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Assertions for a specific person.

Name Description Original Text
Mary GloverA fourteen year old girl from the parish of Little All Hallows in Thames street, London, daughter of Timothy and Gawthren Glover, sister to Anne Glover, and granddaughter of the puritan martyr, Robert Glover. Mary Glover is allegedly bewitched after Elizabeth Jackson, to whom she had been sent on an errand by her mother, wished "an evil death will come upon her." Mary Glover becomes increasingly ill over a three month period. She weeps with pain and prays for relief. She suffers from physical torments, and suffers them in a social context. She seems pained and reverent, but also enraged and wrathful. Glovers fits cause her blindness, and dumbness. She becomes pale. Her belly, breast, and throat heave and swell. She waxes eloquently and devoutly. She desperately sounds out almost, almost and once more, once more through her nose and was seen rubbing hard, or stroking down with her hand, her left side and flanke. In her sharpest conflict she raged against the bewitchment, looking fierce and demonic herself: her tongue was black and rotated in a wide gaping mouth, her expression was fierce, scornful, terribly threatening. She tosses her head back and forth, and looks at the men that stood or kneled before her, as if she would devour them. According to John Swan, the minister who recorded her trials, Glover is not vexed by Satan, but the means of a witch. During moments of painfully contracted paralysis, Glover is able, through a clenched jaw and a body paralyzed, to sound out at least twice, hang her, hang her in reference to Mother Jackson. Mary Glovers experience was medically diagnosed as hysteria but legally defined as a bewitchment caused by Elizabeth Jackson. Edward Jorden was one of the experts called in to testify on Glovers case as he would be called on, three years later, to testify on the validity of Anne Gunters possession. Jorden concluded that Glovers suffering was grounded in her own body, not in witchcraft. Stephen Bradwell disagreed. Bradwell posited that a natural disease, like hysteria, was more likely found in a woman in (or at the end of) her reproductive years Glover was simply too young. Sir John Crook, Londons chief legal officer, performed a series of behavioral tests (he tried to trick Glover by dressing another woman as Elizabeth Jackson to see if she would react) and pseudo-medical tests (burning both Glover and Jackson to prove Glovers insensibility). The torments might have been natural, but Jorden could not definitively prove the cure or cause of it and so the presiding judge dismissed Jordens diagnosis for what it was: vague and unsubstantiated. Jackson was sentenced to the pillory for a year. Sir John Crook ordered an exorcism be performed on Mary Glover, however, which was done with the supervision of six ministers: Mr. Evans, Mr. Skelton, Mr. Bridger, Mr. Barber, Mr. Swan, and Mr. Lewis Hughes. Over the course of two days, these ministers and a number of witnesses (Anonymous 437) fast and pray with Mary Glover, until she is dispossessed. During the prayers Mary Glover utters, she asks God to forgive Elizabeth Jackson. When Mary Glover is finally dispossessed, some witnesses including John Swan, believe they see something leave her body. Mary Glover also cries out, "The comforter is come!", words that her grandfather also apparently cried at his death upon the stake. Mary Glover, although much weakened, seems fully recovered after this, and goes to stay with the preacher, Mr. Lewis Hughes for a year after her dispossession, in order to prevent being taken by her affliction again. Mary Glover's case is famous throughout London, most notably for dividing the opinions of the city and the College of Physicians into those that believe she was afflicted by supernatural causes, and those that believe she was not.(191)In 1602, Mary Glover, the fourteen-year-old daughter of a London shopkeeper, was allegedly possessed after an altercation with an old woman name Elizabeth Jackson. The Glovers were a godly family and related to members of the capital's ruling elite, and the case attracted considerable attention. Some of London's leading doctors (among them Thomas Moundeford, seven times President of the College of Physicians) were brought to examine the girl.()