|Sir John Crook||The Recorder of London who is employed to test Mary Glover's alleged possession. Crook uses various methods to test Glover, including burning her hand with a piece of flaming paper, and pricking her nose with a long pin.(93, 96)||RELATION. XII. Anent Mother Iackson her VVitch-Craft.
THis Story hath as much certainty with it, as any Human Story can have. The Author that writs it is a Famous Minister of the Gospel, and attested by famous Witnesses. This Woman was arraigned and condemned at Newgate for bewitching one Mary Glover a M[...]rchants Daughter in Themes-Street. One Doctor Boncraft did inform Judge Anderson then Lord Chief Justice, that the said Mother Jackson was wronged and that the Maid did counterfeit. Whereupon the Lord Chief Justice gave order to Sir John Crook then Recorder of London to make trial of them in his Chamber at the Temple. The Maid being sent for came with her Mother and diverse of her Neighbours: and about an hour after, the Witch was sent for, and was brought in disguised like a countrey-market-Woman, with a mufflet hiding her face, and an old Hat, and a short Cloack spattered with mire. When she entered the Chamber the Maid suddenly fell down backward upon the floor, with her eyes drawn into her head, her tongue toward her Throat, her Mouth drawn up to her Ear: her Bodie became stiff, and senseless. Her Lips being shut closs, a plain and audible voice came out of her Nostrills, saying Hang her, Hang her. Then did the Recorder call for a Candle, and a sheet of Paper, and held the paper flaming to her hand, till her hand did blister. The blister did break and water came out, which dropt down upon the Floor, the maid lying still and senseless as a dead body, with the voice coming out of her Nostrills saying hang her, hang her. Then the Recorder called for a long Pin, which he held in the Flame of the Candle, till it was very hot, and thrust the head of it into her Nostrills to see if that would make her Neese, Wink, or bend her brows, or stir her head, which she did not, but lay still as one dead, and senseless
|Sir John Crook||A man from London, who is one of the city's chief civil officers, and serves as the Recorder of London. Sir John Crook becomes involved in October 1602 with the case of Mary Glover, a fourteen year old girl believed to be bewitched by the old woman, Elizabeth Jackson, when Mary Glover is accused of counterfeiting her symptoms by Bishop Bancroft in court. Lord Chief Justice Sir Edmund Anderson orders Sir John Crook to validate and test Mary Glover's symptoms. In order to do so, Sir John Crook arranges a series of trials for Mary Glover and Elizabeth Jackson. The two are brought together in front of numerous witnesses (Anonymous 439), with Elizabeth Jackson disguised. Sir John Crook initially believes that Mary Glover does not suffer from bewitchment, but rather from "fear." He brings the girl to a woman disguised as Elizabeth Jackson, but she does not react to seeing her. Satisfied, Sir John Crook then brings in the disguised Elizabeth Jackson, and Mary Glover immediately falls into a fit. In order to validate this fit, Sir John Crook heats up a pin and presses it against the girl's face, as well as burns paper against the inside of Mary Glover's hand until it blisters. However, Mary Glover shows no reaction at all to these tests. At this point, Sir John Crook turns to Elizabeth Jackson, and submits her to the same tests. However, the old woman cries out, and begs Sir John Crook not to burn her. The old woman further confesses that she does not believe Mary Glover is counterfeiting her symptoms. Sir John Crook is advised by the minister, Mr. Lewis Hughes, to have Elizabeth Jackson repeat the Lord's Prayers, and the Apostle's Creed. When Sir John Crook has Elizabeth Jackson do so, she is unable to say the line "Deliver us from evil," nor admit that Jesus is God. Sir John Crook believes that Mary Glover is bewitched, and that it is the fault of Elizabeth Jackson. He sends the old woman to Newgate Prison, saying "Lord have mercy upon thee woman." On December 1, 1602, Sir John Crook serves as one of the justices at the trial of Elizabeth Jackson, alongside Sir Edmund Anderson, Sir Jerome Bowes, and Sir William Cornwallis. At this trial, he subjects Mary Glover to similar tests at the bidding of the jury (Anonymous 450), who initially believe Mary Glover is counterfeiting her symptoms when she falls into a fit at the trial in the presence of Elizabeth Jackson. While the young girl's body is "senseles," Sir John Crook presses a burning paper against the inside of her hand, with no reaction from the girl. Later, the Recorder of London presents himself with Judge Anderson to the jury, and advises them by describing the trials he put both women through, and his conclusions that neither fear nor counterfeiting were responsible for Mary Glover's symptoms. He believes that it is "in dede through witchcraft." The Jury gather and decide that Elizabeth Jackson is "guilty of witchcraft." Almost a month after Elizabeth Jackson was found guilty, Sir John Crook hears that Mary Glover still suffers from fits, and orders the minister, Mr. Lewis Hughes to perform an exorcism through fasting and prayer for the girl, as he "did blame me (Mr. Lewis Hughes) and all the Ministers of London [...] that we might all be of us be ashamed, to see a child of God in the clawes of Sathan." When Mary Glover is successfully dispossessed, Mr. Lewis reports back to Sir John Crook, who advises him to inform Bishop Bancroft of these events.(Fol. 28v - Fol. 30r)||The fowerth experiement was made before Mr. Crooke then Recorder of London the 18th of October 1602. Who by warrant, caused both parties to appeare before him, in his Chamber, at the Inner Temple, at two of the Clocke that day in the afternoone. There the mayde and her mother, with certaine other weomen, appearling [Fol. 28r] first, were sent togeather into an upper Chamber; after that Mr. Recorder had gravely protested before the mayd, that she should looke up unto God, feare him, and not make her selfe a false Accuser of any body. Soone after this, came Elizabeth Jackson, and sundry weomen with her. Mr. Recorder with like gravitie, also admonished her, not to out face the truth, but rather to acknowledge her fault. Then he choose out a woman both aged, homely, grosse bodyed, and of lowe stature, very comparable to Elizabeth Jackson. Her did he cause to put on Elizabeth Jacksons hatt, and a muffler on her face, and then brought her up into the Chamber where Mary Glover was, caused Mary to walke by her, two or three returnes, and to touch the woman once, and againe the second time; saying (then when he saw no chaunge happen) I am glad to see this Mary; I hope tou shalt touch her freely many times hereafter, and never be affrayde: with mo[re] suchlike wordes, implying, that her feare had [Fol. 28v] ben the cause of her harmes hitherto. Then he led downe that woman, and brought up Elizabeth Jackson shortly after; having on the other womans hat, with a Cloak and muffler; so as none could know who she was. And verily this woman made no sooner her first stand, in the lower end of the chamber, but the Maydes Countenance altered: but then she beying brought forward unto the mayde, and the mayde led towards her, there was no more time, nor oportunity lefte, for new maskers to enter. Thus was this senseles image throwen upon a bed, having that voyce in her nostrills, spoken of before. Then he tooke paper somwhat writhed, and setting fyre thereon, put [Fol. 29r] the flame to the inside of her right hand, and there held it, till the paper was consumed. In like maner he proceeded with a second, and a third paper, so as her hand (as well appeared afterwards) was effectually burned, in five several places. At this time, the bed being compassed with many witnesses, Mr Recorder sent for a candle, made a pin hot in the flame, and appplyed it to her Cheeke and after that (with a new heating) neere unto her eye, to see, if she would drawe togeather her eyebrows, or liddes, or make an semblant of feeling, but she did not. Then Mr Recorder caused Elizabeth Jackson to kneele downe, and say the Lords prayer: therein (as she ever used to doe) she skipped Deliver us from evill which the Recorder reproving her for, comanded her to say it againe. Which she preversly denyed but with many soft wordes, and gentle perswasions, at length, he obteyned; and when she pronounced those wordes Deliver us from evill, the body of the mayd rebounded in the middle, as at other times also, when any prayed by her, and used those wordes, in time of her totall [Fol. 29v] senselessenes (for at all other times her body lay quyetly to all prayers.) the rest of all this fitt, was (in all respects) like as hath ben described: When he saw this setled insensibillitie, he proved the fyre upon the Witches hand, who cryed upon him not to burne her: Mr Recorder replied, Why cannot you as well beare it as she, Who (as you say) doth counterfett? Oh no (quoth the Witch) God knowes she doth not Counterfett.
Heere, for the finding out of truth, two poyntes of advantage were well gayned, through Mr Recorders wisedome, in thus guiding this matter: the one that feare was not the cause of this her strange affliction, at the presence of the woman: for the first woman presented unto her, seemed as like the second, and the second no more like than the first: and the very disguising offered matter of fear at first. Also what could she tell how many he would prove her with before he brought the suspected partie in deed? Yea so well dissembled was this carriage, as that divers weomen of [Fol. 30r] credit, neighbours that came with Mary Glover, and knew the widow Jackson well, offer to depose that they could not discerne whether the former Woman was not the second time brought up, or the Widowe Jackson, or some third. The other poynt gayned was this, that all might know, the mayde did not counterfett her mistery.()|