is apprehended, Captain Collins examined her with Mr. Busbridge, and she is also "searched and watched 24 Hours." The old woman "had to Maidstone about it, but got away," and lives in Burwast afterward. (56)

Appears in:
Baxter, Richard. The Certainty of the Worlds of Spirits and, Consequently, of the Immortality of Souls. London: 1691, 56

Anonymous 404   Examiner/Justice

Two men from Beckington in the county of Somerset, who serve as Justices of the Peace in the apprehending of Margery Coombes and Ann More, who allegedly appeared to the girl Mary Hill during one of her fits, characterized by the vomiting of crooked nails. (75)

Appears in:
Baxter, Richard. The Certainty of the Worlds of Spirits and, Consequently, of the Immortality of Souls. London: 1691, 75

Lord Chief Justice Holt   Examiner/Justice

A man from Beckington in the county of Somerset, who serves as Lord Chief Justice, and Judge in the trial regarding Mary Hill's alleged fits, characterized by the vomiting of crooked nails. He tries both Margery Coombes and Ann More, who are acquitted by the jury "for want of Evidence." When the witnesses Susanna Belton and Ann Holland describe how "they hookt out of the Navel of the said Mary Hill, as she lay in a dead fit, crooked Pins, small Nails, and small pieces of Brass," he hands these items over as evidence to the jury. Likewise, he hands more of the same as presented to him by the witnesses Mr. Francis Jesse and Mr. Christopher Brewer to the jurly. (75)

Appears in:
Baxter, Richard. The Certainty of the Worlds of Spirits and, Consequently, of the Immortality of Souls. London: 1691, 75

Anonymous 405   Examiner/Justice

A number of people from Beckington in the county of Somerset, who serve as a jury for the trial surrounding the nature of Mary Hill's alleged fits, characterized by the vomiting of crooked nails. The jury acquits both Ann More and Margery Coombes who allegedly appear before May Hill in her fits, "for want of Evidence." The jury also examines a number of "crooked Pins, small Nails, and small pieces of Brass" presented as evidence of the nature of Mary Hill's fits by Susanna Belton, Ann Holland, Mr. Francis Jesse, and Mr. Christopher Brewer. (75)

Appears in:
Baxter, Richard. The Certainty of the Worlds of Spirits and, Consequently, of the Immortality of Souls. London: 1691, 75

Esquire Player   Examiner/Justice

A gentleman from Castle Cary in the county of Somerset, who visits Mary Hill upon hearing accounts of her fits, where she allegedly vomits crooked nails. Esquire Player presents himself "incognito" and comes on a morning. However, beer is not given to Mary Hill, and "she lay in a very Deplorable condition," until past two in the afternoon, when "with much Difficulty," she vomited "a piece of Brass," which the gentleman decided to keep. Esquire Player cannot bring himself to believe she is a cheat, "because it was impossible for any Mortal to Counterfeit her miserable Condition." Further, he "searcht her Mouth himself," and held the "Bason into which she vomited," for a full eight hours until it happened. (76-77)

Appears in:
Baxter, Richard. The Certainty of the Worlds of Spirits and, Consequently, of the Immortality of Souls. London: 1691, 76-77

Samuel Fleming   Examiner/Justice

A man from the county of Leicestershire, known to be a Doctor of Divinity and a Justice of the Peace for the county of Leicestershire. He examined Anne Baker, Joan Willimott and Ellen Greene, and witnessed their testimonies. (D4)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Wonderful Discovery of the Witchcrafts of Margaret and Phillip Flower. London: 1619, D4

Mr. Butler   Examiner/Justice

A man from the County of Leicester, known to be a Justice of the Peace for the County of Leicester. He was one of the examining Justices of the Peace on February 4, 1618, when Phillip Flower was brought in to give evidence against her sister Margaret Flower. (F3)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Wonderful Discovery of the Witchcrafts of Margaret and Phillip Flower. London: 1619, F3

William Sandes   Examiner/Justice

A man from Lancaster in the county of Lancashire, known to be the Mayor of Lancaster. William Sandes was present at the examinations and confessions of Anne Whittle, alias Chattox, and James Device. (B4)

Appears in:
Potts, Thomas. The Wonderfull Discovery of Witches in the County of Lancaster. London: 1613, B4

James Anderton   Examiner/Justice

A man from Lancaster in the county of Lancashire, known to be a Justice of the Peace for the County of Lancashire. James Anderton was present at the examinations and confessions of Anne Whittle, alias Chattox, and James Device. (B4)

Appears in:
Potts, Thomas. The Wonderfull Discovery of Witches in the County of Lancaster. London: 1613, B4

Thomas Cowell   Examiner/Justice

A man from Lancaster in the county of Lancashire, known to be the Coroner for the County of Lancashire. Thomas Cowell was present at the examinations and confessions of Anne Whittle, alias Chattox, and James Device. (B4)

Appears in:
Potts, Thomas. The Wonderfull Discovery of Witches in the County of Lancaster. London: 1613, B4

Robert Holden   Examiner/Justice

A man from Lancaster in the County of Lancashire, known to be a Justice of the Peace for the County of Lancashire. Robert Holden heard the examinations of John Singleton, Willam Alker and Henry Hargreaves. (L4v)

Appears in:
Potts, Thomas. The Wonderfull Discovery of Witches in the County of Lancaster. London: 1613, L4v

William Leigh   Examiner/Justice

A man from Lancaster in the County of Lancashire, known to be a Justice of the Peace for Lancaster. He re-examined Grace Sowerbutts, Jennet Bierley, Ellen Bierley and Jane Southworth on August 19, 1612 at the direction of Justice of the Assizes Sir Edward Bromley. (M4v)

Appears in:
Potts, Thomas. The Wonderfull Discovery of Witches in the County of Lancaster. London: 1613, M4v

Edward Chisnal   Examiner/Justice

A man from Lancaster in the County of Lancashire, known to be a Justice of the Peace for Lancaster. He re-examined Grace Sowerbutts, Jennet Bierley, Ellen Bierley and Jane Southworth on August 19, 1612 at the direction of Justice of the Assizes Sir Edward Bromley. (M4v)

Appears in:
Potts, Thomas. The Wonderfull Discovery of Witches in the County of Lancaster. London: 1613, M4v

Sir Thomas Gerrard   Examiner/Justice

A man from Windle in the County of Lancashire, known to be a Justice of the Peace for the County of Lancashire. Sir Thomas Gerrard examined Peter Chaddock, Jane Wikinson, Margaret Lyon and Margaret Parre on July 12, 1612 in relation to the witchcraft charges against Isabel Robey. (T3)

Appears in:
Potts, Thomas. The Wonderfull Discovery of Witches in the County of Lancaster. London: 1613, T3

Dr. Thomas Cole   Examiner/Justice

Doctor Cole is a man from Stanford Rivers in the County of Essex, known to be a Reverend, a Doctor of Divinity and as of 1599 the Archdeacon of Essex. He and Master Henry Fortescue heard the confessions of Elizabeth Francis, Mother Agnes Waterhouse, Joan Waterhouse and Agnes Brown., (9)

Appears in:
Phillips, John. The Examination and Confession of Certain Witches. London: 1566, 9

Robert Greenstreet   Examiner/Justice

A man from Fevorsham in the County of Kent, known to be the Mayor of Faversham and to have presided over the examinations, confessions and trials of Joan Williford, Joan Cariden, Jane Hott and Elizabeth Harris; he also attested to the executions of all but Harris. Harris was convicted, but had not yet been executed at the time of the account's publication. Joan Williford claimed during her examination that Joan Cariden, alias Argoll, had cursed him. (Title Page)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Examination, Confession, Trial, and Execution, of Joane Williford, Joan Cariden, and Jane Hott. London: 1645, Title Page

William, Bishop of Lincoln   Examiner/Justice

A man from Buckden in the county of Huntingdon, known to be Bishop of Lincoln. Mother Alice Samuel was brought before him by Robert Throckmorton and Dr. Dorington to make her official confession. She confessed before him twice, first on December 26, 1592, and again on December 29, 1592. (59)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Most Strange and Admirable Discouerie of the Three Witches of Warboys . Unknown: 1593, 59

Francis Crumwell   Examiner/Justice

A man from Buckden in the county of Huntingdon, known to be a Justice of the Peace for the county of Huntingdon. He, along with Justice of the Peace Richard Tryce and WIlliam, Bishop of Lincoln, heard Mother Alice Samuel's second confession, on December 29, 1592. (59)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Most Strange and Admirable Discouerie of the Three Witches of Warboys . Unknown: 1593, 59

Richard Tryce   Examiner/Justice

A man from Buckden in the county of Huntingdon, known to be a Justice of the Peace for the county of Huntingdon. He, along with Justice of the Peace Francis Crumwell and WIlliam, Bishop of Lincoln, heard Mother Alice Samuel's second confession, on December 29, 1592. (59)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Most Strange and Admirable Discouerie of the Three Witches of Warboys . Unknown: 1593, 59

Justice Fenner   Examiner/Justice

A man from Huntingdon in the county of Huntingdon, known to be a justice and a judge. He witnesses Joan Throckmorton have fits of struggling and groaning whenever Agnes Samuel says God or Jesus Christ. Robert Throckmorton also has Agnes demonstrate before Justice Fenner how Joan will come out of her fits whenever Agnes says "As I am a witch, & a worse witch then my mother, & did consent to the death of the La. Crumwell, so I charge the devil to let mistr. Ioan Throck. come out of her fit at this present." Joan is well for 15 minutes after this, and then falls into a shaking fit before the Judge until Agnes repeats the words. She has several such fits in his presence. (104-)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Most Strange and Admirable Discouerie of the Three Witches of Warboys . Unknown: 1593, 104-

Sir Richard Martin   Examiner/Justice

A man from the vicinity of Thames Street in London, known to be a member of the gentry and likely a Justice of the Peace. He issues a warrant for Anne Kirk's apprehension at Master Nayler's request, on charges of bewitching Joan Nayler and causing her to become possessed. He witnesses Joan Nayler fall into a trance in Kirk's presence, and her hands clench so tightly they cannot be opened. He hears that a witch's hair cannot be cut, and orders Kirk's gaolers to try it; the scissors are battered and ruined by the attempt, and what little hair they can cut free of her head will not even burn when put in the fire. (101-103)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Trial of Maist. Dorrell. Unknown: 1599, 101-103

Anonymous 452 (Plural)   Examiner/Justice

A number of men from London, who serve as the judges and justices of Elizabeth Jackson at her trial. These men include the Lord Chief Justice, Sir Edmund Anderson; the Recorder of London, Sir John Crook; Sir William Cornwallis, Sir Jerome Bowes, and "divers others." They preside over the 12 hour trial, which include an examination of Mary Glover in one of her fits, where they observe the "stiffenes of her body," the voice coming from her nostrils saying "Hang her" and her lack of reaction to being burned, and they also weigh the numerous points of evidence presented them, including the testimonies of diverse witnesses, the manner that Mary Glover fell ill, the curses of Elizabeth Jackson, and the nature of Mary Glover's fits. The judges seem to unanimously feel that Mary Glover was bewitched, and impart this viewpoint onto the jury. (Fol. 31v - Fol. 32r)

Appears in:
Bradwell, Stephen. Mary Glover's Late Woeful Case. Unknown: 1603, Fol. 31v - Fol. 32r

Sir Jerome Bowes   Examiner/Justice

A man from London, who served as a justice at the trial of Elizabeth Jackson, a woman accused of bewitching the fourteen year old Mary Glover. Sir Jerome Bowes was an eminent man in London society, famous for being the ambassador of Queen Elizabeth I to Russia. As a justice, Sir Jerome Bowes helps others evaluate the evidence presented, proving that Mary Glover is neither a counterfeit, and is quite possibly bewitched. This is furthered by the inability of Elizabeth Jackson to repeat the Lord's Prayer, or the Apostle's Creed. He also is involved in examining the stiffness of Mary Glover's body during a fit brought on in court, by being in the same chamber as Elizabeth Jackson. (Fol. 31v - Fol. 32r)

Appears in:
Bradwell, Stephen. Mary Glover's Late Woeful Case. Unknown: 1603, Fol. 31v - Fol. 32r

Sir William Cornwallis   Examiner/Justice

A man from London, who serves as a justice at the trial of Elizabeth Jackson, a woman accused of bewitching the fourteen year old Mary Glover. Sir William Cornwallis is an "eminent man," and as a justice, helps to review evidence against Elizabeth Jackson, and evaluates the stiffness of Mary Glover's body during a fit brought on in court by being in the same room as Elizabeth Jackson. (Fol. 31v - Fol. 32r)

Appears in:
Bradwell, Stephen. Mary Glover's Late Woeful Case. Unknown: 1603, Fol. 31v - Fol. 32r

Anonymous 450 (Plural)   Examiner/Justice

A number of men and women from London, who serve as the jury or "bench" at the trial of Elizabeth Jackson, a woman accused of bewitching the young fourteen year old girl, Mary Glover. When Mary Glover is first brought in front of the bench to testify against Elizabeth Jackson, on December 1, 1602, even though she cannot see Elizabeth Jackson who was in the prisoner's dock, she cries out, "Where is she?" Upon hearing this, the jury is initially convinced that Mary Glover counterfeits her affliction, and accuses her of such, and "bad her proceede in her evidence." Mary Glover eventually collapses in a "senseles fitt," however. Towards the end of the trial, the jury is counselled by the Lord Chief Justice Anderson, and Sir John Crook, the Recorder of London, that "the Land is full of Witches," who have "on their bodies divers strange marks," as Elizabeth Jackson is reported to have. Further, Judge Anderson declares that "you shall hardly finde any direct proofes in such a case," as the Devil is devious in his dealings. He reminds the Jury that Elizabeth Jackson is not afraid to threaten others, "She is full of Cursings, she threatens and prophesies, and still it takes effect." Judge Anderson also points out how illogical it is to believe that the cause of Mary Glover's fits is natural, considering the nature of her fits. The Recorder of London follows up by describing the trials he put both women through, and his conclusions that neither fear nor counterfeiting were responsible for Mary Glover's symptoms. He believes that it is "in dede through witchcraft." The Jury gather, and decide that Elizabeth Jackson is "guilty of witchcraft." She is sentenced to "a yeeres imprisonment," after being found guilty by the Jury (Anonymous 450) at the end of her trial. During this time, she is also expected to "stand on the pillory" four times, and confess to her crime. (Fol. 30r - Fol. 30v)

Appears in:
Bradwell, Stephen. Mary Glover's Late Woeful Case. Unknown: 1603, Fol. 30r - Fol. 30v

Sir John Crook   Examiner/Justice

A man from London, who is one of the city's chief civil officers, and serves as the Recorder of London. Sir John Crook becomes involved in October 1602 with the case of Mary Glover, a fourteen year old girl believed to be bewitched by the old woman, Elizabeth Jackson, when Mary Glover is accused of counterfeiting her symptoms by Bishop Bancroft in court. Lord Chief Justice Sir Edmund Anderson orders Sir John Crook to validate and test Mary Glover's symptoms. In order to do so, Sir John Crook arranges a series of trials for Mary Glover and Elizabeth Jackson. The two are brought together in front of numerous witnesses (Anonymous 439), with Elizabeth Jackson disguised. Sir John Crook initially believes that Mary Glover does not suffer from bewitchment, but rather from "fear." He brings the girl to a woman disguised as Elizabeth Jackson, but she does not react to seeing her. Satisfied, Sir John Crook then brings in the disguised Elizabeth Jackson, and Mary Glover immediately falls into a fit. In order to validate this fit, Sir John Crook heats up a pin and presses it against the girl's face, as well as burns paper against the inside of Mary Glover's hand until it blisters. However, Mary Glover shows no reaction at all to these tests. At this point, Sir John Crook turns to Elizabeth Jackson, and submits her to the same tests. However, the old woman cries out, and begs Sir John Crook not to burn her. The old woman further confesses that she does not believe Mary Glover is counterfeiting her symptoms. Sir John Crook is advised by the minister, Mr. Lewis Hughes, to have Elizabeth Jackson repeat the Lord's Prayers, and the Apostle's Creed. When Sir John Crook has Elizabeth Jackson do so, she is unable to say the line "Deliver us from evil," nor admit that Jesus is God. Sir John Crook believes that Mary Glover is bewitched, and that it is the fault of Elizabeth Jackson. He sends the old woman to Newgate Prison, saying "Lord have mercy upon thee woman." On December 1, 1602, Sir John Crook serves as one of the justices at the trial of Elizabeth Jackson, alongside Sir Edmund Anderson, Sir Jerome Bowes, and Sir William Cornwallis. At this trial, he subjects Mary Glover to similar tests at the bidding of the jury (Anonymous 450), who initially believe Mary Glover is counterfeiting her symptoms when she falls into a fit at the trial in the presence of Elizabeth Jackson. While the young girl's body is "senseles," Sir John Crook presses a burning paper against the inside of her hand, with no reaction from the girl. Later, the Recorder of London presents himself with Judge Anderson to the jury, and advises them by describing the trials he put both women through, and his conclusions that neither fear nor counterfeiting were responsible for Mary Glover's symptoms. He believes that it is "in dede through witchcraft." The Jury gather and decide that Elizabeth Jackson is "guilty of witchcraft." Almost a month after Elizabeth Jackson was found guilty, Sir John Crook hears that Mary Glover still suffers from fits, and orders the minister, Mr. Lewis Hughes to perform an exorcism through fasting and prayer for the girl, as he "did blame me (Mr. Lewis Hughes) and all the Ministers of London [...] that we might all be of us be ashamed, to see a child of God in the clawes of Sathan." When Mary Glover is successfully dispossessed, Mr. Lewis reports back to Sir John Crook, who advises him to inform Bishop Bancroft of these events. (Fol. 28v - Fol. 30r)

Appears in:
Bradwell, Stephen. Mary Glover's Late Woeful Case. Unknown: 1603, Fol. 28v - Fol. 30r

Sir Edmund Anderson   Examiner/Justice

A man from London, who serves as Lord Chief Justice for the trial of Elizabeth Jackson, a woman accused of bewitching the young girl, Mary Glover. Judge Anderson initially orders the Recorder of London, Sir John Crook, to verify the authenticity of Mary Glover's fits when Bishop Bancroft initially accuses Mary Glover of counterfeiting her symptoms in October 1602. Sir John Crook comes to the conclusion that Mary Glover truly is possessed, and so Elizabeth Jackson is appointed a trial on December 1, 1602, where Sir Edmund Anderson serves as Lord Chief Justice. Sir Edmund Anderson was an eminent figure in London, whose "opinions were strongly against Elizabeth Jackson." Anderson had previously presided over many witchcraft trials, "including two involving victims who had been exorcised by the famous Puritan thamauturgist, John Darrell." As such, Judge Anderson "was something of an expert inquisitor." During the trial, he examines Mary Glover, including having Elizabeth Jackson touch the girl's body during a fit, causing her to cast herself towards Jackson. He also bids Elizabeth Jackson say the Lord's Prayer and the Apostle's Creed, during which she cannot say the line "Deliver us from evil." He also evaluates evidence with his fellow justices, including Sir John Crook, Sir William Cornwallis, and Sir Jerome Bowes. When the doctor, Dr. Jorden, testifies that he believes Mary Glover's illness is caused by natural disease, he challenges the doctor. Judge Anderson asks the doctor the name of the disease and if he were willing to cure the girl. Dr. Jorden names the disease "Passio Hysterica," but declines treating the girl or identifying a cure. Lord Anderson sternly replies that he believes Mary Glover's disease "is not naturall: for if you tell me neither a Naturall cause, of it, nor a naturall remedy, I will tell you, that it is not naturall." In a similar vein, before the jury leaves to come to a verdict on Elizabeth Jackson at the trial, Sir Anderson advises the jury that "The Land is full of Witches," and that he has "hanged five or sixe and twenty of them." He elaborates that witches have "on their bodies divers strange marks," as Elizabeth Jackson is reported to have. Further, Judge Anderson declares that "you shall hardly finde any direct proofes in such a case," as the Devil is devious in his dealings. He reminds the Jury that Elizabeth Jackson is not afraid to threaten others, "She is full of Cursings, she threatens and prophesies, and still it takes effect." Judge Anderson also points out how illogical it is to believe that the cause of Mary Glover's fits is natural, considering the nature of her fits. Following him, the Recorder of London also gives his opinion that Mary Glover is bewitched. The jury, under this advice, finds Elizabeth Jackson guilty of witchcraft, and she is sentenced to a year's imprisonment. (12)

Appears in:
Hughes, Lewes. Certaine grievances, or the errours of the service-booke; plainely layd open. London: 1641, 12

Bishop Richard Bancroft   Examiner/Justice

A man from London, who is both a doctor, and Bishop of London. Richard Bancroft believes that Elizabeth Jackson, a woman accused of witchcraft against the young girl, Mary Glover, is innocent. To this end, he petitions the court to examine Mary Glover for counterfeit symptoms, which the Lord Chief Justice Anderson agrees to, appointing the Recorder of London to examine the girl. Bishop Bancroft is a powerful man, who also manages to pull many strings, including helping Elizabeth Jackson plan a petition to the College of Physicians in November, 1602; and arranging for Dr. Jorden and Dr. Argent to testify that Mary Glover suffers from natural causes at the trial of Elizabeth Jackson. Despite his input, Elizabeth Jackson is found guilty of witchcraft. However, some months later, Bishop Bancroft is approached by the minister Mr. Lewis Hughes, who wishes to tell the Bishop of his success in dispossessing Mary Glover. However, Mr. Lewis is never granted an audience with the Bishop, and called "Rascall and varlot," for his stories. He is imprisoned for four months, and named along with the five other preachers present during Mary Glover's dispossession "Devil finders, Devil puffers, and Devill prayers," by the Bishop Bancroft. (12)

Appears in:
Hughes, Lewes. Certaine grievances, or the errours of the service-booke; plainely layd open. London: 1641, 12

Anonymous 466   Examiner/Justice

A man from London, who "did but study and contemplate upon this subject of Witchcraft and discovered a "Popish Idol" at Cheapside Cross, "which for many years," which few had known was there, until it was pulled down "at the command of the Parliament," and the where it falsely was made with pipes to shed tears, "bewitching the people." (42 - 43)

Appears in:
Ady, Thomas. A Candle in the Dark . London: 1655, 42 - 43

Anonymous 468   Examiner/Justice

A man from Cambridge in the county of Cambridgeshire, who visits a minister (Anonymous 467) residing at an inn as a Cambridge scholar. The two engage in a discussion, and fall into dispute about witches, "and their Power." The minister believes that witches conjure the devil in several shapes, and the Cambridge scholar offers to summon the Devil in various shapes. However, Anonymous 468 simply employs a local boy (Anonymous 477), to pretend to be a crow, a horse, a dog, and a duck. The minister believes that these noises come from real animals, even after the boy exposes himself. This "true relation" is an example of how even ministers can be deluded into believing falsehoods. (63 - 65)

Appears in:
Ady, Thomas. A Candle in the Dark . London: 1655, 63 - 65

Anonymous 472   Examiner/Justice

A man from London, who serves as a "wicked inquisitor" in Essex and Suffolk. He is allegedly responsible for "cutting off of fourteen innocent people at Chelm ford Assizes, and about an hundred at Berry Assizes," including a minister (Anonymous 473) from Framingham. (101 - 102)

Appears in:
Ady, Thomas. A Candle in the Dark . London: 1655, 101 - 102

Anonymous 101   Examiner/Justice

A man from Norwich in the county of Norfolk, who serves as mayor to the town. Three cases of demoniacs offer their vomited stones, pins, pieces of glass, buckles, buttons, quills, etc. to him as evidence of their possession. These including John Ballard's daughter from Bungay, Ann Burgess of St. Edmund's Parish, and Grace Brown from Norwich. (7 - 8)

Appears in:
Dirby, Richard . Dreadful News from Wapping. Unknown: 1693, 7 - 8

Roger Newman   Exorcist

A minister from Westwall who assisted in the dispossession of Mildred Norrington ()

Appears in:
Scot, Reginald. Scot's Discovery of Witchcraft Proving the Common Opinions of Witches Contracting with Devils, Spirits, or Familiars. London: 1651,

John Brainford   Exorcist

A minister from Kinington, who came to assist in Mildred Norrington's dispossession (71)

Appears in:
Scot, Reginald. Scot's Discovery of Witchcraft Proving the Common Opinions of Witches Contracting with Devils, Spirits, or Familiars. London: 1651, 71

John Darrell   Exorcist

A man from Ashbie de la zouche in the County of Leicestershire, known to be a priest and traveling exorcist. He is the author "A brief apologie prouing the possession of William Sommers," which was allegedly published without his consent. Darrell came Nottingham so that he may cure William Sommers of his possession, and has Sommers pray and fast to effect his dispossession. After this, Darrell was retained as preacher in Nottingham and used his position to discover witches in the town. Darrell took the names of threescore persons willing to give deposition when Sommers claimed to have fakes his possession and named him as a co-consipirator; of these, seventeen were sworn, examined and their depositions taken. Sommers insisted that he had known Mr. Darrell some four years, that Darrell had hired him to counterfeit possession in Ashbie Park, and that when Darrell arrived in Nottingham, Sommers had received instruction from him on how to behave when being dispossessed. Darrell denied these accusations, but was nonetheless imprisoned for a week thereafter. Once the depositions taken against Sommers were heard, they were taken as proof of true possession, and Darrell redeemed. in 1598, Darrell was summoned to Lancashire by Nicholas Starchie to dispossess his children and others of his household, and claimed to have successfully dispossessed six of them in one day, and the seventh on the following day. In 1599, Darrell faced charges of instructing Sommers, Katherine Wright, Thomas Darling, Mary Couper and others to fake their possessions and dispossessions to bolster his own reputation. (Images 4, 6, 7, 12)

Appears in:
Co., G.. A Breife Narration of the Possession, Dispossession, and, Repossession of William Sommers. Amsterdam: 1598, Images 4, 6, 7, 12

Anonymous 327 (Plural)   Exorcist

A group of people from Stapenhill in the county of Staffordshire, described as the friends of Thomas Darling who are asked to pray for Darling in hopes of cruing him of violent fits. (3)

Appears in:
D., I.. The Most Wonderfull and True Story, of a Certain Witch named Alice Gooderige of Stapen hill. London: 1597, 3

Jesse Bee   Exorcist

A boy from Burton upon Trent in the county of Staffordshire, who is asked by the friends of Thomas Darling to read from scripture, in the hopes of curing Darling of his violent fits. (3)

Appears in:
D., I.. The Most Wonderfull and True Story, of a Certain Witch named Alice Gooderige of Stapen hill. London: 1597, 3

Anonymous 144   Exorcist

An Irish Roman Catholic from the London Borough of Southwark, who attempts to cure James Barrow of his possession by putting a cross on the boy's head. James Barrow simply roars at the cross, and Anonymous 144 sends the boy to Lord Abony. (9)

Appears in:
Barrow, John. The Lord's Arm Stretched Out in an Answer of Prayer, or, A true Relation of the Wonderful Deliverance of James Barrow. London: 1664, 9

Anonymous 145   Exorcist

A servant from the London Borough of Southwark, who is of Lord Abony who pulls out a cross in the presence of the bewitched boy, James Darling. (9)

Appears in:
Barrow, John. The Lord's Arm Stretched Out in an Answer of Prayer, or, A true Relation of the Wonderful Deliverance of James Barrow. London: 1664, 9

Anonymous 146   Exorcist

A man from the London Borough of Southwark, who attempts to cure James Barrow of his bewitchment and possession. The gentleman (Anonymosu 146) uses holy water, ribbon, a candle, brimstone, and latin prayers in his curing efforts. None of these methods cure the boy of his possession. (9-10)

Appears in:
Barrow, John. The Lord's Arm Stretched Out in an Answer of Prayer, or, A true Relation of the Wonderful Deliverance of James Barrow. London: 1664, 9-10

Anonymous 328 (Plural)   Exorcist

A group of friars from the London Borough of Southwark, who attempt to cure James Barrow of his bewitchment and possession by making him pray to St. James. John Barrow does not believe this cure is in accordance with scripture, and therefore asks the friars if they would keep to scripture when curing his son (James Barrow). When the friars do not listen, John Barrow ceases the prayers. (10)

Appears in:
Barrow, John. The Lord's Arm Stretched Out in an Answer of Prayer, or, A true Relation of the Wonderful Deliverance of James Barrow. London: 1664, 10

John Clayton   Exorcist

A man from the London Borough of Southwark, who prays for James Barrow, a boy suffering from possession and bewitchment. He participates with John Barrow, Mother Barrow, Richard Webb and Richard Aylmore in fasting and praying for James Barrow, leading to the boy's dispossession, of which he is a witness. (13-14)

Appears in:
Barrow, John. The Lord's Arm Stretched Out in an Answer of Prayer, or, A true Relation of the Wonderful Deliverance of James Barrow. London: 1664, 13-14

Richard Webb   Exorcist

A man from the London Borough of Southwark, who prays for James Barrow, a boy suffering from possession and bewitchment. He participates with John Barrow, Mother Barrow, John Clayton and Richard Aylmore in fasting and praying for James Barrow, leading to the boy's dispossession, of which he is a witness. (13-14)

Appears in:
Barrow, John. The Lord's Arm Stretched Out in an Answer of Prayer, or, A true Relation of the Wonderful Deliverance of James Barrow. London: 1664, 13-14

Richard Aylmore   Exorcist

A man from the London Borough of Southwark, who prays for James Barrow, a boy suffering from possession and bewitchment. He participates with John Barrow, Mother Barrow, John Clayton and Richard Webb in fasting and praying for James Barrow, leading to the boy's dispossession, of which he is a witness. (13-14)

Appears in:
Barrow, John. The Lord's Arm Stretched Out in an Answer of Prayer, or, A true Relation of the Wonderful Deliverance of James Barrow. London: 1664, 13-14

John Lane   Exorcist

A minister (and exorcist) then preaching in the village of Tarporley in the county of Cheshire, described as a "late fellow of Christs Colledge in the University of Cambridge, & now a famous and godly Preacher of the Gospell of Jesus Christ." Lane, witnessing one of Mylner's fits during which she is contorts her body, "demaunded of her that kepte this cruell handled creature, whether shee coulde not keepe her downe?" He decided to test this theory himself, by taking her by the hand and "pluckt down her feete, and wyth more ado kept them downe, holdinge her handes, sytting vpon her legs, in whom he found such strength and vehement panges, that he was fully perswaded." In another attempt to put a stop to Mylner's fits, Lane blew vinegar into Mylner's nostrils again and again, instructing her to call on god for mercy, until she cried: "No, no, no more for Gods sake." Afterwards he leads them all in the lord's prayer and Mylner is proclaimed delivered. Lane preaches a sermon the next day at Saint Marie's (i.e. Church of St Mary-on-the-Hill, now St. Mary's Centre), a sermon Anne Mylner herself attends. Mylner becomes a celebrity in the city and, by extension, so must have John Lane. (15)

Appears in:
Fisher, John. The Copy of a Letter Describing the Wonderful Woorke of God in Deliuering a Mayden within the City of Chester. London: 1565, 15

William Long   Exorcist

A man from St. Paul's Cross in London who was involved in the alleged exorcisms of both Rachel Pindar and Agnes Brigges in 1574. He spoke with Satan, and along with several other witnesses including William Turner, John Bowthe, William Pindar, Peter Pindar, Role Harris, Katherine of Bourne, Elizabeth Long, Jane Turner, Margaret Barkers, Katherine Chawke, Elizabeth Pindar, Sarah Dauars, Maryanne Resue, and Sarah Daders. They command Satan to depart, and that "thou shalt have nothinge." (4-11)

Appears in:
Chrysostom, John. The Disclosing of a Late Counterfeyted Possession by the Deuyl in Two Maydens within the Citie of London. London: 1574, 4-11

William Turner   Exorcist

A man from St. Paul's Cross in London who was involved in the alleged exorcisms of both Rachel Pindar and Agnes Brigges in 1574. He spoke with Satan, and along with several other witnesses including William Long, John Bowthe, William Pindar, Peter Pindar, Role Harris, Katherine of Bourne, Elizabeth Long, Jane Turner, Margaret Barkers, Katherine Chawke, Elizabeth Pindar, Sarah Dauars, Maryanne Resue, and Sarah Daders. They command Satan to depart, and that "thou shalt have nothinge." (4-11)

Appears in:
Chrysostom, John. The Disclosing of a Late Counterfeyted Possession by the Deuyl in Two Maydens within the Citie of London. London: 1574, 4-11

George More   Exorcist

A man from Cawlke in Darbyshire, known to be a pastor, who accompanied John Darrell to Cleworth in Lancashire to assist in exorcising the seven possessed people in Nicholas Starchie's household. (8)

Appears in:
Darrel, John. A True Narration of the Strange and Greuous Vexation by the Devil, of 7. Persons in Lancashire, and William Somers of Nottingham. Unknown: 1600, 8

Nicholas Teag   Exorcist

A man of Lawrack (Landrake) in the County of Cornwall, known to be a minister, to whom John Roberts appealed for help after Thomas Sawdie confessed to making a compact with the Devil. Teag presided over a day of prayers for Sawdie, along with fellow ministers Mr. Toms, Mr. Travers and Mr. Lydston, and discovered he had a great effect on the boy when touching his hand or making eye contact with his face. Though unable to end the possession, their efforts succeeded in weakening the Devil's hold on Sawdie. (7)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A Return of Prayer: or A Faithful Relation of Some Remarkable Passages of Providence concerning Thomas Sawdie. London: 1664, 7

Mr. Toms   Exorcist

A man of Lawrack (Landrake) in the County of Cornwall, known to be a minister, to whom John Roberts appealed for help after Thomas Sawdie confessed to making a compact with the Devil. He prayed over the boy for a day along with fellow ministers Mr. Teag, Mr. Travers and Mr. Lydston. Though unable to end the possession, their efforts succeeded in weakening the Devil's hold on Sawdie. (7)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A Return of Prayer: or A Faithful Relation of Some Remarkable Passages of Providence concerning Thomas Sawdie. London: 1664, 7

Mr. Travers (2)   Exorcist

A man of Lawrack (Landrake) in the County of Cornwall, known to be a minister, to whom John Roberts appealed for help after Thomas Sawdie confessed to making a compact with the Devil. He prayed over the boy for a day along with fellow ministers Mr. Teag, Mr. Toms and Mr. Lydston. Though unable to end the possession, their efforts succeeded in weakening the Devil's hold on Sawdie. (7)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A Return of Prayer: or A Faithful Relation of Some Remarkable Passages of Providence concerning Thomas Sawdie. London: 1664, 7

Mr. Lydston   Exorcist

A man of Lawrack (Landrake) in the County of Cornwall, known to be a minister, to whom John Roberts appealed for help after Thomas Sawdie confessed to making a compact with the Devil. He prayed over the boy for a day along with fellow ministers Mr. Teag, Mr. Travers and Mr. Toms. Though unable to end the possession, their efforts succeeded in weakening the Devil's hold on Sawdie. (7)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A Return of Prayer: or A Faithful Relation of Some Remarkable Passages of Providence concerning Thomas Sawdie. London: 1664, 7

Edward Nyndge   Exorcist

A man from Herringswell in the county of Suffolk, known to be a Master of Arts, author of "A True and Fearefull Vexation of One Alexander Nyndge" and the brother of alleged demoniac Alexander Nyndge. Edward Nyndge presents himself in his account of Alexander's possession by the Irish spirit Aubon as instrumental in Alexander's dispossession, claiming that Alexander declared the spirit afraid of him. Edward is said to have led prayers over his brother, conjured the spirit to converse with him, and to have finally driven the spirit out by invoking Scripture and Jesus Christ. (Title Page, A3 - A4, A5, A7)

Appears in:
Nyndge, Edward. A True and Fearefull Vexation of one Alexander Nyndge being Most Horribly Tormented with the Deuill. London: 1615, Title Page, A3 - A4, A5, A7

Dr. John Skinner   Exorcist

A man from Westram in the county of Kent, who is a "Student of Physick and Astrology." He writes about his "marvelous cures" accomplished in Kent, Sussex, and Surrey. Dr. Skinner attends to Margaret Gurr who is "afflicted with Devils," which "entred into her, and spake in her, and tempted her to Kill her self;" as well as flown through the air by these devils and a witch. Dr. Skinner allegedly "cast out the Devils and Witch," essentially exorcising the demons from Margaret Gurr and curing her "of the scurvy and gout," she suffered from, within "the compass of twelve days, in which time with a Physical, Natural, and other means used, [she] was perfectly restored to [her] former health." The devils and witch never "attempted to meddle with [her] since." As well, as a result of Dr. Skinner's administrations, Margaret Gurr was granted the miracle of being able to read the Bible, "which before [she] could not." Dr. Skinner is also responsible for curing a young male servant of Henry Chowning, in Kent. The boy was allegedly visited by a spirit in the form of a greyhound, and came home "in a great fright" and "amazed." When the boy turns ill, he "grew worse and worse," and his speech began to fail, causing people around him to "resolve to look out for help, for the fear'd the Boy would make away with himself," as he suffered from an "extream melancholy." It was believed that the boy was "under an evil Tongue or bewitcht." It was upon this decision to seek help that Henry Chowning called upon Dr. Skinner, "hearing of the many Cures I have done," and Dr. Skinner "examined the business and well consider'd of it." He decides the boy is "possest with the Devil," as his eyes were fixed, and the boy confesses to Dr. Skinner "that he was tempted in his mind, and was led on and tempted to strange things, as to go to Sea." The boy also "seemed to ammend while he was in the room with" Dr. Skinner, and Dr. Skinner fells he "understood what the means must be that must relieve him, and gave order for the putting up of Medicines." These are administered quickly, and the doctor tells the boy's mother to visit him in a week. When she does, she tells him that the boy was "much ammended, to the admiration of many that heard how it was." Dr. Skinner provides more medicine for the boy when the boy complains of "a pain in his belly," and the boy is made well in "18 days time," so that "neither hath any thing attempted to trouble him since in the least." This is the second dispossession Dr. Skinner successfully treated with medicine. Dr. Skinner also treats Susan Woldredge in Sussex, who suffered from "the Evil in her Eyes, and a great Rheum and inflammation." Her father, Mr. Woldredge seeks out Dr. Skinner after several other doctors failed to help her, and upon finding Dr. Skinner, he is advised "she would be well and [to] go home." Mr. Woldredge did so, and at first, his daughter was "in extream misery with swelling and raging pain in her Eyes," but miraculously "on a sudden it began to mend." Her father visits the doctor again, and the doctor "send her a purge with some other matter," and she was made "perfectly well and continued every since." Her friends reward Dr. Skinner. Dr. Skinner is also responsible for the miraculous cure of a woman in West Groustead in Sussex, who suffered from an "Evil in her Throat." She encounters Dr. Skinner at a fair, and although he had "nought to give her," he bids her to come over. She promises to, and fails to show. Dr. Skinner sends inquiry as to why she never visited him, and finds that from the moment she met Dr. Skinner "she found her self begin to mend," and was cured. Dr. Skinner is also responsible for the miraculous cure of Goody Halle in Sevenoaks, Kent, who suffered from "the most lamentable pain in her head," which was so severe, she could not sleep. Several doctors fail to treat her, yet when she visited Dr. Skinner, "she was at ease immediately, and [...] Cured from that time," by the use of medicines Dr. Skinner provided. She remained afterward "in vivide and perfect health." (Cover)

Appears in:
Skinner, John. A Strange and Wonderful Relation of Margaret Gurr of Tunbridge, in Kent. Unknown: 1681-1684, Cover

Anonymous 436   Exorcist

A man from Great Gadson in the County of Buckinghamshire, known to be one of four ministers who prayed and fasted over alleged demoniac Anonymous 28 at the request of her father, Anonymous 429. A fifth was supposed to have joined them, but was prevented by an unexpected accident, as predicted by the evil spirits possessing the girl. The ministers' efforts succeeded in driving out one of the two spirits, and in forcing the girl to read from the Bible despite the best efforts of the remaining spirit. (5-6)

Appears in:
Anonymous. Wonderful News from Buckinghamshire. London: 1677, 5-6

Anonymous 435   Exorcist

A man from Great Gadson in the County of Buckinghamshire, known to be one of four ministers who prayed and fasted over alleged demoniac Anonymous 28 at the request of her father, Anonymous 429. A fifth was supposed to have joined them, but was prevented by an unexpected accident, as predicted by the evil spirits possessing the girl. The ministers' efforts succeeded in driving out one of the two spirits, and in forcing the girl to read from the Bible despite the best efforts of the remaining spirit. (5-6)

Appears in:
Anonymous. Wonderful News from Buckinghamshire. London: 1677, 5-6

Anonymous 434   Exorcist

A man from Great Gadson in the County of Buckinghamshire, known to be one of four ministers who prayed and fasted over alleged demoniac Anonymous 28 at the request of her father, Anonymous 429. A fifth was supposed to have joined them, but was prevented by an unexpected accident, as predicted by the evil spirits possessing the girl. The ministers' efforts succeeded in driving out one of the two spirits, and in forcing the girl to read from the Bible despite the best efforts of the remaining spirit. (5-6)

Appears in:
Anonymous. Wonderful News from Buckinghamshire. London: 1677, 5-6

Anonymous 433   Exorcist

A man from Great Gadson in the County of Buckinghamshire, known to be one of four ministers who prayed and fasted over alleged demoniac Anonymous 28 at the request of her father, Anonymous 429. A fifth was supposed to have joined them, but was prevented by an unexpected accident, as predicted by the evil spirits possessing the girl. The ministers' efforts succeeded in driving out one of the two spirits, and in forcing the girl to read from the Bible despite the best efforts of the remaining spirit. (5-6)

Appears in:
Anonymous. Wonderful News from Buckinghamshire. London: 1677, 5-6

Jane Stretton   Faster

Jane Stretton is a young woman of about twenty years old from Ware in the county of Hertfordshire, who is allegedly afflicted and tortured by witchcraft thought to be caused by a cunning man (Anonymous 487) and his wife (Anonymous 322). During her fits, Stretton is "forced to live like a chameleon, on air" and also endures vomiting of "flax and hair and thread-ends and crooked pins; while blue, whit, and red flames came in the intervals out of her mouth, and her body was continually slashed and cut with a knife, and imps in the shape of frogs, and toads, and mice forever haunted her." The worst pain of her fits come from her back, as it often feels she is being stabbed. Upon making Jane Stretton's bed, a knife is found, but no one knowns how it came to be there. Although medicine is applied to her, it only seems to aggravate her condition. Jane Stretton is often described as quite innocent and trusting. Her fits begin when she accepts drink from Anonymous 322, and when she provides a pin to the same woman, but neither time did she link her fits to Anonymous 322. These fits last some nine months, during which she cannot eat or pass stool, only being able to consume syrups. Her condition causes many people from other villages to come and visit her and observe "the wonder" of her condition, that she may survive on so little sustenance. (Image 5 - Image 6)

Appears in:
Y., M.. The Hartford-shire Wonder. London: 1669, Image 5 - Image 6

Joseph Wright   Faster

A man from London in the county of Greater London, who wanders the streets naked for ten or twelve years and fasts for thirty-five consecutive days. (1)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Miraculous Fasting of the Naked Man. Unknown: 1700, 1

Margaret Muschamp   Faster

A girl from Spital in the County of Northumberland, known to be the eleven year old daughter of Mary Muschamp (now Moore) and George Muschamp of the gentry, and the sister of Betty Muschamp and George Muschamp Jr. She allegedly began suffering fits at the hands of Dorothy Swinow during harvest in 1645, and was finally released from them two years later in 1647. Margaret would fall into trances and see visions of angels and other spirits. She would also suffer torments in which she would lose the use of her tongue and limbs and vomit; at various times she vomited fir branches, coal, pins, straw, wire, brick, lead and stones. She would also lose the ability to eat for weeks at a time, only able to have her lips wet with a bit of water or milk. She would also sometimes cry that a Rogue was striking her and be seen to shield herself from blows; she claimed that this Rogue fought her in various shapes such as dragon, bear, horse or cow, striking her with a club, staff, sword or dagger. Other things would fight for her. Margaret would not remember what she had done or said during her fits. If given a pen and paper, she would write then have fits and burn or chew the paper to illegibility. For a time, she insisted that she required two drops of blood from the Rogue (John Hutton) to live, and that her brother required the same. Margaret accused Dorothy Swinow and John Hutton of causing her affliction, and that of her brother and sister, claiming that her angels bid her speak out. Her statements and final prayer during her last fit was recorded. (1-4)

Appears in:
Moore, Mary. Wonderfull Newes from the North. London: 1650, 1-4

Anonymous 11   Faster

A girl from Luyck in Brussels, known to be nine years of age. When Anonymous 12 came to the door to beg, this girl gave her bread and beer, and received a sorrel leaf in return, which she ate. Not long after, this girl began to suffer convulsive fits and "did fall down as dead." She was examined by physicians of both genders and many remedies were tried to no effect. A priest prayed over her, but this only caused her to contort violently and begin to vomit horse dung, pins, hair, feathers, knots of thread, nails, pieces of broken glass, eggshells and more. Her family noticed that when Anonymous 12 came near or looked toward their home, Anonymous 11 became all the more tormented and had her apprehended; Anonymous 12 confessed and was hanged for it. This did not end Anonymous 11's fits, however - Anonymous 12 claimed at her hanging that two other witches were also practicing their art on her. The girl's parents brought her to famous physician Henri de Heer, who witnessed her vomit a variety of strange things, be unable to eat for 15 days at a time, swell and suffer convulsions. de Heer claimed to pull the strange objects directly from her throat with his hand, disproving claims that she faked her bewitchment. He gives her a decoction of various herbs and makes an ointment, both of which he credits for her cure. (5-13)

Appears in:
Heer, Henri de. The Most True and Wonderful Narration of two Women Bewitched in Yorkshire. S.I.: 1658, 5-13

George Muschamp Jr.   Faster

A boy from Spital in the County of Northumberland, known to be the eldest son of Mary Moore and her first husband George Muschamp, the brother to Margaret Muschamp and Betty Muschamp, and the half-brother to Sibilla Moore. After his sister Margaret had been afflicted with her fits for about a year, George Muschamp Jr. allegedly also became afflicted with illness and pain while "both his stomack and the use of his legs taken from him." He subsisted on milk, water and sour milk, consuming away; he nevertheless retained his spirits and would talk and laugh with friends. The doctors predicted he had a month to live. According to Margaret, John Hutton and Dorothy Swinow were responsible for his wasting, and that two drops of blood from either of them would save his life. Mary Moore got blood from Hutton for George Jr., and Hutton used the opportunity to cast sole blame on Swinow. Margaret also claimed that if Swinow was brought to justice, her brother's illness would end and if there were no justice, he would become sicker than ever before. Margaret White, in her confession, alleged that Swinow and Jane Martin were responsible for the afflictions of the Muschamp children. (4-5)

Appears in:
Moore, Mary. Wonderfull Newes from the North. London: 1650, 4-5

Anne Mylner   Faster

An eighteen year old maid from the city of Chester in the county of Cheshire who was allegedly possessed by a white spirit that enveloped her. She was possessed for fifteen to sixteen weeks. One day, she came home from the fields very sick and would only eat once every twenty-four hours. When she would eat, she would only eat bread and cheese. She had a fit and was in a trance from hour to hour. She was delivered by having vinegar spit up her nose until she called out for the blood of Christ and made to recite prayers with John Lane. The following day Mylner attends a sermon John Lane preached at Saint Mary's Cathedral in Chester (now St Mary's Centre, then Church of St Mary-on-the-Hill), where she attended. At the time of publication she "remayneth at this prese[n]t (praysed be god) in perfit good health and lyking." (Image 3-4)

Appears in:
Fisher, John. The Copy of a Letter Describing the Wonderful Woorke of God in Deliuering a Mayden within the City of Chester. London: 1565, Image 3-4

Anonymous 435   Faster

A man from Great Gadson in the County of Buckinghamshire, known to be one of four ministers who prayed and fasted over alleged demoniac Anonymous 28 at the request of her father, Anonymous 429. A fifth was supposed to have joined them, but was prevented by an unexpected accident, as predicted by the evil spirits possessing the girl. The ministers' efforts succeeded in driving out one of the two spirits, and in forcing the girl to read from the Bible despite the best efforts of the remaining spirit. (5-6)

Appears in:
Anonymous. Wonderful News from Buckinghamshire. London: 1677, 5-6

Anonymous 436   Faster

A man from Great Gadson in the County of Buckinghamshire, known to be one of four ministers who prayed and fasted over alleged demoniac Anonymous 28 at the request of her father, Anonymous 429. A fifth was supposed to have joined them, but was prevented by an unexpected accident, as predicted by the evil spirits possessing the girl. The ministers' efforts succeeded in driving out one of the two spirits, and in forcing the girl to read from the Bible despite the best efforts of the remaining spirit. (5-6)

Appears in:
Anonymous. Wonderful News from Buckinghamshire. London: 1677, 5-6

Anonymous 434   Faster

A man from Great Gadson in the County of Buckinghamshire, known to be one of four ministers who prayed and fasted over alleged demoniac Anonymous 28 at the request of her father, Anonymous 429. A fifth was supposed to have joined them, but was prevented by an unexpected accident, as predicted by the evil spirits possessing the girl. The ministers' efforts succeeded in driving out one of the two spirits, and in forcing the girl to read from the Bible despite the best efforts of the remaining spirit. (5-6)

Appears in:
Anonymous. Wonderful News from Buckinghamshire. London: 1677, 5-6

Anonymous 433   Faster

A man from Great Gadson in the County of Buckinghamshire, known to be one of four ministers who prayed and fasted over alleged demoniac Anonymous 28 at the request of her father, Anonymous 429. A fifth was supposed to have joined them, but was prevented by an unexpected accident, as predicted by the evil spirits possessing the girl. The ministers' efforts succeeded in driving out one of the two spirits, and in forcing the girl to read from the Bible despite the best efforts of the remaining spirit. (5-6)

Appears in:
Anonymous. Wonderful News from Buckinghamshire. London: 1677, 5-6

Anonymous 437 (Plural)   Faster

A company of twenty four men and women from London, who are witness to the dispossession of Mary Glover as performed by five preachers: Mr. Evans, Mr. Lewis Hughes, Mr. Bridger, Mr. Barber and Mr. Skelton. These witnesses rejoice upon the release of Mary Glover, and are led in prayers and fasting for the girl by the preachers. At times, these witnesses are "fearfull" of Mary Glover when she is in her fits, and express much thanks when she is released. These witnesses visit Mary Glover some time after her dispossession as well, in order to assure themselves that her affliction has not returned. However, these witnesses are "slandered" by the Bishop Bancroft when he hears of their work in the dispossession of Mary Glover, named "a rout, rable, and swarme of giddy, idle, lunatick, illuminate, holy spectators, of both sexes." (41-42)

Appears in:
Swan, John . A True and Breife Report, of Mary Glover's Vexation and Her Deliverance. London: 1603, 41-42

Joan Harrison   Magician

Johane Harrison is a suspected witch from Royston in th couthy of Hertfordshire (formerly Hartford) and mother of A. Harisson (also a suspected witch). Harrison allegedly did magic "by the helpe of her spirits, which she reported to haue 2 attending on her, one for men, another for cattell," and having committed her malefic acts using an inscribed parchment, 4 human bones, and human hair (thus establishing Harrison as a necromancer). Harrison and her daughter are both executed for having committed malefic murder on August 4th, 1606. (Image 11)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Most Cruel and Bloody Murder Committed by an Inkeepers wife, called Annis Dell, and her Son George Dell. London: 1606, Image 11

Dr. Fian / John Cunningham   Magician

Doctor Fian is a Socerer and master of the School at Saltpans in the town of Tranent in the county of East Lothian, in the country of Scotland who is accused of charming and tortured for a confession. (18)

Appears in:
Carmichael, James. News from Scotland, Declaring the Damnable Life and Death of Doctor Fian a Notable Sorcerer. London: 1592, 18

Lewis Gaufredy   Magician

Lewis Gaufredy is a man from Marseilles, France. He is described as a magician and priest who becomes inloved with devilish practices by reading two books called Toliet and Agrippa and who is accused of raping two women. (2)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Life and Death of Lewis Gaufredy. London: 1612, 2

Anne Bodenham   Magician

A woman who had acted as Dr. Lamb's domestic servant in London circa 1622?, a role for which she earned the moniker "Dr. Lamb's darling," and the place where she claims to have first learned the mystical arts and gained Dr. Lambe's book. In the 1650s, she is in Fisherton Anger, a suburb of Salisbury in the county of Wiltshire, and the wife of Edward Bodenham. Here she evidently worked as a teacher, was seen as a papist, a gossip, cunning woman and a wisewoman, willing to "undertake to cure almost any diseases, which she did for the most part by charms and spels, but sometimes used physical ingredients, to cover her abominable practices." Her bread and butter came from "procur[ing] things that were lost, and to restore [stolen] goods. Bodenham practices image, familiar, and word magic. She claims she can control demons, but uses image magic, and basic psychological manipulation, to do her work. She evidently makes the strategic mistake of trying to recruit Anne Styles, a young servant girl with whom she had a number of encounters. In one account, she gave her soul to the Devil "sealed in a bloody scroule," and under his instruction, seduced the maid Anne Styles into also signing over her soul. Mistress Bodenham uses a looking glass to conjure. Anne Styles comes to her afterwards, and says to Mistress Bodenham that "she would flye" to London, which Mistress Bodenham agrees too. Mistress Bodenham also travels to Stockbridge when Anne Styles is there, immediately alleviating Anne Styles' torments caused by the Devil. Mistress Bodenham tries to convince the Gentleman to let her impart "all her art," to him, which he refuses. Bodenham allegedly helps Richard Goddard's lost spoon, helps find three pieces of Thomas Mason's lost gold, helps determine if Elizabeth Rosewel's sister and daughter in law, Sarah Goddard, was trying to poison her, makes a charm protect Master Mason from Master Rawley's mischief and foretells if Mason would win a law suit against Richard Goodard, predicts who Mistriss Rosewel would marry, sends Styles again to Bodenham who have her visit a local apothecary to buy Arsenic to burn as a bit of counter magic to protect Mistress Goddard and provides poison to use against Mistriss Sarah and Mistriss Anne Goddard. Her final mistake is offering Anne Styles, who had been discovered to be the person who bought the arsenic meant to be used against Mistress Goddard, and thus, an attempted murderer, an apprenticeship. Styles soon acted like a woman possessed and shortly thereafter, Anne Bodenham was arrested. She was sentanced to be hanged as a witch. She is executed on March 19, 1653, after she boasts "she knew full well, She should be a great Lady in hel," and refuses to repent. During her execution, "she did nought but curse and sware," as she went to the gallows drunk. When she was allowed to go up the ladder, she attempted to throw herself off the platform. When asked to forgive her executioner, she replied, "Forgive thee? A pox on thee, turn me off; which were the last words she spake." (1)

Appears in:
Bower, Edmond. Doctor Lamb Revived, or, Witchcraft Condemned in Anne Bodenham. London: 1653, 1

John Walsh   Magician

A man from Netherbury, Dorset, a magician, physician, witch, and wizard, John Walsh represents himself as having all kind of occult and practical powers, learned from Robert of Dreiton. He has access to fairies, familiars, and can do image magic, but can not heal. ()

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Examination of John Walsh before Master Thomas Williams. London: 1566,

William Whycherly   Magician

A man from St. Sepulchers' parish in Charterhouse Lane in the city of London, who represents himself during examination as a conjurer. Wicherly works using a crystal to communicate with an spirit names Scariot. He also provides details on numerous other magical practitioners in who live in and around the city of London. ()

Appears in:
Smith, Thomas. An Examination taken by Sir Thomas Smith of Conjurer, and his Comlice at 1549. Unknown: 1559,

James Lindsay   Magician

A man from Renfrew in the county of Renfrewshire, who allegedly causes a girl to have fits by his touch. (2)

Appears in:
P., T.. A Relation of the Diabolical Practices of above Twenty Wizards and Witches of the Sheriffdom of Renfrew in the Kingdom of Scotland. London: 1697, 2

Father Rosimond   Magician

Father Rosimond is a magician and wiseman from Windsor in the county of Berkshire, alias Osborne. He can allegedly transform himself into various animal shapes, and has a reputation for both curing the bewitched and causing bewitchments himself. Elizabeth Stile, in her confession, alleges that his daughter is also a witch. (15, 18)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A Rehearsal both Strange and True. London: 1579, 15, 18

Anonymous 77   Magician

An man from the county of Kent described as a "a notable cousening varlet, who professed Alchymistry, juggling, witchcraft, and conjuration." Believing that the Yeoman's "estate and humour to be convenient" for providing him a comfortable lifestyle, he originally "came a wooing (as they say) to his daughter, to whom he made love cunningly in words." However, seeing that cheating the Yeoman would be a faster way of making money than marrying his daughter, Anonymous 77 claimed he could multiply him money chemically, taking "one angell [to] make two or three." In truth, after a great deal of pomp and ceremony which looked like magic, the Alchemist takes the Yeoman's money, leaving him with a lump of lead. (252-253)

Appears in:
Scot, Reginald. Scot's Discovery of Witchcraft Proving the Common Opinions of Witches Contracting with Devils, Spirits, or Familiars. London: 1651, 252-253

T. E.   Magician

A Master of Art and practitioner of Physick who learns his craft from a three-hundred year old book written by Sir John Malborne, a divine of Oxenford. (337-338)

Appears in:
Scot, Reginald. Scot's Discovery of Witchcraft Proving the Common Opinions of Witches Contracting with Devils, Spirits, or Familiars. London: 1651, 337-338

Thomas Hilles (aka Feats)   Magician

A renown magician who worked with a trained dog. Among his many other (sleight of hand) practices, he allegedly pretended he could speak with the dead and conjure familiars (for sale) (97)

Appears in:
Scot, Reginald. Scot's Discovery of Witchcraft Proving the Common Opinions of Witches Contracting with Devils, Spirits, or Familiars. London: 1651, 97

Anonymous 326 (Plural)   Magician

A group of "wizards" from Knaresborough forest in North Yorkshire who allegedly practice and teach countermagic. (34-35)

Appears in:
Fairfax, Edward . Daemonologia: a Discourse on Witchcraft as it was Acted in the Family of Mr. Edward Fairfax. Unknown: 1621, 34-35

Dr. John Dee   Magician

A Doctor who is accused by Dr. Casaubon of "having familiarity with Devils for many years in his life time." (8)

Appears in:
Webster, John. The Displaying of Supposed Witchcraft. London: 1677, 8

John Samond   Magician

A man from Danbury in the county of Essex and an alleged wizard. He is brought to the assize in Chelmsford on five separate occasions between 1560 and 1570. In 1560, he is accused of bewitching John Grant, Bridget Pecocke, and Anthony. Bridget Pecocke and Anthony languish and die. Samond's plea and verdict in this case are unknown. He was also indicted for witchcraft that same year. That case is brought forth by several people who allege that he is responsible for bewitching John and Anthony Graunte and Bridget Pecocke, causing their deaths. Samond plead not guilty and was acquitted of the charge. In 1561, he is indicted for having allegedly stolen ten lambs worth two shilling and 6 d. each. The lambs belonged to Henry Bredget. Samond plead not guilty, but was found guilty. On January 30, 1561, a writ is issued to the gaol, identifying Samond as a wizard. the case is transmitted to the assize for verification. In 1570, he is indicted for having allegedly, two years earlier, stolen ten sheep worth four shilling each belonging to Simon Hoode and one sheep worth four shilling belonging to Henry Bredges. To these charges he pleads not guilty, but is found guilty. (http://seax.essexcc.gov.uk/result_details.asp?intOffSet=0&intThisRecordsOffSet=1)

Appears in:
Essex Record Office, . Calendar of Essex Assize Records. Online. http://seax.essexcc.gov.uk: 2011, http://seax.essexcc.gov.uk/result_details.asp?intOffSet=0&intThisRecordsOffSet=1

Maier   Magician

A man and the "now say-master of the mynt" at Durham house in the City of London, who has allegedly "conjured for treasure and their stolne goods." This information comes from William Whycherly during his 1597 examination by Sir Thomas Smith. (334)

Appears in:
Foxe, Thomas Cranmer, John Gough Nichols, John. Narratives of the Days of the Reformation. Unknown: 1859, 334

Lowth   Magician

A person and broderer (a member of the guild of embroiderers) from Fleet Street in London who allegedly "useth the cristall stone, and goeth about daily to dygge for treasure." This information comes from William Whycherly during his 1597 examination by Sir Thomas Smith. (334)

Appears in:
Foxe, Thomas Cranmer, John Gough Nichols, John. Narratives of the Days of the Reformation. Unknown: 1859, 334

Thomas Malfrey   Magician

A man from Goldstone beside Yarmouth who is allegedly a "skryers of the glasse [a person who uses material objects such as mirrors, glass, or crystals for divination purposes]." This information comes from WIlliam Whycherly during his 1597 examination by Sir Thomas Smith. (334)

Appears in:
Foxe, Thomas Cranmer, John Gough Nichols, John. Narratives of the Days of the Reformation. Unknown: 1859, 334

Sir John Lloyd   Magician

A priest from "Godstone besides Croydon" who allegedly uses divination tools such as crystals to find treasure and other stolen goods. This information comes from William Whycherly during his 1597 examination by Sir Thomas Smith. (334)

Appears in:
Foxe, Thomas Cranmer, John Gough Nichols, John. Narratives of the Days of the Reformation. Unknown: 1859, 334

Thomas Owldring   Magician

A man from Yarmouth who is allegedly "a conjurer, and hath very good bookes of conjuring, and that a great number." This information comes from WIlliam Whycherly during his 1597 examination by Sir Thomas Smith. (334)

Appears in:
Foxe, Thomas Cranmer, John Gough Nichols, John. Narratives of the Days of the Reformation. Unknown: 1859, 334

John Lambe   Magician

Doctor John Lambe is a man from Worcester in the county of Worcestershire, known to be an astrologer, cunning-man, teacher of gentleman's children, magician and juggler, and to style himself a physician. He employed Anne Bodenham as a maid. He stood charges at the Worcester Assizes for "two seuerall Inditements; one for vnchristian and damnable practises against the person of an Honourble Peere of this Realme; and the other for damnable inuocation and worship of euill Spirits." The first charge referred to an attempt to disable or weaken the Thomas, sixth Lord Windsor. He was found guilty on both charges, but judgement was suspended in the case of the first. Dr. Lambe allegedly drew Mr. Wayneman into his practice of conjuration and promised to show him an angel, but summoned a spirit instead. He is said to posses the skill to "intoxicate, poyson, and bewitch any man so as they should be disabled from begetting of children," and to have four spirits trapped in a crystal glass. He called the chief sprit Benias. He also predicted the drowning of Lady Fairfax's brothers. While at a gentleman's house entertaining guests with juggling tricks, Anthony Birch saw shapes in his crystal ball. Through the use of his spirits, he could "vndertake any difficult thing, and did very often discouer and bring to light goods and chattels although they had for a long time beene lost," tell whether someone was a witch or not, what disease afflicted a person whether he had seen them or not, and show women their future husbands in his crystal ball. He could also tell what private marks a person had on their body and personal details they had kept secret. 40 people involve in his arraignment allegedly died within two weeks after. Dr. Lambe was indicted a second time on charges of luring Joan Seager, an 11-year-old girl, to his home and raping her. He was found guilty and sentenced to death for this violation, but was pardoned by the crown. Some evidence surfaced suggesting that Seager's father owed Dr. Lambe money, and that the rape charge was laid shortly after he tried to collect on the debt. A year later, Dr. Lambe attended a play at the Fortune Theatre in London and was mobbed when he left. The mob pursued him and beat him to death with stones and cudgels. (2-3)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A Briefe Description of the Notorious Life of John Lambe. Amsterdam: 1628, 2-3

Dr. Lamb   Magician

A man from an unknown area of London, who is alleged a "Conjurer," and "killed by the Mob," in 1640. Dr. Lamb meets Sir Miles Sands and Mr. Barbor one morning, in the street, "and invited them to go and drink their Mornings Draught at his House." There, he speaks to them about his art, and "he told them, if they would hold their Tongues, and their Hands from medling with any thing," he would "shew them some Sport." Dr. Lam "falling to his Practice," conjured up a tree, which springs up in the middle of the room. Following that "appeared three little Fellows, with Axes on their Shoulders, and Baskets in their Hands, who presently fell to work, cut down the Tree, and carried all away." After this, Sir Miles Sands and Mr. Barbor depart from Dr. Lamb's company, although Mr. Barbor takes a chip away with him. This chip causes Mr. Barbor's doors and windows in his house to "open and clatter," frightening and waking his family. Once the chip from Dr. Lamb's is disposed of, all was "quiet," and the windows and doors "were presently shut," allowing the family to sleep. (155-156)

Appears in:
Baxter, Richard. The Certainty of the Worlds of Spirits and, Consequently, of the Immortality of Souls. London: 1691, 155-156

Anonymous 176   Midwife

She is a woman from Manningtree in the county of Essex described as a midwife who, along with a Matron, claims to have searched Rebecca West, Margaret Landis, Susan Cock, and Rose Hallybread for witch's marks and found "several large Teates in the secret Parts of their Bodies." (6-7)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Full Trials, Examination, and Condemnation of Four Notorious Witches. London: 1690, 6-7

Amis Willuby   Midwife

A midwife who examines Frances Dickenson, Mary Spencer, Margaret Johnson, and Jennet Hargreaves at Surgeon's Hall under the supervision Dr. William Harvey. (129-130)

Appears in:
Bruce (Editor), John. Calendar of State Papers Domestic Series: Charles I, 1634-5. Unknown: 1864, 129-130

Ffrancis Palmer   Midwife

A midwife who examines Frances Dickenson, Mary Spencer, Margaret Johnson, and Jennet Hargreaves at Surgeon's Hall under the supervision Dr. William Harvey. (129-130)

Appears in:
Bruce (Editor), John. Calendar of State Papers Domestic Series: Charles I, 1634-5. Unknown: 1864, 129-130

Katheren Palmer   Midwife

A midwife who examines Frances Dickenson, Mary Spencer, Margaret Johnson, and Jennet Hargreaves at Surgeon's Hall under the supervision Dr. William Harvey. (129-130)

Appears in:
Bruce (Editor), John. Calendar of State Papers Domestic Series: Charles I, 1634-5. Unknown: 1864, 129-130

Rebecke Layne   Midwife

A midwife who examines Frances Dickenson, Mary Spencer, Margaret Johnson, and Jennet Hargreaves at Surgeon's Hall under the supervision Dr. William Harvey. (129-130)

Appears in:
Bruce (Editor), John. Calendar of State Papers Domestic Series: Charles I, 1634-5. Unknown: 1864, 129-130

SIbell Ffellips   Midwife

A midwife who examines Frances Dickenson, Mary Spencer, Margaret Johnson, and Jennet Hargreaves at Surgeon's Hall under the supervision Dr. William Harvey. (129-130)

Appears in:
Bruce (Editor), John. Calendar of State Papers Domestic Series: Charles I, 1634-5. Unknown: 1864, 129-130

Joane Sensions   Midwife

A midwife who examines Frances Dickenson, Mary Spencer, Margaret Johnson, and Jennet Hargreaves at Surgeon's Hall under the supervision Dr. William Harvey. (129-130)

Appears in:
Bruce (Editor), John. Calendar of State Papers Domestic Series: Charles I, 1634-5. Unknown: 1864, 129-130

Aurelia Mollins   Midwife

A midwife who examines Frances Dickenson, Mary Spencer, Margaret Johnson, and Jennet Hargreaves at Surgeon's Hall under the supervision Dr. William Harvey. (129-130)

Appears in:
Bruce (Editor), John. Calendar of State Papers Domestic Series: Charles I, 1634-5. Unknown: 1864, 129-130

Anna Ashwell   Midwife

A midwife who examines Frances Dickenson, Mary Spencer, Margaret Johnson, and Jennet Hargreaves at Surgeon's Hall under the supervision Dr. William Harvey. (129-130)

Appears in:
Bruce (Editor), John. Calendar of State Papers Domestic Series: Charles I, 1634-5. Unknown: 1864, 129-130

Margryt Franses   Midwife

A midwife who examines Frances Dickenson, Mary Spencer, Margaret Johnson, and Jennet Hargreaves at Surgeon's Hall under the supervision Dr. William Harvey. (129-130)

Appears in:
Bruce (Editor), John. Calendar of State Papers Domestic Series: Charles I, 1634-5. Unknown: 1864, 129-130

Clifton   Midwife

A midwife who examines Frances Dickenson, Mary Spencer, Margaret Johnson, and Jennet Hargreaves at Surgeon's Hall under the supervision Dr. William Harvey. (129-130)

Appears in:
Bruce (Editor), John. Calendar of State Papers Domestic Series: Charles I, 1634-5. Unknown: 1864, 129-130

Anonymous 178   Midwife

A midwife from the town of Honiton in the county of Devon, who has "skill in Sores and Wounds," and is called on to treat Elizabeth Brooker (who experiences extreme pain in her leg). She "applied her rare Plaister of Venice-Turpentine all that Night, and many other things the next Day, but [Brooker's pain] was still the same." (67-68)

Appears in:
Baxter, Richard. The Certainty of the Worlds of Spirits and, Consequently, of the Immortality of Souls. London: 1691, 67-68

Goodwife Hatch   Midwife

A midwife from Sandwhich in the county of Kent, who falls into "a great fright, euen readie all to sinke downe dead to the ground with feare," when she helps to deliver Anonymous 94's monstrous baby. The baby described is as an "abbortiue and prodigious fruit." It resembles a lump of flesh with deformed facial features, arms growing out of its shoulder with no joints, and fourteen toes on its feet. ()

Appears in:
Anonymous. Strange News out of Kent of a Monstrous and Misshapen Child. London: 1609,

Bridget Reynolds   Midwife

A woman from Ramsey in the county of Essex, described as a midwife, and wife of Edward Reynolds. Bridget Reynolds searched Sara Hatting, Marion Hocket, and Elizabeth Harvey as witches. She found "foure Teats, or Bigges in those parts, almost an inch long, and as bigge as this Informants little fingers" in Hatting's genitals. She found "three such Bigges, and about the said scantling," on Elizabeth Harvey. Reynolds did not find any marks in Marian Hocket that were not "found in the same parts not like other honest women." Reynolds later testified against Sara Hatting, claiming that she "did enterteine, employ and feede" teo evil spirits in the form "of a mowsse," and that Elizabeth Harvey "did enterteine, employ and feede" three evil spirits in the form "of a red mousse." (30)

Appears in:
H., F.. A True and Exact Relation of the severall Informations, Examinations, and Confessions of the late Witches, arraigned and executed in the County of Essex. . London: 1645, 30

Alice Samuel   Midwife

An old woman from Warboys in the county of Huntington, known to about 80 at the time of her death and the wife of John Samuel, mother of Agnes Samuel and a neighbour of Robert Throckmorton. Mother Alice Samuel was first accused of witchcraft when visiting the Throckmorton family while one of their daughters was sick; the child said "Grandmother looke where the old witch sitteth (pointing to the said mother Samuell) did you euer see...one more like a witch than she is." The child continued to be sick, as did the other four Throckmorton daughters within a few months. All five developed fits, claimed to be afflicted by Mother Samuel, and to see an apparition of her during their fits. Mother Samuel would frequently be invited to the Throckmorton home to visit the children; this was used in an attempt to persuade her to come so the children could scratch her. She refused and had to be forced to come, along with Agnes Samuel and Cicely Burder; Mother Samuel allegedly cautioned Agnes to confess nothing at that time. Three of the children fell into tormenting fits as soon as Mother Samuel entered the home, and one, who was bedridden, successfully scratched her. Elizabeth Throckmorton claimed to see an apparition of Mother Samuel with a black child on her shoulders. Lady Cromwell charged Mother Samuel with bewitching Elizabeth shortly thereafter; Mother Samuel denied it and Lady Cromwell took a lock of Mother Samuel's hair and her hairlace. She gave both to Mistress Throckmorton to burn; that night Lady Cromwell had a nightmare of Mother Samuel and a cat, after which she fell sick and died. Henry Pickering, uncle to the Throckmorton children, began to follow Mother Samuel and observe her errands. Henry spoke to her after one day of this, and she told him that the Throckmorton family abused her, that the children were faking their fits and that she would not permit her children to carry on like that without some punishment; she ended the conversation with the claim that her husband would beat her for tarrying. The eldest Throckmorton daughter, Joan, claimed to have a vision of her uncle observing Mother Samuel and described Mother Samuel's errands. Soon after, the girls all began to claim to see spirits that accused Mother Samuel. Not long after, Mother Samuel was midwife to an aunt of the Throckmorton children and the girls increased their accusations. Robert Throckmorton, noting that the girls had less fits when Mother Samuel was present, asked John Samuel for permission to hire Mother Samuel; John agreed but Mother Samuel did not and he beat her for it. She eventually agreed, and the children began to allege that the spirits that came to them were hers. While in the Throckmorton household, Mother Samuel was seen to have red marks like flea bites on her chin, which would bleed; she confessed that they were where her spirits sucked from her. She later alleged that a spirit had gotten into her belly, causing her pain and swelling. Robert Throckmorton joined his daughters in accusing her and bid her to confess. She was eventually imprisoned, and charged with bewitching Lady Cromwell to death along with her husband and daughter. In her confession, she claimed to have six familiars in the shape of chickens, three of which were named Pluck, Catch and White. She also accused John Samuel of both witching and unwitching, but refused to say anything against their daughter. While imprisoned, Throckmorton accused Mother Samuel of bewitching his livestock. She was also accused of bewitching a gaoler's servant to death, and causing her gaoler's son to become sick. Following her execution, she was stripped and searched. This search found her to have half-inch teat "adioyning to so secrete a place, which was not decent to be seene." (3)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Most Strange and Admirable Discouerie of the Three Witches of Warboys . Unknown: 1593, 3

King Charles I   Monarch

Monarch of England. Appears here because William Harvey serves as his physician. (285)

Appears in:
Bickley et al., A.C.. The Gentleman's Magazine Library. London: 1884, 285

King James I   Monarch

The son of Mary Queen of Scots, known as James VI, King of Scotland (1567), and James I, King of England, Scotland and Ireland (1603). By the time James VI became James I of England, he was avidly interested in using scientific principles to prove or disprove witchcraft charges. James' interest in the efficacy of witches appears to have begun during the storms he encountered at sea while he sailed back from Denmark with his 15 year old wife Queen Anne. The captain of the ship blamed witches for the bad weather. James personally interrogated witches from the town of Trenton, including Gellis Duncane, Agnes Sampson (of Paddignton), Agnes Tompson (of Edinbrough), and Dr. Fian (an account featured in Newes From Scotland (1591)) Soon after, he wrote _Dmonologie_ (1597) while still in Scotland, a text which promoted the belief that female witches were the Devils students and servants; the Devil gave witches image magic, medicinal magic, and poisons with which to harm their enemies. In the Act of 1604, James I of England expanded the definition of witchcraft to include more specific crimes, and a more European understanding of maleficium; causing personal injury, the conjuration of spirits, and the use of corpses in magic became capital offenses. This new Act also divided the crime, creating first-degree and second-degree witchcraft. It is hard to know how much influence _Dmonologie_ had, although it was reprinted after James English coronation (1603), or how much influence the 1604 Witchcraft Act had. It would appear that once in print, these texts took on a life of their own, quite apart from the wishes of the King who invoked them. James' own interest in witchcraft soon faded; he would be key in exposing fraudulent witchcraft charges asserted by Anne Gunter in 1605, John Smith in 1616, and Katherine Malpas in 1621. The King also allegedly held somewhat of a mischievous side, encouraging an "imposture" in his court to call out the name of the knight Sir John, in order to get Sir John "to stamp with madness," and find himself unable to ever begin discourse with the King due to constant interruption. ()

Appears in:
Wormald, Jenny. King James. Online: 2008 (Online Edition),

Anonymous 70   Neighbor

A man from Hartford in the county of Huntingdonshire, described as neighbor of a Yeoman who is allegedly bewitched by Johane Harrison after he calls her an old hag. He helps the Yeoman concoct a plan where by he can lure Harrison to his home (not the Yeoman's) so the Yeoman can scratch her to unwitch himself. (19-20)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Most Cruel and Bloody Murder Committed by an Inkeepers wife, called Annis Dell, and her Son George Dell. London: 1606, 19-20

Anonymous 67   Neighbor

A woman from Hatfield Peverel in the County of Essex, known to be a neighbour of Mother Agnes Waterhouse. She allegedly had a falling out with Mother Waterhouse, after which Mother Waterhouse bid her familiar Sathan to drown three of Anonymous 67's geese. (15 (Bv))

Appears in:
Phillips, John. The Examination and Confession of Certain Witches. London: 1566, 15 (Bv)

Anonymous 85   Neighbor

A man from Hatfield Peverel in the County of Essex, known to be a neighbour of Mother Agnes Waterhouse and the husband of Anonymous 86. He and his wife allegedly had a falling out with Mother Waterhouse, after which Mother Waterhouse bid her familiar Sathan to kill him with a "bluddye flux." (15 (Bv))

Appears in:
Phillips, John. The Examination and Confession of Certain Witches. London: 1566, 15 (Bv)

Mr. Wardol   Neighbor

A man from Hatfield Peverel in the County of Essex, known to be a tailor and a neighbour of Mother Agnes Waterhouse. According to Mother Waterhouse's final confession, he offended her and she tried to set her familiar Sathan on him to "hurte and destroy him & his goodes." Sathan failed in his task and returns to tell Mother Waterhouse that "Wardol was so strong in fayth that he hadde no power to hurt hym." Sathan tries again numerous times to cause Wardol mischief, but it proves in vain. (38-40)

Appears in:
Phillips, John. The Examination and Confession of Certain Witches. London: 1566, 38-40

William Hooke   Neighbor

A man and a painter in St. Osyth in the county of Essex, who testifies against Alice Newman. Hooke suggests that Alice was the cause of husband's "great miserie and wretcher state," and possibly his death. (A6-A6v)

Appears in:
W., W. . A True and Just Record, of the Information, Examination and Confession of all the Witches, taken at S. Osyth in the county of Essex. London: 1582, A6-A6v

Anonymous 356   Neighbor

A number of people from St. Andrew's in Dublin, who are witness on June 16, 1686, to the discovery of "torn Paper written in blood," that James Day confesses is a torn contract between him and the Devil. When the paper is put together again, "they could read the date of the Months and Year, and the words Promise and Law." The discovery of this evidence lends credibility to the story of James Day's encounter with the Devil, which is later revealed to be a fabrication to aid James Day in changing from the Protestant religion to the Roman Catholic. (1)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Detection of a Popish Cheat. Dublin: 1696, 1

Joan Byet   Neighbor

A woman from St. Osyth in the county of Essex, wife to local dairy farmer, William Byet, and the neighbor of Elizabeth Bennett. Although the Bytes lived in peace with their neighbor for the first year of their residence, things soon grew strained, and then violent between the families. Byet would sometime call Bennett an "olde trot and olde witche, and did banne and curse" her cattle. In return, Bennett would call Byett a "knave saying, winde it vp Byet, for it wil light vpon your selfe." Although Bennett mentioned the three of Byett's cow shortly after this incident, and more to do with poor animal husbandry; Byet beat the fallen cow until it died. Joan Byet also "did beate her swine seuerall times with greate Gybets." Moreover, she also" thrust a pitchforke through the side of one of [Elizabeth Bennet's] swine, the which Durrant a Butcher did buie, and for that when hee had dressed it, it prooued A messell," (a leprous animal, which presumably could not be eaten?). Of course, this version of the story is not the only one. According to Ursely Kempe, although Elizabeth Bennet's three familiars "plagued three of his Beastes whereof two of them dyed, and the third leyer fire or drooping, & not likly to liue: Byette caused his folkes to make a fire about her" presumably as an act of countermagic and cremation. Kempe suggested that "the Cowe feeling the heate of the fire, starte vp and ranne her way, and by that occasion was saued"; Byett himself seems to hint that the cow was certainly saved by jumping up, but also by "byting of stickes, bigger then any mans finger" from a local wood stack. Joan Byett was not so lucky. She appears to have died on Febraury 10, 1581, a crime attributed Kempe to Bennet's other familiar, Suckin who "did plague Byettes wife vnto death." The court blames the bewitchment on Bennet. Bennet acknowledges the felony, and is deemed guilty and charged to be hanged. (A2v-A3)

Appears in:
W., W. . A True and Just Record, of the Information, Examination and Confession of all the Witches, taken at S. Osyth in the county of Essex. London: 1582, A2v-A3

Anonymous 389   Neighbor

A young woman from Lowestoft in the county of Suffolk, known to be a neighbor of Dorothy Durent and a kinswoman of Amy Denny. Durent gave deposition alleging that the day after Durent found a toad in her son William's blanket and had it held into the fire, Anonymous 389 told her that her aunt, Amy Denny, "was in a most lamentable condition having her face all scorched with fire, and that she was sitting alone in her House, in her smock without any fire." (9-10)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A Tryal of Witches. London: 1682, 9-10

Anonymous 391   Neighbor

A man from Cannon Lee in the county of Devon, who found with his coworker, another labourer (Anonymous 392), the young Joseph Buxford under a Hedge. Upon finding him, they "demanded what he was," but the boy was unable to answer them as "he was speechlesse." They find "his hands and legs strangely distorted, his haire of his head singyd, his cloathes all be smeared with pitch and rosin, and other sulfurous matter, which yeelded an odious stench." The two men "commiserating his miserable condition," take the boy to their master's house, Mr. Justice Cullum. There, they provide him with clothes, a bed, and food. (5)

Appears in:
Massey, Edward. A True and Perfect Relation of a Boy, Who was Entertained by the Devill. London: 1645, 5

Anonymous 392   Neighbor

A man from Cannon Lee in the county of Devon, who found with his coworker, another labourer (Anonymous 391), the young Joseph Buxford under a Hedge. Upon finding him, they "demanded what he was," but the boy was unable to answer them as "he was speechlesse." They find "his hands and legs strangely distorted, his haire of his head singyd, his cloathes all be smeared with pitch and rosin, and other sulfurous matter, which yeelded an odious stench." The two men "commiserating his miserable condition," take the boy to their master's house, Mr. Justice Cullum. There, they provide him with clothes, a bed, and food. (5)

Appears in:
Massey, Edward. A True and Perfect Relation of a Boy, Who was Entertained by the Devill. London: 1645, 5

Anonymous 396 (Plural)   Neighbor

A number of people from Evershot in the county of Dorset-shire, who are neighbours to "a poor Labouring Man" (Anonymous 395). This group of people includes two ministers. They collectively "marvelled" at how the man, being "a poor Labouring Man" managed to afford buying "some Sheep or Swine." He admits to them eventually that he "found a Shilling under his Door" every morning, and upon admitting this, he "was suddenly struck Lame and Bed-Rid," as witnessed by the neighbours. (46)

Appears in:
Baxter, Richard. The Certainty of the Worlds of Spirits and, Consequently, of the Immortality of Souls. London: 1691, 46

Anonymous 401 (Plural)   Neighbor

A number of people from Brightling in the county of Sussex, who are given "meal" from an old Woman (Anonymous 398) suspected of witchcraft. They attempt to turn the meal into bread, but "they could not make it into Loaves," and it was instead "like Butter." Putting it into the oven, "it would not bake, but came out as it went in." (57)

Appears in:
Baxter, Richard. The Certainty of the Worlds of Spirits and, Consequently, of the Immortality of Souls. London: 1691, 57

Anonymous 408   Neighbor

A number of ministers and "good people" from Colne, in the county of Essex, who come with Mr. Thomas Shepherd to pray at Colne's Priory. In Colne's Priory is built a chamber above a "Tomb-House," and every night "At Two of the Clock in the Morning there was always the sound of a great Bell tolling," After praying and giving "some respect to the place, serving to God," the Devil is cast out, and "from that time, never was any such noise heard in the Chamber." (158)

Appears in:
Baxter, Richard. The Certainty of the Worlds of Spirits and, Consequently, of the Immortality of Souls. London: 1691, 158

Anonymous 410 (Plural)   Neighbor

A number of people from Bewdley in the county of Worcestershire, who are the "praying Neighbours" of a "Sanguine strong Maid," (Anonymous 409) who is alleged seized by "Histerical Fits," caused by both a devil and "a suror uterinus." These people are encouraged by the prayers of Richard Baxter by the young maid, and resolved to "Fast and Pray by her, till she was recovered." During their prayers, the maid is "usually in violent Rage, and after thankt them." They continued this for many days, until she was cured. (194)

Appears in:
Baxter, Richard. The Certainty of the Worlds of Spirits and, Consequently, of the Immortality of Souls. London: 1691, 194

Mr. Thomas Ware   Neighbor

A man from Kidderminster in the county of Worcestershire, who sits and prays with a "Sanguine strong maid" afflicted by a number of "strange Histerical Fits," caused by a devil and "a suror uterinus." After several days of fasting and praying on the part of many neighbours, Mr. Thomas Ware prays with the maid (Anonymous 409), "in the midst of the Day." During this prayer, the maid "fell on the Floor like a Block, and having lain so a while, cryed out, He is gone, He is gone; The Black Dog is gone." After this time, "she never had a Fit." (194)

Appears in:
Baxter, Richard. The Certainty of the Worlds of Spirits and, Consequently, of the Immortality of Souls. London: 1691, 194

Anonymous 411   Neighbor

A young man from Bewdley in the county of Worcestershire, who watches among other people "in Charity" over a "Sanguine strong Maid," (Anonymous 409), and prays with her during her "Histerical strange fits." This young man was "more with her than the rest," and often observed her during her Fits, where she would "toss her naked Body about, she being strong and comely." His "Lust was provoked," and on numerous fits, they sinned together. This did seem to ease the maid for a time, which "enticed him the more to do it," as "an Act of (Wicked) Compassion." In fact, it is believed this did nothing but "Enrage the Disease." When the maid is healed of her fits, the young man comes forth and "made known" what they had done. Richard Baxter believes that the maid was originally afflicted by "a suror uterinus," and then gained "a Real possession," as a "punishment of their Sins." The young man marries the maid, and "professed deep Repentance." However, Richard Baxter still advises that the young man not be received to Church Communion. (195)

Appears in:
Baxter, Richard. The Certainty of the Worlds of Spirits and, Consequently, of the Immortality of Souls. London: 1691, 195

Anonymous 426 (Plural)   Neighbor

A man, his wife, and "divers of the Neighbours," from Combe St. Nicholas, in the county of Somerset, who live near Blackhill Downs. They claim that "they had at many times seen this Fair-keeping in the Summer time," a fair held for fairies (Anonymous 174). None of them dared "adventure in amongst them," for it was rumoured that whoever did so, "had received great damage by it." (210)

Appears in:
Bovet, Richard. Pandaemonium. London: 1684, 210

Anonymous 86   Neighbor

A woman from Hatfield Peverel in the County of Essex, known to be a neighbour of Mother Agnes Waterhouse and the wife of Anonymous 85. She and husband allegedly had a falling out with Mother Waterhouse, after which Mother Waterhouse bid her familiar Sathan to kill Anonymous 85 with a "bluddye flux." (15 (Bv))

Appears in:
Phillips, John. The Examination and Confession of Certain Witches. London: 1566, 15 (Bv)

Anonymous 68   Neighbor

A woman from Hatfield Peverel in the County of Essex, known to be a neighbour of Mother Agnes Waterhouse who refused to give Mother Waterhouse butter. In revenge, Mother Waterhouse caused her to "lose the curdes" two or three days later. (15 (Bv))

Appears in:
Phillips, John. The Examination and Confession of Certain Witches. London: 1566, 15 (Bv)

Chappel   Neighbor

A man from Warboys in the county of Huntingdon, known to be married to Mistress Chappel and to be the next-door neighbour of John Samuel. According to the spirit Smack, John Samuel bewitched both Chappel and Mistress Chappel so that "woman not able to stirre her selfe, and then man was for a fitte or two in the same case that these children were in." Smack also claimed that John Samuel asked him to break Chappel's neck in a fall, so he "caused on the suddaine both his Pattins to be broken, and if he had fallen on the stones as he fell in the myre, he had beene maymed." Chappel, when asked, confessed that "confessed that he had once such a fall, as he met with old Samuell in the streetes, and both his Pattins were broken at one instant, and because he would not fall upn the causie (for it was but narrow) into the myre, wherin he was marveilously foyled, and if an other neighbor had not beene with him, he had beene in greater danger." (94-95)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Most Strange and Admirable Discouerie of the Three Witches of Warboys . Unknown: 1593, 94-95

Mistress Chappel   Neighbor

A woman from Warboys in the county of Huntingdon, known to be married to Chappel and to be the next-door neighbour of John Samuel. According to the spirit Smack, John Samuel bewitched both Chappel and Mistress Chappel so that "woman not able to stirre her selfe, and then man was for a fitte or two in the same case that these children were in." (94-95)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Most Strange and Admirable Discouerie of the Three Witches of Warboys . Unknown: 1593, 94-95

Anonymous 441   Neighbor

A woman from London, who is a neighbour of the young girl, Mary Glover. Mary Glover visits her when her throat and neck swell after a visit from Elizabeth Jackson. At Anonymous 441's house, Mary Glover is struck blind and dumb, and so Anonymous 441 brings Mary Glover back to her father's house. (Fol. 4r - Fol. 4v)

Appears in:
Bradwell, Stephen. Mary Glover's Late Woeful Case. Unknown: 1603, Fol. 4r - Fol. 4v

Elizabeth Burges   Neighbor

A woman from London, who is a neighbor of the old woman, Elizabeth Jackson. Elizabeth Jackson is believed to have cursed the young girl Mary Glover, so that she experiences violent fits. On the first day that Elizabeth Jackson threatens Mary Glover, the young girl stops at Elizabeth Burges' house, as she felt ill. Elizabeth Burges immediately notices that something is wrong with Mary Glover, as her "contenance and colour had much altered." After Mary Glover leaves the house of Elizabeth Burges, Elizabeth Jackson who had apparently overheard the conversation, comes running over to Elizabeth Burges' house, and exclaims, "I have ratled up one of the Gossips that medled with my daughters apparrell, and I hope an evill death will come unto her." This is the first threat Elizabeth Jackson utters against Mary Glover in front of a witness. Similar threats are uttered in the house of Alderman Glover, the uncle of Mary Glover. At the trial of Elizabeth Jackson, Elizabeth Burges also comes forward as a witness to testify against the old woman. She confesses to having seen Elizabeth Jackson threaten Mary Glover, but also tells how she "had ben therefore threatned by her," so that one day while eating prunes, the old woman visits her and Elizabeth Burges is "not able to swallow one downe, but also fell on vomiting." This continues for some three weeks after being visited by Elizabeth Jackson, "upon all sustenance of meat receaved." At another visit of Elizabeth Jackson while Elizabeth Burges was vomiting, Elizabeth Jackson allegedly wishes "that she might cast up her heart, gutts and all," adding "Thou shortly, shalt have in thee an evill spirit too." The following night, Elizabeth Burges is visited by a vision in the shape of a fox; the night after that a vision in the shape of "an ougly black man, with a bounch of keyes in his hand, intysing her to go with him, and those keyes would bring her to gould enough"; and a final third night, Elizabeth Burges is visited by the vision in the "likenes of a mouse." However, by "faithfull praier," aided by her Master and Mistress, Elizabeth Burges was delivered from these visions. While recounting this tale at the trial, Elizabeth Jackson interrupts Elizabeth Burges, saying "thow wilt be sicke, and cast againe anon," causing Elizabeth Burges to lose her power of speech. She was led into a chamber after, where she fell ill as Elizabeth Jackson had predicted, "and after that, was led home weake, faynte and Casting, benummed in all her body, hardly able to stand, and never yet to this day recovered her perfect libertie againe." (Fol. 3v)

Appears in:
Bradwell, Stephen. Mary Glover's Late Woeful Case. Unknown: 1603, Fol. 3v

Anonymous 486 (Plural)   Neighbor

A number of men and women from Burton upon Trent in the county of Staffordshire, who come to the aid of a Tenant (Anonymous 2) when she finds that the green boughs in her hall have caught fire, although there were no candles or fires lit in the room for a fortnight. They stay the night after the fire is put out, to watch over the house. (3 - 4)

Appears in:
A., J.. The Daemon of Burton, or, A True Relation of Strange Witchcrafts or Incantations Lately Practised at Burton. London: 1671, 3 - 4

John Walsh   Physician

A man from Netherbury, Dorset, a magician, physician, witch, and wizard, John Walsh represents himself as having all kind of occult and practical powers, learned from Robert of Dreiton. He has access to fairies, familiars, and can do image magic, but can not heal. ()

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Examination of John Walsh before Master Thomas Williams. London: 1566,

Anonymous 319   Physician

A number of men from an unknown area of London, who attend to Anonymous 224, a woman with "unusual symptoms" residing at Goswell Street. They agree that it is unlikely that Anonymous 224 suffers from Melancholy, Hysterical Passions, "or Fits of the Mother." They prescribe her medication, however, "both Cathartick and Emetick," but her condition never improves, even when they double their dosage. These physicians are then led to conclude that she was bewitched. (2 - 3)

Appears in:
Anonymous. Strange and Wonderful News from Goswell-street: or, a Victory over the Devil. London: 1678, 2 - 3

Dr. Frier Sebastian Michell   Physician

A man from Marseille, France, described as a doctor of divinity who observes Magdalen of the Marish's fits over a period of five weeks. (19)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Life and Death of Lewis Gaufredy. London: 1612, 19

Dr. Taylor   Physician

The primary care physician to Faith Corbet. Dr. Taylor first provided Henry Corbet medical advice by post in 1660. He took Faith Corbet in and she lived in his care from some time in 1662 until May 21 1663. On April 3 1664 sent 'Cordials and other Physick.' On April 24 1663, Dr. Taylor met with Dr. Whitty and Dr. Corbet about Faith, and then spoke with her. (53-54, 55-56)

Appears in:
Hale, Matthew. A Collection of Modern Relations of Matter of Fact Concerning Witches & Witchcraft. London: 1693, 53-54, 55-56

Henri de Heer   Physician

A man from Luyck in Brussels, known to be a physician and the author of the account of a young girl's bewitchment and cure which was translated from Latin and inserted into "The most true and wonderfull narration of two women bewitched in Yorkshire." He takes Anonymous 11, a nine-year-old girl who suffers convulsive fits and vomits a variety of strange objects, as a patient. He witnessed her vomiting, monitored her while she was unable to eat for 15 days at a time, and recorded her strange swellings and convulsions. de Heer claimed to pull a pin, a threaded needle, straws and more directly from her throat with his hand, disproving claims that she faked her bewitchment. He has her drink a decoction of various herbs and makes an ointment for her joints, both of which he provides the recipe for, which he claims cured her affliction and would be effective in other cases of bewitchment. (Title Page)

Appears in:
Heer, Henri de. The Most True and Wonderful Narration of two Women Bewitched in Yorkshire. S.I.: 1658, Title Page

Dr. Bourn   Physician

A man from Yowell in the county of Surrey, known to be a doctor and a cunning-person, whom the parents of Mary Farmer allegedly consulted on the matter of her bewitchment. He is said to have confirmed that Mary was "under an ill tongue" and advised Mr. and Mrs. Farmer to save Mary's urine, close it in a bottle and bury it in the earth, then burn Mary's clothes, and that this would draw out the witch who had afflicted her. (1)

Appears in:
Anonymous. An Account of the Tryal and Examination of Joan Buts, for being a Common Witch and Inchantress. London: 1682, 1

Anonymous 47   Physician

An unknown number of men from Luyck in Brussels, known to be physicians. They, along with an unknown number of female physicians, came to examine the young maid, Anonymous 11, after she began to suffer convulsive fits. Though they tried numerous remedies, none had any effect on the girl. (5-6)

Appears in:
Heer, Henri de. The Most True and Wonderful Narration of two Women Bewitched in Yorkshire. S.I.: 1658, 5-6

Anonymous 48   Physician

An unknown number of women from Luyck in Brussels, known to be physicians. They, along with an unknown number of male physicians, came to examine the young maid, Anonymous 11, after she began to suffer convulsive fits. Though they tried numerous remedies, none had any effect on the girl. (5-6)

Appears in:
Heer, Henri de. The Most True and Wonderful Narration of two Women Bewitched in Yorkshire. S.I.: 1658, 5-6

Dr. Brisbane   Physician

A man who observes Christian Shaw vomit "coal-finders" the size of chesnuts. (4)

Appears in:
Cullen, Francis Grant. Sadducimus Debellatus. London: 1698, 4

Dr. Heron   Physician

A professor of Physic and Surgery, presumably from Rochester in the county of Kent, who allegedly taught Mother Bungy about human anatomy and surgery (341-342)

Appears in:
Scot, Reginald. Scot's Discovery of Witchcraft Proving the Common Opinions of Witches Contracting with Devils, Spirits, or Familiars. London: 1651, 341-342

T. E.   Physician

A Master of Art and practitioner of Physick who learns his craft from a three-hundred year old book written by Sir John Malborne, a divine of Oxenford. (337-338)

Appears in:
Scot, Reginald. Scot's Discovery of Witchcraft Proving the Common Opinions of Witches Contracting with Devils, Spirits, or Familiars. London: 1651, 337-338

Dr. Burcot   Physician

A famous physician and alchemist in England who infamously sold purgatives. Likely Queen Elizabeth's German physician, Burchard Kranich, who was often referred to by contemporaries as Dr. Burcot. The same Burcot who also appears in Henry Chettle's Kind Harts Dream. Burcot allegedly 'bought' a familiar spirit from Thomas Hilles (aka Feats), with which he "thought to have wrought miracles, or rather to have gained good store of money." The combination of his purgatives and his move into magics make one think he may have practiced exorcisms. (107)

Appears in:
Scot, Reginald. Scot's Discovery of Witchcraft Proving the Common Opinions of Witches Contracting with Devils, Spirits, or Familiars. London: 1651, 107

Dr. Feavor   Physician

A man from Lowestoft in the county of Suffolk, known to be a Doctor of Physick, whom Samuel Pacy consulted for advice when his daughter Deborah Pacy began having strange fits. Dr. Feavor gave deposition in court stating that he had examined Deborah and observed her in her fits, but could not diagnose their cause. (20)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A Tryal of Witches. London: 1682, 20

Sir Thomas Browne   Physician

A man from Norwich in the County of Suffolk, known to be a physician and a well-known author, who was called on as an expert witness at the trial of Amy Denny and Rose Cullender. Dr. Brown opined that their victims had indeed been bewitched, and suggested that the fits experienced by Jane Bocking, Susan Chandler, Elizabeth Durent, Elizabeth Pacy and Deborah Pacy were menstrual hysteria amplified by the devil with the cooperation of witches. (44-45)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A Tryal of Witches. London: 1682, 44-45

Richard Kirby   Physician

An astrologer and medical practitioner, living at Mr. Loft's, in King-Street, St. Ann's, Westminster, Richard Kirby allegedly helped cure Jane Walter of East-Basham near Feaknam in Norfolk, a young man in Suffolk, the daughter of John Ballard of Ditchingham-Dam, near Bungy in Norfolk, Ann Burgess in St. Edmunds Parish, near Five Bridge, in Norwich, and Sarah Bower. (3)

Appears in:
Dirby, Richard . Dreadful News from Wapping. Unknown: 1693, 3

Dr. Gresham   Physician

A man from Maidstone in the county of Kent, described as the doctor of Ann Ashby. Dr. Gresham is imprisoned and not allowed to speak with anyone. (4-5)

Appears in:
E.G., Gent.. A Prodigious & Tragic History of the Arraignment, Trial, Confession, and Condemnation of Six Witches at Maidston Kent. London: 1652, 4-5

Dr. Whitty   Physician

A man from Beverley in the county of York, described as a physician who Henry Corbet hired him to help treat his daughter Faith's fits. Dr. Whitty was consulted in 1660, when he stayed the night in the Corbet home, where he 'admiring' Faith's fits and gave her 'one thing or another' as treatment. He was called on again, along with Dr. Taylor and Dr. Whitty, on April 24th, where the three physicians consulted one another and then spoke with Faith herself. (54, 56)

Appears in:
Hale, Matthew. A Collection of Modern Relations of Matter of Fact Concerning Witches & Witchcraft. London: 1693, 54, 56

Dr. Corbet   Physician

A man from Hull in the county of York, described as a physician who Henry Corbet hired in 1660 to help treat his daughter Faith's fits. Dr. York would appear again on April 24, 1663, when he consulted with Drs. Taylor and Whitty about Faith's health and then spoke with the girl themselves. (54, 56)

Appears in:
Hale, Matthew. A Collection of Modern Relations of Matter of Fact Concerning Witches & Witchcraft. London: 1693, 54, 56

Dr. Bates   Physician

A man from Wapping in the county of Greater London, known to be a physician, who gives evidence that Lady Powell's sickness and death was due to "Dropsie, the Scurvey, and the yellow Jaundies" and therefore altogether natural. Together with fellow examining physicians Dr. Colladen, Dr. Goddard and Dr. Chabrey, and surgeons Mr. Stamford and Mr. Page, he "wondered how she was able to live so long, having most of those diseases growing on her for many years before." His testimony helps prove Anne Levingstone innocent in her aunt's death, and by extension, that Joan Peterson cannot have used witchcraft to assist in Lady Powell's death. (6-7, 10-11)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A Declaration in Answer to Several Lying Pamphlets Concerning the Witch of Wapping. London: 1652, 6-7, 10-11

William Drage   Physician

A man from Hitchin in the county of Hertfordshire (baptized at Raunds, in the county of Northamptonshire), an author, physician, and apothecary, who published a medical compendium, _A Physical Nosonomy (1664)_ and _ Daimonomageia_ (1665) a description of the symptoms of and treatments for witchcraft. Drage provides, in this tract, eye witness testimony about the possession of Mary Hall, and second hand accounts of numerous other bewitchments. Drage's interest in possession and bewitchment may not have been completely academic; he allegedly suffered (not unlike Mart Hall herself) from "poor health throughout his life, being subject to dropsy and convulsions." ()

Appears in:
Capp, Bernard. Drage, William (bap. 1636, d. 1668)". Online: http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/8016: 2004,

Dr. Colledon   Physician

A man from Wapping in the county of Greater London, known to be a physician, who gives evidence that Lady Mary Powell's sickness and death was due to "Dropsie, the Scurvey, and the yellow Jaundies" and therefore altogether natural. Together with fellow examining physicians Dr. Bates, Dr. Goddard and Dr. Chabrey, and surgeons Mr. Stamford and Mr. Page, he "wondered how she was able to live so long, having most of those diseases growing on her for many years before." His testimony helps prove Anne Levingstone innocent in her aunt's death, and by extension, that Joan Peterson cannot have used witchcraft to assist in Lady Powell's death. (6-7, 10-11)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A Declaration in Answer to Several Lying Pamphlets Concerning the Witch of Wapping. London: 1652, 6-7, 10-11

Anonymous 119   Physician

A physician who determines that John Hart was murdered by witchcraft. (3)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Full Trials, Examination, and Condemnation of Four Notorious Witches. London: 1690, 3

Dr. Theodore Gulston   Physician

A physician who prescribed Katheren Malpas some kind of drink to treat her fits. ()

Appears in:
Anonymous. Examinat[i]o . . . Attorn[atus] gen[er]alis quer[ens] v[e]r[su]s Tho[mas] Saunders et Kathere[n] Malpas senior def[endan]tes. The National Archives (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO), Star Chamber (STAC) 8 32/13, fol. 1v.: 1622,

Robert Dreiton   Physician

A man who is the master of John Walsh. Dreiton allegedly teaches Walsh the art of physic and surgery. (2)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Examination of John Walsh before Master Thomas Williams. London: 1566, 2

Dr. George Beare   Physician

A Doctor whom Dorcas Coleman appeals to for a remedy for her physical pains. Beare cannot heal Coleman and informs her that she has been bewitched. (2)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A True and Impartial Relation of the Informations Against Three Witches. London: 1682, 2

Dr. Fox   Physician

A London physician who brought Elizabeth Jennings to London in 1622 to administer treatment for her fits and convulsions. Dr. Fox in one of at least two physicians who treated Jennings. ()

Appears in:
Unknown, . The Bewitchment of Elizabeth Jennings. British Library MS Add. 36674, fols. 134-7. Foster, Donald W., ed. "The Bewitchment of Elizabeth Jennings." Normalized text, ed. D. Foster (1999), from British Library MS Add. 36674, fols. 134-7. Poughkeepsie, NY: Vassar College, 1999.: 1622,

Anonymous 140   Physician

A man (Anonymous 140) from London described as a physician who administered treatment to Elizabeth Jennings for her fits and convulsions, the "medicines rather producing contrary effects." Anonymous 140 is one of at least two physicians who treated Jennings. ()

Appears in:
Unknown, . The Bewitchment of Elizabeth Jennings. British Library MS Add. 36674, fols. 134-7. Foster, Donald W., ed. "The Bewitchment of Elizabeth Jennings." Normalized text, ed. D. Foster (1999), from British Library MS Add. 36674, fols. 134-7. Poughkeepsie, NY: Vassar College, 1999.: 1622,

Anne Goodcole   Physician

A woman in London, wife of Henry Goodcole, and appears to have been a "female physician" in her own right. She claimed under oath to have visited Lady Jennings' daughter, in the company of Lady Fowler, leaving medicine for Elizabeth, but her advise and treatment appear to have been unheeded. ()

Appears in:
Unknown, . The Bewitchment of Elizabeth Jennings. British Library MS Add. 36674, fols. 134-7. Foster, Donald W., ed. "The Bewitchment of Elizabeth Jennings." Normalized text, ed. D. Foster (1999), from British Library MS Add. 36674, fols. 134-7. Poughkeepsie, NY: Vassar College, 1999.: 1622,

John Hubbard   Physician

A man from the London Borough of Southwark, described as a physician and astrologer employed by John Barrow to help cure his son, James Barrow. Hubbard states he is familiar with these sorts of conditions and believes that James Barrow has been bewitched. (8)

Appears in:
Barrow, John. The Lord's Arm Stretched Out in an Answer of Prayer, or, A true Relation of the Wonderful Deliverance of James Barrow. London: 1664, 8

Dr. Casaubon   Physician

A Doctor who, in his book, accuses Dr. Dees of "having familiarity with Devils for many years in his life time." (8)

Appears in:
Webster, John. The Displaying of Supposed Witchcraft. London: 1677, 8

Anonymous 150   Physician

An unknown number of men from Spittal in the county of Northumberland, known to be physicians "both of soule and body." Mary Moore sent for them when her daughter, Margaret Muschamp, first became afflicted with tormenting fits. They were unable to help: "her signes from the beginning were, away with these Doctors Drugs, God had layd it on her, and God would take it off her." (3)

Appears in:
Moore, Mary. Wonderfull Newes from the North. London: 1650, 3

Dr. William Harvey   Physician

A physician/ surgeon who dissects a familiar in an attempt to prove that witchcraft does not exists. (282-285)

Appears in:
Bickley et al., A.C.. The Gentleman's Magazine Library. London: 1884, 282-285

Anonymous 161   Physician

A man from Warwick in the county of Warwickshire, described as a physician who allegedly treats Hanna Crump for the symptoms of possession. (18)

Appears in:
Barrow, John. The Lord's Arm Stretched Out in an Answer of Prayer, or, A true Relation of the Wonderful Deliverance of James Barrow. London: 1664, 18

Anonymous 180   Physician

A man from Burton upon Trent in the county of Staffordshire, described as a physician who examined Thomas Darling's urine and "saw no signes of anie natural disease in the Child, vnles it were the wormes." Asked to reconsider his diagnosis when Darling failed to thrive, he again "judged as before, saying further, he doubted that the Childe was be witched." (2)

Appears in:
D., I.. The Most Wonderfull and True Story, of a Certain Witch named Alice Gooderige of Stapen hill. London: 1597, 2

Henry Bust   Physician

A man from Windsor in the county of Berkshire, known to be a student of physic, who participates in the brutal intimidation of alleged witches Mistress Audrey, Elizabeth Stile, Mother Dutton and Mother Devell, by "holding a good cudgel over their backs" as Richard Galis demanded they not attempt to lie, but rather tell what ailed Robert Handley and ease his grief. (Image 6)

Appears in:
Galis, Richard. A Brief Treatise Containing the Most Strange and Horrible Cruelty of Elizabeth Stile alias Rockingham and her Confederates. London: 1572, Image 6

Anonymous 199   Physician

A man from Bristol in the county of Bristol, described as one of the physicians consulted about the alleged bewitchment of the Merideth children. The physic provided by the doctor (as well as others) is recorded as having contributed to their admirable recovery. (167-169)

Appears in:
Bovet, Richard. Pandaemonium. London: 1684, 167-169

Anonymous 202   Physician

A number of physicians from Norwich in the county of Norfolk, described as being consulted to treat and diagnose Thomas Younges' mysterious wasting illness (allegedly caused by Henry Smith's curse). (58-59)

Appears in:
Roberts, Alexander. A Treatise of Witchcraft. London: 1616, 58-59

Dr. Edward Jorden   Physician

A man from High Halden in the county of Kent, described as an doctor and chemist. Dr. Jorden is most famously known for having been chief doctor in the cases of Mary Glover and Anne Gunter, two demoniacs. In both cases, Dr. Jorden refuted witchcraft as being the cause of their symptoms. During the trial of Elizabeth Jackson, the woman accused of bewitching Mary Glover, he came forward with another doctor, Dr. Argent, despite not having been asked to appear by the court. This was likely devised by Bishop Bancroft, a man who believed Mary Glover was counterfeiting her symptoms. Dr. Jorden testified during the trial, attempting to provide evidence with Dr. Argent that Glover's "ailment was not supernatural." Dr. Jorden claimed that the girl was likely afflicted with "passio hysterica." However, when pressed by the judge, Jorden "would not confirm that the disease could be cured," and further declined to treat the girl. He admitted during the trial that he did not thing Mary Glover was counterfeiting, prompting the judge, Lord Anderson to reply, "Then in my conscience, it is not naturall; for if you tell me neither a Naturall cause of it, nor a naturall remedy, I will tell you, that it is not naturall." Elizabeth Jorden was found guilty of witchcraft despite his attempt to intervene. This prompted Dr. Jorden to write his first text, "A Briefe Discourse of a Disease Called the Suffocation of the Mother." (1603) The text was written to show how "diuers strange actions and passions of the body of a man, which in the common opinion, are imputed to the Diuell, haue their true naturall causes, and do accompanie this disease." This text spurred a huge controversy, prompting fellows from both the College of Physicians such as Dr. Stephen Bradwell, and students of divinity, such as John Swan, to write their own texts, accusing Dr. Jorden of being a fearful scholar, unwilling to identify Mary Glover in his works, and dividing the opinion of physicians with "misconceipts." Dr. Bradwell further explains that Dr. Jorden "found, that neither all his books, observations, nor friends, were able to drawe out, the just limitts of that dissease." Yet, the first text he published, "A Briefe Discourse," was "the first book by an English physician which reclaimed the demoniacally possessed for medicine." Because of this, it was a notable text, that was responsible for dividing opinions at the College in London. Historically, the text has also been noted for its "transfer of the seat of all hysterical manifestations from the uterus to the brain," which was a "major turning point in the history of hysteria." Despite the trying of Elizabeth Jackson as a witch, and the response to his first published text, Dr. Jorden "played a major part in events that began the decline of witchcraft." The King came to value his opinion; the impression that Dr. Jorden left claiming that "much apparent witchcraft and possession was caused by hysteria," was strong. King James would call upon Dr. Jorden in 1605, when a young woman in Berkshire named Anne Gunter claimed to be bewitched. Her symptoms were similar to those of Mary Glover, save that Anne Gunter was thought to vomit pins - a classical sign of possession. Dr. Jorden immediately suspected that Gunter was conterfeit, giving her "neutral potions" that he claimed were powerful medicine. When Gunter reported that these "greatly relieved her symptoms," Dr. Jorden was more convinced. He next tested the woman using a test that was performed on Mary Glover: reciting the Lord's Prayer and the Apostle's Creed. Anne Gunter reacted with "expected convulsions," but only when the prayers were spoken in English, not Latin. This confirmed Anne Gunter's counterfeit, as the Devil was believed to be "an expert Latinist," resulting in Anne Gunter's confession. Dr. Jorden would publish a second text in his lifetime, "A Discourse of Naturall Bathes, and Minerall Waters" (1631). "A Discourse of Naturall Bathes" was a much more successful book than the former, going through five editions in the seventeenth century. Dr. Jorden was in fact a Fellow at the College of Physicians at the time of the publishing of both his texts, although he spent much of his practice in Bath. During his work, he gained the confidence of King James, and was allowed the treat the Queen on her visits to Bath, although he was never a Royal Physician. The physician married into the gentry, and wed his daughter to a mayor of Bath. (12-13)

Appears in:
Jorden, Edward. A Discourse of Natural Bathes, and Mineral Waters. London: 1669, 12-13

Dr. Browne   Physician

A man who gives Grace Matthew "physical directions" (medical advice) to help her husband who has been ill for the past three years and whom she believes has been bewitched. (149-150)

Appears in:
Woollcombe, William Cotton, Henry . Gleanings from the Municipal and Cathedral Records Relative to the History of the City of Exeter. Unknown: 1877, 149-150

Anonymous 226   Physician

One of several physicians who treat Israel Amyce for a mysterious and alleged malefic illness. They "could not tell what to make of it, the manner of it was so strange unto them." They do not provide a cure for Amyce. ()

Appears in:
Roberts, R. A.. Calendar of the Cecil Papers in Hatfield House, Volume 10: 1600. Unknown: 1904,

Dr. Clether   Physician

A man from Spital in the County of Northumberland, known to be a physician and the husband of Mrs. Clether. Dr. Clether, with Mrs. Clether, was present as a witness in the Judge's chamber when Mary Moore begged justice against Dorothy Swinow on behalf of her family. While Moore was arguing her case, Margaret Muschamp fell into a fit, related "before them all DOROTHY SVVINOVVS malice from the beginning," and begged too for justice. The judge denied Moore and Muschamp, and declared Muschamp's fit to be feigned. (15-16)

Appears in:
Moore, Mary. Wonderfull Newes from the North. London: 1650, 15-16

Dr. Genison   Physician

A man from Spital in the County of Northumberland, known to be a physician and the husband of Mrs. Genison. Dr. Genison witnessed Mary Moore's plea to remove Dorothy Swinow to Northumberland, which was met with denial and the Counsellor's refusal to meddle in the matter. She heard Margaret Muschamp claim that Swinow had hardened the hearts of the judges and justices against Moore, and her statement of determination to take up the matter with the judge again the next day. Dr. Genison invited Moore and her children to his house, which was next door to the Judge's chamber to wait for another appointment. He, along with Mrs. Genison, was also present as a witness in the Judge's chamber when Moore again begged justice against Dorothy Swinow on behalf of her family. While Moore was arguing her case, Muschamp fell into a fit, related "before them all DOROTHY SVVINOVVS malice from the beginning," and begged too for justice. The judge denied Moore and Muschamp, and declared Muschamp's fit to be feigned. (14-16)

Appears in:
Moore, Mary. Wonderfull Newes from the North. London: 1650, 14-16

Dr. Woodhouse   Physician

A physician from Berkhamstead in the county of Hertfordshire, known as a man "famous in curing bewitched persons," who spent the better part of a year attempting to cure Mary Hall from a bewitchment by two spirits which belonged to Goodwife Harod and Goodwife Young. Throughout the course of her bewitchment, Hall was plagued by shaking limbs, convulsions, and startling speech acts; Woodhouse treated her with a myriad of different techniques. He administered an emetic, in the form of "stinking suffumigations," (used in exorcisms) he cut off her fingernails and hung them by the fireplace (as a form of coutermagic), administered her "some Liquor" which made her faint (medical / exorcism), restrained her "in her Chair" (exorcism), and gave her opium (medical). He remained convinced that Hall was possessed, a conviction based, at least in part on the erudite agreement of two medical colleagues who had visited the Nuns at Loudan. (32, 34, 36, 37, 38-39)

Appears in:
Drage, William. Daimonomageia a Small Treatise of Sickness and Diseases from Witchcraft. London: 1665, 32, 34, 36, 37, 38-39

Dr. Redman   Physician

A man from Amersham in the county of Buckinghamshire, described as "Conjurer," or an "honest and able Physician," Redman appears to be an untrained, but practicing physician / cunningman, who was "once sent to Prison" for either practicing medicine without a license, or witchcraft. Mary Hall's possessing spirits suggest Redman could help heal her. Redman instructs her parents to "take the length of the Child with a Stick, and measure so much ground in the Churchyard, and there dig, and bury the Stick of the Childs length, and the Child suddenly recovered." Although Redman appears to heal, in part with the aid of astrology, his pratice seems based on sympathetic magic. He once advised a client to urinate in a hole in the crossroads to cure himself of Ague and another to boil an egg in urine and bury it in an ant hill to cure his distemper. Although his practice crosses magic, medicine, and folklore, it is not actually witchcraft. (39-40)

Appears in:
Drage, William. Daimonomageia a Small Treatise of Sickness and Diseases from Witchcraft. London: 1665, 39-40

Dr. Faber   Physician

A doctor from Hoo in the county of Kent who, along with 18 other people, accuses Thomas Whiteing of having bewitched Sarah Curtis so that her body was "greatly wasted, pined, and consumed." (150-157)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 150-157

Dr. Hooker   Physician

A doctor from Hoo in the county of Kent who, along with 18 other people, accuses Thomas Whiteing of having bewitched Sarah Curtis so that her body was "greatly wasted, pined, and consumed." (150-157)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 150-157

Dr. Robinson   Physician

A doctor from Hoo in the county of Kent who, along with 18 other people, accuses Thomas Whiteing of having bewitched Sarah Curtis so that her body was "greatly wasted, pined, and consumed." (150-157)

Appears in:
Cockburn, J.S.. Calendar of Assize records: Kent indictments, Charles II, 1676-1688. Great Britain: 1997, 150-157

Augustine Styward   Physician

A man from Thetford in the county of Norfolk, and possibly to son of Augstine Steward, alderman of Norfolk, Styward acts as a physician and examines alleged demoniac Joan Harvey. Harvey attributed her "divers fits" to being bewitched by Margaret Fraunces, however Styward concludes that she suffers from "nothing else but a disease called the Mother commonly, or as Phisicke calleth it uteri suffocatio or strangulatio which hath her natural cause. After this examination Styward writes to Sir Gawry and beseeches him to release Mother Fraunces from jail. (71)

Appears in:
Great Britain. Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, . Report on the manuscripts of the family of Gawdy, formerly of Norfolk. . London: 1885, 71

Dr. Burges   Physician

A man from the Borough of Southwark in the county of Greater London, who is called upon as a physician by Mrs. Pigeon to treat her husband, Mr. Pigeon, after she drugs him and he "became altogether senselesse, feeble and irrationall, so that she feared he would never returne to his reason againe." He vomits Mr. Pigeon twice, bringing him close to death, but Mr. Pigeon eventually recovers. (5)

Appears in:
Vernon, Samuel . A Brief Relation of the Strange and Unnatural Practices of Wessel Goodwin. London: 1654, 5

Dr. Burnet   Physician

A man from the Borough of Southwark in the county of Greater London, who is consulted as a physician in secret by Andrew Goodwin, Mr. Goodwin's son. Andrew Goodwin brings the water of an ailing apprentice, Roger Crey, to Dr. Burnet after his father refuses to allow a doctor to see Roger Crey instead of Mrs. Pigeon and Mrs. Jones. Roger Crey's condigion is continually declining, but Dr. Burnet "at the first sight of the water he tells him, the party was a dead man, past all recovery; and that if good help had been sought in time, in all probability he might have done well." (14)

Appears in:
Vernon, Samuel . A Brief Relation of the Strange and Unnatural Practices of Wessel Goodwin. London: 1654, 14

Mr. Dawber   Physician

A surgeon from Wivenhow in the county of Essex who examines Annaball Durrant's two year old child after she had allegedly been bewitched by Mary Johnson. Although Dawber does not diagnose the little girl with bewitchment, he claims he "could find no naturall cause of its lamenesse." The child dies eight days later in torment. (24)

Appears in:
H., F.. A True and Exact Relation of the severall Informations, Examinations, and Confessions of the late Witches, arraigned and executed in the County of Essex. . London: 1645, 24

Anonymous 320   Physician

A man from Dunwich in the county of Suffolk, described as a Professing Physick, treated alleged demoniac Thomas Spatchet for his fits. From his observations of Spatchet's fits, he concluded that they were no ordinary contraction of nerves, but rather a continual motion. When the fits wore off, he observed that Spatchet would sometimes be left stretched out like a dead man. (26)

Appears in:
Petto, Samuel. A Faithful Narrative of the Wonderful and Extraordinary Fits . London: 1693, 26

Dr. Whittaker   Physician

A man from Lancaster in the county of Lancashire, who refuses to treat Richard Dugdale as a doctor, and who believes that Richard Dugdale's fits are "more than a Natural Distemper." (65)

Appears in:
Jollie, Thomas. A Vindication of the Surey Demoniack as no Imposter. London: 1698, 65

Dr. Crabtree   Physician

A man from Lancaster in the county of Lancashire, who treats Richard Dugdale's fits as his doctor for some time. Dr. Crabtree is sought out by Richard Dugdale's father, but after his attentions, Richard Dugdale's fits become more violent. Dr. Crabtree concludes that, "if the Spirit in Richard Dugdale was a Water-Spirit, there was no cure for it." (59)

Appears in:
Jollie, Thomas. A Vindication of the Surey Demoniack as no Imposter. London: 1698, 59

Dr. Chew   Physician

A man from Lancaster in the county of Lancashire, who Richard Dugdale visits with his father, Thomas Dugdale, and his uncle. Dr. Chew administers "physicks" to Richard Dugdale for his violent fits. When no effect is had, Richard Dugdale seeks out another doctor, Dr. Crabtree, and eventually a minister, Mr. Jolly. However, Richard Dugdale then returns to Dr. Chew, "And says likewise that he had a Fit on the 24th of March, at Evening, and on the 25th of March, in the Morning, he took Physick from Dr. Chew, and says, that the Physick worked well with him, and since that time, he says, he never had any fit: But says that the strange things that befel him, occasions him to believe that the Disease was not ordinary. " (63)

Appears in:
Jollie, Thomas. A Vindication of the Surey Demoniack as no Imposter. London: 1698, 63

Dr. Goddard   Physician

A man from Wapping in the county of Greater London, known to be a physician, who gives evidence that Lady Powell's sickness and death was due to "Dropsie, the Scurvey, and the yellow Jaundies" and therefore altogether natural. Together with fellow examining physicians Dr. Colladen, Dr. Bates and Dr. Chabrey, and surgeons Mr. Stamford and Mr. Page, he "wondered how she was able to live so long, having most of those diseases growing on her for many years before." His testimony helps prove Anne Levingstone innocent in her aunt's death, and by extension, that Joan Peterson cannot have used witchcraft to assist in Lady Powell's death. (6-7,10-11)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A Declaration in Answer to Several Lying Pamphlets Concerning the Witch of Wapping. London: 1652, 6-7,10-11

Anonymous 369   Physician

An unknown number of doctors and surgeons from the London Borough of Southwark, known to practice in St. Thomas' Hospital, under whose care Richard Hathaway stayed while allegedly afflicted by Mrs. Sarah Morduck. They were unable to cure him of his blindness nor his inability to eat and drink. (1)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A Full and True Account of the Apprehending and Taking of Mrs. Sarah Moordike. Unknown: 1701, 1

Dr. Ha[w]ks   Physician

A man from Spitalfields in the borough of Greater London, known to be a doctor, to whom Mr. Chamblet came for advice on un-witching his wife Mrs. Chamblet after the death of their daughter Elizabeth; Dr. Ha[w]ks advises that Mr. Chamblet boil a quart of Mrs. Chamblet's urine with parings from her nails and some of her hair. (4)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A Full and True Account of the Proceedings at the Sessions of Oyer and Terminer. London: 1682, 4

Mr. Cary   Physician

A man from Lawrack in the County of Cornwall, known to be a physician, whom John Roberts consulted to discover the cause of alleged demoniac Thomas Sawdie's illness. Sawdie's urine was found to be full of black dust and something that looked like rags of brown paper, which Carey proclaimed bewitched. He prescribed a julep, a plaster, a cordial of Alchermes and some other things, but none of it helped. (3)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A Return of Prayer: or A Faithful Relation of Some Remarkable Passages of Providence concerning Thomas Sawdie. London: 1664, 3

Anonymous 381   Physician

A man from the country of Holland, who visits Lancaster in the county of Lancashire as a stranger. He touches a lump which appears on Richard Dugdale's body, and the lump allegedly speaks to him, warning him that as a Doctor of Physick, there is nothing he can do for Richard Dugdale, who can only be attended by Doctors of Divinity. It is revealed that the stranger is a physician. (42)

Appears in:
Jollie, Thomas. The Surey Demoniack, or, An Account of Satans Strange and Dreadful Actings. London: 1697, 42

Anonymous 387 (Plural)   Physician

A number of doctors from areas around the county of Kent, who attempt to treat Susan Woldredge for her mysterious illness, but who never find a cure. (14)

Appears in:
Skinner, John. A Strange and Wonderful Relation of Margaret Gurr of Tunbridge, in Kent. Unknown: 1681-1684, 14

Dr. John Skinner   Physician

A man from Westram in the county of Kent, who is a "Student of Physick and Astrology." He writes about his "marvelous cures" accomplished in Kent, Sussex, and Surrey. Dr. Skinner attends to Margaret Gurr who is "afflicted with Devils," which "entred into her, and spake in her, and tempted her to Kill her self;" as well as flown through the air by these devils and a witch. Dr. Skinner allegedly "cast out the Devils and Witch," essentially exorcising the demons from Margaret Gurr and curing her "of the scurvy and gout," she suffered from, within "the compass of twelve days, in which time with a Physical, Natural, and other means used, [she] was perfectly restored to [her] former health." The devils and witch never "attempted to meddle with [her] since." As well, as a result of Dr. Skinner's administrations, Margaret Gurr was granted the miracle of being able to read the Bible, "which before [she] could not." Dr. Skinner is also responsible for curing a young male servant of Henry Chowning, in Kent. The boy was allegedly visited by a spirit in the form of a greyhound, and came home "in a great fright" and "amazed." When the boy turns ill, he "grew worse and worse," and his speech began to fail, causing people around him to "resolve to look out for help, for the fear'd the Boy would make away with himself," as he suffered from an "extream melancholy." It was believed that the boy was "under an evil Tongue or bewitcht." It was upon this decision to seek help that Henry Chowning called upon Dr. Skinner, "hearing of the many Cures I have done," and Dr. Skinner "examined the business and well consider'd of it." He decides the boy is "possest with the Devil," as his eyes were fixed, and the boy confesses to Dr. Skinner "that he was tempted in his mind, and was led on and tempted to strange things, as to go to Sea." The boy also "seemed to ammend while he was in the room with" Dr. Skinner, and Dr. Skinner fells he "understood what the means must be that must relieve him, and gave order for the putting up of Medicines." These are administered quickly, and the doctor tells the boy's mother to visit him in a week. When she does, she tells him that the boy was "much ammended, to the admiration of many that heard how it was." Dr. Skinner provides more medicine for the boy when the boy complains of "a pain in his belly," and the boy is made well in "18 days time," so that "neither hath any thing attempted to trouble him since in the least." This is the second dispossession Dr. Skinner successfully treated with medicine. Dr. Skinner also treats Susan Woldredge in Sussex, who suffered from "the Evil in her Eyes, and a great Rheum and inflammation." Her father, Mr. Woldredge seeks out Dr. Skinner after several other doctors failed to help her, and upon finding Dr. Skinner, he is advised "she would be well and [to] go home." Mr. Woldredge did so, and at first, his daughter was "in extream misery with swelling and raging pain in her Eyes," but miraculously "on a sudden it began to mend." Her father visits the doctor again, and the doctor "send her a purge with some other matter," and she was made "perfectly well and continued every since." Her friends reward Dr. Skinner. Dr. Skinner is also responsible for the miraculous cure of a woman in West Groustead in Sussex, who suffered from an "Evil in her Throat." She encounters Dr. Skinner at a fair, and although he had "nought to give her," he bids her to come over. She promises to, and fails to show. Dr. Skinner sends inquiry as to why she never visited him, and finds that from the moment she met Dr. Skinner "she found her self begin to mend," and was cured. Dr. Skinner is also responsible for the miraculous cure of Goody Halle in Sevenoaks, Kent, who suffered from "the most lamentable pain in her head," which was so severe, she could not sleep. Several doctors fail to treat her, yet when she visited Dr. Skinner, "she was at ease immediately, and [...] Cured from that time," by the use of medicines Dr. Skinner provided. She remained afterward "in vivide and perfect health." (Cover)

Appears in:
Skinner, John. A Strange and Wonderful Relation of Margaret Gurr of Tunbridge, in Kent. Unknown: 1681-1684, Cover

Mr. Robert Morton   Physician

A man from Bewdley in the county of Worcestershire, who help treat "a Sanguine strong maid" (Anonymous 409) for her "strange Histerical Fits." Mr. Robert Morton is the father of Dr. Morton, and the pastor and physician of the parish. When Mr. Robert Morton is taken away to Coventry," Anonymous 409 who was at first healing, "grew worse than ever." Her fits culminated in a "suror uterinus ex corruptione Seminis," and she seemed possessed by a devil. Mr. Robert Morton never returns to Bewdley. (193-194)

Appears in:
Baxter, Richard. The Certainty of the Worlds of Spirits and, Consequently, of the Immortality of Souls. London: 1691, 193-194

Richard Baxter   Physician

A man from Bridgnorth in the county of Shropshire, who is the author of the text, "The certainty of the worlds of spirits and, consequently, of the immortality of souls of the malice and misery of the devils and the damned : and of the blessedness of the justified, fully evinced by the unquestionable histories of apparitions, operations, witchcrafts, voices &c. / written, as an addition to many other treatises for the conviction of Sadduces and infidels." While in Bewdley, he treats a "Sanguine strong maid," (Anonymous 409) for her "strange Histerical fits" by giving her "Castory and Rad. Ostrutii, and Sem. Dauci," which seems to help her for a time. After, Richard Baxter is "driven out of the Country by War," which causes Anonymous 409 to "grew worse than ever." Richard Baxter believes that "by a suror uterinus ex corruptione Seminis," she appeared to be "possest by a Devil." Five years later, in 1647, Richard Baxter comes back to Bewdley, and "went to see her, and Prayed once by her, and came to her no more." However, his actions encourage the neighbours to pray for Anonymous 409, resulting in her cure one day, when she cries out during a fit caused by prayers, "He is gone, He is gone; The Black Dog is gone!" Upon hearing the tale of how a young man (Anonymous 411) succumbed to his lust during several of Anonymous 409's fits, as she "toss[ed] her naked Body about, she being strong and comely." The young man claims that after they sinned together, she was eased for a time, "enticing him the more to do it," as an "Act of (Wicked) Compassion." Richard Baxter feels that this did not but "Enrage her Disease," and that "a Real possession was added to the furor uterinius" of the young maid, "in punishment of their Sin." Although the young man and the maid marry, and professed deep Repentance, Richard Baxter "advised them for all that, not to receive him to Church-Communion." (193-194)

Appears in:
Baxter, Richard. The Certainty of the Worlds of Spirits and, Consequently, of the Immortality of Souls. London: 1691, 193-194

Anonymous 420 (Plural)   Physician

A number of people from Winchester in the county of Hampshire, who act as physicians for a schoolmistress (Anonymous 418), suffering from a number of violent fits. They advise her that the "inner parts of her body were wounded by some Diabolical Art," and ordered her to move houses. This did not work, however, as the schoolmistress (Anonymous 418) still suffered from fits in her new house. (192)

Appears in:
Bovet, Richard. Pandaemonium. London: 1684, 192

Dr. Stephens   Physician

A man from Spital in the County of Northumberland, known to be a physician. He stayed with Margaret Muschamp during the last of her tormenting fits, and witnessed her final speech. (18, 24)

Appears in:
Moore, Mary. Wonderfull Newes from the North. London: 1650, 18, 24

Dr. Philip Barrow   Physician

A man from Cambridge in the county of Cambridgeshire, known to be a doctor and "a man well knowne to be excellent skilfull in Phisicke." Robert Throckmorton consulted with him when his daughter Jane, the first of the Throckmorton children to become sick, initially became afflicted with fits. The first time he concluded there was nothing wrong with Elizabeth (unless she was troubled with worms); the second time, her declared her free from the falling sickness and sent her a prescription, but it is not clear disorder the medicine was meant to treat; the third time in, he inquired as to whether there was no sorcery or witchcraft suspected in the childe. Although the answere was made no, her concluded that he could find no natural cause for Janes malady and suggested Robert Throckmorton consult Dr. Philip Butler for a second opinion. Butler prescribed the same medicines to Jane as Barrow had; the Throckmortons did not bother administering, nor any other medicines. Doctor Barrow had said that "if Master Throckmorton (to whome hee wished very well as he then said, by reason of auncient acquaintance with him) woulde follow his advice, he should not striue any more there with by Physicke, nor spend any more money about it: for he himselfe said, that he had some experience of the mallice of some witches, and he verily thought that there was some kind of sorcerie & witchcraft wrought towards his childe." (3-6)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Most Strange and Admirable Discouerie of the Three Witches of Warboys . Unknown: 1593, 3-6

Anonymous 462 (Plural)   Physician

A dozen men from the Physician's College in London, who are called together to evaluate the petition Elizabeth Jackson presents the College on November 13, 1602. The old woman, Elizabeth Jackson, petitions the College, specifically against Dr. Mounford, Dr. Herring, and Dr. Bradwell, who accused her of being involved in the bewitchment of Mary Glover, a young girl suffering from mysterious fits. These men consider the case, asking the doctors to come forward and explain themselves. Dr. Mounford was away, but the other two doctors explain how they were persuaded by Mary Glover's symptoms, and the voice that says 'hang her, hang her' that comes through her nostrils. Many of the fellows favour Elizabeth Jackson, "maintaining that Mary Glover was not bewitched by afflicted with some natural disease." These men are described as "men of great learning," including the most eminent members of the College. (xv)

Appears in:
McDonald, Michael. Witchcraft and Hysteria in Elizabethan London: Edward Jorden and the Mary Glover Case. London: 1990, xv

Anonymous 442   Physician

A man from London, who assists Dr. Shereman in treating the fourteen year old Mary Glover for her fits. Anonymous 442 is a surgeon, and both men treat Mary Glover for quincy (or supperative tonsilitis). However, the girl still has difficulty swallowing, and it seems nothing helps except "by thrusting som finger or instrument lowe into her throte." The doctor and the surgeon are unable to cure the girl, and conclude that the cause of her illness must be supernatural. (Fol. 5r)

Appears in:
Bradwell, Stephen. Mary Glover's Late Woeful Case. Unknown: 1603, Fol. 5r

Dr. Robert Shereman   Physician

A man from London, who attends to the fourteen year old girl, Mary Glover, as her first physician and a fellow of the College of Physicians, "and as such a member of the country's medical elite." He works with a surgeon (Anonymous 442), at first to cure Mary Glover of her swollen throat and neck. However, although he administers "sundry remedies, for the squinacy," (tonsilitis), nothing seemed to work, and the only thing that brought the girl ease was "by thrusting som finger, or instrument lowe into her throte." Mary Glover suffers from these symptoms some eighteen days, before she is able to eat again. However, at the end of that time, "her belly was swelled, and shewed in it, and in the brest, certaine movings," as well as her previous symptoms of dumbness, blindness, and swelling of the throat. At this point, Dr. Shereman begins to suspect that Mary Glover is suffering from "som supernaturall cause." However, he attempts to treat the girl for "hystericall passions," and the disease known as the suffocation of the mother, which was believed to share many traits with possession. However, any attempts to cure the girl "prooved in vaine," and he concluded that she was afflicted by supernatural beings. The parents of Mary Glover decide to pursue the help of a different doctor after that time. (Fol. 5r)

Appears in:
Bradwell, Stephen. Mary Glover's Late Woeful Case. Unknown: 1603, Fol. 5r

Dr. Stephen Bradwell   Physician

A man from London, who was admitted to the College of Physicians in 1594, despite lacking his MD. Dr. Bradwell was noted for his "courageous service," during an epidemic of the plague. He gained "considerable influence and intellectual ability." The son-in-law of the distinguished physician, John Banister, Dr. Bradwell nevertheless found himself often at odds with the College, as well as his notorious "insolence, alleged ignorance, and unseemly advertising." Dr. Bradwell published numerous religious and scientific works, including "Mary Glover's Late Woeful Case" (1603). Involved in the Mary Glover case quite early on, Dr. Bradwell was one among many physicians that "perpetuated a division," as to the cause of Mary Glover's symptoms. Mary Glover was a young girl suffering from mysterious fits, allegedly caused by the curses of the old woman, Elizabeth Jackson. Dr. Bradwell believed that Mary Glover suffered from supernatural causes, and was brought to petition by Elizabeth Jackson on November 13, 1602, in front of many fellows of the College of Physicians. These allegations were brought up against Dr. Mounford, and Dr. Herring as well. Dr. Bradwell explained the symptoms of Mary Glover to the fellows, and "stressed that whenever Jackson came into her presence, she said, 'hang her, hang her' through her nostrils." Many of the fellows believed that Jackson was innocent. After Jackson was nonetheless condemned for witchcraft at her trial, Dr. Bradwell wrote his text "Mary Glover's Late Woeful Case," largely in response to the text a physician with an opposing view (that Mary Glover's sickness was natural) wrote: Dr. Edward Jorden's "A Briefe Discourse of a Disease Called the Suffocation of the Mother." Dr. Bradwell's account of Mary Glover's sickness is the longest and most complete, but also one of the most biased. He follows his account of the proceedings around Mary Glover and Elizabeth Jackson's trial with a rebuking of Dr. Jorden, attacking his fellow physician on many grounds, including Dr. Jorden's "fearfull scholarship" and lack of ability to account for all of Mary Glover's symptoms. Dr. Bradwell himself attempts to diagnose the girl, concluding that contagion, and natural disease could not be responsible for Mary Glover's sickness, including the suffocation of the mother, and rather that the Devil was tormenting the young girl. (xvi)

Appears in:
McDonald, Michael. Witchcraft and Hysteria in Elizabethan London: Edward Jorden and the Mary Glover Case. London: 1990, xvi

Dr. John Argent   Physician

A man from London, who serves as a government witness at the trial of Elizabeth Jackson, a woman accused of bewitching the fourteen year old girl, Mary Glover. Dr. Argent was a Censor and eight times President of the College of Physicians in the 1620s and 1630s, and therefore a notable figure in the trial. He came to support Jackson, denying that Mary Glover suffered from the supernatural. Dr. Argent "sought earnestly, to make the case a meere naturall disease." The support of such an eminent doctor to Elizabeth Jackson was important and demonstrated the division of opinions among medical doctors as the cause of Mary Glover's disease. He was opposed in court by Dr. Francis Herring, and Dr. Spencer. (Fol. 37r - Fol. 37v)

Appears in:
Bradwell, Stephen. Mary Glover's Late Woeful Case. Unknown: 1603, Fol. 37r - Fol. 37v

Dr. Spencer   Physician

A man from London, who testified on behalf on Mary Glover at the trial of Elizabeth Jackson, the old woman believed to have bewitched the young girl. Summoned by the court along with fellow physician, Dr. Herring, Dr. Spencer is called upon to examine Mary Glover's case, and determine the cause of her affliction. Dr. Spencer firmly believes that Mary Glover is afflicted "of som cause supernaturall," as her symptoms are "strange effects, then either the mother, or any other naturall disease hath ever ben observed to bring forth." He further argues that it is unlikely that "so young a mayde" should suffer from the suffocation of the mother, and that the "disproportioned moving in her belly, which was not so uniformely a rising or bearing upward, but in a rounder and narrower compasse, playing up and downe, as with a kind of easie swiftenes, that certainly it did not truly resemble the mother." He cites also the variety of fits that Mary Glover experiences, only the company of the Elizabeth Jackson, as evidence of the supernatural. Dr. Spencer is possibly Dr. Ethelbert Spencer, who would have been "hardly an unalloyed asset to Mary Glover's team." Dr. Ethelbert Spencer had failed his examinations for fellowship at the College of Physicians twice, the second time after receiving his MD. (Fol. 36r - Fol. 37r)

Appears in:
Bradwell, Stephen. Mary Glover's Late Woeful Case. Unknown: 1603, Fol. 36r - Fol. 37r

Dr. Francis Herring   Physician

A man from London, who is summoned by the court to Elizabeth Jackson's trial, a woman accused of bewitching the young Mary Glover. Dr. Herring, "a highly successful" doctor from the College of Physicians, and a "medical author," had been petitioned before the trial of Elizabeth Jackson, by the old woman herself. Dr. Herring, Dr. Bradwell, and Dr. Mounford were all listed as her accusers, and Dr. Herring was examined by a dozen fellows from the College (Anonymous 462). Dr. Herring "explained that he had accompanied the girl during her first test by the Recorder, at her parents' request." He had been convinced during this trial by stages (which included being exposed to Elizabeth Jackson in disguise, as well as being burned by hot pins and paper to prove that Mary Glover experienced real fits in the presence of Elizabeth Jackson), that Mary Glover was truly bewitched, and that Jackson was the culprit. Nonetheless, many at the College opposed his views and supported Elizabeth Jackson, including Dr. Edward Jorden and Dr. John Argent. At the trial, Dr. Herring testifies with Dr. Spencer, and he concludes that Mary Glover is afflicted "of som cause supernaturall; having stranger effects, then either the mother, or any other naturall disease hath ever ben observed to bring forth." Dr. Herring cites the strange motions of Mary Glover's hands to her mouth, the strict timing of the opening and shutting of Mary Glover's mouth, the voice from her nostrils, and Mary Glover's falling into fits int he presence of Elizabeth Jackson as evidence of the supernatural. Dr. Herring also believes the casting of Mary Glover's body towards Elizabeth Jackson during the reciting of the Lord's Prayer to be further evidence of the involvement of the supernatural. (Fol. 36r - Fol. 37r)

Appears in:
Bradwell, Stephen. Mary Glover's Late Woeful Case. Unknown: 1603, Fol. 36r - Fol. 37r

Dr. Thomas Mounford   Physician

A man from London, who serves as the second physician of Mary Glover, a fourteen year old girl mysteriously afflicted with fits after being cursed by the old woman, Elizabeth Jackson. Dr. Mounford takes over Dr. Shereman in the caretaking of Mary Glover early in her fits, after Dr. Shereman proved unable to cure or identify Mary Glover's illness, instead stating "that som cause beyond naturall was in it." The parents of Mary Glover then seek Dr. Mounford, who treated the girl for "the space of almost three monthes." Dr. Thomas Mounford was a very distinguished doctor, "seven times President of the College of Physicians, and an expert on melancholy, which was another natural disease widely believed like hysteria to produce apparently supernatural symptoms." However, Dr. Mounford is also unable to identify the cause of Mary Glover's illness, or to cure it. He concludes that the disease is not hysteria, but another natural illness, which he cannot identify. This differing opinion from Dr. Shereman began a "division of medical opinion," that lasted throughout the rest of Mary Glover's case. However, interestingly enough, on November 13, 1602, Dr. Mounford is among the doctors that Elizabeth Jackson petitions the College to confront. However, Dr. Mounford is away during that time, and unable to account for his alleged accusations against the old woman. (Fol. 5v - Fol. 6r)

Appears in:
Bradwell, Stephen. Mary Glover's Late Woeful Case. Unknown: 1603, Fol. 5v - Fol. 6r

Anonymous 481   Physician

A number of men from Wapping in London, who attend to the demoniac Sarah Bower during the first six weeks she experiences violent fits. At first, they assume that she suffers from "the Fright she might received by the Stroke on the Back," and so she is given many "Comfortable things to take." However, her condition does not improve, and the doctors declare that "they never were with any Patient that had such Fits before." (3)

Appears in:
Dirby, Richard . Dreadful News from Wapping. Unknown: 1693, 3

Doctor Boreman   Physician

A doctor from Arpington in the county of Kent, and an acquaintance of Anonymous 32, the maid from Bexly near Arpington who is allegedly possessed by two spirits. He prays next to her often as onlookers (Anonymous 449) come to see Anonymous 32 as her condition deteriorates as a result of the spirits/devils that are in her cause her teeth begin to "squeeze" and her eyes begin to sink into her head. He allegedly hears one of the spirits (Anonymous 18 and Anonymous 88) on one occasion (along with Mrs. Hopper) who barked twice through the maid. He is said to be the maid's most frequent visitant and her state allegedly improved in his presence. On one occasion, while praying over the maid in front of many witnesses, a spirit (Anonymous 18) leaves the maid, and flies towards Doctor Boreman in the form of a snake. It remains wrapped around his neck for some time before some people come forward and try to remove it, causing the snake to vanish and never appear again. (3-4)

Appears in:
Hopper, Mrs. Strange News from Arpington near Bexly in Kent being a True Narrative of a Young Maid who was Possest with Several Devils or Evil Spirits. London: 1679, 3-4

Anonymous 487   Physician

A man from Southwark in the city of London, who is employed by John Barrow to attend to his bewitched son, James Barrow. Although the doctor is at first amazed to hear the story of the young boy, but only reads Latin to the boy in an attempt to cure him. After a week, the doctor refuses to see the boy, and John Barrow leaves his service, concluding that it was the Devil's work to delay a dispossession of James Barrow. (11 - 12)

Appears in:
Barrow, John. The Lord's Arm Stretched Out in an Answer of Prayer, or, A true Relation of the Wonderful Deliverance of James Barrow. London: 1664, 11 - 12

Robert Aldridge   Preacher/Minister

A man from Nottingham in the county of Nottinghamshire, known to be clerk vicar of Saint Maries in Nottingham, who gives deposition alleging that he saw William Sommers naked with something the size of a mouse running up his right leg, then into his left leg, and then entering his belly. Sommers' belly swelled massively, then the swelling reduced to the size of a fist and moved to his breast, and moved from there to his neck and under his ear, where it remained at the size of a French walnut for a quarter hour. Aldridge heard a strange hollow voice insisting he belong to it, which he called a liar and replied that he was God's. Aldridge also said that Sommers acted strangely the rest of the day, and, when restrained, proved to have the strength of five men. Sommers' bed was also seen to shake and move, and a shape like five kittens moved under the coverlet. (Image 13)

Appears in:
Co., G.. A Breife Narration of the Possession, Dispossession, and, Repossession of William Sommers. Amsterdam: 1598, Image 13

M. Barber   Preacher/Minister

A man from London, who is employed as a minister to guide fasting and prayer for Mary Glover's dispossession. Mr. Barber takes turns with other preachers in leading a group of witnesses and neighbours (Anonymous 437) through prayer for the girl, while she is in a violent fit. Mr. Barber is aided by five other preachers: Mr. Bridger, Mr. Lewis Hughes, Mr. Skelton, Mr. Swan, and Mr. Evans. (19)

Appears in:
Swan, John . A True and Breife Report, of Mary Glover's Vexation and Her Deliverance. London: 1603, 19

M. Bridger   Preacher/Minister

A man from London, who is employed as a minister to guide fasting and prayer for Mary Glover's dispossession. Mr. Bridger takes turns with other preachers in leading a group of witnesses and neighbours (Anonymous 437) through prayer for the girl, while she is in a violent fit. Mr. Bridger is aided by five other preachers: Mr. Skelton, Mr. Lewis Hughes, Mr. Barber, Mr. Swan, and Mr. Evans. During Mary Glover's worst fit of the dispossession, Mr. Bridger prays on one side of her bed, "mentioninge the seed of the woman that should breake the Serpents head." (4)

Appears in:
Swan, John . A True and Breife Report, of Mary Glover's Vexation and Her Deliverance. London: 1603, 4

Mr. Jolly   Preacher/Minister

A man from Pendle Hill in the county of Lancaster who was visited by Richard Dugdale. Jolly prays and reads the Bible and Dugdale responds by flying into a preternatural rage. Mr. Jolly believes that Richard Dugdale is possessed by the Devil, and stays with Richard Dugdale throughout many of his fits. Mr. Jolly also writes in response to Mr. Zach Taylour's accusations that the demoniac Richard Dugdale was not real, but rather the result of disease. (image 5-6)

Appears in:
Jollie, Thomas. The Surey Demoniack, or, An Account of Satans Strange and Dreadful Actings. London: 1697, image 5-6

Anonymous 318   Preacher/Minister

A man from Luyck in Brussels, known to be a preacher. He comes to help the young maid, Anonymous 11, who is suffering from convulsive fits. However, his prayers only cause her to contort violently and begin to vomit horse dung, pins, hair, feathers, knots of thread, nails, pieces of broken glass, eggshells and more. (5-6)

Appears in:
Heer, Henri de. The Most True and Wonderful Narration of two Women Bewitched in Yorkshire. S.I.: 1658, 5-6

Roger Newman   Preacher/Minister

A minister from Westwall who assisted in the dispossession of Mildred Norrington ()

Appears in:
Scot, Reginald. Scot's Discovery of Witchcraft Proving the Common Opinions of Witches Contracting with Devils, Spirits, or Familiars. London: 1651,

John Brainford   Preacher/Minister

A minister from Kinington, who came to assist in Mildred Norrington's dispossession (71)

Appears in:
Scot, Reginald. Scot's Discovery of Witchcraft Proving the Common Opinions of Witches Contracting with Devils, Spirits, or Familiars. London: 1651, 71

Master Kitchin   Preacher/Minister

A Minister who is successfully able to ward off a physical attack from Joan Cunny's familiars by means of a strong religious faith. (2)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Apprehension and Confession of Three Notorious Witches. London: 1589, 2

Father Hurrill   Preacher/Minister

A man who Margaret Cunny curses after the two have a falling out. (2-3)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Apprehension and Confession of Three Notorious Witches. London: 1589, 2-3

Samuel Fleming   Preacher/Minister

A man from the county of Leicestershire, known to be a Doctor of Divinity and a Justice of the Peace for the county of Leicestershire. He examined Anne Baker, Joan Willimott and Ellen Greene, and witnessed their testimonies. (D4)

Appears in:
Anonymous. The Wonderful Discovery of the Witchcrafts of Margaret and Phillip Flower. London: 1619, D4

John Ferrall   Preacher/Minister

A vicar in the county of Kent who accuses Margaret Simons of bewitching his son (Anonymous 74) after his son attacks Simons' dog with a knife. (3-4)

Appears in:
Scot, Reginald. Scot's Discovery of Witchcraft Proving the Common Opinions of Witches Contracting with Devils, Spirits, or Familiars. London: 1651, 3-4

Anonymous 78   Preacher/Minister

A parson of Slangham in Sussex who T. E. entrusts to keep safe an Anglo-Saxon book written by Sir John Malborne, a divine of Oxenford. Reginald Scot writes to the parson asking him to send the book, but the parson will not allow it leave his company. (337-338)

Appears in:
Scot, Reginald. Scot's Discovery of Witchcraft Proving the Common Opinions of Witches Contracting with Devils, Spirits, or Familiars. London: 1651, 337-338

Henry Goodcole   Preacher/Minister

A man from Clerkenwell in the London Borough of Islington, known to be a Minister associated with Newgate Prison, who took Elizabeth Sawyer's confession of witchcraft and published an account of her trial and confession. He claimed to be Sawyer's constant visitor in Newgate Prison, and that his account was put to print to lay to rest all the stories that had been circulation. He had been harassed continually since it became known that he recorded the confession. The confession is presented in question-and-answer dialogue form, allegedly from his transcription. Goodcole also provides a transcription of her confirmation of the confession on the day of her execution, including her contrition and prayers to God and Christ for forgiveness. In his conclusion, he presents Sawyer as a cautionary example, and makes particular note that it was her cursing, swearing and blaspheming that drew the Devil's attention to her. His primary success in life was as the author of numerous crime pamphlets, each emphasizing a particular sin and its fit punishment. (Title Page)

Appears in:
Goodcole, Henry. The Wonderful Discovery of Elizabeth Sawyer a Witch Late of Edmonton. London: 1621, Title Page

Richard Poole   Preacher/Minister

A man from Hatfield in the county of Hertfordshire, known to be a minister, who gave sermons at the Elizabeth Weed attended. Weed alleged that he and his sermons were influential both to her regular attendance at the church and her desire to be rid of her "unhappy burden." (2)

Appears in:
Davenport, John. The Witches of Huntingdon. London: 1646, 2

The Minister   Preacher/Minister

A man who tries to hold down Christian Shaw during a fit and who examines her at home during her possession. (11)

Appears in:
Cullen, Francis Grant. Sadducimus Debellatus. London: 1698, 11

Patrick Simpson   Preacher/Minister

A neighbouring minister who comes to see Christian Shaw. (12-13)

Appears in:
Cullen, Francis Grant. Sadducimus Debellatus. London: 1698, 12-13

Alexander King   Preacher/Minister

A man from Renfrewshire in the county of Renfrew, described as a minister who tries to help Christian Shaw during a fit. He pulls her as he claims she is being drawn forcibly down. (13)

Appears in:
Cullen, Francis Grant. Sadducimus Debellatus. London: 1698, 13

John Darrell   Preacher/Minister

A man from Ashbie de la zouche in the County of Leicestershire, known to be a priest and traveling exorcist. He is the author "A brief apologie prouing the possession of William Sommers," which was allegedly published without his consent. Darrell came Nottingham so that he may cure William Sommers of his possession, and has Sommers pray and fast to effect his dispossession. After this, Darrell was retained as preacher in Nottingham and used his position to discover witches in the town. Darrell took the names of threescore persons willing to give deposition when Sommers claimed to have fakes his possession and named him as a co-consipirator; of these, seventeen were sworn, examined and their depositions taken. Sommers insisted that he had known Mr. Darrell some four years, that Darrell had hired him to counterfeit possession in Ashbie Park, and that when Darrell arrived in Nottingham, Sommers had received instruction from him on how to behave when being dispossessed. Darrell denied these accusations, but was nonetheless imprisoned for a week thereafter. Once the depositions taken against Sommers were heard, they were taken as proof of true possession, and Darrell redeemed. in 1598, Darrell was summoned to Lancashire by Nicholas Starchie to dispossess his children and others of his household, and claimed to have successfully dispossessed six of them in one day, and the seventh on the following day. In 1599, Darrell faced charges of instructing Sommers, Katherine Wright, Thomas Darling, Mary Couper and others to fake their possessions and dispossessions to bolster his own reputation. (Images 4, 6, 7, 12)

Appears in:
Co., G.. A Breife Narration of the Possession, Dispossession, and, Repossession of William Sommers. Amsterdam: 1598, Images 4, 6, 7, 12

William Aldred   Preacher/Minister

A man from Colwick in the county of Nottinghamshire, known to be a clerk and a preasher, who gave deposition against William Sommers alleging that he was among the 150 people who witnessed the exorcism performed on Sommers by John Darrell. Aldred says that he gave a prayer, during which Sommers was tormented by fits. John Darrell gave the next prayer, and Sommers' fits doubled in intensity. Sommers menaced Darrell and had to be restrained. At the end of the exorcism, Aldred saw Sommers thrown grovelling onto a bed, and lay there as if dead. Darrell praised God and willed the watchers to be thankful, at which time Sommers was seen to thank God for his delivery from possession. (Image 13-14)

Appears in:
Co., G.. A Breife Narration of the Possession, Dispossession, and, Repossession of William Sommers. Amsterdam: 1598, Image 13-14

Tim Wellset   Preacher/Minister

A man for Burton Agnes in the county of York, described as a minister who is called upon to witness Faith Corbet's possession when she appears to move past hysteria, and claims to be near death. (55-56)

Appears in:
Hale, Matthew. A Collection of Modern Relations of Matter of Fact Concerning Witches & Witchcraft. London: 1693, 55-56

Mr. Cooke   Preacher/Minister

A minister in Fuystone, York whose sermon is determined to be the first cause of Elizabeth Fairfax's fits. He bacame a spiritual protector to her. (37, 40)

Appears in:
Fairfax, Edward . Daemonologia: a Discourse on Witchcraft as it was Acted in the Family of Mr. Edward Fairfax. Unknown: 1621, 37, 40

Mr. Smithson   Preacher/Minister

A Vicar in Fuystone, York who witnessed the strange reapperance of a cursed penny, but would not support Fairfax's witch hunt. (45, 50)

Appears in:
Fairfax, Edward . Daemonologia: a Discourse on Witchcraft as it was Acted in the Family of Mr. Edward Fairfax. Unknown: 1621, 45, 50

Michael Ogibly   Preacher/Minister

A man from Bideford in the county of Devon, the local parish rector, who, along with the mayor, Thomas Gist and the Alderman, John Davie Alderman, questions Temperance Lloyd in 1682. Ogilby asked Lloyd a series of three questions designed to determine her damnation. He first asked: "how long since the Devil did tempt her to do evil?" Lloyd confessed that she had become a witch circa 1670; her first maelfic act that of murder had been against William Herbert, an act committed at the prompting of the devil who promised she "would do well." Ogilby also asked Lloyd if she "had prickt any Pins in the said Puppit or Baby-picture," she had grab from Thomas Eastchurch's shop, an act of thievery done while she was in the shape of a cat. Lloyd would not confess to any more then laying the puppet on Grace Thomas' bed. Finally, Ogilby asked Lloyd to "say the Lords Prayer and her Creed; which she imperfectly performing, the said Mr. Ogilby did give her many good Exhortations, and so departed from her." (17-20)

Appears in:
Anonymous. A True and Impartial Relation of the Informations Against Three Witches. London: 1682, 17-20

Master Eccarshall   Preacher/Minister

A man from Burton upon Trent in the county of Staffordshire, described as the Pastor of Burton who encourages Thomas Darling to not answer the Devil when he speaks to him, because the devil is a liar and is possibly making Darling ill. (16)

Appears in:
D., I.. The Most Wonderfull and True Story, of a Certain Witch named Alice Gooderige of Stapen hill. London: 1597, 16

Anonymous 146   Preacher/Minister

A man from the London Borough of Southwark, who attempts to cure James Barrow of his bewitchment and possession. The gentleman (Anonymosu 146) uses holy water, ribbon, a candle, brimstone, and latin prayers in his curing efforts. None of these methods cure the boy of his possession. (9-10)

Appears in:
Barrow, John. The Lord's Arm Stretched Out in an Answer of Prayer, or, A true Relation of the Wonderful Deliverance of James Barrow. London: 1664, 9-10

Anonymous 328 (Plural)   Preacher/Minister

A group of friars from the London Borough of Southwark, who attempt to cure James Barrow of his bewitchment and possession by making him pray to St. James. John Barrow does not believe this cure is in accordance with scripture, and therefore asks the friars if they would keep to scripture when curing his son (James Barrow). When the friars do not listen, John Barrow ceases the prayers. (10)

Appears in:
Barrow, John. The Lord's Arm Stretched Out in an Answer of Prayer, or, A true Relation of the Wonderful Deliverance of James Barrow. London: 1664, 10

Master Thompson   Preacher/Minister

A man from Salmesbury in the county of Lancashire, known to be a Jesuit and a seminary priest, who also goes by the alias Christopher Southworth. He was accused and found guilty of instructing Grace Sowerbuts to accuse Jane Southworth, her grandmother Jennet Bierly, and aunt Ellen Bierly of bewitching her and attending meeting of witches in which they ate strange meat and allowed four things like men to abuse their bodies and Grace's. He is also said to have coached Grace into accusing Jennet and Ellen of driving a nail into the navel of Thomas Walshman's child to suck from the hole, and, after the child died, stealing it from the churchyard to cannibalizing it and render the fat from its bones. He was convicted on the strength of Grace's retraction of her accusations and confession of Thompson's involvement. According to Grace, "one Master Thompson, which she taketh to be Master Christopher Southworth, to whom shee was sent to learne her prayers,